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The significant role of religious group’s response to natural disaster in Indonesia: the case of Santri Tanggap Bencana (Santana)
Mohammad Rokib
Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies , 2012,
Abstract: Natural disasters, which occur regularly in Indonesia, have inspired many volunteer groups to emerge from different groups of society, including religious group. This paper focuses on the experiences of the religious volunteer group called Santana (Islamic student’s response to disaster) in East Java region. The group is part of Islamic education institution (pesantren) that emphasizes religious aspects and attempts to realize religious values in everyday life. The group gives religious meaning to the experience of disaster and the efforts to help disaster victims. The aim of this study is to describe Santana’s response to natural disaster as not only a natural but also a cultural phenomenon. This study reveals a large number of religious symbols referring to disaster as natural and theological phenomena. Referring to the religious text, disaster victims are categorized by Santana as weak people (mustad’afin). It has inspired this group to engage in their social activism. Their commitment to the religious tenets involves not only giving material aid but also promoting spiritual empowerment. This gives insight into the dynamic of how religious groups manifest their religious values by providing both material and spiritual aid.
Burkholderia pseudomallei: Its Detection in Soil and Seroprevalence in Bangladesh
Md. Shariful Alam Jilani?,Jamshedul Alam Mohammad Robayet?,Md. Mohiuddin?,Md. Rokib Hasan?,Chowdhury Rafiqul Ahsan?,Jalaluddin Ashraful Haq
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases , 2016, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0004301
Abstract: Background Melioidosis, caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei, is an endemic disease in Bangladesh. No systematic study has yet been done to detect the environmental source of the organism and its true extent in Bangladesh. The present study attempted to isolate B. pseudomallei in soil samples and to determine its seroprevalence in several districts in Bangladesh. Methodology and Results Soil samples were collected from rural areas of four districts of Bangladesh from where culture confirmed melioidosis cases were detected earlier. Multiple soil samples, collected from 5–7 sampling points of 3–5 sites of each district, were cultured in Ashdown selective media. Suspected colonies of B. pseudomallei were identified by biochemical and serological test, and by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using 16s rRNA specific primers. Blood samples were collected from 940 healthy individuals of four districts to determine anti- B. pseudomallei IgG antibody levels by indirect enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using sonicated crude antigen. Out of 179 soil samples, B. pseudomallei was isolated from two samples of Gazipur district which is located 58 km north of capital Dhaka city. Both the isolates were phenotypically identical, arabinose negative and showed specific 550bp band in PCR. Out of 940 blood samples, anti- B. pseudomallei IgG antibody, higher than the cut-off value (>0.8), was detected in 21.5% individuals. Seropositivity rate was 22.6%-30.8% in three districts from where melioidosis cases were detected earlier, compared to 9.8% in a district where no melioidosis case was either detected or reported (p<0.01). Seropositivity increased with the advancement of age from 5.3% to 30.4% among individuals aged 1–10 years and > 50 years respectively. The seropositivity rates were 26.0% and 20.6% in male and female respectively, while it was 20–27% among different occupational groups. No significant association was observed with gender (χ2 = 3.441, p = 0.064) or any occupational group (χ2 = 3.835, p = 0.280). Conclusion This is the first study demonstrating the presence of B. pseudomallei in the environmental (soil) samples of Bangladesh. It also suggested that a large proportion of people, residing in these districts, were exposed to the organism.
Effects of Some Selected Socio-demographic Variables on Male Migrants in Bangladesh
Rafiqul Islam,Abdur Rokib
Current Research Journal of Economic Theory , 2009,
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to identify the intensity of the effects of various socio-economic and demographic factors on migration. The data was collected by multi-stage sampling technique at Meherpur sadar thana at Meherpur district, Bangladesh. This paper shows exact causal links between various selected socioeconomic and demographic variables. Multivariate technique like as path analysis has been used to find out the direct, indirect, total and implied effects of the selected socio-economic and demographic factors on migration. This study find out that religion, educational qualification and occupation of the household head have positive direct effects on migration.
Influencing Factors of Socio-Economic and Demographic Characteristics on Female Migrants Study of Meherpur Sadar Thana, Bangladesh
Abdur Rokib,Rashed Alam,Abdul Goni
The Social Sciences , 2013, DOI: 10.3923/sscience.2011.194.197
Abstract: The aim of this study is to identify the impact of socio-economic and demographic factors on migration. Using data in this study was collected by purposive sampling technique at Meherpur Sadar Thana at Meherpur district, Bangladesh. The logistic regression analysis has been used to identify the influential factors of migration. The logistic regression analysis has focused that respondent s age, education, monthly income and number of family member have significant effects on causes of migration among the selected variables. The results of logistic regression analysis indicate that the risk of migration for secondary and above education is higher than that of illiterate.
