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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 268 matches for " Miloudi Nizar "
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Pseudotumoral autoimmune pancreatitis mimicking a pancreatic cancer: a very difficult disease to diagnose
Sadreddine Ben Abid,Rania Hefaiedh,Sameh Zghab,Nizar Miloudi
Clinics and Practice , 2012, DOI: 10.4081/cp.2012.e80
Abstract: Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is a rare disorder, although the exact prevalence is still unkown. It is a type of pancreatitis that is presumed to have an autoimmune aetiology, and is currently diagnosed based on a combination of 5 criteria. However, in this day and age, some patients with AIP are likely to be resected for the suspicion of malignancy. The authors report a case of pseudo-tumoral autoimmune pancreatitis, reviewing some literature about it and underlining the difficulty in the diagnosis. A 56- year-old patient was referred to our unit for upper abdominal pain. In his past medical history we note mellitus diabetes. The clinical examination was unremarkable. Laboratory data showed no abnormal values. Upper endoscopy showed antral gastritis. Transabdominal ultrasonography showed a hepatic steatosis and 5 angiomas. No computed tomography scan was made. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed 5 angiomas and a lesion of 20x20 mm of the pancreatic tail with decreased signal intensity on T1-weighted MR images, increased signal intensity on T2-weighted MR images. Due to concerns of pancreatic malignancy, the patient underwent open distal spleno-pancreatectomy. Histolo gical analysis of the resected specimen revealed no malignancy. Postoperatively, immunoglobulin G fraction 4 was slightly above of the upper limit of the normal range. After corticotherapy the patient is getting better. This case underlines the difficulties still encountered in the diagnosis of AIP. It has been frequently misdiagnosed as pancreatic cancer and caused unnecessary resection. In order to avoid unnecessary resections for an otherwise benign and easily treatable condition, it is urgent to refine diagnostic criteria and to reach an international consensus.
Annular pancreas intra operatively discovered: a case report
Zeineb Mzoughi,Ben Abid Sadri,Miloudi Nizar,Hentati Hassen
Clinics and Practice , 2011, DOI: 10.4081/cp.2011.e82
Abstract: Annular pancreas is a rare congenital abnormality. This entity can rarely be symptomatic. Patients can present with gastrointestinal obstruction or acute pancreatitis. We report a case with a rich iconography, of an annular pancreas discovered intraoperatively. A 46- year-old woman was operated with the diagnosis of acute cholecystitis with common bile duct stones. At operation, a strip of pancreatic tissue (2 cm) completely encircled the second duodenum. Open cholecytectomy with choledocotomy and stones extractionwas done. Postoperatively, she developed an acute pancreatitis. The post-operative cholangiography showed the annular duct surrounding the second duodenum. Annular pancreas is rare. Symptoms may occur in newborn children. In adults, annular pancreas discovering is radiological or intra operatively.
Pseudo-tumoral hepatic tuberculosis discovered after surgical resection
Miloudi Nizar,Mzoughi Zeineb,Ben Abid Sadri,Sabbagh Safa
Clinics and Practice , 2012, DOI: 10.4081/cp.2012.e27
Abstract: Pseudo-tumoral hepatic tuberculosis is rare. It is characterized by non-specific symptoms and radiological polymorphism. Diagnosis is problematic. This article presents three cases, each clinically different from each other, that illustrate how difficult diagnosis can be. The definitive diagnosis of pseudo-tumoral hepatic tuberculosis was reached on the basis of histological examination of surgical samples. Treatment of the disease based on appropriate anti-tubercular therapy generally gives a positive outcome.
Robust Controller Design for Speed Control of an Indirect Field Oriented Induction Machine Drive
A. MILOUDI,Azeddine DRAOU
Leonardo Electronic Journal of Practices and Technologies , 2005,
Abstract: The use of PI controllers for speed control of induction machine drives is characterized by an overshoot during tracking mode and a poor load disturbance rejection. This is mainly caused by the fact that the complexity of the system does not allow the gains of the PI controller to exceed a certain low value. At starting mode the high value of the error is amplified across the PI controller provoking high variations in the command torque. If the gains of the controller exceed a certain value, the variations in the command torque become too high and will destabilize the system.To overcome this problem we propose the use of a limiter ahead of the PI controller. This limiter causes the speed error to be maintained within the saturation limits provoking, when appropriately chosen, smooth variations in the command torque even when the PI controller gains are very high.In this paper, a new approach to control the speed of an indirect field oriented induction machine drive using a classical PI controller is proposed. Its simulated input – output non linear relationship is then learned off – line using a feed – forward linear network with one hidden layer.The simulation of the system using either the modified PI controller or the learned neural network controller shows promising results. The motor reaches the reference speed rapidly and without overshoot, step commands are tracked with almost zero steady state error and no overshoot, load disturbances are rapidly rejected and variations of some of the motor parameters are fairly well dealt with.
Using Bayesian and Eigen approaches to study spatial genetic structure of Moroccan and Syrian durum wheat landraces  [PDF]
Zakaria Kehel, Alfonso Garcia-Ferrer, Miloudi M. Nachit
American Journal of Molecular Biology (AJMB) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ajmb.2013.31003
Abstract: The Mediterranean durum wheat landraces are genetically diverse and important sources for improving resistance to abiotic and biotic stresses and developing adapted and productive durum wheat varieties in the Mediterranean region. To study the diversity two distant countries (MoroccoandSyria) durum landraces were studied. Fifty-one microsatellites were used as molecular markers tool to determine the genetic structure and spatial adaptation of these landraces. We used two spatially-explicit methods (Bayesian and Eigen) to determine the genetic diversity and structure of a population composed of Moroccan (98) and Syrian (90) durum wheat landraces. Non-spatial methods were also applied for comparison. A significant genetic difference was detected between the landraces originated from Morocco and Syria. Six subpopulations were revealed for each country using the Bayesian method and the Eigenanalysis, which generated PC1 and sPC1, showed similar structure. Eigenanalysis exhibited a significant global genetic structure for both countries landraces; and showed that neighboring landraces tend to have close genetic profile. The two first axes of PC1 and sPC1 had discriminated four out of the six subpopulations revealed by the Bayesian methodology. Also, our study detected the close relationship between the durum landraces from the coastal areas of Syria and the Moroccan landraces from the Atlantic coastal regions where the Phoenicians/Carthaginians had settled in Morocco. These results demonstrate the importance of using the spatial models in genetic analysis of durum wheat landraces; and also recommend the use of the easily usable Eigenanalysis to analyze the genetic diversity and structure.
Composition, Stability and Probable Structure of a Colourless Organometallic Complex (Gd(III)-Malic Acid)  [PDF]
Mohammed Riri, Oussama Kamal, Abdelkhalek Benjjar, Farid Serdaoui, Miloudi Hlaibi
Open Journal of Physical Chemistry (OJPC) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpc.2013.31007
Abstract:

The formation of colourless gadolinium complexes (x,y,z), between x gadolinium ions, y ligands and z protons, of some organic acids, has been studied in aqueous solution. In this work we present the results of investigations on the interaction of the gadolinium ion (Gd3+) with malic acid (C4H6O5, a-hydroxyl dicarboxylic acid), in dilute aqueous solution for pH values between 5.5 and 7.5. Colourless gadolinium complexes of malate ions have no absorption band UV-visible, the indirect photometric detection (IPD) technique was used and studies have identified a major tri-nuclear complex of malate ion (OOC-CH2-CHOH-COO). The formation of this new colourless complex is derived from three Gd(III) ions that react with two malate ions and two hydronium ions (H3O+), giving for this colourless complex, a (3,2,2) composition and apparent stability constant depends on the acidity of the medium, with logK'322 = 18.88 ± 0.05 at pH = 6.30. To complement previous results and to propose a probable structure for this new complex detected in solution, studies of IR spectroscopy have been conducted to identify the chelation sites for both ligands. The results were analysed and show that this organometallic gadolinium complex, contains two different sites, respectively, two lateral tetradentate mono-nuclear sites and a single central bidentate mono-nuclear site. From these results, the reaction of formation, the stability constant and the probable structure of this new colourless organometallic gadolinium complex are proposed.

