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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 158962 matches for " Michèle; Béarez "
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Pescadores-recolectores arcaicos del extremo sur peruano. Excavaciones en La Quebrada de los burros (Tacna, Perú). Primeros resultados 1995-1997
Lavallée, Danièle,Julien, Michèle,Béarez, Philippe,Usselmann, Pierre
Bulletin de l'Institut Francais d'études Andines , 1999,
Abstract: PêCHEURS-COLLECTEURS ARCHA QUES DE L EXTRêME SUD PéRUVIEN. LES FOUILLES DE LA QUEBRADA DE LOS BURROS (TACNA, PEROU). PREMIERS RESULTATS, 1995-1997. Au début de l′Archa que, des groupes humains vivant des ressources marines et, en moindre mesure, de chasse terrestre, s installent régulièrement sur la c te sud du Pérou. Dans la Quebrada de los Burros, les datations 14C situent ces occupations entre 9800 et 3200 BP, durant une période climatique calme et relativement humide la formation, dans la vallée, entre 120 et 200 m d altitude, de lagunes d eau douce ou de marécages constitue alors un facteur très favorable à une implantation humaine (voir Usselmann et al., ce volume). Les niveaux d occupation exploités sur de larges surfaces ont livré des foyers, un abondant matériel lithique taillé, des accumulations de coquilles (Concholepas concholepas, Mesodesma donacium, Fissurella sp., Choromytilus chorus etc.) et de nombreux restes de poissons très diversifiés, impliquant diverses techniques halieutiques. Sont également attestés quelques restes de mammifères terrestres et d oiseaux. Diverses analyses en cours sur les coquilles détermineront s il s agissait d installations saisonnières ou permanentes. Al inicio del Arcaico, grupos humanos que viven de los recursos del medio marítimo y, en escala menor, de la caza terrestre (camélidos, aves), están instalados en la costa sur del Perú. En la Quebrada de los Burros, fechados 14C sitúan estas ocupaciones entre 9800 y 3200 BP, durante un período climático tranquilo y relativamente húmedo en el fondo del valle, entre 120 y 200 msnm, la formación de lagunas de agua dulce o de pantanos constituye entonces un elemento muy favorable para una implantación humana (véase Usselmann et al., este volumen). Los niveles de ocupación excavados en un área extensa contenían fogones, un abundante material lítico tallado, acumulaciones de conchas marinas (Concholepas concholepas, Mesodesma donacium, Fissurella sp., Choromytilus chorus, etc.) y numerosos restos óseos de peces muy diversificados, lo que implica técnicas de pesca diversas y sofisticadas. Los análisis (isotópicos y de crecimiento) en curso sobre conchas marinas deberían contribuir a determinar si se trataba de instalaciones permanentes o estacionales. ARCHAIC FISHERMEN AND SHELL-GATHERERS OF EXTREME-SOUTH OF PERU. EXCAVATIONS IN QUEBRADA DE LOS BURROS (TACNA, PERU). PRELIMINARY RESULTS 1995-1997. At the outset of the Archa c Period, human groups subsisting on marine resources and occasional terestrial hunting, began to settle down on the South Peruvian coast. In Quebrad
Quebrada de los burros: Los primeros pescadores del litoral pacífico en el extremo sur peruano Quebrada de los burros: First fishermen of the south pacific coast in the far south of peru
Danièle Lavallée,Michèle Julien,Philippe Béarez,Aldo Bola?os
Chungará (Arica) - Revista de Antropología Chilena , 2011,
Abstract: Las excavaciones en la Quebrada de los Burros, en el litoral de Tacna (Perú), han descubierto un campamento de pescadores y recolectores de moluscos (QlB) ocupado entre 10.000 y 6.000 a.p., durante el Holoceno Temprano y Medio. seis niveles sucesivos de ocupación han sido excavados por decapado, cada uno contando con aterrazamientos del piso, fogones, áreas de actividad diversas y acumulaciones de desechos alimenticios marinos, mezclados con restos de fauna terrestre. El conjunto de estos desperdicios demuestra que, desde el inicio de la ocupación, los ocupantes dominaban perfectamente el medio marítimo pero explotaban también las lomas. los instrumentos de piedra y hueso atestiguan un ajuar muy sofisticado de pesca, recolección y caza. dos fases de ocupación fueron singularizadas, la primera durante el Holoceno Temprano (ca. 10.000 a 7.000 a.p.), la segunda durante el Holoceno Medio (ca. 7.000 a 6.000 a.p.). los análisis efectuados sugieren para la primera fase una sucesión de ocupaciones breves y posibles contactos con las tierras altas y, al contrario, una ocupación más intensa y casi permanente a lo largo del a o para la segunda fase, durante la cual las materias primas líticas proceden todas de sectores cercanos. una estrecha relación con sitios chilenos Chinchorro está confirmada. Research works at Quebrada de los Burros evidenced an archaic settlement on the littoral of Tacna (peru). this campsite of fishermen and shell-gatherers (QLB) has been occupied during early and middle holocene, between 10,000 and 6,000 Bp. Broad horizontal excavations revealed six successive occupation levels, with living floor layouts, hearths, specialized activity areas and accumulations of food waste of marine origin mixed with bones of terrestrial fauna. as a whole, these remains indicate that, since the beginning, the inhabitants relied intensively on ocean resources but they also exploited the lomas. Lithic tools and bone instruments attest a sophisticated equipment for fishing, gathering and hunting. two phases of occupation were characterized, the first during early holocene (ca. 10,000 to 7,000 Bp), the second during middle holocene (ca. 7,000 to 6,000 Bp). the analyses suggest, for the first phase, a succession of short occupations and possible contacts with high lands and, on the contrary, a more intensive occupation, nearly all the year round, for the second, during which raw lithic materials came from nearby areas. a close relation with chilean sites Chinchorro is confirmed.
Quebrada de los burros: Los primeros pescadores del litoral pacífico en el extremo sur peruano
Lavallée,Danièle; Julien,Michèle; Béarez,Philippe; Bola?os,Aldo; Carré,Matthieu; Chevalier,Alexandre; Delabarde,Tania; Fontugne,Michel; Rodríguez-Loredo,Cecilia; Klaric,Laurent; Usselmann,Pierre; Vanhaeren,Marian;
Chungará (Arica) , 2011, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-73562011000300002
Abstract: research works at quebrada de los burros evidenced an archaic settlement on the littoral of tacna (peru). this campsite of fishermen and shell-gatherers (qlb) has been occupied during early and middle holocene, between 10,000 and 6,000 bp. broad horizontal excavations revealed six successive occupation levels, with living floor layouts, hearths, specialized activity areas and accumulations of food waste of marine origin mixed with bones of terrestrial fauna. as a whole, these remains indicate that, since the beginning, the inhabitants relied intensively on ocean resources but they also exploited the lomas. lithic tools and bone instruments attest a sophisticated equipment for fishing, gathering and hunting. two phases of occupation were characterized, the first during early holocene (ca. 10,000 to 7,000 bp), the second during middle holocene (ca. 7,000 to 6,000 bp). the analyses suggest, for the first phase, a succession of short occupations and possible contacts with high lands and, on the contrary, a more intensive occupation, nearly all the year round, for the second, during which raw lithic materials came from nearby areas. a close relation with chilean sites chinchorro is confirmed.
Computing algorithm for dairy sire evaluation on several lactations considered as the same trait
B Bonaiti, Michèle Briend
Genetics Selection Evolution , 1986, DOI: 10.1186/1297-9686-18-1-41
Abstract:
Multinational Corporations in Transnational Networks: Theoretical and Regulatory Challenges in Historical Perspective  [PDF]
Michèle Rioux
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2014.43012
Abstract:
Multinational corporations (MNCs) have become the most powerful drivers of integration and structural changes in today’s global economy. MNCs have not completely subordinated States and markets in shaping the global economy, but they have transformed the world and given rise to a new set of economic, political, social, cultural and legal problems. Yet, quite ironically, MNCs are now facing a recombination that tends to subordinate them to transnational networks of corporate economic power. The thorny issue of regulating the global economy is, in this context, even more complex as regulatory systems of global governance must be built to fit those transnational networks superseding States and firms. This article presents an overview of the most important theories in international political economy on MNCs in order to situate the new theoretical challenges pertaining to the understanding of contemporary structural changes in the world economy and their incidences on global governance. The first section presents three configurations of globalization and concludes on the theoretical challenges of explaining and understanding the emergence and development of transnational economic networks. A second section discusses some current issues of regulation. The overall statement of this article is that globalization has, during the last decades, transformed international political economy in ways that now require new theoretical paradigms and new modes of global regulation that are adapted to a truly global economy made of networks rather than nations or firms.
The Perils of Outcomes-Based Education in Fostering South African Educational Transformation  [PDF]
Michèle J. Schmidt
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2017.73030
Abstract: This chapter explored a South African education policy. Specifically the author?examined outcomes-based learning and the implications of this borrowed curriculum in South African schools.?The author?focused on curriculum as a?platform for discussion of the unique approach?that?the South African government employed to modify their adoption of democracy and transformation. Unfortunately, many scholars reluctantly concede that South Africa’s?ambitious policy initiatives failed to provide social justice in schools.?Education?is often the driving force in society: socially, economically, and politically. In particular, education can either liberate social ideologies or become a tool to reinforce stratification. With a political ideology of democracy emerging in South Africa, one would think that democratic educational structures would act to diminish race, class and gender inequalities; however, this has not been a pervasive result.
