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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 461879 matches for " Memari A "
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Investigation of effects of aerobic exercise on pregnancy and its circumstances
Memari A,Ramim T,Amini M,Mehran A
Hayat Journal of Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery , 2006,
Abstract: Background & Aim: Many of the studies show benefit effects of exercise on mother and fetus during pregnancy. The aims of this research include of assessment of effects aerobic exercise on three factors: pregnancy age, birth weight and apgar score. Methods & Materials: During an experimental study, 80 pregnant women who referred to prenatal clinics in zone of 17 of Tehran were selected and divided in two equal groups. Inclusion criteria included, 18-35 years old, 18 weeks of pregnancy, second gravidity, without history of medical illness and exercise before pregnancy. In case group samples were under 15-30 minutes aerobic exercises with 50-70% Vo2 max 3 days a week for 8 weeks. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 10.5 soft ware and t test and 2 were used for statistical analysis. Results: Total 80 pregnant women enrolled in two groups. There were no statistically significant differences between cases and control in demographic factors. The most of cases were in 40 weeks group and more and the most of control were in 38-40 weeks however, there are no statistically significant differences between cases and control. The most of infants of cases and control mothers (60% and 70%, respectively) were in 2500g-3500g group but no statistically significant differences between cases and control. There are statistically significant differences between cases and control in 5 minute apgar score (p=0.01). Conclusion: In overall, the results show aerobic exercise improve 5 minute apgar score, but do not show significant effects on pregnancy age and birth weight.
Investigating causes of self-burning in married women
Amirmoradi F,Memari A,Ramim T,Mehran A
Hayat Journal of Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery , 2005,
Abstract: Introduction: Self-burning is a cruel method of suicide and prevention is the most effective way to decrease its morbidity and mortality. Material and Methods: This investigation is a descriptive prospective study performed at Shahid Motahari Burn Center, Tehran, Iran from December 2001 to December 2002. Inclusion criteria included being female, married, having no history of medical and mental disorders and admission of self-burning. Data were collected by a questionnaire and interviews and were analyzed with descriptive statistics methods and chi-square test. Results: A total of 35 cases entered our study. The mean age of patients was 24.57 3.94 years and 48.6% of cases were in the 21-25 year age group, 80% had primary school education, 97.1% were housekeeper and 68.8% had low economical status. There were statistically significant differences in all of these variables. In 42.9% self-burning had happened at 12-18 hour period and in 45.7% it had occurred at yard. Kerosene had been used by 91.4% of the women as the burning agent; 94.3% of the women had experienced husband’s violence (verbal and physical), 60% of the women stated that their husbands were guilty in their action and 91.4% of the women didn’t know any supportive sources in the society. The mortality rate was 100%. Conclusion: This research showed that family violence and marital problems are the most important causes of self-burning in the married women. Because of close relationship to families, community health nurses can prevent self-burning in married women by detecting and eliminating these risk factors.
Comparing Computer-assisted vs. Face to Face Education on Dietary Adherence among Patients with Myocardial Infarction
Mohammady M,Memari A,Shaban M,Mehran A
Hayat Journal of Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery , 2010,
Abstract: Background & Aim: Diet adherence is a major issue in cardiovascular diseases control. Patient education could be a valuable strategy for promoting diet adherence. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of computer-assisted vs. face to face education on dietary adherence among patients with myocardial infarction. Methods & Materials: In this experimental study, 117 patients with the first acute myocardial infarction were selected via a convenience sampling. The participants were randomly allocated into three groups. Patients in the face to face group (n=43) received an education about diet in two two-day sessions. The computer-assisted education group (n=33) received the same educational plan provided by computer software containing audio, text, images and animations at home. The control group (n=41) received their usual care. Adherence to dietary regimen was assessed three months after the educations. Results: There were not significant association between the three groups in terms of demographic characteristics and disease history. There were no significant different in unhealthy diet adherence between the three groups. There were not significant differences in healthy diet between the computer-assisted and face to face education groups. The computer-assisted education group had significantly better adherence with the consumed amount of fats (P=0.01), useful meat substitutes (P=0.01), and other foods (P=0.012) than the control group. In addition, the face to face education group had significantly greater adherence scores with consuming meat substitutes (P=0.04), and fats (P=0.04) than the control group. Conclusion: Both computer-assisted and face to face educational strategies had positive effects on improving adherence following myocardial infarction.
