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Ser?o explicáveis os conflitos violentos em áfrica: Notas de leitura
Medeiros,Isabel;
Finisterra - Revista Portuguesa de Geografia , 2010,
Abstract: after political independence - and especially in the context of accelerating globalisation that followed the end of the cold war -, most african countries have been affected by political instability, sometimes culminating in violent civil wars and massacres. in the current scientific debates, the wars of the 1990?s and 2000?s have been singled out and characterised by some authors as ?new wars?. however, there is considerable controversy surrounding this distinction between ?old? and ?new? wars. the causes of african conflicts are complex and multidimensional. from a conflict prevention and resolution perspective, it is essential that our understanding of african conflicts be improved through further analyses of the root causes of conflict, as well as of their complex and multiple interactions over time. this paper discusses some of the main doctrinal and theoretical perspectives on this topic, with particular reference to the cases of the sudan, c?te d?ivoire and uganda. the linkages between war, hunger and food insecurity, and gender relations are also examined, namely as regards the situation of women combatants.
Evolu??o das tipologias e categorias de áreas protegidas no Brasil
Medeiros, Rodrigo;
Ambiente & Sociedade , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-753X2006000100003
Abstract: protected areas are an important instrument for the conservation of natural resources. they were firstly demarcated in brazil in the 1930s and, since then, they went through a long process of evolution resulting in the creation of a series of distinct typologies and categories of protected areas. the present study aims to analyze the evolution of these categories of protected areas in brazil, in order to evaluate the logic behind their creation as well as their insertion in the main national and international political contexts. aspects related to the management of the actual system are also herein discussed.
Editores e Estado Novo: o lugar do Grémio Nacional dos Editores e Livreiros
Medeiros,Nuno;
Análise Social , 2008,
Abstract: the reorganizing of the publishing sphere of the social space of the book during the estado novo regime in portugal takes place, in a surprisingly vibrant fashion, in a scenario of difficulties and obstacles. dwelling on the relation collectively established between publishers and the political power in place by exploring the grémio nacional dos editores e livreiros (national publishers and booksellers guild), the article seeks to understand the institutional dynamics of the publishing world, thus overcoming current beliefs still prevailing about the connection of such a world with political projects of authoritarian nature, which tend to oversimplify a field with a complex, ambiguous and contradictory framework.
Estrutura familiar e rendimentos do trabalho dos ricos
Medeiros, Marcelo;
Dados , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0011-52582004000200006
Abstract: fair redistributive measures require better knowledge of who the rich are. in order to evaluate the extent to which individuals are rich because they enjoy a differentiated family structure, this study tests three hypotheses concerning inequalities between the rich and the non-rich, relating the advantage of the rich to: a peculiar demographic structure (fertility levels, position in the life cycle, etc.); higher employment and greater yield of available labor (workforce participation and employment rates, length of workday); or occupation of better positions in the work market (higher remuneration). the hypothesis testing is based on a breakdown of families' per capita income, using data from the brazilian national household sample surveys (pnads) from 1997, 1998, and 1999. the results suggest that the existence of a wealthy elite in the country is explained mostly by inequalities in workers' remuneration rather than by the population's demographic profile or by the workforce participation and employment rates for workers from the various families.
As Origens Históricas do Eletroscópio
Medeiros, Alexandre;
Revista Brasileira de Ensino de Física , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-47442002000300013
Abstract: this paper starts from the fact that the teaching of electrostatics is becoming increasingly apart from the phenomenology in which it roots. investigating the history of electroscope we try to show how some ideas as important as charge, potential and electric capacity had their origins linked to the use of such an instrument. beyond the assigned important historical details, the history of electroscope can also reveal us something of unquestionable philosophical value in the teaching of physics: the extent to which the observation of electrical phenomena were always theoretically laden.
O objecto dúctil: a emergência de uma sociologia histórica da edi??o
Medeiros, Nuno;
Tempo Social , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-20702010000200012
Abstract: since the first attempts to apprehend and explain the phenomenon, book publishing has been apprehended within a disciplinary and thematic context formed by a constellation of traditions and approaches in both sociology and history with multiple interconnections. this article looks to provide a systematic framework for the reader interested in gaining an understanding of one particular field of theoretical and empirical research, what i call here a historical sociology of publishing. a necessarily incomplete project, the approach is purposefully selective, examining the theme through the exploration of two specific traditions, french and anglo-saxon, with a particular focus on the last half century.
