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La nutrición comunitaria: Un desafio en Venezuela
Montilva de Mendoza,Mariela;
Anales Venezolanos de Nutrición , 2005,
Abstract: abstract community nutrition includes the evaluation of nutritional problems of a population and the design and development of intervention programs for their solution; a main area to be considered is the promotion of healthy feeding. the success of a nutrition program depends on several factors, mainly a deep analysis of a comprehensive approach of the web of problems in each particular setting: this leads to the design, development and evaluation of a plan in which every member the community participates. all these processes have to be monitored from the beginning with the objetive of determining the goals accomplished and for re-planning better strategies in new plans. venezuelan nutritional problems demand the contribution and the commitment of all sectors in order to concentrate efforts and resources on the main problems which have affected the country?s development. this is the reason why community nutrition is considered a challenge for venezuelans and their institutions.
Vitamina A en ni?os menores de 7 a?os de comunidades suburbanas. Barquisimeto - Venezuela
Montilva,Mariela; Ramfis,Nieto; Ferrer,Maria Ao; Pérez,Mirleny; Durán,Lourdes; Mendoza,Marco Ao;
Anales Venezolanos de Nutrición , 2001,
Abstract: with the purpose of assessing the vitamin a nutritional status in children under seven years at a suburban area in barquisimeto, venezuela, a transversal cross study was done. wards at juan de vi i legas community (city west side) were classified in five classes according to the percentage of unsatisfied basic need families; then, a stratified sample by conglomeratics was done, which resulted in 292 children. in every child the nutritional condition was evaluated through anthropometry and serum retinol through hplc method; socioeconomic condition was evaluated through graffar- méndez castellano method. 14% of the sample showed low retinol values ? 20 ug/dl), 55,1 % values between 20-29 ug/dl and 30,8% normal values. no significant differences were found in serum retinol according to sex, age, nutritional status and life conditions. however, a tendency to a high percentageofchildrenwith normal retinol values living in communities with 0-19% unsatisfied basic needs was observed. children who lived in inadequate households and no basic services showed 2,3 times more riskofvitamin adeficiency. an important percentageofchildren with subclinic vitamin a deficiency were observed, for what it is necessary to apply preventive specific programs. a research aboutthevitamin a status in the country is also proposed.
FORMACIóN DE DOCENTES UNIVERSITARIOS PARA LA EDUCACIóN MORAL Y VALORES.
Montilva Mariela,García Milagros,Torres González Aída Pastora,Zapata Elizabeth
Salud, Arte y Cuidado , 2012,
Abstract: In order to educate both in moral and values to university students in regards to Health Sciences, a course was designed and implemented to train professors belonging to Medicine and Nursing undergraduate programs of a Venezuelan public university (UCLA).A qualitative evaluation study was carried out with the aim of evaluating the course. The course program included basic concepts, models of moral education and values (EMV),emphasizing the Construction model of the Moral Personality, the role of the teacher,educational strategies, instructional design for the EMV and learning assessment. The coursewas anonymously evaluated by 82 participants through an instrument of 6 open questions regarding: usefulness and relevance of the topics and resources used, educational strategies used, key learning and recommendations. The majority of participants expressed that thetopics were very useful and relevant to their teaching activities; they almost unanimously considered materials very useful. Among the main learning they highlighted the EMV models, academic work and personal re ection, moral dilemmas and the basic concepts.Professors expressed recommendations about time spent on the course, theory and practice content relationship, continuity, and expectations about the courses, curriculum changes development, strategies for each subject, continuous education on EMV and participants work follow-up. In conclusion, the course was valued positively; it promoted re ection on the exercised values internally, professionally and academically. Standpoints allowed knowing the course strengths and weaknesses to eventually adjust it to the needs of the deanship.
