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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3182 matches for " Monica SUSANU "
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The Fiscal Governance Treaty - the Recent Act in the European Play
Monica SUSANU
Risk in Contemporary Economy , 2012,
Abstract: The new paradigm that affects the current doctrine is particularly focused on building a strong community and it is also motivated by the intention of saving the Lisbon Treaty with its establishing the European Constitution. In the series of the numerous leading up steps required to achieve this goal, approaches the studies on the concept of sovereignty are necessary for clarification, given that in this way only the Union can be setup as a person - on the one hand, and - on the other hand, this is the basis of ensuring coherence between European political order and sovereignty / autonomy of national institutions. Bitter experiences of radical nationalism which culminated in the disasters of the Second World War led to the conceptual reconfiguration of the sovereignty, gradually replaced with a new expression, the super nationalism. Moreover, in order to hindering the possible future recurrence and the temptation to concentrate all the available powers at certain national governments’ disposal only, a comprehensive course of division of sovereignty was designed, as an optimal strategic alternative in ensuring the durability and sustainability of the European federalist model. In terms of economic integration and trade globalization, the taxation of a state has a rapid impact on another state, so that the rapprochement of the global tax policy, as well as the need to harmonize tax systems across countries are increasingly spoken about. Although that these measures can upset all tax systems deeply changing the approaches regarding both fiscal and political states’ sovereignty, in the current situation, such an unforeseen development is inherent. Therefore, each step meant to approach the full integration of the community raises special efforts for consensus actions and strongly motivated as well, by a very special interest at the highest level of the macroeconomic and political decision.
Romanians’ Public Debts Saga
Monica SUSANU
Annals of Dun?rea de Jos University. Fascicle I : Economics and Applied Informatics , 2010,
Abstract: By the end of 2009, a very cold breath of austerity was blowing from the European financial and banking system and thoroughly was touching every Member State’s economy, but only for some of them perspective of this severe situation is called bankruptcy frequently. By the spring of this year (2010 – author’s note), Greece’s financial problems set all the Europeans governments on fire and, according on the most worrying news alerts, Germany was terribly angry and eager to treat this country as an undisciplined schoolchild. Many and heavy financial disasters are forecast for other countries as well, and it seems that Spain’s, Portugal’s or Italy’s Mediterranean structure and behaviour would be the reason, since these countries are in pretty identical trouble just like Greece. The ex-communist recently EU Member States, that are united into the so-called platoon of the emergent economies, rapidly detected their own vulnerabilities and their well-known resources leakages. Then, in the old-time verified and practiced tradition of “cuts and poverty under oppression” which communism taught them well, they were abruptly compelled to conform and to adopt dreadful austerity measures. Although among them, Romania is again a special case, taking into account but the heavy burden of the 80’s unbelievable sacrifices and privations, which the population endured because of the totalitarian decision of paying its whole debt. The paper reveals and analyses that, despite the actual context and the political circumstances which are totally different, Romania applied an unprecedentedly severe plan of cuts and privations, installing a general and bitter sensation of déjà-vu, instead of living and feeling the European membership status!
THE FISCAL DIMENSION OF THE ENVIRONMENT POLICY
Monica SUSANU
Annals of Dun?rea de Jos University. Fascicle I : Economics and Applied Informatics , 2006,
Abstract: Present for the first time on the European order of business at the beginning of the ‘70s, the concern for the environment gains a distinctive nature as the Rome Club signalled the diminishing of the natural resources and the rapid deterioration of the quality of water, air and soil, of climate in general. Starting with 1972 the community environment policy was created and developed as one of the most important common policies. Although it does not match the funding for the regional or the agricultural policies, the environment policy has become important due to the fact that it hasto be approached when conceiving and applying the rest of community policies. The sustainable development strategy, the way it was adopted and (re)confirmed at the international summits in the last two decades (Rio – 1992, Johannesburg – 2002 and the Kyoto protocol), has become the main element of action of the environment policy measures. The preoccupation for nature precedes and accompanies all actions and orientations of social and economicpolicies because it is motivated by the care for the primordial heritage of the future generations: the planet’s health.The environment policy reflects the interest of the entire society in nature and the numerous green movements, environment organizations and political parties, that display a successful raise on the political arena, express the evolution of mentalities and attitudes as well as the degree of accountability of the governorsand the governed towards this vital aspect for the present and the future.
Dynamics of Remittances towards Romania after EU Adhesion
Monica SUSANU
Annals of Dun?rea de Jos University. Fascicle I : Economics and Applied Informatics , 2011,
Abstract: The remittance industry, that is experiencing some positive structural changes with the advent of cell phone and internet-based remittance instruments, included Romania, since certain reforms concerning the openness of the economy were implemented. In general, the diffusion of these changes is slowed by a lack of clarity on key regulations (including those relating to money laundering and other financial crimes). Also remittance costs have fallen, but not far enough, especially in the South-South corridors. Recorded remittances to developing countries were estimated to reach $ 240 billion in 2007. But the true size of remittances including unrecorded flows could be even larger. However, a severe stagnation in remittance flows to some important developing countries (up to a visible deceleration in others countries) contributed to a slowdown in the rate of growth of remittances in Romania as well. Nevertheless, the growth of remittances to developing countries remains robust because of strong growth in Europe and Asia. This paper aims at highlighting a series of mutations that Romania knew and which are felt as a consequence of the general context and of its efforts and involvement from the international flow of money transfers. The most important contribution contained by this article refers to the impact of some national policies and of the global financial turmoil as well exerted upon the remittances that the Romanians sent home from abroad.
