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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3339 matches for " Michelle Woodbury "
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Rasch Analysis of a New Hierarchical Scoring System for Evaluating Hand Function on the Motor Assessment Scale for Stroke
Joyce S. Sabari,Michelle Woodbury,Craig A. Velozo
Stroke Research and Treatment , 2014, DOI: 10.1155/2014/730298
Abstract: Objectives. (1) To develop two independent measurement scales for use as items assessing hand movements and hand activities within the Motor Assessment Scale (MAS), an existing instrument used for clinical assessment of motor performance in stroke survivors; (2) To examine the psychometric properties of these new measurement scales. Design. Scale development, followed by a multicenter observational study. Setting. Inpatient and outpatient occupational therapy programs in eight hospital and rehabilitation facilities in the United States and Canada. Participants. Patients receiving stroke rehabilitation following left (52%) or right (48%) cerebrovascular accident; mean age 64.2 years (sd 15); median 1 month since stroke onset. Intervention. Not applicable. Main Outcome Measures. Data were tested for unidimensionality and reliability, and behavioral criteria were ordered according to difficulty level with Rasch analysis. Results. The new scales assessing hand movements and hand activities met Rasch expectations of unidimensionality and reliability. Conclusion. Following a multistep process of test development, analysis, and refinement, we have redesigned the two scales that comprise the hand function items on the MAS. The hand movement scale contains an empirically validated 10-behavior hierarchy and the hand activities item contains an empirically validated 8-behavior hierarchy. 1. Introduction To maximize functional outcomes, occupational therapists and physical therapists assess and provide interventions related to gross mobility, sitting and standing balance, ambulation, and motor performance of the arm and hand. Rehabilitation clinicians use standardized assessment tools on a daily basis to determine patients’ baseline performance, guide treatment planning, monitor ongoing progress, establish recommendations for follow-up care after discharge, and evaluate the effectiveness of interventions. The Motor Assessment Scale (MAS) [1] provides rehabilitation clinicians and researchers with a single, quickly administered assessment of eight categories of poststroke motor function: supine-to-sidelying; supine-to-sitting; balanced sitting; sitting-to-standing; walking; upper arm function; hand movements; and advanced hand activities. Each category is scored on a 7-point scale (0–6), based on a person’s ability to perform specific tasks. The tasks in each category are intended to be hierarchical; that is, the ability to accomplish task 6 implies the ability to accomplish tasks 1 through 5. This arrangement reduces administration time and increases its appeal to
Translating measurement findings into rehabilitation practice: An example using Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Upper Extremity with patients following stroke
Craig A. Velozo, PhD, OTR/L,Michelle L. Woodbury, PhD, OTR/L
Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development , 2011,
Abstract: Standardized assessments are critical for advancing clinical rehabilitation, yet assessment scores often provide little information for rehabilitation treatment planning. A keyform recovery map is an innovative way for a therapist to record patient responses to standardized assessment items. The form enables a therapist to view the specific items that a patient can or cannot perform. This information can assist a therapist in tailoring treatments to a patient’s individual ability level. We demonstrate how a keyform recovery map can be used to inform clinical treatment planning for individuals with stroke-related upper-limb motor impairment. A keyform map of poststroke upper-limb recovery defined by items of the Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Upper Extremity (FMA-UE) was generated by a previously published Rasch analysis. Three individuals with stroke enrolled in a separate research study were randomly selected from each of the three impairment strata of the FMA-UE. Their performance on each item was displayed on the FMA-UE keyform. The forms directly connected qualitative descriptions of patients’ motor ability to assessment measures, thereby suggesting appropriate shorter and longer term rehabilitation goals. This study demonstrates how measurement theory can be used to translate a standardized assessment into a useful, evidence-based tool for making clinical practice decisions.
