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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1241 matches for " Mirjana Aran?elovi? "
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OCCUPATIONAL INJURIES IN RUBBER INDUSTRY
Jovica Jovanovi?,Milan Jovanovi?,Mirjana Aranelovi
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis , 2004,
Abstract: The aim of this study is to examine the epidemiolog ical characteristics of traumatic occupa tional injuries in rubber industry workers registered in the period between the 1993 and 2003. The occupational accidental work-place in juries are most frequent among young, less experienced workers. The injuries in occupational acci dents are most fre quent in May, on Mon day, between 8 am and 10 am. The most common type of occupational injuries were closed fractures, open fractures and dislocated fractures. Upper and lower extremities were the most frequently injured parts of the body in occupational injuries. These injuries resulted in 70.4 ± 5.8 days per injured worker, which is higher than in the literature data. These findingsare important for the control and prevention of occupational injuries in rubber industry.
Measuring Blood Pressure at Workplace: The Impact of Antistress Management Training
Ivana Ili?,Jovica Jovanovi?,Mirjana Aranelovi
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis , 2011,
Abstract: High prevalence of hypertension along with its serious complications in the organs have made this disease an important health problem worldwide. The lack of symptoms is the most important sign of hypertension and the prevalent remedies have not been effective in controlling the disease yet. Meanwhile, monitoring blood pressure at home and at workplace and antistress management may be some of the effective methods. The purpose of the study was to compare the self-measured blood pressure (BP) at home, at work and in outpatient clinics as estimates of true BP, and to determine the effectiveness of antistress management training for normalization of blood pressure levels in workers diagnosed with borderline hypertension. In quasi-experimental, transversal design with intragroup analysis for pre - post intervention study, 32 male workers who do easy manual jobs were included into the stress management program. Before and after the treatment, the study group of patients had three self-measured readings of BP taken. After the antistress management program, based on the self-measured and ambulance BP values, the real levels of BP were compared as part of a controlled study of stress management training for essential hypertension. Analyses showed that (a) self-measured BP values at home in the morning and eve-ning were significantly correlated with each other, but these values at work and home did not correlate at pretreatment, (b) the correlation coefficients for SBP readings taken at post-treatment between work and home self-measured BP values were both statistically significant and high (r is less than 0.60), (c) after antistress management training, over time, intraclass correlations of self-measured BPs were significantly higher than those of ambulance and pre-intervention. Findings indicating that self-measurement is a valuable alternative or supplement to outpatient BP measurement, especially at workplace, could provide a reliable estimate of the level of BP. The antistress management intervention may be effective in lowering and stabilazing BPs for working individuals who perceived symptoms of work-related stress.
THE EFFECT OF NOXIOUS IN CHEMICAL INDUSTRY ON THE RADIAL NERVE IN EXPOSED WORKERS
Jovica Jovanovi?,Milan Jovanovi?,Mirjana Aranelovi
Acta Medica Medianae , 2003,
Abstract: The aim of this paper is the analysis of electroneurographic and neurological findings at workers in chemical industry. An analysis of the working conditions in the cartridge and drying sections of paint and lacquer industry has shown an above permitted level of white spirit and toluene. The exposed group comprised 55 workers occupationally exposed to these noxae, whilst the control group included 35 workers who had never been exposed to the same agents. The exposed workers more frequently complained of numbness of the arm and leg, cramps in the shoulder and knee, and weakness in the arm and leg than did the control workers. The electromyoneurographic examination of the radial nerve showed that a decrease in motor and sensitive conduction velocity was more significant in the exposed group compared to the control. The reduction in motor and sensitive conduction velocity was in correlation with the length of exposure to the noxae. Terminal latency of the radial nerve was significantly longer in the exposed group compared to the control, with an increase proportional to the exposure length. The exposed workers had a significantly longer time of response to acoustic and visual stimuli. The results of the study suggest neurotoxic effects of the noxae detected in the cartridge and drying sections of paint and lacquer industry.
