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Peer-Mediated Multimodal Intervention Program for the Treatment of Children with ADHD in India: One-Year Followup
Sagar Mehta,Devesh Shah,Kushal Shah,Sanjiv Mehta,Neelam Mehta,Vivek Mehta,Vijay Mehta,Vaishali Mehta,Smita Motiwala,Naina Mehta,Devendra Mehta
ISRN Pediatrics , 2012, DOI: 10.5402/2012/419168
Abstract: The objective was to assess the efficacy of a one-year, peer-mediated interventional program consisting of yoga, meditation and play therapy maintained by student volunteers in a school in India. The population consisted of 69 students between the ages of 6 and 11 years, previously identified as having attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). A program, known as Climb-Up, was initially embedded in the school twice weekly. Local high school student volunteers were then trained to continue to implement the program weekly over the period of one year. Improvements in ADHD symptoms and academic performance were assessed using Vanderbilt questionnaires completed by both parents and teachers. The performance impairment scores for ADHD students assessed by teachers improved by 6 weeks and were sustained through 12 months in 46 (85%) of the enrolled students. The improvements in their Vanderbilt scores assessed by parents were also seen in 92% ( , Wilcoxon). The Climb-Up program resulted in remarkable improvements in the students’ school performances that were sustained throughout the year. These results show promise for a cost-effective program that could easily be implemented in any school. 1. Introduction Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common disorders of childhood, affecting 5.3% to 20% of the children worldwide [1, 2]. US studies have shown a prevalence of 8.7% in 8–15-year olds [3]. Other studies in India based on hospital or outpatient clinic populations, with referral bias, suggest prevalence of 5.2% to 29.5% [4–6]. The condition leads to poor academic performance at school and problems with behavior at home and school. Children with this disorder often have comorbid conditions such as oppositional defiant disorder and learning disabilities, which all adversely impact the family and community. As they reach adolescence, these children are also at greater risk of drug and alcohol abuse and other issues such as increased rate of motor vehicle accidents, adding a substantial cost burden to the society. These children also suffer from problems with family and peer relationships that continue into adulthood and prevent the individual from achieving their maximum potential [7]. Studies in small settings have shown that peer tutoring does help children with ADHD [8, 9]. Peers can offer role models, have closer associations with the children throughout school, help build self-esteem, and provide a more suitable environment for the needs of the ADHD students [10]. Yoga with meditation modified for children was chosen as
Study of cytomorphology of solid pseudopapillary tumor of pancreas and its differential diagnosis
Mehta Neelam,Modi Lopa,Patel Trupti,Shah Manoj
Journal of Cytology , 2010,
Abstract: Background: Solid pseudopapillary tumor is a rare pancreatic neoplasm with uncertain to low malignant potential. This is an uncommon neoplasm with many pseudonyms, occurring predominantly in young woman under the age of thirty years. Aims: To study the cytomorphological features of six cases of solid and pseudopapillary epithelial neoplasm of pancreas diagnosed on fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) in years 2005 to 2007 and its cyto-histological correlation. Materials and Methods: Image-guided FNAs was done in these six patients preoperatively. Alcohol-fixed smears were stained with Papanicolaou stain, cytomorphological findings were evaluated and diagnosis was made. Diagnosis was later confirmed by histology in all cases. Results: All six cases show characteristic cytological features such as hypercellular smears with presence of abundant delicate papillary fragments, dyscohesive cells, monomorphic tumor cells with delicate folded nuclear membranes, and foamy macrophages in the background. Conclusions: Preoperative correct diagnosis of solid pseudopapillary tumor of pancreas is possible on FNAC and by doing so it helps in management of this surgically curable neoplasm.
Cytochemical studies in leukaemias
Batra Neelam,Deshpande C,Mehta B,Advani S
Journal of Postgraduate Medicine , 1978,
Abstract: One hundred cases of acute leukaemia were studied, by Romanowsky stains and by cytochemical stains such as Sudan Black B, Periodic Acid Schiff, Alkaline phosphatase and Peroxidase stains. Cases difficult to diagnose by Romanowsky stained smears were easily classified by these supplementary stains. Their importance as supplements to the routine Romanowsky staining in the diagnosis of leukaemia is emphasized and the division of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia based on these patterns is suggested.
