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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 467582 matches for " Mayra álvarez Pe?a "
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Control y gestión de calidad en hemodiálisis
Estenoz Odio,Gustavo; álvarez Pea,Mayra;
MEDISAN , 2011,
Abstract: systems of quality management have been progressively added to health context along with hemodialysis centers, the pioneers in this field, due to the need to optimize the processes that comprise it, to improve the life quality of patients, and to guarantee a major survival. all this has motivated the current updating of the different resources in order to carry out the control and quality management developed by cuban ministry of public health, through the follow-up of indicators that stimulate dialysis units to include them in its practice, to define the different welfare processes and the ways to measure its validity, as well as to elaborate guides that serve as a reference point for further improvement areas which are conveniently monitored.
Control y gestión de calidad en hemodiálisis Control and quality management in hemodialysis
Gustavo Estenoz Odio,Mayra álvarez Pea
MEDISAN , 2011,
Abstract: Los sistemas de gestión de la calidad se han ido incorporando progresivamente al contexto sanitario, con los centros de hemodiálisis como pioneros en esta esfera por la necesidad de optimizar los procesos que la integran, mejorar la calidad de vida de los pacientes y garantizar una mayor supervivencia; todo lo cual ha motivado la reciente actualización de las herramientas para el control y la gestión de la calidad, impulsada por el Ministerio de Salud Pública de Cuba, mediante el seguimiento de indicadores que estimulen a las unidades de diálisis a incorporarlas en su práctica, definir los diferentes procesos asistenciales y las formas de medir su validez, así como elaborar guías que sirvan como punto de referencia para futuras áreas de perfeccionamiento, monitorizadas convenientemente. Systems of quality management have been progressively added to health context along with hemodialysis centers, the pioneers in this field, due to the need to optimize the processes that comprise it, to improve the life quality of patients, and to guarantee a major survival. All this has motivated the current updating of the different resources in order to carry out the control and quality management developed by Cuban Ministry of Public Health, through the follow-up of indicators that stimulate dialysis units to include them in its practice, to define the different welfare processes and the ways to measure its validity, as well as to elaborate guides that serve as a reference point for further improvement areas which are conveniently monitored.
Factores de riesgo epidemiológico de hepatitis C en pacientes hemodializados
álvarez Pea,Mayra M; Estenoz Odio,Gustavo; Garlobo Rosales,Dulce M;
MEDISAN , 2010,
Abstract: a descriptive and cross-sectional study of 44 patients with chronic kidney failure in terminal stage was carried out. they were assisted in the hemodialysis service of the "orlando pantoja tamayo" hospital of contramaestre municipality from june, 2004 to june, 2009, in order to identify some epidemiologic factors that favor the emergence of hepatitis c. in the series prevailed the male sex, the age group from 40 to 49 years and type i diabetes mellitus, the latter as fundamental cause of the disease. the hepatitis c carriers were transfused and treated with hemodialysis for more time than those hemodialyzed that didn't suffer from the infection. among the risk factors to present that liver inflammation are included, among others, hemodialysis elongation and implementation of frequent blood transfusions.
Calidad de la hemodiálisis en el municipio de Contramaestre (2005-2007)
Estenoz Odio,Gustavo; álvarez Pea,Mayra; Garlobo Rosales,Dulce M;
MEDISAN , 2010,
Abstract: a descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out in the 44 patients with chronic renal failure in terminal period, treated in the haemodialysis service of "orlando pantoja tamayo" general hospital in contramaestre municipality from january, 2005 to december, 2007, to evaluate the quality of this therapeutic plan. the findings evidenced an improvement in more than 80 % of all the humoral parameters studied, what made possible that the results of this procedure were satisfactory and that the life quality of the patients of the case material increase.
Factores de riesgo epidemiológico de hepatitis C en pacientes hemodializados Epidemiologic risk factors of hepatitis C in hemodialyzed patients
Mayra M álvarez Pea,Gustavo Estenoz Odio,Dulce M Garlobo Rosales
MEDISAN , 2010,
Abstract: Se hizo un estudio descriptivo y transversal de 44 pacientes con insuficiencia renal crónica en fase terminal, atendidos en el Servicio de Hemodiálisis del Hospital "Orlando Pantoja Tamayo" del municipio de Contramaestre desde junio de 2004 hasta igual mes de 2009, con vista a identificar algunos factores epidemiológicos favorecedores de la aparición de hepatitis C. En la serie primaron el sexo masculino, el grupo etáreo de 40 a 49 a os y la diabetes sacarina, esta última como causa fundamental de la enfermedad. Los portadores de hepatitis C fueron transfundidos y tratados con hemodiálisis por más tiempo que aquellos hemodializados que no padecían la citada infección. Entre los factores de riesgo para presentar esa inflamación del hígado figuraron, entre otros, prolongación de la hemodiálisis y ejecución de transfusiones sanguíneas frecuentes. A descriptive and cross-sectional study of 44 patients with chronic kidney failure in terminal stage was carried out. They were assisted in the Hemodialysis Service of the "Orlando Pantoja Tamayo" Hospital of Contramaestre municipality from June, 2004 to June, 2009, in order to identify some epidemiologic factors that favor the emergence of hepatitis C. In the series prevailed the male sex, the age group from 40 to 49 years and type I diabetes mellitus, the latter as fundamental cause of the disease. The hepatitis C carriers were transfused and treated with hemodialysis for more time than those hemodialyzed that didn't suffer from the infection. Among the risk factors to present that liver inflammation are included, among others, hemodialysis elongation and implementation of frequent blood transfusions.