ASSESSING QUALITY OF LIFE: CURRENT APPROACHES
Ivana Ili?,Ivona Mili?,Mirjana Aranelovi
Acta Medica Medianae , 2010,
Abstract: The authors of this paper consider the concept of the quality of life and health-related quality of life (QOL) by paying special attention to the relevance of the researches taken so far, related to the “quality of life”, the impact and ways of estimating the QOL through social, cultural or health interventions, taking into account both social and economic aspects. The detailed objectives of the research were: to present the “broader picture” of QOL and the definitions already established by previous researches; to identify social and economic indicators that can be used to measure the QOL. Specific aims of the literature review were to summarize various definitions of the concepts of QOL in general and explore the difficulties encountered in measuring the QOL, to cite the standard methods and results, and criticize methodologies.As far as possible, in this literature review, the authors attempted to maintain consistency in terms’ use. However, based on the results obtained, it is inevitable to avoid the confusion when using the term QOL. A key part of this is the inter-changeable use of different concepts discussed below. The overall conclusions point to possible options for future researches in this field.
Lichens as bioindicators of air quality in Dimitrovgrad (South-Eastern Serbia)
Stamenkovi? S.,Cvijan M.,AraneloviMirjana
Archives of Biological Sciences , 2010, DOI: 10.2298/abs1003643s
Abstract: Air pollution detection in Dimitrovgrad has not been done yet. In this work different lichen have been used as a bioindication to establish different air pollution levels. At 18 investigated points 22 lichen taxa have been found. Using the Index of Atmospheric Purity (IAP) it has been found that there are 3 different air pollution zones in Dimitrovgrad: 'lichen desert', 'transitional' and 'normal zone'. The most sensitive lichen taxa in Dimitrovgrad are Evernia prunastra, Ochrolechia pallescens, Parmelia sulcata, and Physcia tenella and the most tolerant are Phaeophyscia orbicularis, Physcia adscendens, Physconia distorta, Physconia grisea, and Xanthoria parietina. .
ALLERGIC RHINITIS - POSSIBLE OCCUPATIONAL DISEASE - CRITERIA SUGGESTION
Mirjana Aranelovi,Ivana Stankovi?,Jovica Jovanovi?,Sa?a Borisov
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis , 2004,
Abstract: After the skin, the respiratory tract is the most commonly affected organ system in workers exposed to ever increasing number of different respiratory agents. Allergic rhinitis could be caused by occupational allergens which characterises rhinitis as a occupational disease. Our country does not recognize allergic rhinitis as an occupational disease, although a lot of countries do. It has been suggested, in accordance with European Union Commission recommendations from 2003, to add allergic rhinitis to the occupational disease list, provided that the necessary suggested criteria are met. Regarding allergic rhinitis as an occupational disease will present important prevention measure regarding the occurrence of occupational asthma and disability in exposed workers. It has been suggested to take into account the following criteria in order to classisfy the allergic rhinits as a occupational disease: positive work history, a worker is a non-smoker, there was no nasal allergic disease before obtaining a job, ORL examination result (specific physical examination result), proof of specific sensibilisation existence (exposure test, prick skin testing, IgE, nasal specific provoking test etc.) Compulsory elements for establishing the diagnose would be the following: medical history, physical examination (ORL examination), in vivo skin test, determining total and specific IgE in serum, measuring maximum nasal airflow, non-specific nasal provoking test, cytological examination of nasal lavage sample, mucociliary cleaning test. Olfaction ability test, computed tomography of paranasal cavities and pulmonary function test.
THE HAZARD OF HEALTH CARE WORK
Mirjana Aranelovi,Jovica Jovanovi?,Sa?a Borisov,Sonja Stankovi?
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis , 2004,
Abstract: Characterized as people committed to promoting health through treatment and care for the sick and injured, health care workers, iron i cally, confront per haps a greaterrange of significant workplace hazards than workers in any other sector. Hazards facing health care work ers in clude: biologic hazards as sociated with air borne and bloodborne exposures to infectious agents; chemicals hazards especially those found in hospitals, including waste anesthetic and sterilant gases, antineoplastic drugs and other therapeutic agents, mercury, and industrial-strength disinfectants and cleaning compounds; physical hazards including ionizing and non-ionizing radiation, safety and ergonomic hazards that can lead to a variety of acute and chronic musculoskeletal problems, violence; psychosocial and organizational factors including psychologic stress and shift work and many health consequences associated with changes in the organization and financing of health care. Yet despite high injury and illness rates, health care workers have received relatively little attention from occupational health and safety profession als compared with workers in industries tradition ally viewed as hazardous. Legislation, regulations, and even voluntary guide lines to protect health care workers have been for mulated and adopted slowly and they have been in adequate in their scope. From a public health perspective doctors represent an interesting index population. In this perspective, the health of the doctors can be seen as an indicator of the burden of disease of the culture in which they practice.
