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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 14352 matches for " Mohamad Nasran Mohammad "
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An Analysis of Maslahah s Development Through al-Ghazali Pre and Post al-Ghazali Periods
Hayatullah Laluddin,Mohamad Nasran Mohammad,Zuliza Mohd. Kusrin,Shofian Ahmad,Zaini Nasohah,Mohd. Zamro Muda,Md. Yazid Ahmad,Ahmad Muhammad Husni
International Business Management , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/ibm.2012.187.193
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to trace and analyze the development of maslahah as a dynamic principle of the Islamic jurisprudence of a high methodological significance. To achieve this objective, the researchers undertake an in depth study of jurists discourse on the subject, tracing various stages of its development. Both historical and analytical methods are adopted in this study. The researchers by referring to Muslim jurists discourse on maslahah in the context of the development of legal theory, derive the conclusion that maslahah initially was perceived as a notion of consideration of public welfare. However, its use in this sense was on ad hoc basis and lacked consistency. Its elaborate discussion and hence, recognition as a mature technical term materialised during the 5th century of hijrah. This can be observed clearly from the writings of Muslims jurists of pre-al-Ghazali during al-Ghazali and post-al-Ghazali periods including those of al-Ghazali s writings, himself. However, Al-Shatibi discussion of maslahah within the framework of the theory of the purposes of the law made it of remarkable and profound importance to methodological reconstruction and renewal of Islamic law.
The Permissibility Status of Plant Biotechnology from the Islamic View
Latifah Amin,S. Siti Fairuz,Abdul Latif Samian,Mohamad Sabri Haron,Mohd Nasran Mohamad,Mohd Yusof Othman
The Social Sciences , 2013, DOI: 10.3923/sscience.2012.502.509
Abstract: The development of modern biotechnology has the potential to enhance the quality of the industrial, medical and agricultural sectors worldwide. However, it has created a divisive debate globally on its positive and negative impacts. The objective of this study is to assess the permissible status of interspecies gene transfers in plant biotechnology from the Islamic perspective. This study involved the identification and interpretation of the verses from al-Quran and quotations from al-Sunnah and the analysis of other relevant Islamic sources. The permissible status of food derived from plant biotechnology according to the Islam perspective must fulfill the concept of halalan tayyiban. Halalan tayyiban refers to the permissible status of food in relation to Syariah or the Islamic law. There are two important parts in determining the status of halalan tayyiban for plant biotechnology products the beginning process (input) or the gene sources and the final process (output) which refers to the direct or indirect impact of the final products to the five objectives of syariah. In conclusion from the Islamic point of view, the development of modern biotechnology is permitted if the inserted genes are taken from halal (permissible) sources and at the same time it does not cause any harmful effects to the five objectives of syariah.
Anti-Microbial and Physico-Chemical Properties of Processed and Raw Honeys of Mauritius  [PDF]
Mohammad Shafiiq Kinoo, Mohamad Fawzi Mahomoodally, Daneshwar Puchooa
Advances in Infectious Diseases (AID) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/aid.2012.22005
Abstract: Among the panoply of food products used in treatment of various ailments, honey has been used since prehistoric times as an effective antimicrobial therapy. Being first of its kind, honeys with specific botanical origin from Mauritius were examined. In this study, three commercially processed-enhanced v/s three unprocessed honeys were evaluated for possible antimicrobial activities against clinical bacterial (Enterococcus faecalis (ATCC 29212), Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 29213), Escherichia coli (ATCC 25922), Pseudomonas aeroguinosa (ATCC 27853)) and fungal (Aspergillus niger (ATCC 16404) and Candida albicans (ATCC 10231)) isolates in vitro. Research findings showed that the respective physicochemical parameters of the samples ranged from; pH: 3.28 - 4.67, H2O: 17.63% - 24.87%, reducing sugar 42.95 - 60.31 g/100g, density 1.11 - 1.55 g/ml and viscosity: 1.85 - 26.24 Pa·s at 20°C. Physicochemical parameters of different honeys were observed to vary significantly with respect to their floral origin (P < 0.05). After initial screening of the honeys tested at 100% (without dilution), minimum inhibitory concentration were established at three graded concentrations of 50%, 25% and 12.5% respectively. Promising results were observed against all clinical isolates evaluated; with inhibition zones ranging from 6 ± 0.00 to 20 ± 0.01 mm for undiluted honey samples compared to standard ampicillin from 14 ± 1.00 to 17 ± 3.06. The fungus used was found to be more resistant to the honeys than the bacteria. However, both processed and raw honeys were observed to possess highly significant antibacterial and antifungal properties (P < 0.05). The honey samples used in this study can be considered as valuable food products from their antimicrobial properties’ point of view and can have clinical potential.
Multi-Objective Production Planning Using Lexicographic Procedure  [PDF]
Mohamad Sayed Al-Ashhab, Taiser Attia, Shadi Mohammad Munshi
American Journal of Operations Research (AJOR) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ajor.2017.73012
Abstract: This paper presents a multi-objective production planning model for a factory operating under a multi-product, and multi-period environment using the lexicographic (pre-emptive) procedure. The model objectives are to maximize the profit, minimize the total cost, and maximize the Overall Service Level (OSL) of the customers. The system consists of three potential suppliers that serve the factory to serve three customers/distributors. The performance of the developed model is illustrated using a verification example. Discussion of the results proved the efficacy of the model. Also, the effect of the deviation percentages on the different objectives is discussed.