Causes of suicide in married women
Memari A,Ramim T,Amirmoradi F,Khosravi Kh
Hayat Journal of Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery , 2006,
Abstract: Background & Aim: Suicide is an intentional death that occurs three time in women to men. Nurses can influence in presentation of educational program and consultation in school, job environment and home as well as detection of person who suspected to suicide. This study has conducted to determine the causes of suicide in married women. Methods & Materials: This investigation is a descriptive study that has been made among women who admitted to Loghmanoddole-Adham poisoning emergency center in Tehran, Iran (the only poisoning emergency center in Tehran) during one year (from December 2001 to December 2002). Inclusion criteria were female, married, without history of medical, mental disorders and confession to suicide. Data were collected by a questionnaire and interview and were analyzed with descriptive statistics and a chi-square test. Results: According to the result, there was statistically significant differences between age groups, living areas, educational levels, jobs and financially states. 37.4% of women had forced marry; 50.5% had feared of their husband; 67.7% had experienced husband’s violence; 74.7% didn’t know any supportive sources in the society. 82.8% of women used of medications (tablets) for suicide. Conclusion: This research showed that family violence and marital conflict are the most important etiology of suicide in the women. Nurses can decrease of acting to suicide in married women with detection of family violence, increasing of clients' self-esteem, referring and follow up.
The Survey of Educational Needs of Nurses for Non-Phormacological Methods of Hospital of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Z. Monjamed,A. Memari,N. Sharifi,N. Bahruni
Hayat Journal of Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery , 1999,
Abstract: To study and determine the educational needs of nurses after graduation in order to make them further capable, aims at promotion of their occupational standards and betterment of this profession. By means of this study we can identify their needs and make necessary planning to reduce the resultant shortcommings and problems. The present research is a descriptive and analytical study conducted to survey the educational needs of nurses regarding non-pharmacological methods of controlling chronic pans in patients at medical surgical wards of the hospitals of Tehran University Medical of Sciences. A total of 119 nurses working at one of these wards participated in this research. The tool for gathering the information was a three-part questionnaire. The first part deal with individual particulars, the second part was about questions regarding the feeling needs of nurses an the third part was about questions regarding the educational needs of nurses. The findings showed: As for the feeling needs, nurses needed training , as for the level of educational needs regarding the concept of pain (69.7%), characteristics of chronic pains (52.9%), guided imagery method (50.4%) of nurses were in need of a high level of training and regarding the progressive muscle relaxation (68.9%) of nurses were in need of a medium level of training. The results revealed the connection between some individual particulars with the level of educational need, to the extent the age, clinical work experience, work experience in medical and surgical ward and the type of ward affected the level of educational need, and by using the Pearson Coefficient a meaningful statistical difference appeared, in other words, as the years of service increases , the level of knowledge decrease and the educational needs rise up.
Effect of Helicobacter pylori infection on pregnancy rates and early pregnancy loss after intracytoplasmic sperm injection
Hajishafiha M,Ghasemi-rad M,Memari A,Naji S
International Journal of Women's Health , 2011,
Abstract: Masomeh Hajishafiha1, Mohammad Ghasemi-rad1, Aishe Memari1, Siamak Naji1, Nikol Mladkova2, Vida Saeedi1 1Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran; 2Institute of Cell and Molecular Science, London, UK Background: There is a need to elucidate what affects the implantation and early pregnancy course in pregnancies conceived with assisted reproductive technology (ART) so that pregnancy rates and outcomes can be improved. Our aim was to determine the role of maternal Helicobacter pylori infection. Material and methods: We did a prospective study of 187 infertile couples undergoing intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and segregated those according to underlying infertility etiology. We assessed the status of H. pylori IgG antibodies and anti-CagA IgG antibodies by ELISA assay. All pregnancies were followed for early pregnancy loss (EPL, first 12 weeks). Results: The likelihood of H. pylori infection increased with age (1.01, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.0–1.13; P = 0.040) but there was no association with EPL. Women infected with CagA-positive strains were more likely to have EPL (19.39, 95% CI: 1.8–208.4; P = 0.014). Women with tubal factor or ovulatory disorder infertility were more likely to abort early (12.95, 95% CI: 1.28–131.11; P = 0.030, 10.84, 95% CI: 1.47–80.03; P = 0.020, respectively). There was no association between EPL and age, number of embryos formed or transferred, or number of oocytes retrieved. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that infection with CagA-positive H. pylori strains is linked to an increase in women's potential to abort early (possibly through increased release of inflammatory cytokines). In addition, tubal factor and ovulatory disorder infertility are linked to EPL after ICSI due to unknown mechanisms. Proposals to eradicate H. pylori infection prior to ICSI could lead to a decrease in EPL after ART.Keywords: Helicobacter pylori, early pregnancy loss, early abortion, infertility, intracytoplasmic sperm injection, CagA
Performance of a Panelized Brick Veneer Wall System under Lateral Loads  [PDF]
Jianhai Liang, Ali M. Memari
Open Journal of Civil Engineering (OJCE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojce.2012.23019
Abstract: This paper discusses the performance of a proposed panelized brick veneer over steel stud backup wall system and seismic isolation connections under lateral loads. The panelized wall system was developed to address some shortcomings of the conventional brick veneer wall type. The details of the system are briefly introduced. The study evaluated the performance of the system under out-of-plane simulated wind loads and in-plane cyclic loads using full-scale laboratory experiments. The test setup, test specimen, test procedure, and test results are presented and the performance of the system is evaluated accordingly.
