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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 6031 matches for " Md. Afzal Hossain "
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Design and Development of Weather Monitoring and Controlling System for a Smart Agro (Farm)  [PDF]
Sumya Tabassum, Afzal Hossain
Intelligent Control and Automation (ICA) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ica.2018.93005
Abstract: Weather plays an important role in our farming system. In greenhouse or internal farming system, weather monitoring is important. For better production and maintenance, it is important to monitor. This project is developed for forecasting weather parameters like humidity, temperature, soil moisture, and raid detection. Humidity and temperature are monitored for internal temperature. The soil is the most important part of a greenhouse. In this project, soil moisture level is monitored and controlled for maintaining soil moisture level. Rain detection is used in outside of the farm. It detects rainwater and sends a message to the server. It is monitored by using a local server. In remote routing area, it also can be monitored and controlled without physical existence. Also, it is a low-cost weather monitoring system for the agro farm. The Raspberry Pi is a low cost, credit-card sized computer that plugs into a computer monitor or TV, and uses a standard keyboard and mouse. The monitoring system could be designed by using the sensor. It is useful for forecasting and data analysis process. In this project weather forecasting system is designed by using a sensor. In this project, Raspberry Pi work like a remote monitoring and controlling system for the agro farm.
Nutritional Status of Red Amaranth as Influenced by Selected Pesticides
Md. Shariful Islam,Jahan Ara Khatoon,M. Alamgir,Md. Afzal Hossain
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2003,
Abstract: A study was undertaken in the Department of Biochemistry, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh to evaluate the nutritional status of red amaranth as influenced by three selected pesticides at various dose levels. The results revealed that the level of moisture content ranged from 86.50 to 87.62% in different treatment groups. The highest amount was in T4 where chlorpyrifos @ 0.66 a.i./ha was sprayed at 21 days after emergence and the lowest (86.5%) was in control group (T13) where no pesticide was applied. The dry matter percent was highest in control (13.50%) and slightly lower in treatment groups indicating no significant variation among them. The protein percent was from 5.02 to 5.24 in different treatment groups expressing little higher than the control plants (4.82%). Fat percentage ranged from 0.10 to 0.12 in treatment groups, which were very close to control value. Total sugar was highest (2.10) in T7, T9 and T11 and lowest in T6 (carbofuran). Reducing sugar was 1.15% in T7 (cypermethrin and chlorpyrifos) and 0.98 in T6, while non-reducing sugar seemed to be little higher (1.11%) in treatment groups compared to the control (0.88%). As a whole pesticide studied had very insignificant effect on protein, fat, ash, dry matter and moisture content of red amaranth. The carotene content was highest (10.24 mg 100 gG1) immediately after harvest in T1 and lowest in T8. But the level of carotene decreased to 9.08 mg 100 gG1 in T8, which was statistically insignificant. As far as vitamin C is concerned, the level was reasonably good in all the treatments as well as control plants immediately after harvest (38.52 mg - 40.41 mg). The level of vitamin C decreased in all the treatment and control plants after 20 minutes cooking (26.21-28.25 mg).
Monitoring the Residue Level of Three Selected Pesticides in Red Amaranth
Jahan Ara Khatoon,Md. Shariful Islam,Nur Mohammad Talukder,Md. Afzal Hossain
Journal of Biological Sciences , 2004,
Abstract: A study was undertaken in the Department of Biochemistry, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh to monitor the level of three selected pesticides at various dose levels. In this case edible part of red amaranth was extracted and analyzed for applied pesticide residues. It was found that after one day 0.0065 μg of cypermethrin retained per g of plant sample, which was 0.23% of the applied dose. While on the 3rd day of spray the level of residue was found to decrease (0.0024 μg g1-1) which accounted for 0.085% of the applied dose. In case of higher dose applied, the residue level of chlorpyrifos was 0.0173 μg g-1 whereas the level increased to 0.0237 μg g1-1 on 3rd day of application. It seemed that the uptake of chlorpyrifos by red amaranth from soil and its accumulation therein was higher on 3rd day of application. The residue level of carbofuran was very low both at 1st and 3rd day of application. However, an increasing trend of incorporation was observed on 3rd day of application. It is remarkable to note that when higher level of chlorpyrifos and carbofuran were jointly applied, the amount of chlorpyrifos as residue increased but the level of carbofuran decreased. Finally carbofuran could not be traced after 72 h of joint application. So study indicated that chlorpyrifos might exert antagonistic effect on the uptake/accumulation of carbofuran in plant system.