Flinders Petrie: A Life in Archaeology, 2nd edition, by Margaret S. Drower, University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, 1995
Richard B. Woodbury
Bulletin of the History of Archaeology , 1995, DOI: 10.5334/bha.05205
Abstract: Sir William Matthew Flinders Petrie, K.B.E., F.R.S., F.B.A., revolutionized Egyptian archaeology in the first two decades (1880- 1900) of his long career: he set new standards by insisting on keeping a complete record of all that was found. including broken as well as whole objects; he introduced the use of pottery styles for dating rather than using only inscriptions; he substituted "a sympathetic and personal relationship" with his workman for the customary use of the lash to spur them on; he rewarded care and vigilance; he extended the list of kings of Egypt back to their beginning; and "his most triumphant and ingenious contribution to archaeological method [was] the system known as Sequence Dating," today called seriation. He also stunned classical archaeolo-gists by dating early the Minoan civilization on the basis of sherds found in dated Egyptian contexts--a technique now familiar as cross-dating. His work was a total contrast to the carelessness and looting that passed for Egyptian archaeology in the 19th and early 20th centuries. His career is painstakingly chronicled here by one of his last students.
Bandelier: The Life and Adventures of Adolph Bandelier, by Charles H. Lange and Carroll L. Riley, 1996
Richard B. Woodbury
Bulletin of the History of Archaeology , 1996, DOI: 10.5334/bha.06203
Abstract: Adolph F. Bandelier (1840-1914) is best known for his work in the Southwestern United States, particularly among the pueblos and prehistoric sites of the Rio Grande area, although he did extensive field and archival research in Mexico and South America as well. Self-taught, like most of his contemporaries, his research included archaeology, ethnology, history, and geography, plus a serious interest in botany, zoology, and meteorology. Bandelier was born in Bern, Switzerland, but when he was eight his family moved to the largely Swiss settlement of Highland, Illinois, 30 miles east of St. Louis, where he attended school, was tutored privately, and taught by his well educated mother. He mastered German and English, as well as his native French, and later added Spanish and Latin. For many years he worked in his father's general store, finally, at the age of forty, making the difficult decision to devote himself to scholarship rather than business. In 1869 at the St. Louis Mercantile Library he had begun the study of prehistoric Mexican cultures. He met Lewis Henry Morgan on a trip to the east and for many years was greatly influenced by his view of cultural evolution, but he.remained far more fact oriented than concerned with theory. Bandelier's first major work, "On the Art of War and Mode of Warfare of the Ancient Mexicans," was published in 1877 by the Peabody Museum of Harvard.
Editorial
Richard B. Woodbury
Bulletin of the History of Archaeology , 1992, DOI: 10.5334/bha.02101
Abstract: There are many sources easily available to those interested in uncovering parts of archaeology's past They range from the factual chronicle (as in Glyn Daniel's A Hundred Years of Archaeology), the personal essay, reminiscing about one's colleagues (as in Gordon R. Willey's Portraits in American Archaeology), the analysis of ideas and theory (as in Bruce G. Trigger's survey of centuries in his A History ofArchaeological Thought or Paul Corbin's Binford-bashing (inter alia) in What is Archaeology?, the romp through the deceptions and follies that have committed in archaeologies name (as in Stephen Williams' Fantastic Archaeology and, years ago, Robert Wauchope's Lost Tribes and Sunken Continents, to the landmark publications of archaeology's earlier years (such as Squier and Davis' Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley or John Aubrey's Monumenta Britannica. For a more personal approach (archaeology is done by people, after all), there are a wealth of biographies and autobiographies. A few of my favorites among those who have written about themselves and their work are the books by O.G.S. Crawford, Max Mallowan, Samuel Noah Kramer, J. Eric S. Thompson, and Mortimer Wheeler (what a varied group of people!). There are also many excellent biographies, such as those of Max Uhle by John H. Rowe, Augustus and Alice LePlongeon by Lawrence G. Desmond, and Phyllis M. Messenger, and Pitt Rivers by Mark Bowden, to mention only a few. All of these offer views into archaeology's history that are available in no other way.
