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High-skilled migration has always been given priority and even encouraged by international and national policy. At the same, international agreements for low-skilled migration tend to restrict it. Human capital is considered valuable according to educational levels and working abilities, which puts undocumented migrants in a difficult economic position. The NAFTA area is no exception: while the migration of professionals is given priority by mechanisms like the TN and H1 visas, there is still no agreement to relieve the situation of unskilled immigration across the border from Mexico to the US and Canada in search of a better life. At the same time, migration between Canada and the US is much freer, even though professionals are also given priority; after NAFTA, Canada has even experienced brain drain to the US. The main question is how to reduce unfair differences in policies that prioritize the mobility of certain individuals based on their qualifications. Method: This paper analyzes and compares NAFTA’s impact on policies for high- vs. low-skilled migration. It also uses the author’s ethnographic studies to express the view of migrants on how human capital should be managed internationally.
This is an article
review of state-of-the-art about Mexicans’ migration to the USA, in last 5 years.
We analyzed 4 myths: 1). Migration generates negative effects for the receiving
country because when migrants arrive. 2). Mexicans’ migration to the USA generates
big distortions in the receiving communities and Mexico is the only economic beneficiary.
3). Migrants collapse public health services in USA. 4). Mexican migrants are
mistreated by American authorities. The findings will show the lack of
empirical evidence of these generalized ideas.