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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 240555 matches for " Michael N. Fanelli "
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Luminosities and Star Formation Rates Of Galaxies Observed With the Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope: A Comparison of Far-UV, H-alpha, and Far-IR Diagnostics
Michael N. Fanelli,Theodore P. Stecher,the UIT Science Team
Physics , 1996, DOI: 10.1063/1.52770
Abstract: During the UIT/Astro Spacelab missions, the Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope obtained spatially resolved far-UV (lambda 1500 A) imagery of ~35 galaxies exhibiting recent massive star formation. The sample includes disk systems, irregular, dwarf, and blue compact galaxies. The objects span an observed FUV luminosity range from -17 to -22 magnitudes. We estimate global star formation rates by comparing the observed FUV fluxes to the predictions of stellar population models, and compare the FUV-derived astration rates to those derived from H-alpha and far-IR photometry.
UIT Astro-2 Observations of NGC 4449
Robert S. Hill,Michael N. Fanelli,Denise A. Smith,Theodore P. Stecher,the UIT Team
Physics , 1996, DOI: 10.1063/1.52826
Abstract: The bright Magellanic irregular galaxy NGC 4449 was observed by the Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (UIT) during the Astro-2 Spacelab mission in March, 1995. Far ultraviolet (FUV) images at a spatial resolution of ~3 arcsec show bright star-forming knots that are consistent with the general optical morphology of the galaxy and are often coincident with bright H II regions. Comparison of FUV with H-alpha shows that in a few regions, sequential star formation may have occurred over the last few Myr. The bright star forming complexes in NGC 4449 are superposed on a smooth, diffuse FUV background that may be associated with the H-alpha "froth."
Ultraviolet Imaging of the Irregular Galaxy NGC 4449 with UIT: Photometry and Recent Star-Formation History
Robert S. Hill,Michael N. Fanelli,Denise A. Smith,Ralph C. Bohlin,Susan G. Neff,Robert W. O'Connell,Morton S. Roberts,Andrew M. Smith,Theodore P. Stecher
Physics , 1998, DOI: 10.1086/306302
Abstract: The bright Magellanic irregular galaxy NGC 4449 was observed during the Astro-2 Space Shuttle mission by the Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (UIT), which obtained images of a ~40 arcmin field centered on the galaxy in two broad far-ultraviolet (FUV) bands centered at 1520 A and 1620 A, with 3 arcsec - 5 arcsec spatial resolution. Together with H-alpha and H-beta fluxes from ground-based Fabry-Perot images, these data are analyzed in order to explore the recent star formation history of NGC 4449. Maps of the flux ratios H-alpha/FUV and FUV/blue continuum are presented and interpreted using evolutionary synthesis models. Photometry is presented both for 22 apertures containing large OB complexes and for 57 small apertures containing compact FUV-emitting knots. The OB complexes along the northern edge of the visible system have high H-alpha/FUV ratios, and thus appear to be more dominated by the current generation of stars than are other parts of the galaxy. However, young sources do exist elsewhere and are particularly conspicuous along the bar. The small aperture analysis shows three candidate regions for sequential star formation. Surface brightness profiles are consistent with an exponential disk in both the FUV and the optical continuum.
Ultraviolet Signatures of Tidal Interaction in the Giant Spiral Galaxy, M101
William H. Waller,Ralph C. Bohlin,Robert H. Cornett,Michael N. Fanelli,Wendy L. Freedman,Jesse K. Hill,Barry F. Madore,Susan G. Neff,Joel D. Offenberg,Robert W. O'Connell,Morton S. Roberts,Andrew M. Smith,Theodore P. Stecher
Physics , 1996, DOI: 10.1086/304057
Abstract: We present new evidence for tidal interactions having occurred in the disk of M101 in the last 10^8 - 10^9 years. Recent imaging of the far-ultraviolet emission from M101 by the Shuttle-borne Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (UIT) reveals with unprecedented clarity a disk-wide pattern of multiple linear arm segments (``crooked arms''). The deep FUV image also shows a faint outer spiral arm with a (``curly tail'') feature that appears to loop around the supergiant HII region NGC 5471 - linking this outlying starburst with the rest of the galaxy. These FUV-bright features most likely trace hot O & B-type stars along with scattered light from associated nebular dust. Counterparts of the outermost ``crooked arms'' are evident in maps at visible wavelengths and in the 21-cm line of HI. The inner-disk FUV arms are most closely associated with H$\alpha$ knots and the outer (downstream) sides of CO arms. Comparisons of the ``crooked arm'' and ``curly tail'' morphologies with dynamical simulations yield the greatest similitude, when the non- axisymmetric forcing comes from a combination of ``external interactions'' with one or more companion galaxies and ``internal perturbations'' from massive objects orbiting within the disk. We speculate that NGC 5471 represents one of these ``massive disturbers'' within the disk, whose formation followed from a tidal interaction between M101 and a smaller galaxy.
Modeling Kepler Observations of Solar-like Oscillations in the Red-giant Star HD 186355
Chen Jiang,Biwei Jiang,Jorgen Christensen-Dalsgaard,Timothy R. Bedding,Dennis Stello,Daniel Huber,S?ren Fandsen,Hans Kjeldsen,Christoffer Karoff,Benoit Mosser,Pierre Demarque,Michael N. Fanelli,Karen Kinemuchi,Fergal Mullally
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/742/2/120
Abstract: We have analysed oscillations of the red giant star HD 186355 observed by the NASA Kepler satellite. The data consist of the first five quarters of science operations of Kepler, which cover about 13 months. The high-precision time-series data allow us to accurately extract the oscillation frequencies from the power spectrum. We find the frequency of the maximum oscillation power, {\nu}_max, and the mean large frequency separation, {\Delta}{\nu}, are around 106 and 9.4 {\mu}Hz respectively. A regular pattern of radial and non-radial oscillation modes is identified by stacking the power spectra in an echelle diagram. We use the scaling relations of {\Delta}{\nu} and {\nu}_max to estimate the preliminary asteroseismic mass, which is confirmed with the modelling result (M = 1.45 \pm 0.05 M_sun) using the Yale Rotating stellar Evolution Code (YREC7). In addition, we constrain the effective temperature, luminosity and radius from comparisons between observational constraints and models. A number of mixed l = 1 modes are also detected and taken into account in our model comparisons. We find a mean observational period spacing for these mixed modes of about 58 s, suggesting that this red giant branch star is in the shell hydrogen-burning phase.
Kepler Presearch Data Conditioning II - A Bayesian Approach to Systematic Error Correction
Jeffrey C. Smith,Martin C. Stumpe,Jeffrey E. Van Cleve,Jon M. Jenkins,Thomas S. Barclay,Michael N. Fanelli,Forrest R. Girouard,Jeffery J. Kolodziejczak,Sean D. McCauliff,Robert L. Morris,Joseph D. Twicken
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1086/667697
Abstract: With the unprecedented photometric precision of the Kepler Spacecraft, significant systematic and stochastic errors on transit signal levels are observable in the Kepler photometric data. These errors, which include discontinuities, outliers, systematic trends and other instrumental signatures, obscure astrophysical signals. The Presearch Data Conditioning (PDC) module of the Kepler data analysis pipeline tries to remove these errors while preserving planet transits and other astrophysically interesting signals. The completely new noise and stellar variability regime observed in Kepler data poses a significant problem to standard cotrending methods such as SYSREM and TFA. Variable stars are often of particular astrophysical interest so the preservation of their signals is of significant importance to the astrophysical community. We present a Bayesian Maximum A Posteriori (MAP) approach where a subset of highly correlated and quiet stars is used to generate a cotrending basis vector set which is in turn used to establish a range of "reasonable" robust fit parameters. These robust fit parameters are then used to generate a Bayesian Prior and a Bayesian Posterior Probability Distribution Function (PDF) which when maximized finds the best fit that simultaneously removes systematic effects while reducing the signal distortion and noise injection which commonly afflicts simple least-squares (LS) fitting. A numerical and empirical approach is taken where the Bayesian Prior PDFs are generated from fits to the light curve distributions themselves.
Kepler Presearch Data Conditioning I - Architecture and Algorithms for Error Correction in Kepler Light Curves
Martin C. Stumpe,Jeffrey C. Smith,Jeffrey E. Van Cleve,Joseph D. Twicken,Thomas S. Barclay,Michael N. Fanelli,Forrest R. Girouard,Jon M. Jenkins,Jeffery J. Kolodziejczak,Sean D. McCauliff,Robert L. Morris
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1086/667698
Abstract: Kepler provides light curves of 156,000 stars with unprecedented precision. However, the raw data as they come from the spacecraft contain significant systematic and stochastic errors. These errors, which include discontinuities, systematic trends, and outliers, obscure the astrophysical signals in the light curves. To correct these errors is the task of the Presearch Data Conditioning (PDC) module of the Kepler data analysis pipeline. The original version of PDC in Kepler did not meet the extremely high performance requirements for the detection of miniscule planet transits or highly accurate analysis of stellar activity and rotation. One particular deficiency was that astrophysical features were often removed as a side-effect to removal of errors. In this paper we introduce the completely new and significantly improved version of PDC which was implemented in Kepler SOC 8.0. This new PDC version, which utilizes a Bayesian approach for removal of systematics, reliably corrects errors in the light curves while at the same time preserving planet transits and other astrophysically interesting signals. We describe the architecture and the algorithms of this new PDC module, show typical errors encountered in Kepler data, and illustrate the corrections using real light curve examples.