Reinforcement of Polypropylene Composite system via Fillers and Compatibilizers  [PDF]
Neelam Singh, Santanu Dutta
Open Journal of Organic Polymer Materials (OJOPM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojopm.2013.31002
Abstract: The purpose of this work is to compare the mechanical properties of the different PP/ Filler composites. We considered the effect of treatment of the filler on the adhesion between the filler and the matrix. Modification of polypropylene (PP) with different coated and uncoated fillers is investigated in this paper. Six types of different fillers are used for preparation of filled PP composites. The composite samples were homogenized in a twin screw extruder. The compatibility of PP and fillers focused in this study and modified by using coupling agent. The obtained values of composites were cor- related with mechanical properties.
Evaluation of Phytoremediation Potential of Catharanthus roseus with Respect to Chromium Contamination  [PDF]
Rumana Ahmad, Neelam Misra
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2014.515251

A major environmental concern due to dispersal of industrial and urban wastes generated by human activities is the contamination of soil. The release of heavy metals into the terrestrial ecosystem is a major problem. Accumulation of heavy metals in environment and particularly in soil is a serious environmental concern, as the accumulated heavy metal ions can find their way into living organisms via contamination of ground water or food chain. This praxis urgently requires and demands governmental regulations in India. Two samples of sludge were collected from Banthar Industrial Pollution Control Company (BIPCC), UP State Industrial Development Corporation (UPSIDC), Leather Technology Park, Banthar, Unnao, India. In the present study, the phytoremediation potential of Catharanthus roseus, a valued medicinal plant, with respect to chromium has been analyzed. C. roseus was shown to absorb up to about 38% of the amount of Cr present in primary and secondary sludge amended soil through roots and accumulate it to about 22% in leaves. Effect of chromium concentration on the status of antioxidant enzyme peroxidase (POD) and detoxification enzyme glutathione-S-transferase (GST) from C. roseus leaves was also observed and determined. Increased expressions of POD and GST were observed on native PAGE under stress conditions as compared to control. C. roseus can well tolerate low amounts of chromium (and accumulate it to about 22% in leaves) and can, thus, prove useful in the reclamation and remediation of chromium contaminated soil and land.

N-Summet-k and Its Application in the Construction of Pascal Triangle and Pascal Matrix  [PDF]
Neelam Jeevan Kumar
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics (JAMP) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jamp.2016.41020
Abstract: Summetor is an operator used in the mathematics to calculate the special numbers like binomial coefficients and combinations of group elements. It has many applications in algebra, matrices like calculation of pascal triangle elements and pascal matrix formation, etc. This paper explains about its functions and properties of N-Summet-k. The result of variation between N and k is shown in tabulation.
The Effects of Interferential Stimulation on Pain and Motion after Shoulder Surgery: A Prospective Randomized Study  [PDF]
Vishal Mehta
Surgical Science (SS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ss.2015.610067
Abstract: Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of interferential stimulation on pain and motion after shoulder surgery. Study Design: Randomized Controlled Trial. Methods: 102 patients undergoing arthroscopic rotator cuff repair or labral repair were prospectively randomized to receive either an interferential stimulation unit immediately after surgery (STIM) or not to receive the unit (NO-STIM). Each patient was measured for the range of motion (ROM) in forward flexion (FF), abduction (ABD), internal rotation (IR) and external rotation (ER). These measurements were taken prior to surgery and at the 6 weeks post-operative time point. Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) scores (0 - 10) and the amount of narcotic taken (standardized to 10 mg equivalents of hydrocodone) were measured and compared between the two groups at 2 days and 4 weeks post-operatively. 51 patients were excluded due to failure to document VAS scores and medication usage, lack of follow-up at the 6 weeks post-operative time point or hospitalization after surgery. This left 27 patients in the STIM group and 24 patients in the NO-STIM group. Results: No difference was found in the amount of narcotic taken after 2 days (STIM 14.37 ± 1.02, NO-STIM 15.88 ± 1.22, p = 0.34) or after 4 weeks (STIM 45.32 ± 4.36, NO-STIM 48.96 ± 5.50, p = 0.60). No difference in mean VAS scores were found at 2 days (STIM 5.56 ± 0.53, NO-STIM 4.63 ± 0.57, p = 0.24) or 4 weeks (STIM 1.68 ± 0.39, NO-STIM 1.38 ± 0.34, p = 0.57). At 6 weeks post-operatively, a difference was found in ER (STIM 62.5 ± 4.09, NO-STIM 50.4 ± 4.09, p = 0.04), and no differences found in FF (STIM 134.2 ± 5.29, NO-STIM 133.3 ± 4.85, p = 0.60), ABD (STIM 124.8 ± 6.22, NO-STIM 119.6 ± 5.42, p = 0.53) or IR (STIM 60.0 ± 3.69, NO-STIM 55.9 ± 3.03, p = 0.39). A post-hoc power analysis performed using an á = 0.05 revealed the study to be 90% powered to identify a difference of one narcotic equivalent between groups and 90% powered to identify a 0.3 difference in VAS scores. Conclusions: The use of an interferential stimulator in the immediate post-operative period had no effect on pain or narcotic usage following arthroscopic rotator cuff repair or labral repair. External rotation was significantly greater in the interferential stimulator group while no differences were found in other motion parameters.
