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OALib Journal期刊

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LAS ADOLESCENTES EMBARAZADAS, EL CUIDADO HUMANO Y LA CALIDAD DE VIDA RELACIONADA CON LA SALUD
Benavente Sánchez Yennys,Mendoza Norelis Josefina
Salud, Arte y Cuidado , 2011,
Abstract: During the adolescence situations like the pregnancy can be presented that causes a series of expectations in its personal sphere, in conjunction with a number of changes to which the adolescent must cope and adapt, taking into account the cultural conditions, which requires more care of them under the supervision of the nurse to whom the care, it means a scientific, philosophical and moral commitment, to the protection of human dignity and the preservation of the life of the pregnant teenager and her unborn child, teaching her to recognize and use their own potential alternating rhythm to modify the behavior to the needs. In this sense, we consider their values, beliefs and cultural lifestyles, in order to provide appropriate health services or a significant welfare, charitable and successful, achieving a culturally congruent care. Care begins at birth, will be related to experiences with care and a culture in which one is born and in which we live. Dedication is essential to care, without it there is not care, as it requires a continuous process that allows a person to overcome obstacles and difficulties. Especially with the adolescent population dedication and perseverance of nurses is what ensures success, considering that they are people who are in full physical, psychological and social. In which the participation of the nurse is vital
VALORACIóN DE MICRONUTRIENTES EN POBLACIóN DE ADULTOS JóVENES DEL ESTADO LARA VENEZUELA
Papale, Jham Frank,Mendoza Norelis,Berné Yelitza,Rodríguez Diolisbeth
Salud, Arte y Cuidado , 2011,
Abstract: The studies about the determination of the micronutrients copper, zinc and iron that carry out important functions in a variation of biological processes like the intermediary metabolism, cellular proliferation, oxygen transportation and storage, and in the oxide-reduction processes in developing countries with high levels of malnutrition are important. The aim of this research was to determine the serum levels of copper, zinc, iron and hemoglobin in a population of health adults. The sample was made up of 112 subjects (M: 55; F: 57) aged 17-42 yr. The micronutrients were determined by atomic-absorption flame photometry and the hemoglobin using a Coulter ACT-8. The values of copper, zinc, iron and hemoglobin obtained were, respectively, 1.04±0,20 ug/mL, 0,99 ± 0,14 ug/mL, 1,05 ±0,33 ug/mL, 14,28±1,36 g/dL. The average concentrations for zinc, iron and hemoglobin were higher for males, while the level of copper was higher for females. It was found statistically significant differences between both male and female for each one of these variables. By aged group, those who were over 30 showed the highest concentration of copper. In relation to zinc and hemoglobin, no significant differences were found among the groups. In order to carry out the monitoring of the serum or plasmatic levels of copper, zinc and iron, it is necessary to carry out studies of greater population scope that allows getting values for these micronutrients in most of the Venezuelan population. Also, include studies about consumption that allow knowing the intake of these micronutrients
Nutrición, base del desarrollo sustentable para el municipio Andrés Eloy Blanco del estado Lara
Torres,Mario; Mendoza,Norelis; Giménez,Johanna; Papale,Jham Frank; Suárez,Reyes; Rodríguez,Zuleima;
Anales Venezolanos de Nutrición , 2008,
Abstract: in the andrés eloy blanco municipality (aebm), lara state, malnutrition is not perceived as a public health problem, although it was the municipality where: the first case of kwashiorkor was described, the first center for nutritional recovery was founded and the locality in venezuela where the first national conference on nutrition in primary assistance took place. there, several institutions were developing nutritional programs on their own. the universidad centroccidental ?lisandro alvarado? (ucla) joined together their efforts forming an interinstitutional health team for the aebm, which designed the project: nutrition, basis of the sustainable development for the aebm whose aim is to reach the sustainable development of the aebm by using the nutrition as a base for that development. the backgrounds of its foundation is presented as well as the goals reached by the project in the promotion of the sustainable development of the municipality by the integration and participation of communities, the ucla and other institutions in the cooperative working. a joint diagnosis is made, it is prioritized, a problem is chosen and a community project is made, monitoring its development until the problem is solved. the project: nutrition, basis of the sustainable development for the aebm, solves health problems by team work, community participation and integration, producing changes in the lifestyles of the population and improving the quality of live of the participating communities.
Estratificación social y antropometría nutricional en menores de 15 a?os. La Escalera, estado Lara, Venezuela 2002
Torres-Villanueva,Mario; Dellán-Rodríguez,Graciela; Papale-Centofanti,Jham; Rodríguez,Dioslibeth; Mendoza,Norelis; Berné,Yelitza;
Investigación Clínica , 2007,
Abstract: malnutrition is a public health problem for underdeveloped countries. from the 852 million of undernourished estimated by fao between 2000 and 2002, 815 million belonged to underdeveloped countries, 28 million to countries in transition and 9 million to developed countries. malnutrition in venezuela had a 6% raise between 2000 and 2002, when it went from 11% to 17%. this work was done with children under 15 years old from la escalera, using classic indicators and their combination, relating them with socioeconomic conditions, through the nbi and graffar méndez castellano methods, as to consider the population nutritional profile. the higher prevalence corresponded to normal nutritional values, which oscillated between 55,7% and 80,7% in the 7-14 years old group and the 2-6 years old group, respectively. malnutrition was found in the under 2 years old group and 7-14 years old group, with values ranging between 12,5 and 41,0% respectively. the least prevalence was found for excess malnutrition. 100% of the families in this study are poor, according to nbi; although the graffar mendez castellano method established that poverty was about 60%, while 40% belonged to a medium-low status. relating nutritional diagnosis with social stratification and the mother?s educational level, three patterns were observed: iii, iv and v, prevailing normal diagnosis, followed by malnutrition by deficit and malnutrition by excess, respectively. the predominating mother?s educational level corresponded to incomplete high school, followed by analphabetism and the least prevalent has complete basic elementary education. it should be noted that the nutrition deficit was inversely related to the socioeconomic stratification and the mother?s educational level.
