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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 226625 matches for " Molina-Marín "
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Inequidades sociales en atención materna
Cáceres-Manrique,Flor de María; Molina-Marín,Gloria;
Revista Colombiana de Obstetricia y Ginecología , 2010,
Abstract: introduction and objective: this article was aimedat reflecting onthesocial inequitiesaffecting pregnant women’s health. inequities are defined as being unfair and avoidable disparities which are prevalent in spite of international agreements, policies and programmes promoting equity in health. some theoretical and methodological approaches for conducting research on social inequities deserve to be tested within the context of providing evidence and guiding interventions.
Inequidades sociales en atención materna Social inequity in maternal care
Flor de María Cáceres-Manrique,Gloria Molina-Marín
Revista Colombiana de Obstetricia y Ginecología , 2010,
Abstract: Introducción y objetivo: el presente artículo tiene como objetivo reflexionar sobre las inequidades sociales que afectan la salud de las mujeres embarazadas. Las inequidades, definidas como desigualdades injustas y evitables, son frecuentes a pesar de los acuerdos internacionales, políticas y programas que promueven la equidad en salud. Existen enfoques teóricos y metodológicos para realizar investigación sobre inequidades sociales que ameritan ser probados en el contexto para obtener evidencia y orientar las intervenciones. Introduction and objective: this article was aimedat reflecting onthesocial inequitiesaffecting pregnant women’s health. Inequities are defined as being unfair and avoidable disparities which are prevalent in spite of international agreements, policies and programmes promoting equity in health. Some theoretical and methodological approaches for conducting research on social inequities deserve to be tested within the context of providing evidence and guiding interventions.
Atención materna en un ambiente de mercado de servicios de salud, Medellín-Colombia, 2008-2009
Molina-Marín,Gloria; Vargas-Pe?a,Gilma Stella; Shaw,Alina;
Revista Gerencia y Políticas de Salud , 2010,
Abstract: objective: to analyze accessibility to maternity care services in the city of medellin, within the context of the colombian social security system for health. metho dology: a qualitative approach was used; 23 in-depth interviews were conducted to medical doctors and nurses who provide health care to mothers and/or manage health institutions. also, three focus groups with mothers were carried out. a coding and categorizing process was used to analyze information following grounded theory process. findings: in spite of the fact that maternal-child care is a priority issue, mothers experiment difficulties to access to health services, given by the insurance system, fragmentation of services in contracting out process between insurer and hospitals -linked with competence based on lower prices- and the dominant status of private health insurers.
Características de la contratación entre aseguradores y prestadores de servicios de salud, Medellín, 2007-2008
Molina-Marín,Gloria; Vargas-Jaramillo,Julián; Berrío-Casta?o,Argiro; Mu?oz-Marín,Diana Patricia;
Revista Gerencia y Políticas de Salud , 2010,
Abstract: objective: to describe the characteristics of the health service contracting out process between administrator entities of benefit plans ? health promoting entities and territorial entities- with public and private health service providers of medellin city, between 2007 and 2008. methodology: a descriptive, exploratory methodological approach was used to analyze a sample of the contract's minutes and a qualitative approach to identify the relevant aspects of the negotiation process and the relationship between contractors and contracting parties in the development of the contracts. main finding: the contract is a source of ongoing inter-institutional stress during the negotiation, development, and ending phases affected by the exercise of the underwriter′s dominant position of the health insurers opposed to the purpose of willing agreement guaranteeing effective access to health service.
Cholecystokinin in the Pathogenesis of Bulimia Nervosa  [PDF]
Helena Trebbau López, Rosa María Molina-Ruiz, Laura Reyes Molón, Marina Díaz-Marsá
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2011.24085
Abstract: Objective: This review aims to describe the role of the hormone cholecystokinin (CCK) in the pathogenesis of bulimia nervosa (BN), the perpetuation of this illness and the possibility of its use as a target for future therapeutic advances. Methods: Search for cholecystokinin AND bulimia nervosa in Pubmed Central, with no limits, identified 38 articles published up to the present date. Results: It is well established that CCK is altered in the pathogenesis of BN, and that its main role is in the perpetuation of the disorder rather than the cause of it. Discussion: Additional studies will be needed to further understand the mechanisms by which CCK regulates orexigenic pathways. If an orally active, longer acting analogue of CCK could be developed, it would be of significant interest as an appetite suppressant and a key adjuvant in the treatment of patients suffering from BN, particularly in refractory cases.
Relaciones contractuales entre las instituciones prestadoras y aseguradoras de servicios de salud del municipio de Medellín, Colombia, 2005-2006
Rodríguez Corredor,Zuly Andrea; Molina Marín,Gloria;
Investigación y Educación en Enfermería , 2009,
Abstract: objetivo: caracterizar las relaciones entre las instituciones prestadoras y las aseguradoras alrededor de los procesos de contratación. metodología: se realizó un estudio cualitativo, en el cual se entrevistaron 29 funcionarios de diferentes instituciones aseguradoras y prestadoras de servicios de salud de la ciudad de medellín. para las entrevistas se utilizó una guía de entrevista semiestructurada. el análisis de la información se realizó siguiendo los criterios de codificación y categorización propuestos por huberman y miles, y de él surgieron dos categorías analíticas y una interpretativa. resultados: los hallazgos muestran que las instituciones prestadoras de servicios han realizado transformaciones administrativas para mejorar y mantenerse en el mercado; se visualiza una posición dominante de las aseguradoras, expresada en la imposición de tarifas y condiciones para la contratación de servicios de salud, así mismo hay factores políticos que condicionan los procesos contractuales. conclusiones: hay un desequilibrio de poder entre los actores, que se expresa en la contratación, en la cual las aseguradoras dominan el proceso, en detrimento de los otros actores como las instituciones prestadoras de servicios y los usuarios.
