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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 202 matches for " Mesut AYAR "
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1900 zmir ve 1901 stanbul Salg nlar Ba lam nda Veban n XX. Yüzy l Ba lar nda Osmanl mparatorlu u’nda Devam Eden Etkisi///The Ongoing mpact Of The Most Dreadful Disease Of World History Plague In The Ottoman Empire In The Early 20th Century Within The Contexts Of 1900 Izmir And 1901 Istanbul Epidemics
Mesut AYAR
History Studies : International Journal of History , 2010,
Abstract: At the beginning of the 20th century plague had almost become a local, demographically ineffective and even an ordinary disease. However, even at such a late period, in the epidemics occured in any part of the ottoman territories, plague continued to cause economy based troubles similar to the ones in the previous centuries, due to the quarantines.
K rklareli (K rkkilise) Mekteb-i dadisi/// K rkkilise High School (In The Last Half Century Of The Ottoman Empire)
Mesut AYAR
History Studies : International Journal of History , 2010,
Abstract: K rkkilise High School which was opened in 1892 was fateful for the recent history of the region because in this region, it was the most important education intuitions in the last half century of the Ottoman Empire. Actually, the history of the school was begun with the opening as a middle school hence 1869-70’s because K rkkilise Middle School was converted into the high school by means of changing the length of the time of the education and the syllabus although a big majority of the students and the teachers and even the building stayed the same.The aim of the K rkkilise High School was growing up the persons who had sense of leadership. Therefore, a lot of people who was important for the recent history of the K rkkilise had received education from this school which was the only Muslim High School in town in that time. The school’s education was interrupted due to the invasions of Russians, Bulgarians and Greeks in 1877-78, 1912-13 and 1920-22, respectively. Apart from this, it had survived till the end of the administration of the Ottoman Empire
Oral Bacteria Are Responsible for the Etiology of Rheumatoid Arthritis  [PDF]
Mesut Ogrendik
Open Journal of Rheumatology and Autoimmune Diseases (OJRA) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojra.2014.43023

A significant association has been shown to exist between periodontitis and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in observational studies. Some intervention studies have suggested that periodontal treatment can reduce serum inflammatory biomarkers such as C-reactive protein, or erythrocyte sedimentation rate. Serum antibodies to oral bacteria have been found at increased levels in RA patients. In addition, DNAs from these bacteria have been identified from samples of RA patients. Several antibiotics are effective on RA. Finally, oral bacteria are responsible for the etiology of RA.

A Preliminary Investigation into Critical Thinking Skills of Urban High School Students: Role of an IT/STEM Program  [PDF]
Mesut Duran, Serkan Sendag
Creative Education (CE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2012.32038
Abstract: This paper reports the development of critical thinking of urban high school students in an IT/STEM program-using information technology (IT) within the context of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). The study used a quasi-experimental time-series design, involving 47 initial participants in an eighteen-month intervention period. Data were collected from the Test of Everyday Reasoning (TER), which provides an overall score on critical thinking skill (CTS) and five sub-scale scores (analysis, inference, evaluation, inductive reasoning, and deductive reasoning). Findings indicate that based on a mean score of 15.77, the average participant scored between the 16th and 19th percentiles at the beginning of the program compared to an aggregated national sample. Participants who completed the program and responded to all three time-series TER tests (14) significantly improved their critical thinking skills throughout the program. Program completers’ overall post-program CTS test score was more homogeneous than the pre-program scores with a 20.07 mean score. In addition, data showed significant improvement in inductive reasoning skills of the program participants during the first nine months with continuing improvement in the second nine months. In contrast, data presented improved inference skills during the first nine months with significant gains during the second half of the program. The study estimates the relative effects of IT/STEM experiences with technology-enhanced, inquiry and design-based collaborative learning strategies on CTS of urban high school students.
Parameter Analysis on Fruit Fly Optimization Algorithm  [PDF]
Hazim Iscan, Mesut Gunduz
Journal of Computer and Communications (JCC) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jcc.2014.24018

Fruit fly algorithm is a novel intelligent optimization algorithm based on foraging behavior of the real fruit flies. In order to find optimum solution for an optimization problem, fixed parameters are obtained as a result of manual test in fruit fly algorithm. In this study, it is aimed to find the optimum solution by analyzing the constant parameter concerning the direction of the algorithm instead of manual defining on initialization stage. The study shows an automated approach for finding the related parameter by utilizing grid search algorithm. According to the experimental results, it can be seen that this approach could be used as an alternative way for finding related parameter or other ones in order to achieve optimum model.

Ayar Rodríguez de Castro
Didáctica Geográfica , 2012,
A Sociological Standpoint to Authentic Scientific Practices and its Role in School Science Teaching
Mehmet C. AYAR,Bugrahan YALVAC
Journal of Kirsehir Education Faculty , 2010,
Abstract: In this paper we place an emphasis on authentic science practices grounded by anthropological and sociological lenses of science and discuss their implications for science teaching. We highlight the problem of typical science teaching as teaching merely about the “normal science” and ignoring the sociological characteristics of scientific practice. After briefly reviewing the sociological and anthropological perspectives of science, we propose including the social characteristics of science and the notion of communities of practice in designing science learning environments and considering them as essential components of the nature of science teaching practices. Next, we discuss the characteristics of authentic scientific practices as reported in recent studies and examine how researchers operationalized authentic science practices in their educational studies. Finally we suggest some implications for practice in augmenting students and teachers awareness about authentic science practices using the anthropological and sociological lenses.
Effect of Transport Time on Body Performance of Broilers during Transit to Slaughter House
Mesut Karaman
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances , 2012,
Abstract: The objective of the study was to determine body weight loss during transportation of chickens into the Slaughtering house. For this reason, after 42-days of feeding, the male and female broilers were separated into three weight groups such as <2200 g (group A, light weight), 2200-2500 g (group B, middle weight) and >2500 g (group C, heavy weight). Also, female birds were separated into three groups according to live body weights such as <2000 g (group A, light weight), 2000-2200 g (group B, middle weight) and >2200 g (group C heavy weight). Three crates (7/crate) were used for each sex and for each live weight group. Transportation periods were stated as 1-3 h. Live weights of the all chickens were recorded prior to end of the transport period. Mortality and carcass performances also were determined. Weight lost of the male chickens from group A was determined as 46.81, 64.43 and 106.15 g for 1-3 h transport periods, respectively and the differences among three periods were found to be significant. Weight lost of male chickens for group B was determined as 43.10, 94.05 and 120.42 g for 1-3 h transport periods, respectively and the differences among three periods were found to be significant. Weight lost for group C chickens were determined as 92.57, 138.87 and 140.94 g for 1-3 h periods, respectively. For the group A, weight lost of female chicks were recorded as 33.67, 50.90 and 73.33 g for 1-3 h periods, respectively. Main lost was found for 3 h period (compare with two other periods), which was significant. Body weight lost for group B chicks were determined as 37.76, 60.67 and 87.37 g for the same periods, respectively. As conclusion, transportation of the chickens is a great stress factor and has adverse effects on the live weight of the birds.
Bilgi Teknolojisinin Yap sal ve Y netsel A lardan Bilgi-Belge Merkezlerine Getirdi i Yenilikler / Structural and Managerial Innovations Provided to Information and Documentation Centers by Information Technology
Mesut Kurulgan
Bilgi Dünyas? , 2005,
Abstract: This research is concerned with structural and managerial innovations in information and documentation centers brought by information technologies that have found widespread use since the 1990’s. The mentioned innovations have been examined from the aspects of information recording media, buildings, work flow, worker and manager, cooperation, standardization, services, the concept of library/information and documentation center, organizational culture, structure of management and organization, and stakeholder perspectives. The study also presents suggestions about arrangements to ensure effective use of information technologies in information and documentation centers in Turkey.
Bilgi ve Belge Hizmetlerinde Mükemmeli Yakalamak: rnekedinme / Benchmarking Practices in the Information and Documentation Centers
Mesut Kurulgan
Bilgi Dünyas? , 2007,
Abstract: Prior to 1980’s most of the Information and Documentation Centers(IDC) had adopted customer satisfaction as the quality criterion of their services. During the 80’s IDC’s became aware of Total QualityManagement as one of the primary influencing factors in increasing the efficiency of information services and began its implementation. For over 20 years they have been using instruments and processes toimprove services offered to users. One of these is benchmarking.Different benchmarking processes such as those of competitive,cooperative, internal, quantitative and qualitative types were all utilized by IDC’s. This study briefly explains the benchmarking process and examines various practices of benchmarking in Information and Documentation Centers in the World and in Turkey.
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