Potentiality of Bioconverted Leafy Vegetable Waste as Aquaculture Feed Supplement  [PDF]
Sujjat Al Azad, Mohammad Tamrin Bin Mohamad Lal
Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology (ABB) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/abb.2018.911040
Abstract: Purple non-sulfur bacteria (PNSB) are well known for their ability in transforming organic substrates for their own source of nutrients. The nutritional values of leafy vegetable waste could be improved through bioconversion with PNSB. This study was conducted to access nutritional status of leafy vegetable waste bio-converted product and efficacy of derived product as aquaculture feed supplement. Proximate compositions of bio-converted leafy vegetable wastes were improved after 6 days with 30% inoculums of Afifella marina strain ME (KC205142). The crude proteins (%) and ashes (%) in derived product was increased to 51.7% and 19.6% respectively. On the other hand, the fiber (%) in the bio-converted derived product was decreased by 21%. During feeding trial in Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus), no significant differences were observed in the feed intake (g/fish/day), but significant differences were observed in the value of feed conversion ratio and weight gain (%) among the used diets. However, lower ingestion rate (g/d/fish) and better feed conversion ratio were obtained while fishes were fed with diet composed of commercial feed mixed with 5% of the bio-converted product. The higher ingestion rate (g/d/fish) and lower feed conversion ratio were observed with only commercial diet. There observed no significant differences in the ingestion rate (g/d/fish) and FCR values among the diet composed of commercial feed with 5% (D5) and 10% (D10) of the bio-converted product. The derived bio-converted product can be a promising approach to open new market segment in aquafeed industry.
Self-Inflicted Male Bladder Foreign Body: Its Endoscopic Removal Using a Rigid Cystoscope and a Suprapubic Forceps
Mohammad Kazem Moslemi,Mohamad Sorani
Case Reports in Urology , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/729013
Abstract:
The Introduction of Conditional Hibah as Islamic Financial Instruments
Abdel Wadoud Moustafa Moursi El-Seoudi,Muhammad Nazir Alias,Mohd. Nasran Mohamad,Amir Husin Mohd. Nor,Zaini Nasohah,Nik Abdul Rahim Nik Abdul Ghani
Journal of Economics Theory , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/jeth.2012.37.41
Abstract: Islamic banking system is a system that emphasizes justice and avoid injustice to buden the riba of the loan. Anumber of financing instruments have been introduced by Muslim scholars in order to achieve these objectives. Between existing instruments such as sale al Inah and Tawarruq. However, both of these instruments still have seen elements of usury by some experts in Islamic finance. This study aims to explain the conditional grant in accordance with the law and explain the relevance of past jurists to be one of the Islamic financing instruments. The study will examine the books containing the views of jurists from different schools to get a clear picture of this problem and then find the best and moderate views. Based on this view, this study explains how the grant agreement can become an instrument of financing in the Islamic financial system.
Human Resources in the Islamic Banks
Abdel Wadoud Moustafa Moursi El-Seoudi,Mohd. Nasran Mohamad,Amir Husin Mohd. Nor,Zaini Nasohah,Muhammad Nazir Alias,Nik Abdul Rahim Nik Abdul Ghani
Journal of Economics Theory , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/jeth.2012.66.69
Abstract: The Islamic banks are considered modern institutions in the banking industry, it made noticeable steps in the banking area. Working human resources had the distinguished impact in that development. Under the human resources, all essential activities of the institution are included such as planning resources, recruitment, training and development, performance evaluation, compensation, safety and health and work relations. These involve the conventional bases for the human resources management which includes the management of change, culture, labour and organizational designing and human resources activities, internally and externally. The human resources represent the main element for research. It is considered to be the capital for any producing nation in reality. Also, human resources come at the top of elements list of the administrative process which cannot do without it.
Islamic Banking Marketing
Abdel Wadoud Moustafa Moursi El-Seoudi,Mohd. Nasran Mohamad,Amir Husin Mohd. Nor,Zaini Nasohah,Muhammad Nazir Alias,Nik Abdul Rahim Nik Abdul Ghani
Journal of Economics Theory , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/jeth.2012.61.65
Abstract: The Islamic banking marketing is regarded as one of the crucial factors for developing and success of these banks in the far-scope time. The Islamic banks succeeded to offer modern banking services which have been professionally marketed. Although, the conventional banks have preceded it in that filed, it succeeded in expressing the Islamic banking. The concept of marketing is considered to be modern to the Islamic banking industry for it relied on the Muslims Islamic sentiments in dealing with it. As to the present time, the competition enforced it to take much concern in that field.
Selecting of Cementing Material in Green Lightweight Concrete with Oil Palm Shell (OPS)
Mohamad Ibrahim Mohamad,Mohammad Ali Nekooie,Mahyar Mahdinezhad,Payam Hosseini
Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology , 2012,
Abstract: Floating urbanization could be the subject of a green flood mitigation strategy. The main part of any floating house is the buoyant part, which is made from concrete pontoons. Aggregates play the most important role in making concrete a lightweight material. Oil Palm Shell (OPS) is an agricultural waste material, which is widely available in South East Asia. This study tries to select the best cementing material from waste and produced pozzolans, to improve the specifications of green lightweight concrete with Oil Palm Shell (OPS), using decision-making methods. The decision making model was conducted by the application of a Fuzzy Preference Selection Index (PSI). Quantitative data was obtained from laboratory testing, which was translated into fuzzy functions, and qualitative data was obtained through verbal interviews. Silica Fume (SF) contributed the best performance of all pozzolans, with a 25% replacement in green lightweight concrete, with Oil Palm Shell (OPS).
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