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LAS ADOLESCENTES EMBARAZADAS, EL CUIDADO HUMANO Y LA CALIDAD DE VIDA RELACIONADA CON LA SALUD
Benavente Sánchez Yennys,Mendoza Norelis Josefina
Salud, Arte y Cuidado , 2011,
Abstract: During the adolescence situations like the pregnancy can be presented that causes a series of expectations in its personal sphere, in conjunction with a number of changes to which the adolescent must cope and adapt, taking into account the cultural conditions, which requires more care of them under the supervision of the nurse to whom the care, it means a scientific, philosophical and moral commitment, to the protection of human dignity and the preservation of the life of the pregnant teenager and her unborn child, teaching her to recognize and use their own potential alternating rhythm to modify the behavior to the needs. In this sense, we consider their values, beliefs and cultural lifestyles, in order to provide appropriate health services or a significant welfare, charitable and successful, achieving a culturally congruent care. Care begins at birth, will be related to experiences with care and a culture in which one is born and in which we live. Dedication is essential to care, without it there is not care, as it requires a continuous process that allows a person to overcome obstacles and difficulties. Especially with the adolescent population dedication and perseverance of nurses is what ensures success, considering that they are people who are in full physical, psychological and social. In which the participation of the nurse is vital
VALORACIóN DE MICRONUTRIENTES EN POBLACIóN DE ADULTOS JóVENES DEL ESTADO LARA VENEZUELA
Papale, Jham Frank,Mendoza Norelis,Berné Yelitza,Rodríguez Diolisbeth
Salud, Arte y Cuidado , 2011,
Abstract: The studies about the determination of the micronutrients copper, zinc and iron that carry out important functions in a variation of biological processes like the intermediary metabolism, cellular proliferation, oxygen transportation and storage, and in the oxide-reduction processes in developing countries with high levels of malnutrition are important. The aim of this research was to determine the serum levels of copper, zinc, iron and hemoglobin in a population of health adults. The sample was made up of 112 subjects (M: 55; F: 57) aged 17-42 yr. The micronutrients were determined by atomic-absorption flame photometry and the hemoglobin using a Coulter ACT-8. The values of copper, zinc, iron and hemoglobin obtained were, respectively, 1.04±0,20 ug/mL, 0,99 ± 0,14 ug/mL, 1,05 ±0,33 ug/mL, 14,28±1,36 g/dL. The average concentrations for zinc, iron and hemoglobin were higher for males, while the level of copper was higher for females. It was found statistically significant differences between both male and female for each one of these variables. By aged group, those who were over 30 showed the highest concentration of copper. In relation to zinc and hemoglobin, no significant differences were found among the groups. In order to carry out the monitoring of the serum or plasmatic levels of copper, zinc and iron, it is necessary to carry out studies of greater population scope that allows getting values for these micronutrients in most of the Venezuelan population. Also, include studies about consumption that allow knowing the intake of these micronutrients
The persistence of romantic ideas and the origins of the natural park policy in Spain
Josefina Gómez Mendoza
Finisterra - Revista Portuguesa de Geografia , 1998,
Abstract: The circulation of geographical ideas is interesting, not only within intellect currents, but also with regards to their transfer from the conceptual and representational to the practical plane. This article studies the influence of the romantic idea of nature and landscape in the earliest decisions regarding the declaration on National Parks. The spanish case is specially interesting because of its landscape and environmental diversity. Moreover, Spain is known to be one of the first European countries to initiate a conservation policy, rooted in the romantic "regeneracionistas" movements, and because of the role played by geographers in the early conservation development. It is argued in the text, that is the survival of the romantic ideas which partially explains the choice of the first parks and sites, more precisely, that such a process concentrated on high Atlantic mountains and forested areas while Mediterranean environments were postposed. Landscape and geologic symbolism, romanticism's heritage, predominated at this time over ecologic observance. In addition to this, identity and traditional reasons, which also favored romantic "places of choice", whereas social reasons and arguments in favor of increase of productivity prevented an earlier classification of areas with great biological resources as Do ana in the Southwest.
