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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 369 matches for " Mavis Serwah Benneh Mensah "
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Local Business Climate in Ghana – Insights for Policy Direction
Mavis Serwah Benneh Mensah
International Journal of Business and Management , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v7n2p17
Abstract: This study provides insights for enhancing the business climate in Ghana. The primary objective of the study was to identify the most relevant binding constraint(s) on the activities of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) in the manufacturing sector of Sunyani Municipality and Berekum District of Ghana. Accordingly, a survey of 85 manufacturing MSMEs was conducted. In spite of energy crisis in Ghana at the time of research, the most relevant binding constraints to the enterprises surveyed were poor access to technology including technological support services, and poor access to market (which will be discussed in subsequent paper). The findings contradict policy focus on addressing governance and regulatory bottlenecks, and inadequate physical infrastructure. This underscores the importance of local business climate surveys in addition to national surveys in establishing the right policy focus for enhancing the business climate of localities within a country.
Access to Market of a Manufacturing Small Business Sector in Ghana
Mavis Serwah Benneh Mensah
International Journal of Business and Management , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v7n12p36
Abstract: This paper concludes presentation on two most relevant binding constraints identified by a manufacturing ‘small’ business sector in Ghana. The first constraint of limited access to technology was discussed in an earlier paper in this Journal. The second constraint of limited access to market was studied to determine the extent to which manufacturing ‘small’ businesses had access to market and to identify one or two overriding factors that constrained ability of the businesses to access market. This was achieved through a survey of 85 manufacturing small businesses in Berekum District and Sunyani Municipality of Ghana. Low demand for goods came up as the overriding factor that constrained the enterprises’ ability to access market. To tackle the problem of low demand, it is indispensable for government to spearhead creation of required co-ordination externalities and champion the course of self-discovery as a nation.
Juxtaposition of the Role of Small Businesses and the State in Ghana’s Economic Development
Mavis Serwah Benneh Mensah,Ralph Nyadu-Addo
International Business and Management , 2012, DOI: 10.3968/j.ibm.1923842820120501.1015
Abstract: The Ghanaian private sector is mainly composed of small businesses. The sector is expected to propel the growth and development of the Ghanaian economy. Unfortunately, the key players in the sector, small businesses, are bedeviled with a multitude of problems majority of which have been left to the highly incapacitated private sector to handle. This paper argues, conceptually, for responsibility of the state in providing the required co-ordination externalities and big pushes that are indispensable to the development of the private sector and ability of the sector to truly act as the engine of growth and development of the economy. This is achieved through review of the importance of the small business sector to global and national economies; how the Ghanaian economy has performed under the dominance of the state and the private sector since independence; and shortcomings in state policy support for private sector development. Key words: Small businesses; The State; Private sector; Economic growth; Development; Co-ordination
Deeds of distinction: The Story of Madam Agnes Adwoa Afra
CO Benneh
Studies in Gender and Development in Africa , 2007,
Abstract: The narrative presents a case of the silencing and marginalization of the contributions of the many rural women, whose efforts help to improve human life and meaning. Madam Agnes Adwoa Afra's life story and experiences should serve as a cogent reminder to women and gender activists across this country, Ghana, that women who show exceptional performance in offering humanitarian and other services are present in every segment of our society. Madam Adwoa Afra has spoken for many by sharing her life story. This narrative piece highlights the need to search for the many women in rural settings in many parts of Ghana whose remarkable activities and services are often unheard of, unacknowledged and/or not unrecognized. Whether other women of her like, with such strong values within our rural communities will share the joy of nationwide acknowledgement and documentation of their activities would greatly depend on the efforts of gender activists, who owe them the duty to bring them to limelight. In this biographical study, which re/presents a conversation and discussions on her life and deeds, Madam Agnes Adwoa Afra shares her experiences as a farmer, parent, role model, philanthropist and humanitarian.
Relationship between the Level of Helicobacter pylori and Number of Platelets in Non-ITP Patients Who Underwent Gastroscopy  [PDF]
Osman Mavis, Korhan Kapucu
Open Journal of Gastroenterology (OJGas) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojgas.2017.75018
Abstract: Purpose: To investigate both the presence of H. pylori in non-ITP patients who had not undergone H. pylori eradication, and also its relationship (if any) with the number of platelets. Methods: This retrospective study was performed with a total of 220 cases aged between 18 and 65 years who had undergone gastroscopy. H. pylori levels of the participants were investigated, and concurrently their hemograms were analyzed, and their platelet counts were performed. At the same time, cases in the H. pylori positive arm were compared with sub-groups categorized based on their degree of positivity. Results: A statistically significant difference was not detected between platelet counts of the cases based on their H. pylori levels (p = 0.583). A statistically significant difference was detected between H. pylori levels, and distribution of histopathological diagnosis of the cases (p = 0.001; p < 0.01). Conclusion: Our study results revealed that in cases where any primary or secondary factor which might affect platelets is absent, the presence of H. pylori has not any effect on platelet counts.
Upper GIS Endoscopy Indications of Patients Consulted at Internal Medicine Outpatient Clinics and Data Obtained According to These Indications  [PDF]
Muhammed Tunc, Banu Boyuk, Osman Mavis
Open Journal of Gastroenterology (OJGas) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojgas.2016.64015
Abstract: Background and aim: Esophagogastroduodenoscopy is an innovative method used in order to diagnose esophagus, stomach, and duodenum diseases. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy is fundamental for the prognosis of various benign and malign upper gastrointestinal diseases, as well as for therapy or disease follow-up. The aim of the present study is to classify endoscopy results according to indications and to reveal which indications and results are most commonly seen. Materials and methods: The Esophagogastroduodenoscopy results of 6243 patients were evaluated retrospectively; all patients had applied to the Gaziosmanpa?a Taksim Education and Research Hospital Department of Internal Medicine from 2010 to 2015 on either an outpatient or inpatient basis. Results: In our study, 2548 of the patients were male and 3695 were female. The mean age of the patients was 49.37 ± 16.90 years. The indications for Esophagogastroduodenoscopy were dyspeptic symptoms for 72.8% of females and 70.4% of males. Anemia was the indication for 12.1% of females and 11.8% of males. Other indications included gastrointestinal bleeding, dysphagia, nausea and vomiting, gastroesophageal reflux disease symptoms and weight loss. Peptic ulcer disease was the result of Esophagogastroduodenoscopy for 55.7% of females and 50.6% of males. Gastric ulcer (15.2% of females and 16% of males), reflux esophagitis (8.1% of females and 10.1% of males), and duodenal ulcer (6.8% of females and 10.1% of males) were the other results. Malignancy was mostly observed in patients whose indications were anemia. Conclusion: The upper gastrointestinal system endoscopy continues to be an up-to-date method of displaying the effectiveness of diseases to assist in the diagnosis and treatment of the symptoms and complaints of the gastrointestinal system, particularly in the evaluation of patients having persistent symptoms.
The Valuation of Infrastructure Index Bonds  [PDF]
Joseph Atta-Mensah
Journal of Mathematical Finance (JMF) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jmf.2015.54028
Abstract:

