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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 6492 matches for " Md. Shariful Islam "
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Status of Rural Library and Information Services in Bangladesh: Directions for the Development
Md. Shariful Islam
The Social Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: In this paper an attempt has been made to give a short overview of the rural library situation in Bangladesh and their role in providing rural information services. Besides, an effort is also made to trace the Multipurpose Community Telecentre (MCT) which providing ICT based rural information services in Bangladesh. Finally, recommendations are also given for the development of rural libraries in providing rural information services in Bangladesh.
Incidence of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Burn Patients Admitted to Burn Unit, Dhaka Medical  [PDF]
Md. Shariful Islam, M. Firoz Ahmed, Sabita Rezwana Rahman
Advances in Microbiology (AiM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/aim.2013.36066
Abstract: Staphylococcus aureus infection remains an increasing problem for higher morbidity and mortality in burn patients. We sought to determine the frequency of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) in burn wound patients and study their drug resistance genes. Samples were collected (August 2010 to October 2011) from burn unit of Dhaka Medical College Hospital (DMCH), Bangladesh. MRSA was identified by conventional culture based methods. S. aureus was confirmed in 44.44% burn wound samples and 22.5% of the isolates were oxacillin resistant. All the S. aureus isolates were resistant to commonly used drugs like amoxicillin, azactam, erythromycin, azithromycin etc. and were sensitive to imipenem. The isolates were devoid of plasmid and the gene mecA, femA and IS431 were detected in their chromosomal DNA. Computational analysis of mecA gene sequence showed homology to S. aureus “penicillin binding protein 2a” (PBP-2a). The higher association of MRSA is in burn unit of DMCH, Bangladesh is alarming and with inappropriate antibiotic use, and the situation gets even complicated to treat. Therefore, the detection system and control practices for MRSA in DMCH should be improved in the hospital settings.


Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Libraries: A New Dimension in Librarianship
Md. Shariful Islam,Md. Nazmul Islam
Asian Journal of Information Technology , 2012,
Abstract: Effectiveness of a library service is now largely depends upon the Information and Communication Technology (ICT). This study attempts to explore the gradual advancement of modern technologies in libraries distinguishing old and new technologies. The study endeavors to identify various components of ICT which are used or being used in libraries and information systems. The study identifies exact reasons to use computer and related technologies in libraries. It also delineates the functions; impacts and challenges of ICT based library system.
Organizational improvement using Organizational paradigms with the support of people paradigms
Md. Shariful Alam,Md. Rashedul Islam,Md. Rofiqul Islam
International Journal on Computer Science and Engineering , 2011,
Abstract: An organization is a vital part of social environment. Different parts of organization have great impact to the environment. On the other hand the different organizational strategy helps to improve the efficiency of organization and customer satisfaction. The people and tools of organization help to organization to work properly. This paper mainly describes about the organizational paradigms and people paradigms also the way how the people paradigms facilitate the organizational paradigms to improve the organizational architecture for better performance. This paper describes the different aspects of organizational like Information system strategy, Information system planning, Business process reengineering etc also End user computing, Knowledge management, Expert system of people paradigms.And finally there is a combination between those. Keywords: Business process reengineering, Customer satisfaction, end used computing, In Information System Strategy, knowledge management, Organizational improvement.