PROFESSION AND SUICIDES
Jovica Jovanovi?,Milan Jovanovi?,Mirjana Aranelovi,Branislav Petrovi?
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis , 2003,
Abstract: In the previous five-year period in the area of Ni , Pirot and Toplice region there have been 252 suicides with known profession. In production workers, electricians and drivers the increase of suicide prevalence has been registered during the analyzed period. The dominant way of carrying out suicidogenic intents in housewives has been poisoning, in workers employed in production, workers in service industries, policemen and soldiers a shot from firearms, and in all other professions it has been carried out by hanging. Farmers, contrary to expectations, more often than not choose hanging as a safer and cheaper way of committing a suicide in regard to poisoning with pesticides.
EPIDEMIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF SUICIDES IN THE AREA OF NIS
Jovica Jovanovi?,Mirjana Aranelovi,Branislav Petrovi?,Milan Jovanovi?
Acta Medica Medianae , 2003,
Abstract: In the previous period from 1998 to 2002 years in the area of Nish 252 suicides have been occurred. The increase of suicide prevalence has been registered during the analyzed period. Suicides has been most frequent among production workers and electrician. In production workers, electricians and drivers the increase of suicide prevalence has been registered during the analyzed period. The most frequent mode of suicide was hanging. The most frequent results of suicides was death on the spot. In the last period raised the number of suicides in attempt. Suicides occur most frequently in the family house at the young people aged from 26 to 30 years.
Burnout and the quality of life of workers in food industry: A pilot study in Serbia
AraneloviMirjana,Ili? Ivana,Jovi? Sla?ana
Vojnosanitetski Pregled , 2010, DOI: 10.2298/vsp1009705a
Abstract: Background/Aim. Burnout syndrome as a consequence of a long stress at workplace can seriously disturb health and quality of life in exposed workers. It is necessary to have adequate burnout prevention and its detection. Worldwide much attention is paid to protect burnout and methods for its determination constantly improve. In Serbia there has not been a study of that kind yet. The aim of the study was to investigate burnout syndrome impact on the quality of life of workers in food industry in Ni , and to call attention of researchers in Serbia on this phenomenon, as well as to test probability of applying the original, standardized questionnaires (CBI, ComQolA5) to working population in Serbia. Methods. This study was performed in Ni within a period from 2008 to 2009 in the Institute for Workers Health Protection. A total of 489 workers were included in this study by the use of the standard questionnaire for burnout (CBI) and quality of life (Com- QoL-A5). Scale confidence for measuring burnout and quality of life was determined by Cronbach α coefficient. ANOVA analysis was used for rating influence of burnout on the quality of life. Results. The values of Cronbach α coefficient showed a high confidence of the scale for measurement personal burnout (0.87), work-related burnout (0.86) and subjective quality of life (0.83). We detected increased scores as a result of personal burnout (60.0), as well as of work-related burnout (67.9). The workers suggested relationship with the family and friends as a very important part for their quality of life (10.8), health (9.8) and safety (8.0). Productivity (6.8), emotional well-being (6.6) and material property (4.5) had smaller influence on their quality of life. An increase in score of work-related burnout by 1 was statistically significantly related to decreasing inter scores for subjective quality of life in health (B = -0.097), relationship with family and friends (B = - 0.048), safety (B = -0.061) and place in community (B = - 0.105). A statistically significant relation between workrelated burnout and subjective quality of life in productivity, material and emotional well-being was not determined. Conclusion. There is a high score of both personal and work related burnout among manufacturing workers in food industry. A negative correlation between burnout and subjective quality of life was also proved impacting health and well-being of workers, but also their productivity. The questionnaires we used (CBI, ComQolA5) could be considered as reliable and valid instruments for testing burnout and quality of lif
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