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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 19783 matches for " Mohammad Hasmawi Abu Hassan "
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Accounting Students’ Perception on Pursuing Professional Examination
Mazlina Mustapha,Mohammad Hasmawi Abu Hassan
International Journal of Education , 2012, DOI: 10.5296/ije.v4i4.1546
Abstract: Prior studies indicate that people’s perception have an important influence on their career decisions. This study explores the accounting students’ perceptions on professional examination and the factors that influence their decisions to take the exam. Questionnaires were distributed to final year accounting students of a public university in Malaysia. About 103 questionnaires were completed and usable for the purpose of the study. Regression analysis was employed to analyse the data. The results indicate that about 70% of the respondents plan to work immediately after graduating, and only about 28% of the respondents really have the intention to pursue professional qualification. Among others, the findings reveal that the job security and stability, and opportunities for advancement as well as the students’ perception towards the profession are the three main variables found to be significant in influencing the accounting students’ decision to pursue professional examination. The results of the study appear to suggest that the educators and universities must play their role to positively influence and motivate the students to pursue professional examination. The favourable information about the profession may attract the potential students to take the challenge.
The Influence of Infants’ Characteristics on Breastfeeding Attitudes among Jordanian Mothers  [PDF]
Ghada Mohammad Abu Shosha
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2015.54032
Abstract: Background: Breastfeeding is the desired nutritional method for infants. Some infants’ characteristics were found influential to mothers’ point of views toward breastfeeding. However, the relationship between infants’ characteristics and mothers’ attitudes toward breastfeeding is still uncertain. The aim of this study was to assess infants’ characteristics and their impact on Jordanian mothers’ attitudes toward breastfeeding. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional design was used. A sample of 130 mothers was selected conveniently from mothers attending four major governmental maternal-child health centers at Zarqa city in Jordan. The Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale along with infants’ characteristics data sheet were used for data collection. Results: A more positive attitude toward breastfeeding was manifest (mean 63.5, SD: 4.67). Positive attitudes toward breastfeeding were higher among women who delivered normally than women who delivered by cesarean section (p = 0.040). In addition, women who had healthy infants were more likely to have positive attitudes toward breastfeeding compared to women with ill infants (p = 0.021). However, women with preterm deliveries were less likely to have positive attitudes compared to women with full-term deliveries (p = 0.013). Likewise, women whose infants admitted to neonatal intensive care unit recorded less positive attitudes toward breastfeeding than women with healthy neonates (p = 0.043). Gestational age, admission to neonatal intensive care unit, infant’s health status, and type of delivery, were factors influencing mothers’ attitudes towards breastfeeding. Conclusions: Jordanian mothers have positive attitudes toward breastfeeding. However, positive attitudes are subject to different infants’ characteristics that should be considered while undertaking heath education programs for promoting breastfeeding. More focusing is recommended for women who delivered preterm infants, women who have ill infants, and women who delivered by cesarean section.
The Level of Multiple Intelligences in Arabic Language Textbooks for Grades from (1 - 4) in Jordan in Light of Gardner’s Theory  [PDF]
Saleh Mohammad Abu Jado
Creative Education (CE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2015.614156
Abstract: This study aims to investigate the level of inclusion and balance of multiple intelligences in the Arabic Language textbooks in light of Gardner’s Theory using the analytical descriptive approach. Eight textbooks in grades (1 - 4) for the first and second semesters were taught in schools in the Jordanian educational system in 2013/2014. The selected textbooks were analyzed using Multiple Intelligences (MI) checklist devised by the researcher based on the framework of the Theory of Multiple Intelligences to examine them in relation to different intelligences as reflected through various activities, questions and tasks. The study sample consisted of all Arabic Language textbooks for the grades from 1 - 4. Results of the study showed that the verbal/linguistic intelligence in the textbooks in general scored the highest frequency amongst all types of intelligence; meanwhile the musical intelligence in the textbooks scored the lowest frequency among all types of intelligence. The study concluded with a recommendation to consider the necessity of employing all types of intelligence in designing Arabic language textbooks for young learners.
