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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 8966 matches for " Mohamed Benyahia "
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Removal of Zn (II) from Aqueous Solution onto Kaolin by Batch Design  [PDF]
Bahia Meroufel, Omar Benali, Mohamed Benyahia, Mohamed Amine Zenasni, André Merlin, Béatrice George
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2013.57067
Abstract:

The Algerian kaolin clay was investigated to remove Zn(II) heavy metal ion from aqueous solution. The effect of contact time, initial metal ion concentration, pH and temperature was experimentally studied in batch mode to evaluate the adsorption capacity, kinetic, thermodynamic and equilibrium. The extent of zinc adsorption increased with increasing initial concentration of adsorbat, pH and temperature. The linear Langmuir and Freundlich models were applied to describe equilibrium isotherms and both models fitted well. The monolayer adsorption capacity for Zn(II) ions was 12.23 mg per g of kaolin clay at pH 6.1 and 25°C. Dubinin-Radushkevich (D-R) isotherm model was also applied to the equilibrium data. Thermodynamic parameters showed that the adsorption of Zn(II) onto kaolin clay was spontaneous and endothermic process in nature. Furthermore, the Lagergren-first-order and pseudo-second-order models were used to describe the kinetic data. The experimental data fitted well the pseudo-second-order kinetic. As a result, the kaolin clay may be used for removal of zinc from aqueous media.

Finger movement at birth in brachial plexus birth palsy
Rahul K Nath,Mohamed Benyahia,Chandra Somasundaram
World Journal of Orthopedics , 2013, DOI: 10.5312/wjo.v4.i1.24
Abstract: AIM: To investigate whether the finger movement at birth is a better predictor of the brachial plexus birth injury. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study reviewing pre-surgical records of 87 patients with residual obstetric brachial plexus palsy in study 1. Posterior subluxation of the humeral head (PHHA), and glenoid retroversion were measured from computed tomography or Magnetic resonance imaging, and correlated with the finger movement at birth. The study 2 consisted of 141 obstetric brachial plexus injury patients, who underwent primary surgeries and/or secondary surgery at the Texas Nerve and Paralysis Institute. Information regarding finger movement was obtained from the patient’s parent or guardian during the initial evaluation. RESULTS: Among 87 patients, 9 (10.3%) patients who lacked finger movement at birth had a PHHA > 40%, and glenoid retroversion < -12°, whereas only 1 patient (1.1%) with finger movement had a PHHA > 40%, and retroversion < -8° in study 1. The improvement in glenohumeral deformity (PHHA, 31.8% ± 14.3%; and glenoid retroversion 22.0° ± 15.0°) was significantly higher in patients, who have not had any primary surgeries and had finger movement at birth (group 1), when compared to those patients, who had primary surgeries (nerve and muscle surgeries), and lacked finger movement at birth (group 2), (PHHA 10.7% ± 15.8%; Version -8.0° ± 8.4°, P = 0.005 and P = 0.030, respectively) in study 2. No finger movement at birth was observed in 55% of the patients in this study group. CONCLUSION: Posterior subluxation and glenoid retroversion measurements indicated significantly severe shoulder deformities in children with finger movement at birth, in comparison with those lacked finger movement. However, the improvement after triangle tilt surgery was higher in patients who had finger movement at birth.
Copépodes, Cladocères et Rotifères du lac Sidi M'hamed Benali (Algérie Nord-Occidentale)
Mohamed Ali Bouzidi,Ali Latrèche,Ilhem Attaoui,Mohamed Benyahia
Physio-Géo , 2010, DOI: 10.4000/physio-geo.1128
Abstract: En 2008, 33 espèces de Cladocères, Copépodes et Rotifères ont été observées dans le lac Sidi M'hamed Benali (contre 12 seulement en 1992).Les Copépodes dominent en mars, avril, juillet, ao t et septembre, avec respectivement des dominances (Do) égales à : 56,6 %, 55,0 %, 55,0 %, 46,4 % et 90,0 %. Les Cladocères dominent en février (Do = 37,2 %), mai (Do = 47,4 %) et décembre (Do = 48,6 %). Les Rotifères sont extrêmement abondants et présentent une large dominance en janvier (Do = 95,3 %). La population zooplanctonique est très faible en juillet et en ao t. Au cours de l'année le peuplement varie en fonction de la température, des conditions hydrologiques, de l'abondance de la nourriture et de la prédation par les poissons. In 2008, 33 species of Cladocers, Copepods and Rotifers have been observed in Sidi M’hamed Benali Lake (against only 12 species in 1992). The Copepods dominate in March, April, July, August and September, respectively with dominance (Do) equal to 56.6 %, 55.0 %, 55.0 %, 46.4 % and 90.0 %. Cladocers dominated in February (Do = 37.2 %), May (Do = 47.4 %) and December (Do = 48.6 %). The rotifers are extremely abundant and have a wide dominance in January (Do = 95.3%). The zooplankton population is very low in July and August. During the year, the population varies with temperature, water conditions, abundance of food and predation by fishes.
