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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 43949 matches for " Mirna Gertrudes Ribeiro Oliveira "
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A implanta o da coleta seletiva de lixo em escolas do município de Araguari (MG): equívocos e perspectivas
Mirna Gertrudes Ribeiro Oliveira,Vania Rúbia Farias Vlach
Revista Sociedade & Natureza , 2005,
Abstract: Human beings have never removed so much of the environment as in recent years. Guided byvalues based on consumerism, they have entered in the dynamics of nature. Removing from it at anycost, its resources: minerals, flora, fauna, besides water, soil and which become more and more aplace of discharge of various pollutants. As a result of this society of consumerism, waste appearsas na ally, producing thousands of tons of garbage daily by human beings. Recently, the politics ofthe administration of urban solid residues in Brazil created by the Federal Government, whichincludes the support of organizations of collectors of recycled waste, has encouraged the implanta-tion of the selective collection of garbage and the passing on of funds for the implantation of sanitary landfills in municipal districts. In Araguari (MG) this process began in 2001. This was themoment in which we participated more directly in the implantation of the selective collection. A lotof experience was accumulated during this participation, especially the implantation of the selec-tive colletion in schools of the municipal district. In this article, we will make reference to theseexperiences, contemplating the misunderstandings and the progress conquered. With this, webelieved to be contributing with those who want, in the school context, to begin or to reformulateways in the universe of the separation of materials be sent to recycling industries.
Escola ecologizada:compromissos e desafios da educa o ambiental
Mirna Gertrudes Ribeiro Oliveira,Vania Rúbia Farias Vlach
Revista Sociedade & Natureza , 2004,
Abstract: More than a confinde science, Ecology shows us today how to see life and act in ti. In recent years, Deep Ecology a proposal by Arne Naess in 1973, has brought up questions that make us review our concepts and attitudes by proposing that each individual opens themselves to a personal revolution, changing their deportmente in light of the world. After advancing for o long period of time without objetcitves and clear methodologies, formal Environmental Education is beginning to be seen and lived as na important dimentsion in the educational process. This process, individual criticisms and is capable of constructing alternative ways to minimize social environmental problems. For this to happen, a scholl in its totality, must turn to na integrated work which the complexity of relations is developed to be a reference to the definition of its pedagogical proposal.
Maternal Predictors for Quality of Life during the Postpartum in Brazilian Mothers  [PDF]
Mirna Fontenele de Oliveira, Leslie Parker, Hyochol Ahn, Hellen Lívia Oliveira Catunda, Elizian Braga Rodrigues Bernardo, Mara Fontenele de Oliveira, Samila Gomes Ribeiro, Cinthia Gondim Pereira Calou, Franz Janco Antezana, Paulo César Almeida, Régia Christina Moura Barbosa Castro, Priscila de Souza Aquino, Ana Karina Bezerra Pinheiro
Health (Health) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/health.2015.73042
Abstract: Introduction: The postpartum period can have a significant physical, emotional, and social impact on the quality of a woman’s life. Most postpartum research has focused on physical complications and only a few studies have specifically investigated quality of life. The purpose of this study was to explore predictors affecting the quality of life of postpartum Brazilian mothers. Study Design and Methods: A cross-sectional Quality of Life survey was performed in 210 Brazilian mothers during the early postpartum period. Data were collected using an interview technique and two instruments: 1) a maternal questionnaire and the 2) Maternal Postpartum Quality of Life tool/Brazilian version. The association between maternal characteristics and quality of life in the post-partum period was investigated with bivariate and multivariable analyses. Results: Mothers who had the best Quality of Life were white, registered students, 30 - 40 years of age, who were married or living with a partner, and without physical complaints; in addition, they had at least an 8th grade education, more than 4 children, and had attended more than 8 prenatal visits with a nurse. The stepwise model indicated that white race (p < 0.05) and married or living with a partner (p < 0.05) were the best predictors of Quality of Life in postpartum women. Conclusions and Clinical Implications: Marital status and race conditions may predict quality of life in postpartum Brazilian mothers. In addition, improved knowledge concerning the postpartum, maternal experience may help develop health interventions to enhance the quality of life of this population.