Indicadores de calidad sanitaria y fenotipificación de Salmonella enterica aislada de pollo crudo comercializado en el área urbana de Mérida, Venezuela
Molina,Noreldy; Millán,Beatriz; Araque,María;
Infectio , 2010,
Abstract: objectives: evaluate the sanitary quality of raw chicken sold in the urban area of the state of merida, venezuela and characterize the phenotype of isolated samonella enterica strains. materials and methods: a total of 45 raw chicken samples were studied; 15 of them were without seasoning, 15 were with seasoning, and 15 were industrially processed. the following sanitary quality indicators were assessed: mesophiles aerobic bacteria (mab), total coliforms, e. coli and s. aureus, and the venezuelan commission of industrial norms methodology was used for that purpose. microbiological and serological identification of salmonella was carried out using conventional techniques. antimicrobial susceptibility was determined by minimal inhibitory concentration (mic) and the detection of extended-spectrum β- lactamases (esbls) was carried out by using the double disc synergy test. susceptibility to disinfectants was determined by the dilution-neutralization method. results. regardless of the (not industrial) samples’ characteristics and/or the commercial establishment, it was determined that the ranges for mab, total coliform, e. coli and s. aureus counts significantly exceeded limits of acceptability. strains of salmonella enterica were isolated in 20% of the samples, whose distribution showed that serovars heidelberg (55.6%) and enteritidis (22.2%) were the most frequent. these serovars showed multi-resistance to antibiotics and esbls production but were susceptible to the tested disinfectants. conclusion. this study showed that raw chickens, with and without seasoning, processed in the surveyed commercial establishments do not meet the required microbiological quality standards suitable for human consumption. therefore, these are short-term perishable products and a haven for important pathogens that threaten consumer health.
La eficiencia en el sector financiero en Espa?a: un enfoque de género
Charlo Molina,María José; Nú?ez Torrado,Miriam;
Cuadernos de Administración , 2011,
Abstract: the purpose of this work is to study the economic repercussions which may be experienced as a result of the participation of women in high-level decision making processes of financial sector businesses listed in the spanish capital markets. an analysis is made of the relationship between the presence of women in posts of entrepreneurial responsibility and the success of the organization, using the theoretical framework provided by the management of diversity. the methodology used is analysis of linear regression, and analysis of variances (anova). the statistical analysis offers the conclusion that the presence of women the boards of the companies studied does not entail any impairment of the results of the business, and therefore, it is not understood that they do not have access to such posts on the same conditions as their male colleagues.
Rese as
Carmona, Alfonso,Molina, Luis,Vallat, Philippe,Marín, Manuela
Al-Qantara : Revista de Estudios Arabes , 2004,
Abstract:
Indicadores de calidad sanitaria y fenotipificación de Salmonella enterica aislada de pollo crudo comercializado en el área urbana de Mérida, Venezuela Sanitary quality indicators and phenotyping of Salmonella enterica isolated from raw chickens marketed in urban area of Mérida, Venezuela
Noreldy Molina,Beatriz Millán,María Araque
Infectio , 2010,
Abstract: Objetivo: Evaluar la calidad sanitaria del pollo crudo que se expende en supermercados del área urbana del estado Mérida, Venezuela, y caracterizar fenotípicamente las cepas aisladas de Samonella enterica. Materiales y métodos: Se estudiaron 45 muestras de pollo crudo (15 correspondieron a pollo sin ali os, 15 con ali os y 15 de origen industrial). Los indicadores de calidad sanitaria evaluados fueron: bacterias aerobias mesófilas, coliformes totales, Escherichia coli y Staphylococcus aureus, utilizando la metodología de la Comisión Venezolana de Normas Industriales. La identificación microbiológica y serológica de Salmonella spp. se realizó mediante técnicas convencionales. La sensibilidad antimicrobiana se determinó por concentración inhibitoria mínima (CIM) y, para la detección de β-lactamasas de espectro expandido (BLEE), se utilizó la prueba del sinergismo del doble disco. La sensibilidad a desinfectantes se determinó por el método de dilución-neutralización. Resultados: Independientemente de las características de la muestra de pollo crudo (no industrial) y del establecimiento comercial, los indicadores: bacterias aerobias mesófilas, coliforme totales, E. coli y S. aureus, superaron significativamente los recuentos límites de aceptabilidad. Salmonella enterica se aisló en 20% de las muestras, y las serovariedades Heidelberg (55,6%) y Enteritidis (22,2%) fueron las más frecuentes. Estas variedades serológicas presentaron multirresistencia y producción de BLEE, pero fueron sensibles a los desinfectantes probados. Conclusión: Los pollos crudos con ali os y sin ellos, manufacturados en los establecimientos estudiados, no cumplen con la calidad microbiológica adecuada, lo que hace de ellos un producto perecedero a corto plazo y un nicho favorecedor de patógenos importantes que amenazan la salud de los consumidores. Objectives: Evaluate the sanitary quality of raw chicken sold in the urban area of the State of Merida, Venezuela and characterize the phenotype of isolated Samonella enterica strains. Materials and methods: A total of 45 raw chicken samples were studied; 15 of them were without seasoning, 15 were with seasoning, and 15 were industrially processed. The following sanitary quality indicators were assessed: Mesophiles Aerobic Bacteria (MAB), total coliforms, E. coli and S. aureus, and the Venezuelan Commission of Industrial Norms methodology was used for that purpose. Microbiological and serological identification of Salmonella was carried out using conventional techniques. Antimicrobial susceptibility was determined by minimal inhibitory concen
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