Prehistoric Warfare in the American Southwest, by Stephen A. LeBlanc. University of Utah Press, 1999
Richard B. Woodbury
Bulletin of the History of Archaeology , 2000, DOI: 10.5334/bha.10105
Abstract: The history of archaeology has often, not surprisingly, bene mainly concerned with sites, their excava-tors, and what they found. But of equal importance are the attitudes, beliefs, and assumptions that shape the interpretation of archaeological data. LeBlanc, in Prehistoric Warfare in American Southwest, argues that the long held belief in the essential peacefulness of the prehistoric Anasazi and other South- western peoples can be shown to be wholly incorrect, and therefore much that has been written about the prehistoric Southwest needs extensive rethinking. Warfare was an important feature of the ancient Southwest, and he presents carefully marshalled evidence, in great details, to uphold his conclusions.
"Archaeology at the University of Kansas: Williston, Eiseley, Spaulding, Smith, edited by Marlin F. Hawley. The Kansas Anthropologist; 13(1 and 2):1-72, 1992
Richard B. Woodbury
Bulletin of the History of Archaeology , 1993, DOI: 10.5334/bha.03204
Abstract: Histories of archaeology on a national or continental scale can include only the briefest details of individual contributions. By contrast a history focused on a region or state, in this case Kansas, can provide substantial information on the careers and achievements of its people and this make a valuable contribution to archaeological history.
Accidental Archaeologist: Memoirs of Jesse D. Jennings, Foreword by C. Melvin Aikens. University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City, 1994
Richard B. Woodbury
Bulletin of the History of Archaeology , 1995, DOI: 10.5334/bha.05106
Abstract: The history of archaeology is nourished by many sources of information, including the books and monographs that reflect archaeology's changes through the years (compare, for example, the important works of Squier and Davis, of Kidder, and of Flanenry), the formal histories Of the discipline (few and far between, though we are fortunate to have the differing views of Trigger, of Willey and Sabloff, and most recently of Thomas Patterson), and not the least important, the occasional biography or autobiography of an archaeologist, such as the one here reviewed. In his foreword C. MelvinAikens writes "Jesse D. Jennings is one of the most distinguished and influential founders of North American archaeology as it is known and practiced today, and this memoir offers a glimpse of the field's crucial growth period as reflected in the real-life experience of a leading protagonist". This is a fair appraisal-during Jennings' career archaeology has undergone profound changes and lie has played a major role in .many of them.
Sir Gardner Wilkinson and His Circle, by Jason Thompson, University of Texas Press, Austin, 1992
Richard B. Woodbury
Bulletin of the History of Archaeology , 1993, DOI: 10.5334/bha.03208
Abstract: In the early 19th century there were no "archaeologists" as we use the term today, although antiquarians studied the relics of the past, mainly of the classical world but occcasionally also Egypt and other distant, exotic lands, and dilettantes, men of wealth and taste, collected antiquities. Gardner Wilkinson, the subject of this excellent biography, considered himself neither, but rather a gentleman traveler and writer. He became interested in Egypt only by accident Leaving Oxford in 1819 before completing a degree he began a Grand Tour, the long-standing tradition of travel on the Continent by which an English gentleman "completed" his education. Wilkinson's tour included Paris, Strasbourg, Geneva, Turin, and Rome, where he met Sir William Gell, a scholar with whom he struck up an instant friendship.
New Light on the Beginning of the Pecos Conference
Richard B. Woodbury
Bulletin of the History of Archaeology , 1997, DOI: 10.5334/bha.07203
Abstract: Recently James E. Snead, a Postdoctoral Fellow in the Department of Anthropology at the American Mu-seum of Natural History, encountered in the department archives a letter from A. V. Kidder to Pliny E. Goddard . It is from "correspondence file 546 of the department archives, AMNH (A. V. Kidder)". With the approval of David H. Thomas of the Museum, it is published here.
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