Nutrición, base del desarrollo sustentable para el municipio Andrés Eloy Blanco del estado Lara
Torres,Mario; Mendoza,Norelis; Giménez,Johanna; Papale,Jham Frank; Suárez,Reyes; Rodríguez,Zuleima;
Anales Venezolanos de Nutrición , 2008,
Abstract: in the andrés eloy blanco municipality (aebm), lara state, malnutrition is not perceived as a public health problem, although it was the municipality where: the first case of kwashiorkor was described, the first center for nutritional recovery was founded and the locality in venezuela where the first national conference on nutrition in primary assistance took place. there, several institutions were developing nutritional programs on their own. the universidad centroccidental ?lisandro alvarado? (ucla) joined together their efforts forming an interinstitutional health team for the aebm, which designed the project: nutrition, basis of the sustainable development for the aebm whose aim is to reach the sustainable development of the aebm by using the nutrition as a base for that development. the backgrounds of its foundation is presented as well as the goals reached by the project in the promotion of the sustainable development of the municipality by the integration and participation of communities, the ucla and other institutions in the cooperative working. a joint diagnosis is made, it is prioritized, a problem is chosen and a community project is made, monitoring its development until the problem is solved. the project: nutrition, basis of the sustainable development for the aebm, solves health problems by team work, community participation and integration, producing changes in the lifestyles of the population and improving the quality of live of the participating communities.
Estratificación social y antropometría nutricional en menores de 15 a?os. La Escalera, estado Lara, Venezuela 2002
Torres-Villanueva,Mario; Dellán-Rodríguez,Graciela; Papale-Centofanti,Jham; Rodríguez,Dioslibeth; Mendoza,Norelis; Berné,Yelitza;
Investigación Clínica , 2007,
Abstract: malnutrition is a public health problem for underdeveloped countries. from the 852 million of undernourished estimated by fao between 2000 and 2002, 815 million belonged to underdeveloped countries, 28 million to countries in transition and 9 million to developed countries. malnutrition in venezuela had a 6% raise between 2000 and 2002, when it went from 11% to 17%. this work was done with children under 15 years old from la escalera, using classic indicators and their combination, relating them with socioeconomic conditions, through the nbi and graffar méndez castellano methods, as to consider the population nutritional profile. the higher prevalence corresponded to normal nutritional values, which oscillated between 55,7% and 80,7% in the 7-14 years old group and the 2-6 years old group, respectively. malnutrition was found in the under 2 years old group and 7-14 years old group, with values ranging between 12,5 and 41,0% respectively. the least prevalence was found for excess malnutrition. 100% of the families in this study are poor, according to nbi; although the graffar mendez castellano method established that poverty was about 60%, while 40% belonged to a medium-low status. relating nutritional diagnosis with social stratification and the mother?s educational level, three patterns were observed: iii, iv and v, prevailing normal diagnosis, followed by malnutrition by deficit and malnutrition by excess, respectively. the predominating mother?s educational level corresponded to incomplete high school, followed by analphabetism and the least prevalent has complete basic elementary education. it should be noted that the nutrition deficit was inversely related to the socioeconomic stratification and the mother?s educational level.
De la biogeografía al paisaje en Humboldt: Pisos de vegetación y paisajes andinos equinocciales
Mendoza,Josefina Gómez; Sanz Herráiz,Concepción;
Poblaci?3n y sociedad , 2010,
Abstract: the current recovery of the notion of landscape as a means of comprehending the relationships between nature, society and culture in their spatiotemporal dimensions, that is, as specifi c totalities, calls for a return to its most fecund presentations, beginning with what is perhaps the most outstanding version of them all, that of alexander von humboldt. on this occasion we intend to make a reading in terms of landscape of essay on the geography of plants and of the accompanying physical tableau, the one of humboldtian works less known. we believe that our study will demonstrate that humboldt's contribution on landscape and landscapes was to a great extent contained in the initial text of geography of plants; which in turn enables us to explore the fundamental relationship between landscape and the initial development of biogeography.