Romanian Pattern in Absorption and Management of European Structural Funds - A Critical Analysis -
Monica SUSANU
Annals of Dun?rea de Jos University. Fascicle I : Economics and Applied Informatics , 2008,
Abstract: The decisions in the cohesion policy have a significant impact upon theoffer and supply, in a way that, under the influence of the multipliers, theyconstantly reconfigure the components of the internal consumption (such asinvestments, private consumption and imports), and the components of the finaloutput and national income as well. Because of the short-term synergy effects ofthese actions, which determines the structure and the quality of the potential offer,the substantiation of these decisions ensure more importance and complexityconcerning the responsibility of the macroeconomic management. The allotting ofcohesion and structural funds is one of the significant directions of implementationof the budgetary policy of redistribution through the European Union budget. Asessential instruments in making the expenses for structural adjustment andharmonization operations, these funds are meant to homogenize and consolidate anas high as possible social and economic standard in that particular beneficiarystates. Since the greatest part of these funds is directed through the central nationalbudgets, these have to be large enough and the governmental management –sufficiently well structured and responsible, so as to ensure both the necessary cofundingin applying the projects, and the implementation of the wish for prosperityof the fund benefiting community.
Performance and Changes Evaluation & Management: Ways of Development in Banking Institutions
Doinita BADIU,Monica SUSANU
Annals of Dun?rea de Jos University. Fascicle I : Economics and Applied Informatics , 2010,
Abstract: As best as one can say from historical records, banking is the oldest of all financialservices professions. After a comprehensive history, that included both several decades of totalitarian regime and natural business and banks failures caused by the transitional process, Romania already developed a solid banking system, based upon new modern rules, following hard and thorough routes to catch-up the gap that communism created between the country and the other democratic economies. Usually, identifying a target represents only the beginning of development and consequently, changes. Developmentpresupposes both establishing a purpose and a clear image of reality. Once we understand where we want to go and it is clear where we stand, we can become creative and move forward. The challenge we are facing is to constantly be aware of and to simultaneously understand the reality and our target. The distance between the currentreality and the target creates a tension called creative tension, which is the beginning of another creative process during which changes are implemented and new performances are expected. But organizations are not static, they always experience varioustransformations. Any change, including office rearrangements, transformations of the production process by introducing a different technology and changes in the management are multiple causes, internal and/or external, and generate disorder or even radical turnovers. The issue bellow is an analysis of the performance evaluation and the corresponding steps that a banking institution manager should make in order to prepare changes and thus, to develop the organisation subsequently.
The Romanian Banking System after EU Accession
Viorica IOAN,Monica SUSANU,Saftica ENACHI
Risk in Contemporary Economy , 2011,
Abstract: Banks play an important role in the financial sector, in the proper functioning of economic entities and in the economy as a whole, therefore over time the establishment of a functioning banking system capable of delivering a wide range of products and services to meet the requirements of all potential customers has been a permanent concern. Considering the economic and financial reality, both internationally and domestically, each country and therefore, Romania is interested in creating a solid banking system, enabling the appropriate organizational framework in order to ensure a development of the financial mechanisms. The banking system as the basic element of the financial system, allows an efficient allocation of resources in the economy and, in order to function properly, we need to know the risks they face:a slow economic growth may cause losses due to difficulties in repaying bank loans, due to lower sales or lower wages, changes in asset prices may cause financial losses to investors, decreasing a sector of the economy which has monopolized the banks’ and investors’ attention.
The Necessity for the Modernization of the Technical-Material Base of Agricultural Exploitations within the Process of Forming Competition-Economy
Viorica IOAN,Monica SUSANU,S?ftica ENACHI,Florina Oana V?RL?NU??
Annals of Dun?rea de Jos University. Fascicle I : Economics and Applied Informatics , 2009,
Abstract: The necessity for the modernization of the production processes in agricultureresides in the fact that this is the most important means to raise agriculturalproductivity, especially in the long term, to reduce production costs and to raiseeconomic profitability, with a direct positive impact on the raising of income forthe ones who undergo their activity in the agricultural sector. The case studyconducted in Galati county covers the 2006-2007 period regarding the situationof the tractor and agricultural engine fleet as well as the evolution of chemicallyapplied fertilizer consumption.
ADVERTISING BETWEEN RULES AND CREATIVITY
Irina SUSANU
Annals of Dun?rea de Jos University. Fascicle I : Economics and Applied Informatics , 2005,
Abstract: Where would the world be without advertising? Stuart Henderson Britt strongly believed in it. Hesaid: “Doing business without advertising is like winking at a girl in the dark. You know what youare doing, but she doesn’t.” The work reviews the evolution of advertising, highlighting theuncontestable part played by it within organizations and society in general and it focuses on anessential element of it, that is the advertising print. The purpose of this paperwork is to highlight thenecessary rules for the making of a quality print, with the help of a comparative study on prints ofeight organizations. The print represents an exercise of writing and design, in words and images, fortransmitting the advertising message. The fulfillment of this task depends on the perspicacity,imagination and the creativity of the maker.
THEMATIC TOURIST PROGRAMME, ESSENTIAL ELEMENT OF THE ROMANIAN TOURISM PROMOTION
Irina Olimpia SUSANU
Annals of Dun?rea de Jos University. Fascicle I : Economics and Applied Informatics , 2006,
Abstract: Tourism is the brilliant and efficient combination of the natural elements existing in a geographical space, of the general components of human existence (language, culture, traditions, folklore, hospitality), of the human factor and of the infrastructure. If one of these elements is inefficient, then their combination will be an unfortunate one. What Romanian tourism needs is the infrastructureand efficiency in the exploitation of its rich natural elements. If to all these we add an unhealthy mentality of tourism performers, then we may say we sketched the image of the Romanian tourism. A special natural foundation is an absolutely wonderful thing, but without the rest of the components, without attractive touristprogrammes to highlight those natural beauties, and without material basis at European standards, tourism will remain one of the national economy fields insufficiently exploited.
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