The paper examines a potential role of financing Africa’s infrastructure projects, particularly in Africa, with bonds indexed to the project. Using option-pricing techniques, the author shows that an infrastructure indexed bond is equivalent to a regular bond and a short position on a European put option. The results of the paper suggest that the value of the infrastructure indexed bond increases monotonically as the value of the project it is financing rises. In addition, the market value of the infrastructure-indexed bonds falls as the value of the project becomes more volatile. The rise in the dividend rate on the project is observed to have an adverse effect on the value of infrastructure-indexed bonds.

The Role of Collateral in Credit Markets  [PDF]
Joseph Atta-Mensah
Journal of Mathematical Finance (JMF) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jmf.2015.54027
Abstract:

The author examines the role of collateral in an environment where lenders and borrowers possess identical information and similar beliefs about its future value. Using option-pricing techniques, he shows that a secured loan contract is equivalent to a regular bond and an embedded option to the borrower to default. The author finds that the lender will not advance to the borrower, a loan that exceeds the market value of the collateral, and that the supply of loans increases with a rise in the market value of the collateral. Increases in the volatility of the value of the collateral, interest rate, and dividend rate of the collateral independently depress the loan supply. The author also derives the cost of a third-party guarantee of a loan and an implied risk premium.

Poverty, Climate Change and Weather-Indexed Bonds  [PDF]
Joseph Atta-Mensah
Journal of Mathematical Finance (JMF) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jmf.2016.62024
Abstract: Scientific evidence clearly shows that as a result of greenhouse emissions, the global climate is changing. Poor developing countries are at most risk because they are more dependent on agriculture; more vulnerable to coastal and water resource changes; and have less financial, technical and institutional capacity for adaptation. It is therefore important for these countries to come up with a comprehensive Action Plan on how to mitigate and adapt to climate change. This paper suggests that weather-indexed bonds could provide a potential vehicle for developing countries (LDCs) to raise money on the international capital markets to manage the risks associated to climate change. The issue of this type of bond could provide an opportunity for countries to hedge against the fluctuations in revenues derived from weather dependent assets. Furthermore, weather-linked risk management tools allow countries to examine a new set of risk-contingent structured financial products. This paper also examines a variety of models applicable to agriculture and the sovereign debt of developing agrarian nations including from the corporate side, weather-linked bonds, and from the producer side, weather-linked loans. These weather risk management tools are targeted towards mitigating both business and financial risk by reducing the contractual obligation of debt (principal and/or interest) depending on the intrinsic value of an attached weather option (e.g. excess heat or precipitation), which pays off, if a specific weather event occurs.
The Valuation of Corruption  [PDF]
Joseph Atta-Mensah
Journal of Mathematical Finance (JMF) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jmf.2016.65051
Abstract: Unlike the current measures in the literature, where corruption is constructed as an index, this paper provides a formula for quantifying corruption. By using option pricing techniques, the paper shows that the monetary value of a corrupt activity is equivalent to a regular bond and an embedded European call option. This formula is very important because it could be used to gauge the level resources lost to corrupt activities, and also to determine the level of “tax” that could be levied at corrupt-government officials. Results in the paper show that a government committed to reducing corruption should institute measures that will reduce the level and the volatility of the price of the goods in the parallel markets. The paper also finds that a government could reduce corruption by cutting interest rates, which would spur growth and render corruption as an unprofitable exercise.
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