Keep on Striving: The Impact of Psychosocial Support on Jordanian Adolescents with Cancer  [PDF]
Ghada Mohammad Abu Shosha
Health (Health) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/health.2016.810095
Abstract: Having cancer during adolescence stage causes stressors in patients’ lives. They are responsible for dealing with many new situations and stressors. Coping with such stressors can be influenced by psychosocial factors. This study aimed to explore the impact of psychosocial support on adolescents with cancer. A qualitative exploratory design was used to understand the experience of psychosocial support from the perspectives of the patients. Twenty adolescents with cancer were selected purposefully from two major cancer treatment centers in Jordan. Semi-structured face-to-face interviews were used to obtain the participants’ perspectives. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis approach. Findings revealed three major themes: “supportive structure”, “precious aspects of psychosocial support”, and “cancer could be defeated”. Participants expressed their satisfaction with the psychosocial support provided to them. However, they asked for further improvement in hospital facilities, playrooms and leisure activities. In conclusion, having a strong psychosocial support system will help adolescents to cope with cancer. Family, friends, and the surrounding environment are the key elements in installing hope and helping adolescents to go through cancer experience. Nurses are advised to adopt these psychosocial keys in order to create age-related activities that would improve the patients’ coping with cancer.
Beliefs of Jordanian Children with Thalassemia toward Using Iron Chelation Therapy  [PDF]
Ghada Mohammad Abu Shosha
Open Journal of Blood Diseases (OJBD) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojbd.2016.63005
Abstract: Adherence to thalassemia treatment including chelation drugs is influenced by numerous factors. This study aims to explore beliefs about iron chelation therapy and adherence to this medication in Jordanian children with thalassemia major. In this descriptive cross-sectional study, seventy three patients were selected conveniently to complete the study instruments. Participants reported high adherence to their chelation therapy (88.1%). The majority (87.6%) expressed necessity for chelation therapy. However, 42.18% of the participants expressed their concerns about the therapy in which 57.9% of them showed concerns about dependency on medicine and 46.4% of them revealed concerns about the long-term effect of medicine. Overall, about 12.9% of the participants recorded correct and complete answers about thalassemia and its treatment. Knowledge about thalassemia and concerns about chelation were not significantly associated with adherence to the chelation therapy (r = 0.32, p = 0.19; r = 0.29, p = 0.25, respectively). However, there was a significant positive relationship between beliefs about the necessity of the therapy and adherence to it (r = 0.38, p = 0.03). In conclusion, Jordanian children showed proper adherence to their chelation therapy. Health care professionals should discuss patients’ concerns about chelation therapy which might increase patients’ adherence to their therapy.
Solar Panels Cleaning Frequency for Maximum Financial Profit  [PDF]
Mohammad Abu-Naser
Open Journal of Energy Efficiency (OJEE) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojee.2017.63006
Abstract: Allowing the dust to accumulate on solar panels without adequate cleaning leads to huge monetary losses. Proper judgment of when to call for washing of solar panels is a compromise between gross costs of cleaning the panels and how much reduction in efficiency of solar panels can be tolerated. In this paper, we derive a formula for the optimal number of days between cleaning cycles of a solar array by minimizing the cost of cleaning the array and the lost revenue from the unclean panels. The formula will aid in deciding cleaning periods based on the environment in which the solar panels are installed and cost incurred from undertaking the washing process.
The Impact of Organizational Culture on Employee’s Satisfaction at the Jordanian Company of Investments “Safeway”  [PDF]
Bassam Mohammad Abu Khadar
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2018.81002
Abstract: This paper mainly studies a Safeway store” as a field study. Generally, job satisfaction is the main engine for all operations implemented in any business organization. In addition, communication among all the employees encourages on achieving cooperation and the planned aims highly and efficiently. So, organizations are interested in achieving the satisfaction of the employees in a way gains in growth, benefits, maintaining a good competitive position and achieving excellence in its performance. The Jordanian companies for investment and supply must pay attention to the elements and factors of organizational culture in which they coordinate all activities and procedures to execute all needs and requirements of the employees. Therefore, the problem of the study is to identify role playing by the organizational culture and its impact on job satisfaction in the Jordanian companies of investment and supplies.