Review of Conventional and Innovative Technologies for Fire Retrofitting of Existing Buildings  [PDF]
Farshad Zahmatkesh, Ali M. Memari
Open Journal of Civil Engineering (OJCE) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojce.2017.72014
Abstract: Fire effects can be one of the most harmful conditions that any building may experience throughout its service life. Developing practical protection methods and concepts against potential fire disasters in buildings has been an important consideration in design of buildings in recent decades. Rapid developments in technology have heightened the demand for new and innovative fire protection systems in comparison with conventional and traditional methods. Such a need for new technologies is in particular of greater importance when it comes to existing buildings. Retrofitting an existing building for fire safety is a greater challenge compared with designing a new building using materials and components that have more desirable and superior fire rating to begin with. Furthermore, strategies to design a new building that includes state-of-the-art fire safety features are also different from solutions that may be more suitable for retrofitting an existing building. This paper presents a review of the literature concerning conventional and new or innovative retrofitting methods for fire safety of buildings. Advantages and disadvantages of different fire protection devices and methods as available and understood from the literature are mentioned. Study of fire safety systems shows that each has its drawbacks. Comparison of the results shows that disadvantages of a solitary system for retrofitting against fire can be improved by using a combination of several fire safety concepts or methods simultaneously.
Evaluation of Surface Subsidence in One of Iran’s Oil Fields Using INSAR Technique
Abdolreza Memari
American Journal of Oil and Chemical Technologies , 2013, DOI: 10.14266
Abstract: Land subsidence due to slow compaction sediments is one of the most dangerous phenomena in nature. Human activities such as removal of hydrocarbons are among important environmental issues. While traditional mapping can determine the rate of subsidence factors in depression, modern techniques are used to reduce costs and increase quality of the results. The purpose of this study is to obtain reservoir subsidence accurately via INSAR technique in one of Iran’s oil fields. The rate of subsidence is significant and that’s why it has been studied. The results are quite consistent with the observed changes of the field production data. The results show that the INSAR method can be used extensively in industrial and research projects.
In-Plane Shear Performance of Wood-Framed Drywall Sheathing Wall Systems under Cyclic Racking Loading  [PDF]
Ali M. Memari, Ryan L. Solnosky
Open Journal of Civil Engineering (OJCE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojce.2014.41006
Abstract:

A pilot study was conducted at Penn State University to determine whether the type of drywall joint compound would influence the shear strength of wood-frame stud walls sheathed with Gypsum Wall Board (GWB or drywall). In this study, five 2438 mm by 2438 mm specimens were tested under in-plane cyclic racking loading following the CUREE loading protocol for light-frame wall systems. Three specimens were finished using non-cement based joint compound while the other two used cement based joint compound. Based on the experimental testing of the specimens, the results show that the use of cement based joint compound on drywall joints produces higher shear capacity for the wall system as compared to similar specimens finished with conventional non-cement based joint compound. The result of the study is particularly important for high seismic regions where interior stud walls in residential construction effectively take part in seismic resistance even though wood shear walls are normally used on exterior walls.

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