Desarrollo moral en estudiantes de medicina y enfermeria de la Universidad Centroccidental Lisandro Alvarado (UCLA) - Venezuela
Aída Torres,Mariela Montilva,Jorge J Ramírez,Carlos Zerpa
Revista de la Facultad de Medicina , 2010,
Abstract: Se realizó un estudio no experimental, de campo, de tipo correlacional con el fin de establecer posibles relaciones entre el nivel de desarrollo moral y el nivel de estudios de pregrado alcanzado por estudiantes de medicina y enfermería de la Universidad Centroccidental Lisandro Alvarado (UCLA), Barquisimeto - Venezuela. La muestra se seleccionó de forma probabilística y estratificada quedando conformada por 87 estudiantes de Medicina y 44 de Enfermería. Para evaluar el nivel de desarrollo moral, se utilizó una adaptación del Defining Issues Test (DIT), versión de tres dilemas, traducida, adaptada y validada al contexto venezolano. Los resultados obtenidos muestran que los estudiantes poseen un nivel de desarrollo moral convencional y un índice de moral de principios similar al que obtienen muestras latinoamericanas. No se encontraron diferencias significativas entre el desarrollo moral y el nivel de estudios alcanzado por la muestra. Los resultados permiten justificar y orientar el dise o e implantación de un eje curricular de formación moral-educación en valores dirigido a estudiantes del Decanato de Ciencias de la Salud de la Institución. A non experimental correlational study was conducted for purposes of establishing a possible relationship between moral development and academic level of Health Science students from Universidad Centro-Occidental Lisandro Alvarado (UCLA), Barquisimeto Venezuela. A probabilistic and stratified sample consisting of 131 students, 87 from the Medicine School and 44 from the Nursing School was used. An adapted version of the "Defining Issues Test" (DIT) was run to assess the group moral development. Such test is a version of the three dilemma model which was translated and validated to the Venezuelan context. According to test results, students have a conventional moral development and a moral principles index (Index P) similar to those obtained from Latin-American samples. Non-significant relationship between the moral development and academic level was found. Also, test results set the basis for justifying and designing a new curriculum for the students of the University’s Health Science Faculty based on moral development.
Perfil de alimentación y nutrición de mujeres en edad fértil de un Municipio del Centroccidente de Venezuela
Montilva,Mariela; Berné,Yelitza; Papale,Jham; García-Casal,María Nieves; Ontiveros,Yudith; Durán,Lourdes;
Anales Venezolanos de Nutrición , 2010,
Abstract: the objective was to study the nutritional status and food habits of women of childbearing age (12 to 45 years) from municipio jimenez, lara state, venezuela. the sample consisted in 243 women, randomly selected from rural and urban conglomerates of the municipio. each woman was requested to fill a questionnaire, with personal and socioeconomic information, between september 2007 and april 2008. weight, height, mid arm circumferences and skinfolds were obtained. the body mass index and composition indicators were calculated. the nutritional status of the group was classified according to national and international standards. dietetic evaluation consisted in one food frequency and two food recall questionnaires. overweight was present in 46.6% of women, being higher in adult women, low weight affected 8.3% being significantly more frequent in adolescents (p=0,000). there were important deficiencies in consumption adequacy of calcium (34.7%), zinc (20.9%), copper (13.3%), folates (41.5%), vitamins b6 (19.8%), c (62.6%), proteins (72.0%) and calories (58.1%). cereals and edible fats were consumed daily by more than 90% of the sample. intake of dairy products (61.7%), meats and eggs (76.5%), grains (17.0%), fruits (40.0%), and vegetables (14.0%), was less frequent. in conclusion, the population studied showed the simultaneous co-existence of excess and deficit of weight as well as inadequate food habits, that justify the implementation of intervention programs to diminish mortality and the risk of non-transmissible chronic diseases.
