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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3828 matches for " Mohd Shahwahid Othman "
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Sustainable Forest Management and West Malaysian Sawntimber Supply Analysis
ABDUL RAHIM ABDUL SAMAD,Mohd Shahwahid Hj. Othman
Journal of Sustainable Development , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/jsd.v2n2p58
Abstract: This paper examines the dynamic effects of sustainable forest management (SFM) on the West Malaysian sawntimber supply. Both short run and long run effects on sawntimber supply are studied using a multivariate cointegration analysis. The proxy of SFM variable is permanent forest reserve. It is expected as an exogenous negative shock in the sawntimber supply. In general, given the fact that West Malaysian sawntimber supply is decreasing since 1990s, the results show that sawntimber supply is statistically influenced by SFM practices. Furthermore, reducing of harvested area of forest has significant effect on sawntimber supply decreases. While in the short run, the results suggest that there are negative impacts of SFM practices on sawntimber supply at 10 percent significant level, in the long run, the result is significant at 1 percent level. This may to some extent pull down the West Malaysian sawntimber supply together by bringing the forest harvests to sustainable level.
Determinants of MDF Exports: A Panel Data Analysis
Abdul Rahim Abdul Samad,Zariyawati Mohd Ashhari,Mohd Shahwahid Hj. Othman
International Business Research , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ibr.v2n3p58
Abstract: This study analysed the factors influencing the exports of Medium Density Fibreboard (MDF) with the aid of the panel data approach procedures. The analysis was carried out with the data collected on MDF exports over 10 years (1996–2005) and across 28 countries all over the world using the panel data analysis in estimating the MDF exports with various factors. The result shows that the changes in export quantities of MDF are significantly determined by export price and exchange rate at 1 percent and 5 percent respectively. However, average world GDP is not significant in influencing exports demand of MDF. On the other hand, the Hausman test of the random effects and fixed effects specification give the evidence that the random effects specification is preferable in this model.
Sustainable Forest Management Practices and West Malaysian Log Market
Abdul Rahim Abdul Samad,Zariyawati Mohd Ashhari,Mohd Shahwahid Hj. Othman
Asian Social Science , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v5n6p69
Abstract: The global demand for timber products will continue to grow in line with increasing population and economic development especially in many developing countries. Simultaneously, forest ecosystem plays important roles in the environmental services such as carbon sequestration, recreational, water catchments, wildlife reserve and soil protection. Therefore, Malaysia is committed in implementing Sustainable Forest Management (SFM). The forest are harvested in a sustainable manner by adopting the method of reduce impact logging practices. This resulted to diminishing supply of logs to downstream timber industry. The West Malaysian log supply is in deficit since 1995. This has significant impact on major timber products. They have moved from resources surplus to one of deficit in Malaysia. Therefore, it is interesting to know the behaviour of West Malaysian log market with the implementation of SFM policy. The results indicate that full adoption of SFM could lead to substantial reduction of supply. Furthermore, a sustained price increase in the long run does not seem to have significant impact on the demand side. In conclusion, the ongoing adaptation of West Malaysian forestry to the standards of the SFM certification programs could have substantial effects only on the log supply. This will probably influence the scheme of forest plantation establishment in sustaining the West Malaysian forest sector.
Financial and Economic Analyses of Conventional and Reduced Impact Harvesting Systems
Abdul Rahim Abdul Samad,Mohd Shahwahid Hj. Othman,Zariyawati Mohd Ashhari
Journal of Sustainable Development , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/jsd.v2n3p113
Abstract: This paper examines the various committed new technology and improve logging activities ascribed in the ‘Logfisher’ Practice (LP) rather than Conventional Practice (CP). The result of cost analysis shows that the cost constitutes under LP is higher than under CP. Incremental average per ha total cost rose by 46.86% to RM13,576/ha. While the incremental average per m3 total cost increased by 57.41% to RM267.80/m3. Hence, CP was slightly more profitable and exceeds the Net Present Value (NPV) of LP. Similarly, the Benefit-Cost Ration (BCR) for CP is better than LP. On the other hand, the result of the economic analysis of 40-year period showed that the LP system (NPV = RM9302/ha) provided a higher level of overalls benefits and welfare to the society as a whole as opposed to CP (NPV = RM8497/ha).
Pahang River Community Satisfaction towards Their Quality of Life: The Case of Community in Pekan, Pahang
Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril,Sulaiman Md. Yassin,Md. Salleh Hassan,Mohd Shahwahid Othman
Asian Social Science , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v7n12p43
Abstract: We examined the satisfaction of Pahang River community who live in Pekan towards certain aspects of their quality of life. What is the level of satisfaction of this community towards their quality of life; low, moderate or high? This is a quantitative study where questionnaire was used to gain the data needed. A total of 300 villagers had been selected as the respondents for this study. All of the respondents selected were the villagers that live along Pahang River in the area of Pekan, Pahang. SPPS was used to run the appropriate analyses. Overall, our analyses revealed that the Pahang River community living in Pekan have a moderate satisfaction towards their quality of life. However, further analysis employed, have indicated that Pahang River community in Pekan do have a high level of satisfaction towards four aspects of quality of life namely social involvement and relationship, safety at areas, home condition and education. Development in Pekan which includes the improvements along Pahang River need to continuously take place as it can have a huge impact on the Pekan community especially those who live along the Pahang River.