Exploring the Catalytic Activity of Zirconia, Zirconia Supported Metals and Metal Oxides for Oxidation of Phenol  [PDF]
Mohammad Sadiq, Mohammad Ilyas
Modern Research in Catalysis (MRC) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/mrc.2012.12004
Abstract: Catalytic oxidation/degradation of phenol with molecular oxygen in aqueous medium by Zirconia, zirconia supported metals and metal oxides at low temperature were studied in a three necked batch reactor. The catalysts prepared were characterized by modern techniques like XRD, SEM and EDX. The activities of different catalysts for the oxidation of phenol in aqueous medium were found to be in the order; Pt-Pd/ZrO2 > Bi-Pt/ZrO2 > Bi-Pd/ZrO2> Pt/ZrO2 > Pd/ZrO2 > Cu/ZrO2> Mn/ZrO2 > Bi/ZrO2. The enhanced catalytic activity of Bi-Pt/ZrO2 is attributed to Bi which in contact with Pt particles promotes its catalytic activity. In short, catalytic oxidation was found to be an effective tool, for the removal of phenol, from industrial waste water.
Pectin-Based Biodegradable Hydrogels with Potential Biomedical Applications as Drug Delivery Systems  [PDF]
Mohammad Sadeghi
Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology (JBNB) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jbnb.2011.21005
Abstract: In this work, synthesis and swelling behavior of a superabsorbent hydrogel based on Pectin (Pc) and polyacrylonitrile (PAN) were investigated. A mechanism for hydrogel formation was proposed and the structure of the product was es-tablished using FTIR spectroscopy. The Pc-poly (sodium acrylate-co-acrylamide) hydrogel exhibited a pH-responsive swelling-deswelling behavior at pH’s 2 and 8. This on-off switching behavior provides the hydrogel with the potential to control delivery of bioactive agents. Release profiles of ibuprofen (IBU), a poor water-soluble drug, from the hydro-gels were studied under both simulated gastric and intestinal pH conditions.
Context-Dependent Data Envelopment Analysis with Interval Data  [PDF]
Mohammad Izadikhah
American Journal of Computational Mathematics (AJCM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ajcm.2011.14031
Abstract: Data envelopment analysis (DEA) is a non-parametric method for evaluating the relative efficiency of decision making units (DMUs) on the basis of multiple inputs and outputs. The context-dependent DEA is introduced to measure the relative attractiveness of a particular DMU when compared to others. In real-world situation, because of incomplete or non-obtainable information, the data (Input and Output) are often not so deterministic, therefore they usually are imprecise data such as interval data, hence the DEA models becomes a nonlinear programming problem and is called imprecise DEA (IDEA). In this paper the context-dependent DEA models for DMUs with interval data is extended. First, we consider each DMU (which has interval data) as two DMUs (which have exact data) and then, by solving some DEA models, we can find intervals for attractiveness degree of those DMUs. Finally, some numerical experiment is used to illustrate the proposed approach at the end of paper.
Multilayer Hex-Cells: A New Class of Hex-Cell Interconnection Networks for Massively Parallel Systems  [PDF]
Mohammad Qatawneh
Int'l J. of Communications, Network and System Sciences (IJCNS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ijcns.2011.411086
Abstract: Scalability is an important issue in the design of interconnection networks for massively parallel systems. In this paper a scalable class of interconnection network of Hex-Cell for massively parallel systems is introduced. It is called Multilayer Hex-Cell (MLH). A node addressing scheme and routing algorithm are also presented and discussed. An interesting feature of the proposed MLH is that it maintains a constant network degree regardless of the increase in the network size degree which facilitates modularity in building blocks of scalable systems. The new addressing node scheme makes the proposed routing algorithm simple and efficient in terms of that it needs a minimum number of calculations to reach the destination node. Moreover, the diameter of the proposed MLH is less than Hex-Cell network.
Cloud Computing as an Innovation in GIS & SDI: Methodologies, Services, Issues and Deployment Techniques  [PDF]
Mohammad Naghavi
Journal of Geographic Information System (JGIS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jgis.2012.46062
Abstract: Cloud computing is one of the main issues of interest to the scientific community of the spatial data. A cloud is referred to computing infrastructure for a representation of network. From the perspective of providers, the main characteristics of cloud computing is being dynamic, high power in computing and storage. Also cloud computing is a cost benefit and effective way for representation of web-based spatial data and complex analysis. Furthermore, cloud computing is a way to facilitate distributed computing and store different data. One of the main features of cloud computing is ability in powerful computing and dynamic storage with an affordable expense and secure web. In this paper we further investigate the methodologies, services, issues and deployed techniques also, about situation of cloud computing in the past, present and future is probed and some issues concerning the security is expressed. Undoubtedly cloud computing is vital for spatial data infrastructure and consequently the cloud computing is able to expand the interactions for spatial data infrastructure in the future.


Resolving a Challenge in the Modeling of Hydrogen Production Using Steam Reforming of Methane in Monolith Reactors Using CFD Methods  [PDF]
Mohammad Irani
Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry (AMPC) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ampc.2012.24B063
Abstract: Reaction modeling of SMR (Steam Methane Reforming) process inside monolith reactors using two approaches were investigated and compared with each other. In the first approach, the reactions were assumed to take place exactly on the wall surfaces, while in the second approach they considered inside a thin thickness near the walls. Experiments of SMR were carried out in a lab-scale monolith reactor. A single-channel was considered and CFD model were developed for each of aforementioned approaches. Comparisons between modeling results and experimental data showed that the first approach (surface model) gives better results. Performing reactions are difficult and expensive, CFD simulations are considered as numerical experiments in many cases. It was concluded that obtained results from CFD analysis gives precise guidelines for further studies on optimization of SMR monolithic reactor performance.
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