In Vitro Organogenesis of Colocasia esculenta cv. Antiquorum L.  [PDF]
Md. Jahangir Hossain
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2012.36085
Abstract: In vitro organogenesis of an upland species of Colocasia esculenta cv. antiquorum L. was examined in relation to different explants like meristem and parenchymatous storage tissues with or without anthocyanin layer, four levels of each of Kn, 2,4-D, NAA and BAP and four incubation environments such as: 1) 16 h 3 Kl light intensity + 24°C ± 2°C; 2) 24 h dark + 24°C ± 2°C; 3) 24 h dark + 30°C ± 3°C and 4) 12 h diffuse light + 30°C ± 3°C. Only meristems showed proliferation with various degree of intensity both at 16 h 3 Kl light + 24°C ± 2°C and 24 h dark + 24°C ± 2°C conditions and poor response with different levels of Kn + NAA either in light or in the dark. Cultures with NAA + BAP were proliferated very quickly with very high degree of intensity. The cultures under dark did not proliferate for 20 days which upon transfer to light showed high degree of proliferation. Cultures with NAA + BAP formed calluses more pronouncedly at dark than that occurred in the light. Parenchymatous tissues with or without anthocyanin did not proliferate but the tissues with anthocyanin lost pigmentation after 25 - 30 days and turned to grey colour after 50 days while tissues without anthocyanin turned to green colour with shinny pimples indicating that protocorm may be developed. No culture under high temperature environment (30°C ± 3°C) neither survived nor proliferated. The meristems in culture were died within 15 - 20 days while others within 25-30 days. In conclusion, a combination of NAA (0.5 - 3.0 mg/l) and BAP (0.5 - 2.0 mg/l) and an incubation photoperiod of 16 h coupled with temperature of 24°C ± 2°C were found most suitable for in vitro culture of Colocasia esculenta cv. antiquorum L.
Influence of Recycled Aggregate Composites on the Factor of Safety of Earthen Structures  [PDF]
Md. Zakaria Hossain
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2013.45078

In this study, six composite reinforcements such as cement composite made of Abandoned Cell Husks (ASH), Stones, Wood chips, Concrete and Bricks have been used along with control specimen. It is known that the material used in earth reinforcement applications must be safe against tension failure and adhesion failure for its effective utilization in the field and reliable design of earth structures. Single type of material can provide limited reinforcement capability in reinforced earth structures due to its low frictional resistance and poor cohesion. For an optimal response, therefore, composite reinforcement, that fulfils both the requirements such as possess adequate tensile strength and adequate frictional resistance, is getting considerable attention. Slope stability analyses containing six types of reinforcement have been performed. Stability of the slope has been quantified using minimum factor of safety corresponding to critical slip surface. It was observed that the composite reinforcement whose surface treated by brick aggregate enhanced the factor of safety significantly. The paper also depicted the design aids of reinforced slope in terms of embedding lengths and spacing of reinforcements.

Waste Shell Husks Concrete: Durability, Permeability and Mechanical Properties  [PDF]
Md. Zakaria Hossain
Journal of Building Construction and Planning Research (JBCPR) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jbcpr.2013.13009
Abstract: Shell husk is annually produced as a byproduct of shell production in Japan. According to Japanese Ministry of Forestry, Fisheries and Agriculture, the amount of the abandoned shell husk is about 151,000 tons per year. This huge amount of abandoned shell husk is not only thrown away without any commercial return but also causing pollution and environmental problems. To mitigate the pollution and environmental problems, possible utilization of abandoned shell husk is thoroughly observed in concrete construction. Overall response of the mechanical properties of concrete specimens containing different percentage of abandoned shell husk aggregates such as 0, 10%, 0, 30%, 40% and 50% in the ratio of mass is demonstrated. Results of engineering properties such as compressive strength,Young’s modulus, tensile strength, unit weight, water absorption capacity and coefficient of hydraulic conductivity are depicted. It is observed that the use of shell husk in concrete improves strength and durability performance of concrete treated in aggressive sea environments.

Environmental Accounting Challenges of Selected Manufacturing Enterprises in Bangladesh  [PDF]
Md. Musharof Hossain
Open Journal of Business and Management (OJBM) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ojbm.2019.72048
Abstract: Considering the importance as well as potential problems of environment issues, it needs more analysis of relevant factors for future course of actions. Environmental Accounting is called green accounting. This paper made on Challenges of Environmental Accounting Practices in Bangladesh on most polluted 16 selected enterprises in Chittagong during the period 2018. The main objective of the study is to specify the environmental accounting challenges in selected manufacturing enterprises in Bangladesh. The study is based on primary data. Primary data were collected by questionnaire and expert opinion. Questionnaires were prepared based on study objectives. Collected data were processed manually and with help of the Computer software. The study highlights some critical challenges to implement environmental accounting in manufacturing enterprises in Bangladesh. The perception of respondents about the Challenges are: cost involvement, lack of skilled manpower, lack of set rules about environmental accounting, inadequate environmental accounting standard, low adoption of environmental accounting, no specific principles of environmental accounting etc. The average mean score of challenges is 2.47 in the scale of 3. The study also tries to forward some recommendations to overcome the challenges. It is to be recognized that the accountants have a key role in environmental accounting and reporting.