Synthesis, Spectral Characterization and Thermal Behavior of Newly Derived La(III), Co(III) and Mn(II) Complexes with Schiff Base Derived from Methionine and Salicylaldehyde  [PDF]
Shariful Islam, A. K. M. Nur Alam Siddiki, Shahida Begum, Md. Abdus Salam
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry (OJIC) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojic.2018.82005
Abstract: Many metal complexes of Schiff base derived from different amino acids are widely employed as biologically active materials, especially as antibacterial agents. Three new metal [Co(III), Mn(II) and La(III)] complexes with the Schiff base (L) derived from salicylaldehyde and amino acid (methionine) were synthesized and investigated by using various physico-chemical techniques such as elemental analysis, FTIR, UV-visible spectroscopy, magnetic measurement, thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA) and X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) method. From spectral studies, it has been concluded that the synthesized ligand acts as a tetra-dentate molecule, coordinates metal through azomethine nitrogen, sulfur, phenolic oxygen and carboxylate oxygen. UV-visible spectrophotometry showed the characteristic absorption bands corresponding to a square planar geometry for La(III) and Mn(II) metal complexes and tetrahedral geometry for Co(III) complex. The XRD data demonstrated that the manganese and cobalt complexes were crystalline but the lanthanum complex was amorphous in nature. The empirical formula of the synthesized complexes based on analytical data were [Co(C12H13SNO3)]·(NO3), [La(C12H13SNO3)](Cl)(H2O) and [Mn (C12H13SNO3)].
Effect of Tillage and Residue Retention on Soil Properties and Crop Yields in Wheat-Mungbean-Rice Crop Rotation under Subtropical Humid Climate  [PDF]
Nazmus Salahin, Khairul Alam, Abu Taher Mohammad Anwarul Islam Mondol, Mahammad Shariful Islam, Md. Harunur Rashid, Muhammad Azizal Hoque
Open Journal of Soil Science (OJSS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojss.2017.71001
Abstract: The effects of conservation agriculture (CA) practices on soil properties along with crop yields of rice-based triple cropping systems have not been adequately assessed in Bangladesh. An experiment was conducted at Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Gazipur, Bangladesh from 2009 to 2012 to assess the effects of tillage practices and crop residue retention on soil physical properties, soil organic carbon (SOC) and crop yields in a wheat-mungbean-rice system. Treatments consisted of three tillage practices (MT: minimum tillage; CT: conventional tillage and DT: deep tillage) and eight levels of crop residue management (S0—no residues retention, Sr—retention of 30 cm rice straw, Sm—whole mungbean stover retention, SW—30 cm wheat straw retention, Smr—whole mungbean stover & 30 cm rice straw retention, Srw—30 cm rice & wheat straw retention, Smw—whole mungbean stover & 30 cm wheat straw retention and Swrm—30 cm wheat and rice straw along with whole mungbean stover retention) were applied in split plot design with three replications. Bulk density (BD) and porosity responded positively to MT and increased residue retention of all crops (p > 0.05). Minimum tillage and Swrm also significantly accumulated SOC (p < 0.05; 0.38% higher than DT with no residue retention) and retained soil moisture (p < 0.05). Minimum tillage practice performed better in upland crops (p < 0.05; wheat & mungbean yields) and CT outperformed MT in wetland rice crop (p < 0.05). The grain and straw yields of wheat and rice were also influenced by previous crop residue retentions (p < 0.05). The results, therefore, suggested that increased residue retention with minimum tillage practices improved soil properties and yield of upland crops but with deeper tillage practices consistently maintained wetland rice production.
A Review of the Study on the Electromigration and Power Electronics  [PDF]
Md. Khalilur Rahman, Abul Monsur Mohammed Musa, Budrun Neher, Kawchar Ahmed Patwary, Mohammad Atiqur Rahman, Md. Shariful Islam
Journal of Electronics Cooling and Thermal Control (JECTC) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jectc.2016.61002
Abstract: Electromigration is a main challenge in the pursuit of power electronics, because physical limit to increase current density in power electronics is electromigration (EM), whereas much higher electrical current and voltage are required for power electronics packaging. So the effect of EM is an important issue in applications where high current densities are used, such as in microelectronics and related structures (e.g., Power ICs). Since the structure size of integrated circuits (ICs) decreases and the practical significance of this effect increases, the result is EM failure. On the other hand, in the next generation power electronics technology electrical current density is expected to exceed 107 A/cm2 which is another challenge. This review work has been carried out to identify the mechanism of EM damage in power electronics (e.g., pure metallization and solder joints) and also how to control this kind of damage.