Modeling of Adsorption of Bi(III) from Nitrate Medium by Impregnated Resin D2EHPA/XAD-1180  [PDF]
Nasr-Eddine Belkhouche, Nacera Benyahia
Journal of Surface Engineered Materials and Advanced Technology (JSEMAT) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jsemat.2011.12005
Abstract: Di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphoric acid (D2EHPA) in acetone was supported on the Amberlite XAD-1180 polystyrene divinylbenzene copolymer resin. The use of XAD-1180 impregnated with D2EHPA for the extraction of bismuth(III) from nitrate medium was carried out using batch technique. Various parameters affecting the uptake of this metal ion were described in the previous paper (Belkhouche and Didi, 2010) and the capacity of the impregnated resin for bismuth(III) was found to be 490.7 mg/g of resin. Effect of temperature on the values of distribution equilibrium was studied to evaluate the changes in standard thermodynamic quantities. A comparison of Langmuir forms I, II and Freundlich sorption isotherms was realized and the kinetic models applied to the adsorption rate data were evaluated for Lagergren first order, the pseudo second order and Morris–Weber models. From the results, the adsorption of Bi(III) onto D2EHPA/XAD-1180 resin shown the exothermic character and followed the Langmuir form II isotherm. Thus, the capacity of monolayer adsorption of Bi(III) was equal to 769.23 mg/g of resin. Both the Lagergren pseudo first order and film-diffusion models were found to best describe the experimental rate data.
Complex Application Architecture Dynamic Reconfiguration Based on Multi-criteria Decision Making
Vincent Talbot,Ilham Benyahia
International Journal of Software Engineering & Applications , 2010,
Abstract: Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) are increasingly important since they aim to bring solutions tocrucial problems related to transportation networks such as congestion and various road incidents.Management of ITS, as other complex and distributed applications, has to cope with unforeseeable eventsand incomplete data while guaranteeing a quality of service (QoS) defined by multiple criteria reflectingreal-life needs. To enable applications to adapt to changing environments, we define a methodology ofdynamic architecture reconfiguration based on multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) using evolutionarycomputing (EC) to find the best combination of architecture components. We use the Pareto EvolutionaryAlgorithm Adapting the Penalty (PEAP), a category of EC, selected in this paper to deal with timeconsumingonline processing required by basic EC such as genetic algorithms. Our simulation resultsrelating to road safety highlight the benefits of MCDM prior to such reconfiguration. We also address theproblem of destabilization which can result from repeated reconfigurations in response to ongoingenvironment changes.
Complex Object Shapes Recognition. Automatic Aid Photointerpretation in a Satellite Image  [PDF]
Macho Anani, Kada Mouedden, Youcef Amar, Sara Lebid, Mohammed Benyahia
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2012.31003
Abstract: The interpretation of geological structures on earth observation images involves like many other domains to both visual observation as well as specialized knowledge. To help this process and make it more objective, we propose a method to extract the components of complex shapes with a geological significance. Thus, remote sensing allows the production of digital recordings reflecting the objects’ brightness measures on the soil. These recordings are often presented as images and ready to be computer automatically processed. The numerical techniques used exploit the morphology ma- thematical transformations properties. Presentation shows the operations’ sequences with tailored properties. The example shown is a portion of an anticline fraction in which the organization shows clearly oriented entities. The results are obtained by a procedure with an interest in the geological reasoning: it is the extraction of entities involved in the observed structure and the exploration of the main direction of a set of objects striking the structure. Extraction of elementary entities is made by their physical and physiognomic characteristics recognition such as reflectance, the shadow effect, size, shape or orientation. The resulting image must then be stripped frequently of many artifacts. Another sequence has been developed to minimize the noise due to the direct identification of physical measures contained in the image. Data from different spectral bands are first filtered by an operator of grayscale morphology to remove high frequency spatial components. The image then obtained in the treatment that follows is therefore more compact and closer to the needs of the geologist. The search for significant overall direction comes from interception measures sampling a rotation from 0 to 180 degrees. The results obtained show a clear geological significance of the organization of the extracted objects.
