Abstract:
We search $t$-matrix poles for $\Lambda N-\Sigma N$ coupling interactions using two soft core models of the Nijmegen group which bind the hypertriton at the correct binding energy, and hard core models which are still influential in hypernuclear physics. To treat the hard core potentials, a useful method for calculating the off-shell $t$-matrix is proposed. We find poles close to the $\Sigma N$ threshold in the second or third quadrant of the complex plane of the $\Sigma N$ relative momentum. The relation between the poles and the shape of the $\Lambda N$ elastic total cross section is discussed based on a so-called uniformization by which two-channel $t$-matrices become single-valued on a complex valuable. We also find poles near the $\Lambda N$ threshold. These are correlated to the $S$-wave $\Lambda N$ scattering lengths, the values of which have yet to be determined.

Abstract:
This paper derives the distribution of the deviation distance to visit an alternative fuel station. Distance is measured as the Euclidean distance on a continuous plane. The distribution explicitly considers the vehicle range and whether the round trip between origin and destination can be made. Three cases are examined: fuel is available at both origin and destination, fuel is available at either origin or destination, and fuel is available at neither origin nor destination. The analytical expressions for the distribution demonstrate how the vehicle range, the shortest distance, and the refueling availability at origin and destination affect the deviation distance. The distribution will thus be useful to estimate the number of vehicles refueled at a station.

Abstract:
We studied dynamic interactions between CdSe/ZnS quantum dots (QDs) and cyclic solvents probed by femtosecond four-wave mixing. We found that the dynamic interactions of QDs strongly depend on the existence of π-bonds in solvent molecules.

Abstract:
The pi-mesonic decay of the hypertriton is calculated based on a hypertriton wavefunction and 3N scattering states, which are rigorous solutions of 3-body Faddeev equations using realistic NN and hyperon-nucleon interactions. The total pi-mesonic decay rate is found to be 92% of the free Lambda decay rate, which is close to the experimental data. Together with the nonmesonic decay the total life time of 3Lambda H is predicted to be 2.78 x 10^-10 sec which is 6 % larger than for the free Lambda particle. The differential decay rate is evaluated as a function of the pion momentum. The decay into the N+d+pi channel is stronger than in the 3N+pi channel in contrast to the situation for the nonmesonic decay. The ratio for the decay rate into 3He + pi^- to the decay rate into all channels including pi^- is found to be 0.40, which is close to the experimental value. We visualise the decay into the dominant channel p+d+pi^- in a Dalitz plot. Finally we compare the polarisation of the outgoing proton in free unpolarised Lambda-decay to the polarisation of 3He in unpolarised 3_Lambda H-decay and we compare the closely related asymmetry of pi^- emitted parallel and antiparallel with respect to the spin-direction for a polarised Lambda to the corresponding asymmetry for a polarised 3_Lambda H.

Abstract:
We report the pressure study of a doped organic superconductor with Hall coefficient and conductivity measurements. We find that maximally enhanced superconductivity and a non-Fermi liquid appear around a certain pressure where mobile carriers increase critically, suggesting a possible quantum phase transition between strongly and weakly correlated regimes. Our description extends the conventional picture of a Mott metal-insulator transition at half filling to the case of a doped Mott insulator with tunable correlation.

Abstract:
Based on realistic calculations for the nonmesonic decay rate of Hypertriton we demonstrate, that in principle it is not possible to measure the total n- and p- induced decay rates and as a consequence $\Gamma_n /\Gamma_p$ for that lightest hypernucleus.For the nonmesonic decay process the calculations are performed with modern YN forces based on various meson exchanges and taking the final state interaction among the three nucleons fully into account. Our findings have consequences also for the interpretation of experimental $\Gamma_n/\Gamma_p$ ratios for heavier hypernuclei where severe discrepancies exist to theoretical $\Gamma_n/\Gamma_p$ ratios.

In clinical cellular
cardiomyoplasty, bone marrow cells and myoblasts are introduced mainly to ischemic cardiomyopathy
tissue via several cell delivery systems, such as needle injection or catheter.
These clinical studies have demonstrated the safety and feasibility of this
technique, but its effectiveness for treating heart failure, especially in the
long term, is still under discussion. Neither of these cell types can
differentiate into cardiomyocytes; rather, they improve the failing heart
mainly by the paracrine effects of some cytokines, such as Hepatocyte growth
factor (HGF) and Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Thus, many
researchers have a great interest in stem cells, which exist in bone marrow,
circulating blood, atrium, and adipose tissue, and can differentiate into cardiomyocytes.
Although several stem cells with the potential to differentiate into various
cell types have been reported, few can differentiate into cardiomyocytes.
Moreover, beating cells that can demonstrate synchronized contraction with
native cardiomyocytes are critical for the complete repair of severe heart
failure. Therefore, stem cells with a high differentiation capacity should be
explored for the goal of completely repairing severely damaged myocardium. In
this review, we summarize the clinical protocols and basic experiments for
cellular cardiomyoplasty using bone marrow cells, myoblasts, and other stem
cells.