Ultraviolet Signposts of Resonant Dynamics in the Starburst-Ringed Sab Galaxy, M94 (NGC 4736)
William H. Waller,Michael N. Fanelli,William C. Keel,Ralph Bohlin,Nicholas R. Collins,Barry F. Madore,Pamela M. Marcum,Susan G. Neff,Robert W. O'Connell,Joel D. Offenberg,Morton S. Roberts,Andrew M. Smith,Theodore P. Stecher
Physics , 2000, DOI: 10.1086/319384
Abstract: M94 (NGC 4736) is investigated using images from the Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (FUV-band), Hubble Space Telescope (NUV-band), Kitt Peak 0.9-m telescope (H-alpha, R, and I bands), and Palomar 5-m telescope (B-band), along with spectra from the International Ultraviolet Explorer and Lick 1-m telescopes. The wide-field UIT image shows FUV emission from (a) an elongated nucleus, (b) a diffuse inner disk, where H-alpha is observed in absorption, (c) a bright inner ring of H II regions at the perimeter of the inner disk (R = 48 arcsec. = 1.1 kpc), and (d) two 500-pc size knots of hot stars exterior to the ring on diametrically opposite sides of the nucleus (R= 130 arcsec. = 2.9 kpc). The HST/FOC image resolves the NUV emission from the nuclear region into a bright core and a faint 20 arcsec. long ``mini-bar'' at a position angle of 30 deg. Optical and IUE spectroscopy of the nucleus and diffuse inner disk indicates an approximately 10^7 or 10^8 yr-old stellar population from low-level starbirth activity blended with some LINER activity. Analysis of the H-alpha, FUV, NUV, B, R, and I-band emission along with other observed tracers of stars and gas in M94 indicates that most of the star formation is being orchestrated via ring-bar dynamics involving the nuclear mini-bar, inner ring, oval disk, and outer ring. The inner starburst ring and bi-symmetric knots at intermediate radius, in particular, argue for bar-mediated resonances as the primary drivers of evolution in M94 at the present epoch. Similar processes may be governing the evolution of the ``core-dominated'' galaxies that have been observed at high redshift. The gravitationally-lensed ``Pretzel Galaxy'' (0024+1654) at a redshift of approximately 1.5 provides an important precedent in this regard.
Far Ultraviolet Imagery of the Edge-On Spiral Galaxy NGC 4631
Andrew M. Smith,Nicholas R. Collins,William H. Waller,Morton S. Roberts,Denise A. Smith,Ralph C. Bohlin,K. P. Cheng,Michael N. Fanelli,Susan G. Neff,Robert W. O'Connell,Ronald A. Parise,Eric P. Smith,Theodore P. Stecher
Physics , 2000, DOI: 10.1086/318273
Abstract: Far ultraviolet FUV imagery of the edge-on, Sc/SBd galaxy, NGC 4631 reveals very strong FUV emission, resulting from active star formation, uniformly distributed along the galactic mid- plane. Multi-band imagery, HI and HII position-velocity curves and extinction considerations all imply that the emission is from the outer edges of the visible galaxy. The overall FUV morphology of this edge-on disk system is remarkably similar to those of the so-called "chain galaxies" evident at high redshift, thus suggesting a similar interpretation for at least some of those distant objects. FUV, U, B and V magnitudes, measured for 48 star forming regions, along with corresponding H-alpha and H-beta measurements are used to construct diagnostic color-color diagrams. Although there are significant exceptions, most of the star forming regions are less massive and older than 30 Doradus. Comparison with the expectations from two star formation models yields ages of 2.7 to 10 Myr for the instantaneous burst (IB) model and star formation cut-off ages of 0 to 9 Myr for the continuous star formation (CSF) model. Interpreted in terms of the IB model the photometry implies a total created mass in the 48 star forming regions of 25 million solar-masses. When viewed as resulting from constant star formation the photometry implies a star formation rate of 0.33 solar-masses/yr. These results are compared to those derived from FIR and radio observations. Corrections for FUV emission reprocessed by interstellar grains are estimated.
UV Signposts of Resonant Dynamics in Disk Galaxies
William H. Waller,Christine Winslow,Michael Fanelli,Theodore B. Stecher
Physics , 1998,
Abstract: Imaging in the restframe ultraviolet has proven to be an effective and vital means of tracing dynamical patterns of star formation in galaxies out to high redshifts. Using images from the Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (UIT), Hubble Space Telescope (HST) and complementary groundbased telescopes, we have investigated the starburst activity and associated dynamics in nearby early-type disk galaxies. Concentrating on the starburst-ring (R)SA(r)ab galaxy M94 (NGC 4736), we find compelling evidence for bar-mediated resonances as the primary drivers of evolution at the present epoch. Similar ring-bar dynamics may prevail in the centers of early-type disk galaxies at high redshift. The gravitationally-lensed "Pretzel Galaxy" (0024+1654) at a redshift of ~1.5 provides an important precedent in this regard.
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