Calidad de la hemodiálisis en el municipio de Contramaestre (2005-2007) Quality of hemodialysis in Contramaestre municipality (2005-2007)
Gustavo Estenoz Odio,Mayra álvarez Pea,Dulce M Garlobo Rosales
MEDISAN , 2010,
Abstract: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal en los 44 pacientes con insuficiencia renal crónica en fase terminal, tratados en el Servicio de Hemodiálisis del Hospital General "Orlando Pantoja Tamayo" en el municipio de Contramaestre desde enero de 2005 hasta diciembre de 2007, para valorar la calidad de dicho plan terapéutico. Los hallazgos evidenciaron una mejoría en más de 80 % de todos los parámetros humorales estudiados, lo cual posibilitó que los resultados de este proceder fueran satisfactorios y que se incrementara la calidad de vida de los integrantes de la casuística. A descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out in the 44 patients with chronic renal failure in terminal period, treated in the Haemodialysis Service of "Orlando Pantoja Tamayo" General Hospital in Contramaestre municipality from January, 2005 to December, 2007, to evaluate the quality of this therapeutic plan. The findings evidenced an improvement in more than 80 % of all the humoral parameters studied, what made possible that the results of this procedure were satisfactory and that the life quality of the patients of the case material increase.
Comportamiento del intento suicida en un grupo de adolescentes y jóvenes
Pea Galbán,Liuba Y.; Casas Rodríguez,Ludmila; Padilla de la Cruz,Manuel; Gómez Arencibia,Tania; Gallardo álvarez,Mayra;
Revista Cubana de Medicina Militar , 2002,
Abstract: a descriptive study of 80 patients with attempted suicide from january 1997 to december 2000 was undertaken. these patients had been admitted to the psychiatry service of "dr octavio de la concepción y de la pedraja" military hospital. the 17-23 years-old group was predominant. the psychopathological profile comprised anxiety, suicidal ideas, sadness and insomnia. the personality profile from the implementation of the 16 pf allowed characterizing the group as persons with emotional instability, unconfident, apprehensive, anxious, stressed, frustrated, highly anxious. drug poisoning was the most used method to commit suicide. the incidence of the family history of attempted suicides and psychiatric disorders was high. among the psychiatric diseases, anxious and depressive situational disorders were the number one.
?Qué saben nuestros estudiantes acerca de las enfermedades de transmisión sexual?
García Lahera,Clara; álvarez Yabor,Vicente; Lozano Lavernia,Mayra;
Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiolog?-a , 2001,
Abstract: a descriptive study was conducted among middle and higher educational level students from the municipality of las tunas that were surveyed to determine the following variables: age, sex, age at which they have the first sexual relation, their level of knowledge, involvement and protection in relation to sexually transmitted diseases. the results obtained coincided with the reviewed literature and it was observed an involvement of students under 15 of 28 %, an effective protection of 52 % and a predominance of females.
Qué saben nuestros estudiantes acerca de las enfermedades de transmisión sexual?
Clara García Lahera,Vicente álvarez Yabor,Mayra Lozano Lavernia
Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiología , 2001,
Abstract: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo en estudiantes de la ense anza media y superior del municipio de Las Tunas, a los cuales se le aplicó una encuesta donde se precisaron variables como: edad, sexo y edad de las primeras relaciones sexuales; además del nivel de conocimiento, de implicación y de protección de estos en relación con las enfermedades de transmisión sexual. Coincidieron los resultados obtenidos con la literatura revisada, siendo la implicación con los menores de 15 a os con un 28 %; la protección efectiva en un 52 % predominando el sexo femenino. A descriptive study was conducted among middle and higher educational level students from the municipality of Las Tunas that were surveyed to determine the following variables: age, sex, age at which they have the first sexual relation, their level of knowledge, involvement and protection in relation to sexually transmitted diseases. The results obtained coincided with the reviewed literature and it was observed an involvement of students under 15 of 28 %, an effective protection of 52 % and a predominance of females.
Modelamiento de Sistemas de Inferencia Borrosa Tipo Takagi–Sugeno
Hernán álvarez,Miguel Pea
Avances en Sistemas e Informática , 2004,
Abstract: General aspects of modeling as an engineering tool are presented in this work. The usefulness of Takagi-Sugeno Fuzzy Inference Systems (TS FIS) as modeling technique are emphasized. Additionally, various modifications of known methodology for identifying such a models and rules configuration are proposed. Finally, two application examples are presented. The first one is a modeling of the Box and Jenkins gas furnace and the second is a model for a waste water pH neutralization benchmark.
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