Interaction Properties of Geosynthetic with Different Backfill Soils  [PDF]
Md. Bellal Hossain, Md. Zakaria Hossain, Toshinori Sakai
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2012.35104
Abstract: Characterization of a geosynthetic is necessary for its effective use in various field application of reinforced soil structure. In this paper, a new type of geosynthetic has been evaluated for its interaction properties for different backfill soils using direct shear device. The test results are compared based on the type of soils, inclusions, and interface mechanical properties. Three backfills soils (sandy, clayey, and pure sand) in combination with four different geosynthetics (one geotextile and three geogrids) were tested at various loading conditions in direct shear. Test results reveal that the stress-deformation behaviour of the geotextile and geogrid interfaces with sandy and clayey backfills can be defined as hyperbolic. For the pure sand-geogrid interfaces, the relationship is followed by displacement hardening and softening behaviour. The dilatancy behaviour of a particular soil-geosynthetic interface is found similar at all normal stresses. Both contractive and dilative nature is observed for the interfaces with pure sand. On the contrary, only negative dilatancy or contractive behaviour is observed for sandy and clayey backfills with the same geosynthetics. The test results reveal that the relationship of the interface shear strength with the normal stress is not linear in most cases. Based on the test results, a simplified nonlinear equation is proposed for the soil-geosynthetic interface shear strength envelops which was in good agreement with the experimental data.
Road Traffic Accident Scenario, Pattern and Forecasting in Bangladesh  [PDF]
Md Shakhawat Hossain, Md Omor Faruque
Journal of Data Analysis and Information Processing (JDAIP) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jdaip.2019.72003
Abstract: The main aim of this research work is to be aware of the road traffic accident scenario, injurious effects and pattern in Bangladesh. Moreover we are interested to forecast the magnitude of road traffic accidents for the future so that decision makers can make appropriate decision for precaution. This study also provides an assessment of road traffic accidents in Bangladesh and its impact based on data collected for the period of 1971 to 2017. In this study we have tried to pick up the main reasons of road accidents and to observe the tremendous situation. The study observed that the general trends of road traffic accident (RTA), deaths and injuries reveal that the number of RTA, deaths and injuries increased gradually with little fluctuations form 1971 to 2007 and after 2007 there is a slow decreasing trend. Although the number of RTA and deaths observed decreasing trend in recent years, the ratio of number of deaths to number of accident increased significantly. The rate of register vehicles per 10,000 people increased moderately throughout the period but a sharp increment is exhibited from 2009. Highest percentage of RTA (34%) and deaths is due to RTA (32%) in Dhaka division while the lowest percentage of RTA (4%) in Barisal and Sylhet divisions and deaths is due to RTA (3%) in Barisal division. It is noticed that the maximum number of injuries occurred between ages 21 and 30 while the maximum number of deaths occurred between ages 11 and 30. Most of the RTA and deaths due to RTA are caused by run over by vehicles and head to head collision. The severity of occurring road accident and number of deaths are higher during the festive periods because of involving higher frequency of traveling than usual. The time plot shows that the graph maintains a decreasing movement from 2012 to 2015 but increases from 2015 to 2017. In the research an additive time series model approach is applied. It included the estimation of trend, seasonal variation and random variation using triple exponential smoothing method. We performed forecasting of RTA eliminating seasonal impact for the next three consecutive years (2018-2020) with 95% confidence interval using Holt-Winters exponential technique.
Effect of Packing Materials and Other Parameters on the Air Stripping Process for the Removal of Ammonia from the Wastewater of Natural Gas Fertilizer Factory  [PDF]
Raquibul ALAM, Md. Delwar HOSSAIN
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2009, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2009.13026
Abstract: Air-stripping method was used to remove ammonia from the wastewater collected from natural gas fertilizer factory. Different materials were used as packing materials for the air stripping system. The effect of pH over 10.5, air-water flow ratio, nature of packing materials, height of materials and initial influent concentration of ammonia on air stripping unit were investigated. An attempt has been made to find out the stripping con-stant. Stripping constant was found to be .001, 0014, .001 and .0009 for coal, plastic ring, stone chips and wood chips, respectively. Best result was found for plastic ring for its higher surface area. Wood chips did not give good result, because the chips amalgamate with each other and hence reduces the surface area.
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