La geotecnología y su inserción en el pensamiento geográfico
Mónica Oropeza,Norelis Díaz
Terra Nueva Etapa , 2007,
Abstract: Al revisar el pensamiento geográfico, a través de sus diferentes momentos y orientaciones en el tiempo, se aprecia como los conceptos maduran y se solapan, y algunos aparecen ante los nuevos paradigmas. El objetivo de este trabajo ha sido revisar los lineamientos que comprende la concepción de la geotecnología para el desarrollo del conocimiento en la geografía. Para alcanzar este objetivo, se ha considerado la evolución del pensamiento geográfico que se ha desarrollado en el tiempo relacionándolo con el uso de las nuevas tecnologías que se emplean en los estudios en geografía. Se concluye, que de forma creciente la mayoría de los profesionales en el área de geografía, para cumplir con sus objetivos, se basan en un saber científico multidisciplinario apoyándose en herramientas tecnológicas que permiten realizar sus estudios y aplicaciones.
Dise?o de un plan de análisis de peligros y puntos críticos de control (HACCP) para el aseguramiento de la inocuidad de la mortadela elaborada por una empresa de productos cárnicos
Bou Rached,Lizet; Ascanio,Norelis; Hernández,Pilar;
Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición , 2004,
Abstract: summary. the hazard analysis and critical control point (haccp) is a systematic integral program used to identify and estimate the hazards (microbiological, chemical and physical) and the risks generated during the primary production, processing, storage, distribution, expense and consumption of foods. to establish a program of haccp has advantages, being some of them: to emphasize more in the prevention than in the detection, to diminish the costs, to minimize the risk of manufacturing faulty products, to allow bigger trust to the management, to strengthen the national and international competitiveness, among others. the present work is a proposal based on the design of an haccp program to guarantee the safety of the bologna special type elaborated by a meat products industry, through the determination of hazards (microbiological, chemical or physical), the identification of critical control points (ccp), the establishment of critical limits, plan corrective actions and the establishment of documentation and verification procedures. the used methodology was based in the application of the seven basic principles settled down by the codex alimentarius, obtaining the design of this program. in view of the fact that recently the meat products are linked with pathogens like e. coli o157:h7 and listeria monocytogenes, these were contemplated as microbiological hazard for the establishment of the haccp plan whose application will guarantee the obtaining of a safe product.
Electrical Conductivity of Collapsed Multilayer Graphene Tubes  [PDF]
D. Mendoza
World Journal of Nano Science and Engineering (WJNSE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/wjnse.2012.22009
Abstract: Synthesis of multilayer graphene on copper wires by a chemical vapor deposition method is reported. After copper etching, the multilayer tube collapses forming stripes of graphitic films, their electrical conductance as a function of temperature indicate a semiconductor-like behavior. Using the multilayer graphene stripes, a cross junction is built and owing to its electrical behavior we propose that a tunneling process exists in the device.
Porous Carbon Grown by Chemical Vapor Deposition on Copper Substrates  [PDF]
D. Mendoza
Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering (MSCE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/msce.2015.38003
Abstract: Amorphous porous carbon was synthesized by chemical vapor deposition on copper substrates. The average size of the pores is around 1.2 microns with some small pores decorating the big ones. Lamellar samples of this carbonaceous material can be separated from the copper support and may be useful as electrode due to its low electrical resistivity of the order of 0.4 Ωcm.
Acumulación y lixiviación de metales macronutrientes en suelos irrigados con aguas residuales tratadas
Isea,Daisy; Bello,Norelis; Vargas,Luis; Durán,José; Yabroudi,Suher; Delgado,José;
Interciencia , 2004,
Abstract: metal accumulation and lixiviation, as well as salt levels, were determined in soils submitted to irrigation with treated residual water. metal macro-nutrients such as k, ca and mg are required for plant development, growth and healthy fruit production. the presence of non-nutrient metals such as na in treated residual water is a limiting factor in its use for agricultural purposes, since it could be bio-accumulated in the human consumption feeding chain, placing the health of consumers at risk. in order to evaluate the use of treated residual water in the mobility of these elements in the soil profile, a sampling process was established for treated residual water at soil levels of 15, 30, 45, 60, and 75cm, collecting samples weekly for 10 weeks. metals were determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometry, and for na and k measurement the atomic emission technique was used. the physical-chemical characteristics of the treated residual water were acceptable for use in agricultural applications, and the low salt contents in soil permits an adequate mobility of the studied metals, allowing their use for irrigation crops.
Snapshot of Non-Inclusive Growth: Evidence from Philippine Employment Trends in 2001-2009  [PDF]
Ronald U. Mendoza, Padmini Mahurkar
Modern Economy (ME) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/me.2012.37106
Abstract: This article briefly examines the Philippines’ pattern of job creation during the period 2001-2009 in order to help explain why growth during this period failed to translate into poverty reduction. An analysis of disaggregated employment and sectoral output data provides a much more nuanced picture of the types and sectors of jobs created during the last decade. The empirical evidence suggests that employment creation was inadequate, and skewed in favor of high skilled workers even across industries. Based on these findings, promoting inclusive growth in the Philippines requires a robust job creation strategy in order to meet the growing labor force, along with mechanisms to ensure skill upgrading and better skills matching (notably for the young) as well as efforts to bring even lower skilled workers into the formal sector.
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