Esofagomanometria e pHmetria esofágica de 24 h em uma ampla amostra de pacientes com manifesta??es respiratórias
Machado, Mirna da Mota;Cardoso, Paulo Francisco Guerreiro;Ribeiro, Iana Oliveira e Silva;Zamin Júnior, Idílio;Eilers, Rene Jacobsen;
Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1806-37132008001200009
Abstract: objective: to determine the prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (gerd) and to evaluate the esophageal motor profile of patients with respiratory symptoms referred to a digestive motility referral center for esophageal function testing. methods: the results of esophageal manometry and 24-h esophageal ph-metry were analyzed.the inclusion criterion was presenting respiratory symptoms, with or without accompanying digestive symptoms. results: of the 1,170 patients included in the study, 602 (51.5%) reported having digestive and respiratory symptoms (drs group), and 568 (48.5%) reported having only respiratory symptoms (rs group). asthma was diagnosed in 142 patients in the rs group (rs-a subgroup) and in 201 of those in the drs group (drs-a). of the 346 cases of esophageal dysmotility, hypomotility was found in 175 (14.3% and 15.6% in the drs and rs groups, respectively), and lower esophageal sphincter (les) hypotonia was found in 411 (40.3% and 30.2%, respectively). hypotonia correlated with gerd. exposure of the distal esophagus to acid was markedly abnormal in the supine position. the prevalence of gerd in the sample as a whole, the rs-a/drs-a subgroups and the rs-a subgroup alone was 39.8%, 44.0% and 35.2%, respectively conclusions: hypotonic les was the most common abnormality and correlated with gerd. although gerd was more evident in the drs group, approximately one third of the patients in the rs group also presented gerd (silent gerd). the findings suggest that gerd can be an extrapulmonary cause of chronic respiratory symptoms unresponsive to conventional therapy.
Drug Utilization in Homes for the Aged in Brasilia, Brazil  [PDF]
Mirna Poliana Furtado de Oliveira, Maria Rita Carvalho Garbi Novaes
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2012.32021
Abstract: This paper aims to describe the socioeconomic and epidemiological profile, as well as the standards of medicine consumption in a group of 154 elderly people from five homes for the aged in Brasilia, in order to expand the understanding about some characteristics and individual needs of this population and its influence on the quality of drug’s therapy. Data were collected between January and December of 2007, it was used a questionnaire adapted from Dader’s method (2002) and a pharmacotherapeutic follow up method and it was responded by the elders and caregivers. Data were supplemented with information from medical records and prescriptions available in the institutions. The studied group has an average age of 74.6 years, living in their current homes for about 5.4 years and the group consists mainly of men with preserved cognitive status. The members of the group have low monthly income, low education level and are sedentary. They consume 4 - 5 drugs and are affected mainly by cardiovascular and psychiatric diseases. Results suggest that low monthly income, low education level, the prevalence of sedentary lifestyle, elders with compromised cognitive status, the increasing number of chronic diseases and the high consumption of drugs in the researched group may be important factors for the emergence or injury drugs-related problems (DRP) as non-adherence to treatment, medication errors, drug interactions and adverse drug reactions compromising the quality of medication therapy. This study points out the necessity of including a pharmacotherapeutic follow-up for the elderly people in order to minimize such problems and provide better quality of life for patients.