Numerical Analysis of Electromagnetic Control of the Boundary Layer Flow on a Ship Hull  [PDF]
Mohammad Bakhtiari, Hassan Ghassemi
Open Journal of Fluid Dynamics (OJFD) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojfd.2014.41006
Abstract: In this article, electromagnetic control of turbulent boundary layer on a ship hull is numerically investigated. This study is conducted on the geometry of tanker model hull. For this purpose, a combination of electric and magnetic fields is applied to a region of boundary layer on stern so that produce wall parallel Lorentz forces in streamwise direction as body forces in stern flow. The governing equations including RANS equations with SST k-ω turbulent model coupled with electric potential equation are numerically solved by using Ansys Fluent codes. Accuracy of this turbulent model of Fluent in predicting Turbulent flow around a ship is also tested by comparing with available experimental results that it shows a good agreement with experimental data. The results obtained for ship flow show that by applying streamwise Lorentz forces that are large enough, flow is accelerated. The results are caused to delay or avoid the flow separation in stern, increase the propeller inlet velocity, create uniform flow distribution behind the ship’s hull in order to improve the propeller performance, and finally decrease the pressure resistance and total resistance.
Efficient Image Recognition Technique Using Invariant Moments and Principle Component Analysis  [PDF]
Mohammad Arafah, Qusay Abu Moghli
Journal of Data Analysis and Information Processing (JDAIP) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jdaip.2017.51001
Abstract: Image recognition is widely used in different application areas such as shape recognition, gesture recognition and eye recognition. In this research, we introduced image recognition using efficient invariant moments and Principle Component Analysis (PCA) for gray and color images using different number of invariant moments. We used twelve moments for each image of gray images and Hu’s seven moments for color images to decrease dimensionality of the problem to 6 PCA’s for gray and 5 PCA’s for color images and hence the recognition time. PCA is then employed to decrease dimensionality of the problem and hence the recognition time and this is our main objective. The PCA is derived from Karhunen-Loeve’s transformation. Given an N-dimensional vector representation of each image, PCA tends to find a K-dimensional subspace whose basis vectors correspond to the maximum variance direction in the original image space. This new subspace is normally lower dimensional (K \"\" N). Three known datasets are used. The first set is the known Flower dataset. The second is the Africans dataset, and the third is the Shapes dataset. All these datasets were used by many researchers.
Effects of family history and consanguinity in primary immunodeficiency diseases in children in Qatar  [PDF]
Mohammad Ehlayel, Abdulbari Bener, Mohammad Abu Laban
Open Journal of Immunology (OJI) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/oji.2013.32008

Background: The high consanguinity in Middle East increases the risk of genetic diseases, including primary immunodeficiency diseases (PID). Objectives: This study was aimed at determining the rate of positive family history of PID, the overall rate and type of consanguinity, and their effects on delay age during diagnosis of PID. Materials and methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 131 children with PID (aged 0 - 14 years) managed at Hamad General Hospital during 1998-2012. Results: Data on 131 patients (75 males & 56 females) of 82 families was analyzed. The most common phenotype of PID was predominantly antibody deficiency (23.7%). The onset age was 24.01 months and delay age 18.7 months. Family history of PID was 66.4% (38.7% in predominantly antibody deficiency and 100% in diseases of immune dysregulation). Positive family history significantly (p = 0.004) reduced the delay age of PID diagnosis by 52.9%. The consanguinity rate was 61.1% (32.3% in the predominantly antibody ID to 96% in the phagocyte defects group), where paternal cousin ranked the highest type (57.5%). Conclusions: This study indicates that family history is common in children with PID and helpful in reducing the delay age. Consanguinity among families of affected children is also high (higher than healthy population). Paternal parallel cousin marriages are the most common type of consanguinity. For a practicing physician, family history is a simple and useful tool

when suspecting PID in children. Primary prevention of PID in Middle East communities should consider consanguinity reduction through public awareness and education and premarital counseling programs.
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