Transitando hacia el desarrollo local por el camino de las políticas de información: caso municipio Maracaibo
Pe?a Ocando,Dionnys; Primera Mendoza,Nelly Josefina;
Revista de Ciencias Sociales , 2007,
Abstract: the statements expressed in public policies are basic for impelling or blocking the development of a determined locality. therefore, the purpose of this study is to analyze local development characteristics in the information policies (ip) formulated by the mayor?s office of maracaibo and its para-municipal organizations between 1999-2003. to achieve the aforementioned objective, a documentary investigation was developed that allowed for the extraction of indicators or theoretical characteristics of local development and proved the presence of such characteristics in the municipal reality studied by applying a semi-structured questionnaire to the directors responsible for managing policies in the municipality and by analyzing management documents. results identified informality and little systematization in the ips, autonomy in their generation, intentionality, movement toward public management modernization, priority for the areas of organization, promotion and automating of information, as well as a traditional role of attention to intra-institutional needs with only a slight presence of characteristics such as consideration for the communities? interests, increase in innovative capacity, generation of community services, among others. conclusions were that the municipality of maracaibo is traveling a road toward its integral development filled with obstacles, due to the absence of significant development characteristics in the ips formulated and executed by the competent municipal entities
De la biogeografía al paisaje en Humboldt: pisos de vegetación y paisajes andinos equinocciales
Josefina Gómez Mendoza,Concepción Sanz Herráiz
Poblaci?3n y sociedad , 2010,
Abstract: The current recovery of the notion of landscape as a means of comprehending the relationships between nature, society and culture in their spatiotemporal dimensions, that is, as specifi c totalities, calls for a return to its most fecund presentations, beginning with what is perhaps the most outstanding version of them all, that of Alexander von Humboldt. On this occasion we intend to make a reading in terms of landscape of Essay on the Geography of Plants and of the accompanying Physical Tableau, the one of humboldtian works less known. We believe that our study will demonstrate that Humboldt’s contribution on landscape and landscapes was to a great extent contained in the initial text of Geography of Plants; which in turn enables us to explore the fundamental relationship between landscape and the initial development of Biogeography.
Psicoterapia focalizada en la transferencia para el trastorno límite de la personalidad. Un estudio con pacientes femeninas
David López,Pablo Cuevas,Araceli Gómez,Josefina Mendoza
Salud mental , 2004,
Abstract:
Una experiencia de educación popular en salud nutricional en dos comunidades del Estado de Jalisco, México
Valadez Figueroa, Isabel;Alfaro Alfaro, Noé;Guerra, Josefina Fausto;Aldrete Rodriguez, Guadalupe;Mendoza Roaf, Patricia;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2000000300030
Abstract: this study describes a popular educational process conducted in two communities in jalisco, mexico. the purpose was to add an alfalfa concentrate to the population's diet as an alternative, locally available food source. previous studies had shown that alfalfa contains high protein, vitamin, and essential amino acid levels and can be useful to supplement and improve child nutrition. this resource had not been used previously due to lack of knowledge concerning its properties and harvesting and processing procedures and because it had traditionally been used as livestock feed. the current study included four steps: 1) community knowledge, 2) a community survey using interviews, home visits, and child nutrition evaluation, 3) formation of work groups in a community meeting, and 4) an educational program, working with a self-diagnostic tool taking child nutritional status into account. our work focused on two areas simultaneously: family nutrition and the alfalfa concentrate as a way to improve it. although this process was lengthy, it resulted in the acceptance and inclusion of alfalfa concentrate. in addition, the community groups formed in the process remain as an ongoing organizational resource.
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