Tempol, an Intracellular Antioxidant, Inhibits Tissue Factor Expression, Attenuates Dendritic Cell Function, and Is Partially Protective in a Murine Model of Cerebral Malaria
Ivo M. B. Francischetti, Emile Gordon, Bruna Bizzarro, Nidhi Gera, Bruno B. Andrade, Fabiano Oliveira, Dongying Ma, Teresa C. F. Assump??o, José M. C. Ribeiro, Mirna Pena, Chen-Feng Qi, Ababacar Diouf, Samuel E. Moretz, Carole A. Long, Hans C. Ackerman, Susan K. Pierce, Anderson Sá-Nunes, Michael Waisberg
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0087140
Abstract: Background The role of intracellular radical oxygen species (ROS) in pathogenesis of cerebral malaria (CM) remains incompletely understood. Methods and Findings We undertook testing Tempol—a superoxide dismutase (SOD) mimetic and pleiotropic intracellular antioxidant—in cells relevant to malaria pathogenesis in the context of coagulation and inflammation. Tempol was also tested in a murine model of CM induced by Plasmodium berghei Anka infection. Tempol was found to prevent transcription and functional expression of procoagulant tissue factor in endothelial cells (ECs) stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). This effect was accompanied by inhibition of IL-6, IL-8, and monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP-1) production. Tempol also attenuated platelet aggregation and human promyelocytic leukemia HL60 cells oxidative burst. In dendritic cells, Tempol inhibited LPS-induced production of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-12p70, downregulated expression of co-stimulatory molecules, and prevented antigen-dependent lymphocyte proliferation. Notably, Tempol (20 mg/kg) partially increased the survival of mice with CM. Mechanistically, treated mice had lowered plasma levels of MCP-1, suggesting that Tempol downmodulates EC function and vascular inflammation. Tempol also diminished blood brain barrier permeability associated with CM when started at day 4 post infection but not at day 1, suggesting that ROS production is tightly regulated. Other antioxidants—such as α-phenyl N-tertiary-butyl nitrone (PBN; a spin trap), MnTe-2-PyP and MnTBAP (Mn-phorphyrin), Mitoquinone (MitoQ) and Mitotempo (mitochondrial antioxidants), M30 (an iron chelator), and epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG; polyphenol from green tea) did not improve survival. By contrast, these compounds (except PBN) inhibited Plasmodium falciparum growth in culture with different IC50s. Knockout mice for SOD1 or phagocyte nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase (gp91phox–/–) or mice treated with inhibitors of SOD (diethyldithiocarbamate) or NADPH oxidase (diphenyleneiodonium) did not show protection or exacerbation for CM. Conclusion Results with Tempol suggest that intracellular ROS contribute, in part, to CM pathogenesis. Therapeutic targeting of intracellular ROS in CM is discussed.
Diagnósticos e interven??es de enfermagem frequentes em mulheres internadas em uma unidade de terapia intensiva
Oliveira, Mirna Fontenele de;Freitas, Maria Célia de;
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71672009000300002
Abstract: this study aimed at identifying the most frequent nursing diagnoses and propose interventions for women under critical care into a maternal intensive care unit in a public hospital in fortaleza, ce, brazil. retrospective study conducted with women's hospital health records. ten nursing diagnoses were elaborated, being four risk: risk of infection, risk of unbalance of liquids volume, risk of aspiration, risk of damaged skin integrity and six real: altered maternity, impaired physical mobility, anxiety and impaired verbal communication. for the referred nursing diagnoses, nursing interventions are proposed according to the link between nanda, nic and noc. it was concluded that the use of nd is a necessary technology for the nursing reality, as it makes possible the integral care.
Assistência de enfermagem a idosos que realizam cateterismo cardíaco: uma proposta a partir do modelo de adapta??o de Calista Roy
Freitas, Maria Célia de;Oliveira, Mirna Fontenele de;
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71672006000500009
Abstract: the study aimed at identifying the nursing diagnoses related to the psychological and social aspects of elderly patients undergoing cardiac catheterization, according to the adaptation theory of calista roy. it was developed in a cardiology unit in a hospital in fortaleza, ce, from january to july, 2005. a semi-structured interview was used, with 18 elderly patients, in pre-catheterization period. the analysis identified the nursing diagnoses: alteration in the maintenance of the health, anxiety, fear and alteration in the family process. the nursing actions were: to create a trust climate for the aged before the exam; to listen and to respect feelings faiths and referring values to the situation; to guide the patient with relationships to the procedure. the use of this theory, allowed in recognizing that patients, by means of incentives, can unchain answers some positive times other negative times, fitting to the nurse to act as mediator.
