Abstract:
An analysis of all possible polarization observables for the case of vector meson photoproduction from a nucleon target is presented. The question of which observables are needed to determine completely the basic photoproduction amplitudes and the relationships between spin observables are addressed.

Abstract:
There have been many demonstrations of the utility of the Dyson-Schwinger equations of QCD as a systematic, phenomenological framework for describing the perturbative and non-perturbative dynamics of hadrons in terms of Euclidean Green functions of quarks and gluons. Still, there remain some unanswered questions regarding the theoretical underpinnings of the approach. I review several studies that are shedding light on how these questions might be resolved and review predictions for some exotic meson states.

Abstract:
A Dyson-Schwinger-based model of pomeron exchange is employed to calculate diffractive rho-, phi- and J/psi-meson electroproduction cross sections. It is shown that the magnitude of the current-quark mass m_f of the quark and antiquark inside the produced vector meson determines the onset of the asymptotic-q^2 power-law behavior of the cross section, and how correlated quark-exchanges are included to provide a complete picture of the diffractive electroproduction of light vector mesons applicable over all energies and photon momenta q^2.

Abstract:
A Pomeron-exchange model of exclusive electroproduction of $\rho$-mesons is examined using a dressed-quark propagator. It is shown that by representing the photon-$\rho$-meson-Pomeron coupling by a nonperturbative, confined-quark loop, one obtains predictions for $\rho$-meson electroproduction that are in good agreement with experiment.

Abstract:
Contributions of two-pseudoscalar and vector-pseudoscalar meson loops to the rho-omega mass splitting are evaluated in a covariant model based on studies of the Schwinger-Dyson equations of QCD. The role and importance of the different time orderings of the meson loops is analyzed and compared with those obtained within time-ordered perturbation theory. It is shown that each meson loop contributes less than 10% of the bare mass, and decreases as the masses of the intermediate mesons increase beyond approximately m_rho/2. A mass splitting of m_omega - m_rho ~= 25 MeV is obtained from the pi pi, K K(bar), omega pi, rho pi, omega eta, rho eta and K* K channels. The model is then used to determine the effect of the two-pion loop on the rho-meson electromagnetic form factor. It is shown that the inclusion of pion loops increases the rho-meson charge radius by 10%.

Abstract:
Exclusive diffractive processes on the nucleon are investigated within a model in which the quark-nucleon interaction is mediated by Pomeron exchange and the quark substructure of mesons is described within a framework based on the Dyson-Schwinger equations of QCD. The model quark-nucleon interaction has four parameters which are completely determined by high-energy $\pi N$ and $K N$ elastic scattering data. The model is then used to predict vector-meson electroproduction observables. The obtained $\rho$- and $\phi$-meson electroproduction cross sections are in excellent agreement with experimental data. The predicted $q^2$ dependence of $J/\psi$-meson electroproduction also agrees with experimental data. It is shown that confined-quark dynamics play a central role in determining the behavior of the diffractive, vector-meson electroproduction cross section. In particular, the onset of the asymptotic $1/q^4$ behavior of the cross section is determined by a momentum scale that is set by the current-quark masses of the quark and antiquark inside the vector meson. This is the origin of the striking differences between the $q^2$ dependence of $\rho$-, $\phi$- and $J/\psi$-meson electroproduction cross sections observed in recent experiments.

Abstract:
Masses for vector 1--, axialvector 1+-, 1++, and exotic-vector 1-+ mesons are calculated within a quantum field theoretic framework based on the Dyson-Schwinger equations using a model form of the quark-antiquark interaction that is separable. The model provides an excellent description of pion and K-meson observables and the flavor-octet ground-state meson spectrum. With no adjustments to model parameters, a numerical solution of the Bethe-Salpeter equation yields two exotic 1-+ mesons with masses of 1439 and 1498 MeV.

Abstract:
The description of baryons as fully relativistic bound states of quark and glue reduces to an effective Bethe-Salpeter equation with quark-exchange interaction when irreducible 3-quark interactions are neglected and separable 2-quark (diquark) correlations are assumed. This covariant quark-diquark model of baryons is studied with the inclusion of the quark substructure of the diquark correlations. In order to maintain electromagnetic current conservation it is then necessary to go beyond the impulse approximation. A conserved current is obtained by including the coupling of the photon to the exchanged quark and direct ``seagull'' couplings to the diquark structure. Adopting a simple dynamical model of constituent quarks and exploring various parametrisations of scalar diquark correlations, the nucleon Bethe-Salpeter equation is solved and the proton and neutron electromagnetic form factors are calculated numerically. The resulting magnetic moments are still about 50% too small, the improvements necessary to remedy this are discussed. The results obtained in this framework provide an excellent description of the electric form factors (and charge radii) of the proton, up to a photon momentum transfer of 3.5GeV^2, and the neutron.

Abstract:
The electromagnetic form factors G_E(q^2), G_M(q^2), and G_Q(q^2), charge radii, magnetic and quadrupole moments, and decay widths of the light vector mesons rho^+, K^{*+} and K^{*0} are calculated in a Lorentz-covariant, Dyson-Schwinger equation based model using algebraic quark propagators that incorporate confinement, asymptotic freedom, and dynamical chiral symmetry breaking, and vector meson Bethe-Salpeter amplitudes closely related to the pseudoscalar amplitudes obtained from phenomenological studies of pi and K mesons. Calculated static properties of vector mesons include the charge radii and magnetic moments: r_{rho+} = 0.61 fm, r_{K*+} = 0.54 fm, and r^2_{K*0} = -0.048 fm^2; mu_{rho+} = 2.69, mu_{K*+} = 2.37, and mu_{K*0} = -0.40. The calculated static limits of the rho-meson form factors are similar to those obtained from light-front quantum mechanical calculations, but begin to differ above q^2 = 1 GeV^2 due to the dynamical evolution of the quark propagators in our approach.

Abstract:
We consider the solution of the Bethe-Salpeter equation in Euclidean metric for a qbar-q vector meson in the circumstance where the dressed quark propagators have time-like complex conjugate mass poles. This approximates features encountered in recent QCD modeling via the Dyson-Schwinger equations; the absence of real mass poles simulates quark confinement. The analytic continuation in the total momentum necessary to reach the mass shell for a meson sufficiently heavier than 1 GeV leads to the quark poles being within the integration domain for two variables in the standard approach. Through Feynman integral techniques, we show how the analytic continuation can be implemented in a way suitable for a practical numerical solution. We show that the would-be qbar-q width to the meson generated from one quark pole is exactly cancelled by the effect of the conjugate partner pole; the meson mass remains real and there is no spurious qbar-q production threshold. The ladder kernel we employ is consistent with one-loop perturbative QCD and has a two-parameter infrared structure found to be successful in recent studies of the light SU(3) meson sector.