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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 401873 matches for " Mmuso B.J. Pooe- Monyemore "
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The experience of people with oculocutaneous albinism
Mmuso B.J. Pooe- Monyemore,Thandisizwe R. Mavundla,Arnold L. Christianson
Health SA Gesondheid , 2012,
Abstract: This article reports the experiences of people with oculocutaneous albinism in South Africa. Oculocutaneous albinism is an inherited disorder characterised by the defective production of melanin, with little or no pigmentation in the skin, hair and eyes. This condition is found globally, with a high prevalence in sub-Saharan Africa and in clusters in South America. People with this condition are often stigmatised and discriminated against owing to myths and superstitions held by the public about the condition. To date no studies have explored the psychosocial aspects of oculocutaneous albinism. A qualitative study was conducted in Johannesburg, South Africa during 2007 where a purposive sample of 15 members of the black population with oculocutaneous albinism participated in in-depth individualphenomenological interviews. One central question was posed to facilitate the interviews: Could you please share your experience as a person with albinism? Data from the interviews were analysed using Collaizi’s qualitative data analysis method and three main themesemerged: (1) perceptions of the internal environment, for example the self; (2) experiences in the external environment, for example family and community; and (3) the need for selfdevelopment and growth based on their experiences. Recommendations are made to enhance the self-concept of and promote a sense of belonging, self-development and growth in people with oculocutaneous albinism.
Vaccine adverse events in the new millennium: is there reason for concern?
Ward,B.J.;
Bulletin of the World Health Organization , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0042-96862000000200009
Abstract: as more and more infectious agents become targets for immunization programmes, the spectrum of adverse events linked to vaccines has been widening. although some of these links are tenuous, relatively little is known about the immunopathogenesis of even the best characterized vaccine-associated adverse events (vaaes). the range of possible use of active immunization is rapidly expanding to include vaccines against infectious diseases that require cellular responses to provide protection (e.g. tuberculosis, herpes viral infections), therapeutic vaccines for chronic infections (e.g. human immunodeficiency virus (hiv) infection, viral hepatitis b and c), and vaccines against non-infectious conditions (e.g. cancer, autoimmune diseases). less virulent pathogens (e.g. varicella, rotavirus in the developed world) are also beginning to be targeted, and vaccine use is being justified in terms of societal and parental ‘‘costs’’ rather than in straightforward morbidity and mortality costs. in the developed world the paediatric immunization schedule is becoming crowded, with pressure to administer increasing numbers of antigens simultaneously in ever simpler forms (e.g. subcomponent, peptide, and dna vaccines). this trend, while attractive in many ways, brings hypothetical risks (e.g. genetic restriction, narrowed shield of protection, and loss of randomness), which will need to be evaluated and monitored. the available epidemiological and laboratory tools to address the issues outlined above are somewhat limited. as immunological and genetic tools improve in the years ahead, it is likely that we shall be able to explain the immunopathogenesis of many vaaes and perhaps even anticipate and avoid some of them. however, this will only happen if the human and financial resources needed for monitoring and studying vaccine safety stay in step with the accelerating pace of vaccine development. failure to make such a commitment would put all immunization programmes at risk.
Classification is instructive – comments on a published table of antelope habitat preferences
B.J Coetzee
Koedoe : African Protected Area Conservation and Science , 1980, DOI: 10.4102/koedoe.v23i1.633
Abstract: Pienaar (1974) showed the habitat preferences of South African antelope species in a two-way table. Rows represent species and columns represent habitats. Matrix entries link species to their preferred habitats (Table 1). Species in Table 1 are in taxonomic order, which has no apparent bearing on their habitat preferences.
The languages of the Indians of Surinam and the comparative study of the Carib and Arawak languages. (Met Bibliography)
B.J. Hoff
Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde , 1955,
Abstract:
Neo-Ahom and the parable of the prodigal son
B.J. Terwiel
Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde , 1989,
Abstract:
Cerita Tukang Gamal Ki Dudah Jinda Lara Ning Hati; A condensed wayang story from Jakarta
B.J. Bijleveld
Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde , 1990,
Abstract:
Recreating the past; Revivalism in Northeastern India
B.J. Terwiel
Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde , 1996,
Abstract:
Predicting the risk and diminishing the consequences of anastomotic leakage after anterior resection for rectal cancer
Moran B.J.
Acta Chirurgica Iugoslavica , 2010, DOI: 10.2298/aci1003047m
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Anastomotic leakage is one of the most serious early complications of any intestinal anastomosis. The morbidity and mortality are high and patients may be at increased risk of cancer recurrence. In colorectal surgery the risks are particularly high following low anterior resection. Factors which increase and decrease the risks are discussed. METHODS: A review of the main published risk factors for anastomotic leakage after anterior resection for rectal cancer together with the authors personal experience is reported. A review of a recent large randomized trial of a defunctioning stoma versus no stoma is outlined. RESULTS: The main factor influencing anastomotic leakage is the height of the anastomosis above the anal verge with the lower the anastomosis the higher the risk. All anastomoses within 7 cm of the anal verge are at increased risk which includes all patients who have had a total mesorectal excision. Neoadjuvant therapy (in particular long course radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy) increases the risk. Male sex, older age, smoking, alcohol in excess, short course radiotherapy, obesity, general fitness, immunosuppression have been reported in some series as increasing the risk. A temporary diverting stoma decreases the consequences of leakage and reduces the need for emergency re-operation. Anastomotic leakage is associated with an increased postoperative death rate, reoperative rates, need for a permanent stoma and possibly an increase in local recurrence and decreased cancer specific and overall survival. CONCLUSION: Anastomotic leakage is a serious early complication following surgery for rectal cancer. The height of the anastomosis and neoadjuvant therapy are the main predictors of an increased risk. A diverting stoma diminishes the consequences of risk and reduces the need for emergency re-operation.
The effect of query complexity on Web searching results
B.J. Jansen
Information Research: an international electronic journal , 2000,
Abstract: This paper presents findings from a study of the effects of query structure on retrieval by Web search services. Fifteen queries were selected from the transaction log of a major Web search service in simple query form with no advanced operators (e.g., Boolean operators, phrase operators, etc.) and submitted to 5 major search engines - Alta Vista, Excite, FAST Search, Infoseek, and Northern Light. The results from these queries became the baseline data. The original 15 queries were then modified using the various search operators supported by each of the 5 search engines for a total of 210 queries. Each of these 210 queries was also submitted to the applicable search service. The results obtained were then compared to the baseline results. A total of 2,768 search results were returned by the set of all queries. In general, increasing the complexity of the queries had little effect on the results with a greater than 70% overlap in results, on average. Implications for the design of Web search services and directions for future research are discussed.
Lijst van de geschriften van Prof. C.H. de Goeje
B.J. Hoff
Nieuwe West-Indische Gids , 1956,
Abstract:
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