Enfermagem em laboratório de hemodinamica: diagnóstico e interven o fundamentados na Teoria da Adapta o de Roy
Mirna Fontenele Oliveira,Lúcia de Fátima da Silva
Revista Eletr?nica de Enfermagem , 2010,
Abstract: Diante da magnitude das doen as coronárias em nosso meio social, emergiu a necessidade de se ampliar o conhecimento acerca da experiência adaptativa dos pacientes que a vivenciam. Objetivou-se inferir os diagnósticos de enfermagem presentes em pacientes com adoecimento coronário atendidos em um Laboratório de Hemodinamica, à luz do modo físico-fisiológico do modelo de adapta o de Roy; e relacionar suas respectivas interven es de enfermagem. Estudo do tipo descritivo e transversal, com abordagem quantitativa, realizado em um hospital público, de Fortaleza-CE, desenvolvido durante os meses de julho a setembro de 2009, em uma amostra de 233 pacientes. Para fins de discuss o, foram considerados dez diagnósticos de enfermagem, que apresentaram frequência acima do percentil 30: risco de infec o; risco de sangramento; comunica o verbal prejudicada; risco de intolerancia a atividade; dor aguda; risco de perfus o tissular cardíaca diminuída; déficit no autocuidado para banho; ansiedade; denti o prejudicada e conforto prejudicado. Com base nestes diagnósticos, foram elaboradas propostas de interven o de enfermagem. O modelo de Roy serviu para direcionar as etapas do Processo de Enfermagem, refor ando a aplicabilidade de tais tecnologias para a área da saúde, uma vez que viabilizam melhorias para a assistência de enfermagem em cardiologia.
Uso de medicamentos por idosos de institui es de longa permanência, Brasília-DF, Brasil Uso de drogas por ancianos en instituciones de larga estadía, Brasilia-DF, Brasil Drug use by elderly residents in long-stay institutions, Brasília-DF, Brazil
Mirna Poliana Furtado de Oliveira,Maria Rita Carvalho Garbi Novaes
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2012,
Abstract: O objetivo deste estudo é descrever a utiliza o de medicamentos por 154 idosos de cinco institui es de longa permanência de Brasília-DF, Brasil, por meio de questionário adaptado do Método Dáder. A amostra é caracterizada em sua maioria por homens, com idade de 74,6 anos, com cogni o preservada, baixa renda mensal e baixo nível de escolaridade; em uso de quatro a cinco medicamentos. A ades o à farmacoterapia é comprometida pela falta de conhecimento sobre a prescri o médica, dificuldade de acesso e recusa em tomar os medicamentos. Resultados sugerem a necessidade de investimento na capacita o de recursos humanos e em pesquisas na área a fim de proporcionar melhoria da qualidade de vida e redu o dos custos com assistência à saúde. El objetivo de este estudio es describir la utilización de medicamentos por 154 ancianos de cinco instituciones de larga permanencia en Brasilia, a través de un cuestionario adaptado del método Dáder. La muestra é caracterizada por predominancia de hombres, con 74,6 a os, con la cognición preservada, de bajo rendimiento, baja escolaridad y en uso de cuatro a cinco medicamentos. La adhesión a la farmacoterapia está comprometida debido la falta de conocimiento sobre la prescripción, de la dificultad de acceso y el rechazo a usar los medicamentos. Los resultados apuntan hacia la necesidad de invertir en la formación de recursos humanos y más estudios en el área con el fin de proporcionar mejor calidad de vida y reducción de costos en la atención de salud. The aim of this study is to describe the drug utilization by 154 elderly from five long-stay institutions of Brasilia-DF, Brazil, through a questionnaire adapted from the Dader Method. The sample is characterized mostly of men, age of 74.6 years, with preserved cognition, low income and low education level and in use of four to five medications. The adherence to pharmacotherapy is compromised by low knowledge about current medical prescription, difficulty of access and refusal to use medicines. Results suggest the need for investment in human resources training and research in the area to provide better quality of life and to reduce costs with the assistance health.
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