Regioselective Synthesis of Bis(2-halo-3-pyridyl) Dichalcogenides (E = S, Se and Te): Directed Ortho-Lithiation of 2-halopyridines
K. K. Bhasin,Neelam Singh,Shivani Doomra,Ekta Arora,Ganga Ram,Sukhjinder Singh,Yogesh Nagpal,S. K. Mehta,T. M. Klapotke
Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications , 2007, DOI: 10.1155/2007/69263
Abstract: A novel method for the preparation of hitherto unknown symmetrical bis(2-halo-3-pyridyl) dichalcogenides (E = S, Se and Te) by the oxidation of intermediate 2-halo-3-pyridyl chalcogenolate, prepared by lithiation of 2-halo pyridines using lithium diisopropylamine is being reported. All the newly synthesized compounds have been characterized through elemental analysis employing various spectroscopic techniques, namely, NMR (H1, C13, S77e), infrared, mass spectrometry, and X-ray crystal structures in representative cases.
Current Signature Analysis for Condition Monitoring of Motors
Neelam Mehala
International Journal of Electronics and Computer Science Engineering , 2012,
Abstract: This paper presents a novel approach to current signature analysis based on wavelet transform of the stator current. The proposed method lies in the fact that by using wavelet transform, the inherent non-stationary nature of stator current can be accurately considered. The key characteristics of the proposed method are its ability to provide feature representations of multiple frequency resolutions for faulty modes, ability to clearly differentiate between healthy and faulty conditions, and its applicability to non-stationary signals. Successful implementation of the system for different types of motors is demonstrated in the paper. Another technique Current Park’s Vector is also discussed in this paper. The Park’s Vector approach can be used to detect the different types of motor’s faults. An undamaged machine shows a perfect circle in Park’s Vector representation whereas an unbalance due to winding faults results in an elliptic representation of the Park’s vector. Thus, faulty motor can be easily detected by comparing both patterns. The park’s vector pattern for different types of faults of motor is analyzed in the paper.
Enhancement of Catalase Activity under Salt Stress In Germinating Seeds of Vigna Radiata
NeelaM Saraf
Asian Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: atalase(CAT) (EC is an important cellular antioxidant enzyme that defends against oxidative stress. Hydrogen peroxide, although not a free radical, is highly reactive. It serves to protect the cell from toxic effects of high concentrations of hydrogen peroxide by catalyzing its decomposition into molecular oxygen and water, without the production of free radicals. The effects of presoaking of seeds in salt solution on germination and catalase activity of Vigna radiata were studied. NaCl and CaCl2 soaked seeds showed reduced germination (less than 1cm) as indicated by decreased shoot length when compared to controls. 5g seeds of Vigna radiata were presoaked for 24 hours in presence of NaCl (1, 5,10,15,20 M) and CaCl2 (0.5, 1, 1.5, 2.0 M). After two days of germination, the filtered water extracts (25ml) were tested for qualitative catalase activity. Further catalase assay of respective extracts was monitored in terms of decay in H2O2 concentration at 240 nm (Jasco-V-530) and compared with the decay in the absence of stress. There was nearly 40% increase in extent of decay of H2O2 at concentration of 1M NaCl and 33.9% increase in decay at 1M concentration of CaCl2. Further study includes different combinations of NaCl and CaCl2 to be tested followed by increase in germination period and catalase activity monitoring in partially purified and dialyzed extracts. There was an enhancement of catalase activity in presence of the salt stress.
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