Uso del método Necesidades Básicas Insatisfechas en la detección de comunidades con riesgo de desnutrición
Montilva,Mariela; Ferrer,Maria A.; Nieto,Ramfis; Yudith1,Ontiveros; Durán,Lourdes; Mendoza,Marco A.;
Anales Venezolanos de Nutrición , 2003,
Abstract: abstract. to evaluate the application of unsatisfied basic necessities (ubn) method to identify communities higher risk of suffering undernutrition in the first 6 years of life, a study of prevalence was carried out in the west side of barquisimeto city, venezuela. from the population of childrens inhabitants of the zone, a randomized stratified and for conglomerate sample was obtained. five suburb strata, according to percent of homes with ubn, were constituted. 538 children in 16 suburbs were studied. indicators of ubn in the family, survey of graffar mendez castellano to determine the social strata, weight and height were obtained. 10,8% of the children showed current undernutrition, 25,3% height/age deficit and 5,8% overweight. percent of children suffering chronic undernutrition increased in gradients with worst life conditions (30% in 60-100% ubn). the presence of shanty housing, housing without any basic service, low educational level of the mother, family income: donation type and living in suburbs with 60-100% ubn was associated with a higher risk of presenting height/ age deficit (estimated relative risk: 1.55, 1.29, 1.35, 2.43 and 1.2 respectively). the risk of showing a weight/age deficit was higher in children that live in shanty housing, crític brimful housing and where the family chief member was a non specialized worker (estimated relative risk: 1.56, 1.34 and 1.39 respectively). the use of the ubnm and the mentioned indicators offer advantages in identify the locations and families with a higher risk of infantile chronic malnutrition children. an venez nutr 2003;16(1):16-22.
Folatos y hierro en mujeres en edad fértil de una comunidad en Venezuela afectada por la incidencia de defectos del tubo neural
Montilva,Mariela; Papale,Jham; García-Casal,María Nieves; Berné,Yelitza; Ontiveros,Yudith; Durán,Lourdes;
Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición , 2010,
Abstract: the objective of this transversal study was to determine folate and iron nutritional status of women in fertile age from municipio jiménez, lara state, venezuela. the sampling was probabilistic by conglomerates from the urban and rural areas, selecting 15 conglomerates from which women between 12 and 45 years (269), were studied. after signing informed consent, participating were interviewed for personal data, antecedents related to folate and iron, socioeconomic data (graffar-mendez castellano method and unsatisfied basic needs). in blood sample was determined hemoglobin, and erythrocytic folate (fe). serum was obtained to determine ferritin and serum folate (fs). 53,53% of the sample presented low fs levels, 10.78% were fs deficient. severe fe deficiency was present in 80.7% of the cases, moderate deficiency affected 5,9%. for both tests, median was higher for women in treatment with acido fólico or pregnant (p=0,000), median for fe was higher for adults (p=0.001) and in non poor women (p=0.011). there were no significant differences for coffee, alcohol, anticonceptive consumption, urban or rural resident or socioeconomic strata. the prevalence of anemia was 11,2% being significantly more frequent in adults than in adolescents (p= 0,029) and in urban women (p=0,042). low ferritin were found in 37,3% of the sample, the effect of different variables was not statistically significant. in conclusion, there is a high prevalence of iron and folate deficiencies in women of fertile age from municipio jiménez, which could constitute a conditioning factor for the appearance of neural tube defects.
Postergación de la maternidad de mujeres profesionales jóvenes en dos metrópolis latinoamericanas
MONTILVA,Maira;
Utopìa y Praxis Latinoamericana , 2008,
Abstract: in this paper, reasons of postponing motherhood by professional young women are explored and related with changes of course in their biographies, especially with those sociologically associated with individualization, by means a qualitative research on this demographic group in caracas (venezuela) and santiago (chile).
Postergación del matrimonio en las mujeres y cambios de las expectativas femeninas sobre el amor
Montilva,Maira;
Revista de Ciencias Sociales , 2006,
Abstract: since the home is no longer the exclusive place for female development in society, changes have been occurring in gender roles and goals, which seem to have affected what young women consider to be a male partner and an ideal marital relation, postponing marital relationships. in this article we explore the expectations as to marital life for professionals, and the concept of an ideal relationship, postponing as a consequence the decision to marry. in this article we explore the expectations of professionals in two capital cities in latin america, santiago and caracas, in relation to married life, for the purpose of showing the differences and distances that exist in relation to previous generations, and specifically the opinions of mothers with respect to feminine expectations in relation to love.
Postergación de la maternidad de mujeres profesionales jóvenes en dos metrópolis latinoamericanas
Maira Montilva
Utopia y Praxis Latinoamericana , 2008,
Abstract: En el presente trabajo se exploran las razones de la postergación de la maternidad en mujeres profesionales jóvenes y se relaciona este hecho con cambios de trayectoria en sus biografías, especialmente con aquellos sociológicamente asociados con la individualización, a través de un análisis cualitativo sobre este grupo de población en Caracas y de Santiago de Chile.
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