Handwritten Numeric and Alphabetic Character Recognition and Signature Verification Using Neural Network  [PDF]
Md. Hasan Hasnain Nashif, Md. Badrul Alam Miah, Ahsan Habib, Autish Chandra Moulik, Md. Shariful Islam, Mohammad Zakareya, Arafat Ullah, Md. Atiqur Rahman, Md. Al Hasan
Journal of Information Security (JIS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jis.2018.93015
Abstract: Handwritten signature and character recognition has become challenging research topic due to its numerous applications. In this paper, we proposed a system that has three sub-systems. The three subsystems focus on offline recognition of handwritten English alphabetic characters (uppercase and lowercase), numeric characters (0 - 9) and individual signatures respectively. The system includes several stages like image preprocessing, the post-processing, the segmentation, the detection of the required amount of the character and signature, feature extraction and finally Neural Network recognition. At first, the scanned image is filtered after conversion of the scanned image into a gray image. Then image cropping method is applied to detect the signature. Then an accurate recognition is ensured by post-processing the cropped images. MATLAB has been used to design the system. The subsystems are then tested for several samples and the results are found satisfactory at about 97% success rate. The quality of the image plays a vital role as the images of poor or mediocre quality may lead to unsuccessful recognition and verification.
Organic Amendments with Chemical Fertilizers Improve Soil Fertility and Microbial Biomass in Rice-Rice-Rice Triple Crops Cropping Systems  [PDF]
Md. Farid Ahammed Anik, Md. Mizanur Rahman, G. K. M. Mustafizur Rahman, Md. Khairul Alam, Mahammad Shariful Islam, Mst Fatima Khatun
Open Journal of Soil Science (OJSS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojss.2017.75007
Abstract: Medium-term changes in the labile nutrient pool of microbial biomass carbon (MBC) and nitrogen (MBN) resulting from organic manure application in rice (Oryza sativa L.)-based triple cropping systems have been poorly studied. Therefore, the effects of organic materials on the soil physico-chemical properties and microbial biomass in rice fields were investigated at Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Bangladesh, from April 2010 to December 2012. Five treatments (control, cow dung, poultry manure, rice straw, and chemical fertilizer) were laid out in a randomized complete block design with four replications. The organic residues (2 t C ha-1) were applied 7 days before transplanting and were combined with inorganic fertilizers, following integrated plant nutrition systems. This paper presents the results from the last of the five consecutive rice growing seasons. All of the organic residues increased the pH, and organic C, N, P, and K contents of the soil. However, poultry manure was more efficient in increasing soil fertility than cow dung and rice straw, resulting in a significant increase in P from 22 mg·kg-1 to 63 mg·kg-1 at crop harvest. All of the organic residues also increased the soil water holding capacity and decreased bulk density. Furthermore, poultry manure resulted in significantly higher microbial biomass C (432 mg·kg-1; P < 0.05) and N (31.60 mg·kg-1; P < 0.05) levels in the soil at crop harvest, followed by cow dung and rice straw. These findings indicate that the regular application of organic residues and manures will help to enhance soil fertility and production sustainability.
CSCM: A Contention Sensitive Routing Metric for Efficient Cooperative Communication in Multi-Hop Wireless Networks
A. F. M. Shahen Shah,Md. Shariful Islam
International Journal on Internet and Distributed Computing Systems , 2012,
Abstract: Cooperative communication allows several nodes to cooperatively transmit signals to a particular destination. Using cooperative communication, wireless networks could mitigate severe channel impairments arising from multipath propagation. In this case, the greater benefits are gained by exploiting spatial diversity in the channel. However, cooperative routing strategy in a network with multiple flows may cause collision among helping nodes and thus, reduce the overall system performance. Moreover, as the number of flows is increased, the probability of collisions also increases dramatically and performance tends to degrade. In this paper, we propose a new routing protocol based on our proposed new routing metric called Contention Sensitive Cooperative Metric (CSCM), which takes contention relationship into consideration. Finally, the performance of the proposed routing protocol has been evaluated using simulation. The results demonstrate significant performance improvement of cooperative communication while using CSCM in terms of total network throughput and average end-to-end delay.
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