Etude chromosomique d'un hybride chèvre × mouton fertile
EP Cribiu, Michèle Matejka, B Denis, X Malher
Genetics Selection Evolution , 1988, DOI: 10.1186/1297-9686-20-3-379
Abstract:
Positive Career Attitudes Effect on Happiness and Life Satisfaction by Master Students and Graduates  [PDF]
Senad Karavdic, Michèle Baumann
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.28003
Abstract:

Background: Happiness and life satisfaction are well-known indicators. However, there has been little contribution by the scientific community on the positive career attitudes of master students and graduates. In an effort to provide deeper empirical understanding, the relationships between positive career attitudes, health satisfaction, financial situation and happiness and life satisfaction among master students and graduates were analyzed. Method: A link of online questionnaire was sent by mail to all students which independently of their social economic status obtained a financial aid from the government of Luxembourg, and to all master graduates (ex-students) who have been finished with their courses for one year. The data was analyzed using bivariate tests, correlation and multiple linear regression models. Result: 455 voluntary postgraduate/master students vs. 144 graduates participated. Students were younger than the graduates (mean age 26 vs. 29 years). Majority was female and had Luxembourgish nationality. Most graduates had a job and lived with their parents. Luxembourg natives were happier, and those who were living with their parents showed higher life satisfaction. For both samples, self-rated health satisfaction was positively associated with happiness and life satisfaction. For the students, the higher career adaptability and career optimism are, the better the happiness and life satisfaction will be. The higher the perception of the household financial situation is, the better the happiness will be. For graduates, the higher career optimism contributed to the better happiness. Conclusion: Happiness and life satisfaction of master students and graduates were affected, related to socioeconomic and perceived health difficulties, and career attitudes. Those indicators could be used routinely to monitor the situation of young people over time and their needs in terms of adaptability and optimism capabilities, which should be appropriately treated. These findings may help with the development of university and post university interventions aimed at improving happiness and life satisfaction among postgraduate students and ex-students.

Las piezas esqueléticas diagnósticas en arqueoictiología del litoral ecuatoriano
Béarez, Philippe
Bulletin de l'Institut Francais d'études Andines , 1997,
Abstract: LES PIECES SQUELETTIQUES DIAGNOSTIQUES EN ARCHEOICHTYOLOGIE DU LITTORAL EQUATORIEN. Quelques pièces squelettiques abondantes dans les gisements archéologiques préhispaniques d équateur sont présentées pour leur caractère indicateur en archéoichtyologie. Leur position anatomique et leur appartenance spécifique sont détaillées et illustrées par des photos originales. Une attention particulière est portée à des structures osseuses encore trop souvent méconnues : les hyperostoses. El trabajo valora la importancia de determinadas piezas esqueléticas, abundantes en yacimientos arqueológicos prehispánicos del Ecuador. Se comenta, en concreto, su carácter indicador en arqueoictiología. Las características anatómicas, así como la diversidad de estas piezas en diferentes taxones son detalladas e ilustradas. Particular atención merecen determinadas estructuras óseas, a menudo desconocidas por parte de los investigadores: las hiperostosis. DIAGNOSTIC SKELETAL ELEMENTS IN ECUADORIAN COASTAL ARCHAEOICHTHYOLOGY. Some bone remains are frequent in Ecuadorian Prehispanic sites and are useful as archaeoichthyological indicators. Their anatomical features and their specific attribution are detailed and illustrated. Particular attention is paid to the still poorly known skeletal parts-hyperostoses.
Primary School Age Students' Spontaneous Comments about Math Reveal Emerging Dispositions Linked to Later Mathematics Achievement
Michèle M. M. Mazzocco,Laurie B. Hanich,Maia M. Noeder
Child Development Research , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/170310
Abstract: To longitudinally explore children's developing beliefs towards mathematics, we asked 207 children to define “math” and “reading” at grades 2 and 3 and coded for spontaneous references to likability or difficulty of math (or reading) in their definitions. We found that children attributed more difficulty to math than to reading despite their relatively neutral comments on the likability of either subject. Children described math and reading with comparable degrees of specificity, but girls' definitions were more specific than boys'. Relative to their peers, children with mathematics learning disability (MLD) provided less specific definitions overall, were more likely to describe math as more difficult than reading, and were more likely to show a decrease in likability ratings of math (but not reading) from grades 2 to 3. Grade 2 ratings predicted math ability at grade 3, more so than predictors from grade 3. These findings, although based on informal analyses not intended to substitute for validated assessments of disposition, support the notions that distinct aspects of dispositions towards math emerge in early childhood, are revealed through casual discourse, and are predictive of later math achievement outcomes. This further supports current interests in developing formal measures of academic disposition in early childhood. 1. Introduction A productive disposition towards mathematics is an essential component of mathematics proficiency [1]. Like many elements of successful mathematics outcomes, the construct of a “productive disposition” is multifaceted. The National Research Council [1] defines it as “the tendency to see sense in mathematics, to perceive math as both useful and worthwhile, and to believe that steady effort in learning mathematics pays off.” At a minimum, this description captures features of positive attitudes about mathematics, seeing sense in mathematics, the belief that effort is needed to support math learning, and a perspective that math is useful within and beyond school experiences—regardless of whether it is liked or disliked or achieved with minimal or great effort. Associations between these and other distinct features of a productive disposition are likely to be dynamic, but the nature and emergence of the elements themselves are not yet fully understood, particularly in early childhood. Here we report on a brief, exploratory study of whether second and third graders’ definitions of mathematics shed light on their emerging dispositions and are related to their later mathematics achievement. The recent interest in
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