Methyl Cholate and Resorcinarene New Carriers for the Recovery of Cr(III) Ions by Supported Liquid Membranes (SLM)s  [PDF]
Abdelkhalek Benjjar, Tarik Eljaddi, Oussama Kamal, Laurent Lebrun, Miloudi Hlaibi
Open Journal of Physical Chemistry (OJPC) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpc.2013.33013
Abstract:

The technique of supported liquid membranes was used to achieve the facilitated transport of Cr(III) ions, using tow amphiphilic carriers, the methyl cholate and resorcinarene. For prepared SLMs, toluene as organic phase and film of polyvinylidene difluoride, as hydrophobic polymer support with 100 μm in thickness and 0.45 μm as the diameter of the pores. The macroscopic parameters (P and J0) on the transport of these ions were determined for different medium temperatures. For these different environments, the prepared SLMs were highly permeable and a clear evolution of these parameters was observed. The parameter J0 depended on the temperature according to the Arrhenius equation. The activation parameters, Ea, ΔH and ΔS, for the transition state on the reaction of complex formation (ST) , were determined. To explain these results for this phenomenon, and achieve a better extraction of the substrate, a model based on the substrate complexation by the carrier and the diffusion of the formed complex (ST) was developed. The experimental results verify this model and determine the microscopic parameters (Kass and D*). These studies show that these parameters Kass and D* are specific to facilitated transport of Cr(III) ions by each of the carriers and they are changing significantly with temperature.

Groundwater Assessment for the NW of Auja Tamaseeh Basin in Tulkarem Area, West Bank  [PDF]
Nizar Samhan, Marwan Ghanem
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2012.46047
Abstract: The study aims to assess groundwater in Auja—Tamaseeh basin in Tulkarem area—West Bank. A steady state calibration flow model as well as solute transport model were built using the visual Modflow software. A stress period of 10 years (2005 - 2015) was assigned to study its tendency to contamination. The model results show that there is a pollution risk due to the human activities in the area. The groundwater situation will be harmful if there is no action done by the water-decision makers to preserve the aquifers from deterioration and contamination.
An Unusual Cause of Hepatic Portal Venous Gas  [PDF]
Nizar Talaat, Ritu Gupta
Case Reports in Clinical Medicine (CRCM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/crcm.2014.35061
Abstract:

A 27-years-old female with history of venous thromboembolism secondary to Lupus anticoagulant presented with sudden onset of chest pain and dyspnea. A CT angiogram of the chest showed superior vena caval (SVC) obstruction with anterior chest wall venous collaterals and hepatic portal vein gas (HPVG), which resolved without intervention on a repeated CT-scan of the abdomen. Previously, HPVG was considered to be a dangerous radiologic sign, however with the advancement in imaging technology more benign causes are being identified. This case highlights that this finding alone, if found, does not indicate aggressive management and that clinical correlation should be considered if found.

Humid Air Plasma Treatment of Birnessite Surface: Application to the Removal of Cochineal Red  [PDF]
Wafa Chouchene, Nizar Bellakhal
Materials Sciences and Applications (MSA) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/msa.2015.611101
Abstract: The thin layers of birnessite (Mn7O13?5H2O) are exposed to reactive species gliding arc plasma in humid air, which induces the treatment of the thin layers surface. Plasma treatment thin layer of birnessite was used for the degradation of Cochineal Red. The experimental results showed that 95% of the CR solution was completely decolorized by thin layer of birnessite treated by plasma compared to 80% of the same solution after interaction of thin layer of birnessite untreated. The decay kinetics always follows a pseudo-first order reaction. The application of the humid air plasma for the surface treatment of thin layers of birnessite improves the efficiency of treatment for Cochineal Red degradation.
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