The Quality of Life and Human Development Index of Community Living along Pahang and Muar Rivers: A Case of Communities in Pekan, Bahau and Muar
Sulaiman Md. Yassin,Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril,Md. Salleh Hassan,Mohd Shahwahid Othman
Journal of Sustainable Development , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/jsd.v5n6p90
Abstract: Rivers have something to do with the improvement of the quality of life of the rural community. A lot of benefits can be offered to the river community. This study intends to reveal the level of quality of life of the rural community living along two major rivers in Malaysia, the Pahang and Muar Rivers. Apart from this, this study intends to investigate the level of Human Development Index of the Pahang and Muar River community by using an established human development index known as the Well-o-Meter. This is a quantitative study, where a total of 900 respondents had been selected. A developed questionnaire was used and survey was employed. Based on the results gained, it can be identified that the respondents studied recorded a high level of mean score in the aspects of social involvement and relationship, home condition, safety at the areas and education. The human development index employed have detected that the respondents studied do have a low level of HDI. The findings of the study were further discussed.
Observation on the uses of Mobile Phones to Support Informal Learning
Mohd Azlishah Othman
International Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies (iJIM) , 2012, DOI: 10.3991/ijim.v6i4.2223
Abstract: This paper explores how a group of undergraduate students in one of the university in South of Malaysian use their mobile phones to perform informal learning activities related to the content of their courses outside the classroom. The paper also addresses the usefulness of informal learning activities to support students’ learning. The study adopts an exploratory case study design and uses two methods of data collection including questionnaires and interviews. Main findings suggest that students performed informal learning activities mostly from office, home, interacting mainly with classmates. It also shows that students were in control of their informal learning activities without tutor or SMEs’ input. However, it was found that students used only a limited number of applications but these were considered useful to their learning. The paper contributes to a discussion of the implications of training and instructional support to help students to take more advantage of mobile phone applications to support informal learning. The conclusion is discussed about the further research in this domain.
Contributions of Translations Activities in Malay, Chinese and Indian Civilization
Mohd Sukki Othman
Studies in Literature and Language , 2011,
Abstract: This paper intends to propose the activities of translations in transferring knowledge from one civilization to another. In this paper, the translation activities among the Malay, Chinese and Indian civilizations will be revealed. Hence, it will be seen that translation is a very big medium to transfer knowledge from any sources from this world. At this point, the paper sheds a light on translation activities among three major races in Malaysia which is Malay, Chinese and Indian. Key words: Translation; Malay; Chinese; Indian; Civilization
In Vitro Micropropagation of a Valuable Medicinal Plant, Plectranthus amboinicus  [PDF]
Zuraida Ab Rahman, Erny Sabrina Mohd Noor, Mohd Shukri Mat Ali, Razali Mirad, Ayu Nazreena Othman
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2015.68113
Abstract: The effect of the plant growth regulators benzyl amino purine (BAP), 1-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) and kinetin (KIN) on in vitro shoot induction and proliferation of Plectranthus amboinicus was examined. Explants obtained from lateral shoots and apical shoots of P. amboinicus were inoculated on Murashige and Skoog (MS) culture medium supplemented with different concentrations of BAP, NAA and KIN. When the effect of each growth regulator was considered singly, the highest rate of shoot induction (80% of explants producing shoots) and highest number of shoots produced (2.4 shoots per explant) were obtained from lateral shoot explants cultured on MS media supplemented with 3.0 mg/L BAP within 6 - 7 weeks. Better results were obtained using MS medium supplemented with 1 mg/L BAP + 5 mg/L NAA. Shoot proliferation rose to 85%, while 5.7 shoots per explants were recorded. Among the different media tested for rooting, MS medium supplemented with 1.0 mg/L IBA was the most effective for root induction. The quality of the roots obtained was better than that obtained using MS media supplemented with NAA or IAA.
EVALUATING SOFTWARE MAINTENANCE TESTING APPROACHES TO SUPPORT TEST CASE EVOLUTION
Othman Mohd Yusop,Suhaimi Ibrahim
International Journal of New Computer Architectures and their Applications , 2011,
Abstract: Software Maintenance Testing is essential during software testing phase. All defects found during testing must undergo a re-test process in order to eliminate the flaws. By doing so, test cases are absolutely needed to evolve and change accordingly. In this paper, several maintenance testing approaches namely regression test suite approach, heuristic based approach, keyword based approach, GUI based approach and model based approach are evaluated based on software evolution taxonomy framework. Some of the discussed approaches support changes of test cases. Out of the review study, a couple of results are postulated and highlighted including the limitation of the existing approaches.
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