Abstract:
A new seawater standard for oceanographic and engineering applications has been developed that consists of three independent thermodynamic potential functions, derived from extensive distinct sets of very accurate experimental data. The results have been formulated as Releases of the International Association for the Properties of Water and Steam, IAPWS (1996, 2006, 2008) and are expected to be adopted internationally by other organizations in subsequent years. In order to successfully perform computations such as phase equilibria from combinations of these potential functions, mutual compatibility and consistency of these independent mathematical functions must be ensured. In this article, a brief review of their separate development and ranges of validity is given. We analyse background details on the conditions specified at their reference states, the triple point and the standard ocean state, to ensure the mutual consistency of the different formulations, and the necessity and possibility of numerically evaluating metastable states of liquid water. Computed from this formulation in quadruple precision (128-bit floating point numbers), tables of numerical reference values are provided as anchor points for the consistent incorporation of additional potential functions in the future, and as unambiguous benchmarks to be used in the determination of numerical uncertainty estimates of double-precision implementations on different platforms that may be customized for special purposes.

Abstract:
The SCOR/IAPSO1 Working Group 127 on Thermodynamics and Equation of State of Seawater has prepared recommendations for new methods and algorithms for numerical estimation of the thermophysical properties of seawater. As an outcome of this work, a new International Thermodynamic Equation of Seawater (TEOS-10) was endorsed by IOC/UNESCO2 in June 2009 as the official replacement and extension of the 1980 International Equation of State, EOS-80. As part of this new standard a source code package has been prepared that is now made freely available to users via the World Wide Web. This package includes two libraries referred to as the SIA (Sea-Ice-Air) library and the GSW (Gibbs SeaWater) library. Information on the GSW library may be found on the TEOS-10 web site (http://www.TEOS-10.org). This publication provides an introduction to the SIA library which contains routines to calculate various thermodynamic properties as discussed in the companion paper. The SIA library is very comprehensive, including routines to deal with fluid water, ice, seawater and humid air as well as equilibrium states involving various combinations of these, with equivalent code developed in different languages. The code is hierachically structured in modules that support (i) almost unlimited extension with respect to additional properties or relations, (ii) an extraction of self-contained sub-libraries, (iii) separate updating of the empirical thermodynamic potentials, and (iv) code verification on different platforms and between different languages. Error trapping is implemented to identify when one or more of the primary routines are accessed significantly beyond their established range of validity. The initial version of the SIA library is available in Visual Basic and FORTRAN as a supplement to this publication and updates will be maintained on the TEOS-10 web site. 1 SCOR/IAPSO: Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research/International Association for the Physical Sciences of the Oceans 2 IOC/UNESCO: Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission/United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

Abstract:
The SCOR/IAPSO1 Working Group 127 on Thermodynamics and Equation of State of Seawater has prepared recommendations for new methods and algorithms for numerical estimation of the the thermophysical properties of seawater. As an outcome of this work, a new International Thermodynamic Equation of Seawater (TEOS–10) was endorsed by IOC/UNESCO2 in June 2009 as the official replacement and extension of the 1980 International Equation of State, EOS-80. As part of this new standard a source code package has been prepared that is now made freely available to users via the World Wide Web. This package includes two libraries referred to as the SIA (Sea-Ice-Air) library and the GSW (Gibbs SeaWater) library. Information on the GSW library may be found on the TEOS-10 web site (http://www.TEOS-10.org). This publication provides an introduction to the SIA library which contains routines to calculate various thermodynamic properties as discussed in the companion paper. The SIA library is very comprehensive, including routines to deal with fluid water, ice, seawater and humid air as well as equilibrium states involving various combinations of these, with equivalent code developed in different languages. The code is hierachically structured in modules that support (i) almost unlimited extension with respect to additional properties or relations, (ii) an extraction of self-contained sub-libraries, (iii) separate updating of the empirical thermodynamic potentials, and (iv) code verification on different platforms and between different languages. Error trapping is implemented to identify when one or more of the primary routines are accessed significantly beyond their established range of validity. The initial version of the SIA library is available in Visual Basic and FORTRAN as a supplement to this publication and updates will be maintained on the TEOS-10 web site. 1SCOR/IAPSO: Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research/International Association for the Physical Sciences of the Oceans 2IOC/UNESCO: Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission/United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization