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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1678 matches for " Mikael Linden "
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Generic Substitution Effects on Firm Level Market Shares in the Finnish Beta Blocker Market 1997Q1-2007Q4  [PDF]
Mikael Linden
Modern Economy (ME) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/me.2013.412092
Abstract:

The firm level market structure of the Finnish beta blocker market in the period from 1997Q1 to 2007Q4 is analyzed with data analysis and with panel data regression methods. Four different market concentration measures are used. Although drug prices have decreased in response to the competition-enhancing generic substitution system which started on the 1st of March 2003, the firms’ observed market shares in the market have not decreased uniformly in the all market dimensions. At the drug substitution group level, policy change has led to more equal group share distributions both for the nominal sales shares and quantity sales shares compared to the pre-policy period. At the whole market level, nominal firm sales shares of the largest firms have increased during the policy era but quantity sales shares have declined. The results imply that the dominant firms’ nominal sale shares are augmented with firm-specific drug price setting power. The results challenge the European Union (EU) drug policy targeted to increase competition in the drug markets.

 

Determinants of Economic Growth: Empirical Evidence from Russian Regions
Svetlana Ledyaeva,Mikael Linden
The European Journal of Comparative Economics , 2008,
Abstract: A modification of Barro and Sala-i-Martin empirical framework of growth model is specified to examine determinants of per capita growth in 74 Russian regions during period of 1996-2005. We utilize both panel and cross-sectional data. Results imply that in general regional growth in 1996-2005 is explained by the initial level of region's economic development, the 1998 financial crisis, domestic investments, and exports. Growth convergence between poor and rich regions in Russia was not found for the period studied.
Terapia gênica: o que é, o que n?o é e o que será
Linden, Rafael;
Estudos Avan?ados , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-40142010000300004
Abstract: gene therapy is the therapeutic procedure based on the introduction of healthy genes using recombinant dna techniques. the first successful clinical trial of this technique was published in 1990. despite the occurrence, in certain clinical trials, of adverse effects, some of which serious, both laboratories and companies are continuously developing novel materials and establishing both safer and more effective procedures. although still in experimental stages, recent progress both points to growing opportunities for investment by industry, as well as justify the expectation that, in some cases, this technology may reach clinical practice within a few years.
Book review: Governan a dos novos servi os de TI na copa by Ricardo Mansur (in portuguese)
LINDEN, R.
Salesian Journal on Information Systems , 2012,
Abstract: This is a review of the book "Governan a dos novos servi os de TI na copa" by Ricardo Mansur (in portuguese)
Book Review: Método lógico para Reda o Científica, by Gilson Volpato
LINDEN, R.
Salesian Journal on Information Systems , 2011,
Abstract: Review for the book "Método lógico para Reda o Científica" by Gilson Volpato
Book Review: Lógica para Computa o, de Flávio Soares C. da Silva, Marcelo Finger e Ana Cristina V. de Melo
LINDEN, R.
Salesian Journal on Information Systems , 2011,
Abstract: This is a review for the book ""Book Review: Lógica para Computa o" by Flávio Soares C. da Silva, Marcelo Finger e Ana Cristina V. de Melo (in portuguese)
Book review: Metodologia de Pesquisa em Ciência da Computa ao by Raul Sidnei Wazlawick
LINDEN, R.
Salesian Journal on Information Systems , 2010,
Abstract: This is a review for the book "Metodologia de Pesquisa em Ciência da Computa ao" by Raul Sidnei Wazlawick (in portuguese)
Clustering Techniques
LINDEN, R.
Salesian Journal on Information Systems , 2009,
Abstract: This tutorial describes clustering methods that allow for the extraction of interesting characteristics directly from the data, separating them into functional groups or inserting them into a hierarchy, for further study.
Book review: Como Vencer na Universidade, de José Palazzo Moreira de Oliveira (In portuguese)
LINDEN, R.
Salesian Journal on Information Systems , 2012,
Abstract: This is a review of the book "Como Vencer na Universidade", by José Palazzo Moreira de Oliveira (In portuguese)
Circular Polarization of Pulsar Wind Nebulae and the Cosmic-Ray Positron Excess
Tim Linden
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/799/2/200
Abstract: Recent observations by the PAMELA and AMS-02 telescopes have uncovered an anomalous rise in the positron fraction at energies above 10~GeV. One possible explanation for this excess is the production of primary electron/positron pairs through electromagnetic cascades in pulsar magnetospheres. This process results in a high multiplicity of electron/positron pairs within the wind-termination shock of pulsar wind nebula (PWN). A consequence of this scenario is that no circular polarization should be observed within PWN, since the contributions from electrons and positrons exactly cancel. Here we note that current radio instruments are capable of setting meaningful limits on the circular polarization of synchrotron radiation in PWNs, which observationally test the model for pulsar production of the local positron excess. The observation of a PWN with detectable circular polarization would cast strong doubt on pulsar interpretations of the positron excess, while observations setting strong limits on the circular polarization of PWN would lend credence to these models. Finally, we indicate which pulsar wind nebulae are likely to provide the best targets for observational tests of the AMS-02 excess.
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