A model to calculate cardiac output in hemodialysis patients by thermodilution
Ahmed Alayoud, Kawtar Hassani, Mohammed Benyahia
Theoretical Biology and Medical Modelling , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1742-4682-9-24
Abstract:
Graphene Thin Layers Formation on Monocrystalline Ni(111)/MgO(111) by Carbon Implantation and Annealing  [PDF]
F. Le Normand, M. Benyahia, C. Speisser, D. Muller, F. Aweke, G. Gutierrez, J. Arabski, G. Morvan
Graphene (Graphene) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/graphene.2015.42003
Abstract: The objectives of this study are the elaboration of graphene by 1) carbon implantation at moderate temperature (873 K) into a monodomain epitaxially-grown Ni(111) film deposited on a reusable MgO(111) substrate, followed by 2) carbon surface precipitation by thermal treatment. The growth of the nickel film by molecular beam epitaxy has been monitored by Reflection High Energy Electron Diffraction. The film morphology has been studied by Electron Back-Scattered Diffraction, Atomic Force Microscopy and Rutherford Backscattering Spectroscopy in the tunneling mode. In the optimized conditions corresponding to a germination step at 633 K followed by a step growth at 873 K and a post-annealing treatment at 1023 K monocrystalline Ni(111) //MgO(111) films are prepared, exhibiting monodomain swith high structural and orientation qualities. 13C implantation into these nickel films is subsequently achieved at 873 K with energy within 20 - 50 keV and a carbon dose equivalent to 4 monolayers of graphene (1.4 × 1016 at/cm2). Carbon diffuses mainly towards the surface, forming thin layers graphene. Compared to a Ni polycrystalline film the graphene fragments are larger and better facetted. The carbon amounts inside the nickel films at different steps, as well as the carbon amount at the surface, have been measured by Nuclear Reaction Analysis and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy, respectively. The results show that, in addition to implanted 13C, some amounts of 12C is incorporated at different steps of the process and is involved in the formation of the graphene monolayers, as shown by 13C/12C Raman mappings. We finally discuss different mechanisms for carbon diffusion and surface segregation, considering the size and thickness distributions of the thin-layers graphene.
The Effects of Residual Blood of Carcasses on Poultry Technological Quality  [PDF]
Bourbab Mohamed, Idaomar Mohamed
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2012.310181
Abstract: The objective of this work is to show the effect of residual blood on the quality of chicken meat, work based on the hypothesis that increasing the concentration of residual blood would explain the observed quality degradation by several authors. Lots of chickens are killed with two different types of slaughter: Slaughter without stunning for a maximum flow of blood or bleeding perfect PS, shooting seals slight lead to keep almost all blood from the carcass or bleeding IS flawed. To prove the residual blood factors that are responsible for high pHu level and high values of (L* A* B*) in poultry, this study compares the pHu level and values of (L* A* B*) in poultry both perfectly and imperfectly bled. Samples from imperfectly bled carcasses show a high value average number of A* = 12.68 and B* = 16.85; and L* = 54.09 VS the average number of A* = 8.50 and B* = 14.43 and L* = 50.27. At 3℃ storage temperature, the average pHu of perfectly bled poultry was (5.7) which was significantly (P < 0.01) lower than the average pHu of imperfectly bled poultry (6.08). At 7℃ storage temperature, the average pHu of perfectly bled poultry was (6.07) which was significantly (P < 0.05) lower than the average pHu of imperfectly bled one (6.27). We found out the effect of season on the results of pHu measures, so we conducted aanalysis of pHu in summer and winter. Residual blood of the poultry is responsible for high values of (L* A* B*) and high values of pHu therefore the deterioration of the poultry Colour.
Monitoring of Temporal and Spatial Changes of Land Use and Land Cover in Metropolitan Regions through Remote Sensing and GIS  [PDF]
Mohamed Ali Mohamed
Natural Resources (NR) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/nr.2017.85022
Abstract: The use of remote sensing techniques and subsequent analysis by means of geographical information system (GIS) offers an effective method for monitoring temporal and spatial changes of landscapes. This work studies the urbanization processes and associated threats to natural ecosystems and resources in the metropolitan areas of Berlin and Erlangen-Fürth-Nürnber?Schwabach (EFNS). To compute the land use/cover (LULC) of the study areas, a supervised classification of “maximum likelihood” using Landsat data for the years of 1972, 1985, 1998, 2003, and 2015 is used. Results show that the built-up area is the dominant land use in both regions throughout the study period. This land use has increased at the expense of green and open areas in EFNS and at the expense of agricultural land in Berlin. Likewise, 5% of forest in EFNS is replaced with urban infrastructure. However, the amount of forest in Berlin increased by 3%. While EFNS experienced relatively big changes in its water bodies from 1972 to 1985, changes in water bodies in Berlin were rather slight during the last 40 years. The overall accuracy of our remotely sensed LULC maps was between 88% and 94% in Berlin and between 85.87% and 87.4% for EFNS. The combination of remote sensing and GIS appears to be an indispensable tool for monitoring changes in LULC in urban areas and help improving LU planning to avoid environmental and ecological problems.
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