SANGUE E TESTEMUNHAS DE JEOVá: UM TABU AINDA EXISTENTE NO MUNDO CRIST O
Michelle Medeiros
Revista Brasileira de História das Religi?es , 2010,
Abstract: Dentro do mundo crist o um pequeno grupo chamado de Testemunhas de Jeová (TJ) apresenta uma postura particular diante do sangue. Encaram-no como o encaravam os crist os anteriores à época Carolíngia: um tabu. O objetivo desse trabalho é responder a duas perguntas: quem s o as TJ? E como lidam com esse interdito alimentar? Para isso, material documental foi coletado no site oficial das TJ, criado e mantido pela Sociedade Torre de Vigia de Bíblias e Tratados, a associa o jurídica do grupo. Adicionalmente, foi realizada, ao longo de um ano, observa o assistemática, composta de três horas semanais, numa das congrega es no estado brasileiro do Rio Grande do Norte. Os dados obtidos mostram que as TJ, baseando-se em versículos do Velho e Novo Testamento, acreditam que Jeová proíbe terminantemente o consumo de sangue, seja por via oral ou venosa: transfundi-lo, seria uma consequência dessa proibi o, ambos sendo compreendidos como internalizar matéria sacra. Cometer o pecado do sangue dentre eles constitui-se numa falta gravíssima passível de expuls o do membro impuro.
A patrimonializa o, e o arquivo enquanto patrim nio: um olhar antropológico
Enderson Medeiros
BIBLOS : Revista do Instituto de Ciências Humanas e da Informa??o , 2011,
Abstract: Discute a política patrimonial brasileira tendo como foco a quest o do patrim nio arquivístico, sua constitui o seu alargamento conceitual e a dinamica de sua existência enquanto produ o de sentido. Discorre sobre quest es legais da política patrimonial e o diálogo com premissas conceituais que permeiam o olhar da compreens o do patrim nio arquivístico, como lugar de memória, de sentido testemunhal e de transmiss o cultural. Acrescenta a essa discuss o, o caráter intrínseco ligado ao campo de estudo patrimonial que é o da representatividade das diversas manifesta es culturais e sociais, contemplados numa política pública que considere todas as narrativas.
La edición y la literatura como campos sobrepuestos: Breve apunte sobre su estudio Publishing and literature as superposed felds: Brief note on their analysi
Nuno Medeiros
Acta Literaria , 2011,
Abstract:
Ac es prescritivas e estratégicas: A edi o como espa o social Prescriptive and Strategic Actions: Publishing as Social Space Actions prescriptives et stratégiques: L’édition comme espace social
Nuno Medeiros
Revista Crítica de Ciências Sociais , 2012, DOI: 10.4000/rccs.363
Abstract: O propósito deste artigo é o de contribuir para um entendimento da edi o como espa o social complexo. Este espa o social é constituído por um conjunto de agentes que actuam como construtores activos na esfera das ideias e da cultura escrita através de uma matriz prescritiva e selectiva da sua interven o no livro, infundindo-lhe uma identidade própria que extravasa o texto na sua estrita acep o autoral. Por outro lado, o campo editorial e os agentes que o habitam integram processos mais vastos, configuradores de uma indústria específica e governados por interesses relacionados com a constitui o de mercados de bens culturais, traduzindo-se este segundo aspecto nos pressupostos estratégicos de ressonancia mercantil que suportam a actividade de media o e prescri o de sentidos. The aim of this article is to contribute towards an understanding of publishing as a complex social space. This social space is composed of a group of agents that are active constructors within the sphere of ideas and written culture through a prescriptive and selective framework for interventions relating to books, infusing them with distinctive identities that extend beyond the text in the strict authorial sense. In addition, the field of publishing and the agents working within it are part of broader processes which organize a specific industry, and which are governed by interests associated with the establishment of markets for cultural goods. This latter aspect is reflected in the market-related strategies which underlie the activity of mediating and prescribing meaning. Le propos de cet article est de contribuer à une perception de l’édition comme espace social complexe. Cet espace social est constitué par un ensemble d’agents qui agissent comme batisseurs actifs dans la sphère des idées et de la culture écrite à travers d’un modèle prescriptif et sélectif de leur intervention sur le livre, en lui insufflant une identité propre qui dépasse le texte dans sa stricte acception d’ uvre d’auteur. D’autre part, le domaine éditorial et les agents qui en font partie intègrent des processus plus vastes, configurateurs d’une industrie spécifique et régis par des intérêts en rapport avec la constitution de marchés de biens culturels, ce deuxième aspect se traduisant par des présupposés stratégiques à résonnance commercial qui sont le support de l’activité de médiation et de prescription de sens.
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