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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 43483 matches for " Mauricio Hernández-ávila "
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Estudios de cohorte: Metodología, sesgos y aplicación Cohort study: Methodology, biases and application
Eduardo Lazcano-Ponce,Esteve Fernández,Eduardo Salazar-Martínez,Mauricio Hernándezvila
Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiología , 2007,
Abstract:
Fruit and vegetable intake in the Mexican population: results from the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey 2006
Ramírez-Silva,Ivonne; Rivera,Juan A; Ponce,Xochitl; Hernándezvila,Mauricio;
Salud Pública de México , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-36342009001000012
Abstract: objective: to quantify fruit and vegetable (fv) dietary intake in the mexican population and compliance with international recommendations. material and methods: fv dietary intake (fv-di) and compliance with international recommendations were obtained in a representative sample of a mexican population ages 1-59 years old using dietary data from the mexican national health and nutrition survey 2006 (ensanut 2006). results: average fv-di for different age groups range from 61 to 72 g for fruits and 26 to 56 g for vegetables. average total fv intakes were 88.7 g in preschool-age, 103.1 g in school-aged children, 116.3 g in adolescents and 122.6 g in adults. the lowest intakes were observed in the northern region and among the population with the lowest wellbeing levels. conclusions: less than 30% of the mexican population had adequate intakes of fv. developing and implementing strategies aimed at increasing intake of these food groups is a national priority.
Políticas públicas para la detección del cáncer de mama en México
Martínez-Monta?ez,Olga Georgina; Uribe-Zú?iga,Patricia; Hernándezvila,Mauricio;
Salud Pública de México , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-36342009000800028
Abstract: breast cancer is a significant public health problem associated with epidemiological and demographic transitions that are currently taking place in mexico. aging and increased exposure to risk factors are thought to increase breast cancer incidence, having great relevance for the society and health services. under this scenario, the health system must respond to the growing needs for better breast cancer screening services. in this paper we present an update of breast cancer mortality, general international recommendations for breast cancer screening programs and key aspects of the mexico action program for breast cancer screening and control 2007-2012. breast cancer policies are aimed at organizing and increasing the infrastructure to develop a national program for detection, diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer with optimal quality, friendliness and respect for patient's rights.
Vivienda y autoconstrucción: Participación femenina en un proyecto asistido
Lourdes Romero Navarrete,Mauricio Hernández Rodríguez,Jorge Acevedo Dávila
Frontera norte , 2005,
Abstract: This article reports on the results of research on a group of families participating in an assisted self-building project that took place in Saltillo and will soon be applied in Ciudad Juárez. The project s goal was to test the viability of a technology based on the use of prefabricated materials, which was developed in poor neighborhoods in Saltillo using a selfbuilding plan and a gendered perspective. The project was based on the idea that solidarity networks, which are woven around the building of a family home, are an intangible asset that is insufficiently served by social programs on housing, particularly, organized and assisted self-building programs. The results consider the utility of this type of support for lowincome sectors.
Sesgos en estudios epidemiológicos Biases in epidemiological studies
Mauricio Hernándezvila,Francisco Garrigo MC,Eduardo Salazar-Martínez
Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiología , 2008,
Abstract:
Estudios epidemiológicos de casos y controles: Fundamento teórico, variantes y aplicaciones Case-control epidemiological studies: Theoretical foundation, variants and applications
Eduardo Lazcano-Ponce,Eduardo Salazar-Martínez,Mauricio Hernándezvila
Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiología , 2007,
Abstract:
Antes y después del Convenio Marco en México: una comparación desde la Encuesta sobre Tabaquismo en Jóvenes 2003 y 2006
Valdés-Salgado,Raydel; Reynales-Shigematsu,Luz Myriam; Lazcano-Ponce,Eduardo; Hernándezvila,Mauricio;
Salud Pública de México , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-36342007000800006
Abstract: objective: the aim of this paper is to present findings from the gyts on current cigarette smoking and other tobacco epidemic indicators. material and methods: the gyts uses a two-stage cluster sample survey design that produces representative samples of students aged 12 to 15 years enrolled in public, private and technical schools. the survey was undertaken in 2003 and 2006 at 399 schools in nine cities. the gyts surveyed 33 297 students. point prevalence, differences of proportions and adjusted odds ratio were estimated. results: the overall rate for current smoking in 30 days preceding the survey is 24.9% (95% ci, 22.5-27.3). among never smokers, 28% are likely to initiate smoking next year. as compared to the previous survey in 2003, there is not a reduction in cigarette smoking or exposure to secondhand smoke. cessation rates have not changed and advertisements and access by minors to tobacco products are still unresolved problems. however, tobacco related materials have significantly been added to school curricula. national estimates are presented, as well as city level estimates. conclusion: two years after fctc ratification, there is no major improvement in critical areas of tobacco control in mexico; particularly, there is no evidence of reduction in cigarette smoking among students in secondary schools.
Diferencias regionales en la mortalidad por cáncer de mama y cérvix en México entre 1979 y 2006
Palacio-Mejía,Lina Sofía; Lazcano-Ponce,Eduardo; Allen-Leigh,Betania; Hernándezvila,Mauricio;
Salud Pública de México , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-36342009000800011
Abstract: objective: explore the regional differences in breast (bc) and cervical cancer (cc) mortality in mexico. material and methods: we estimated mortality trends for bc and cc using probabilistic models adjusted by state marginalization level and urban and rural residence. results: bc mortality shows a rising trend, from a rate of 5.6 deaths per 100000 women in 1979 to 10.1 in 2006. the cc mortality rate reached a peak in 1989 and after this decreased significantly to 9.9 in 2006. the highest bc mortality rates are found in mexico city (13.2) and the northern part of the country (11.8). as for cc, the highest mortality rates are found in the south (11.9 per 100000 women the). discussion: the number of bc cases are increased gradually at the national level during the last three decades and high rates of cc mortality persist in marginalized areas.
Mortalidad atribuible al consumo de tabaco en México
Kuri-Morales,Pablo; Alegre-Díaz,Jesús; Mata-Miranda,Ma. del Pilar; Hernándezvila,Mauricio;
Salud Pública de México , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-36342002000700007
Abstract: objective. to study the mortality attributable to tobacco and alcohol consumption. material and methods. deaths occurring in 1998, abstracted from the mortality statistics registry in the coyoacan district of mexico city, were classified by cause as: cardiovascular diseases, respiratory diseases, and neoplasias. relatives of the deceased were interviewed to answer a questionnaire on tobacco smoking and alcohol drinking. results. smoking during the last ten years of life was significantly associated with cardiovascular disease in men aged 70 years or older (or 2.06, 95% ci 1.18-3.58). persistent smoking in the last year of life was significantly associated with deaths from neoplasias and respiratory diseases in women aged 70 years or older (or: 7.24, 95% ci 1.71-30.53; or: 4.82 95% ci 1.41-16.50, respectively). the regression model for cardiovascular disease showed that subjects with intense tobacco consumption were almost twice as likely to die from cardiovascular disease (or 1.83, 95% ci 1.1-2.8, p <0.01). the population attributable risk for cardiovascular disease was 45%. conclusions. tobacco smoking is an important predictor of dead among the elderly in mexico. tobacco control programs should also be targeted to the elderly.
Mortalidad atribuible al consumo de tabaco en México
Kuri-Morales Pablo,Alegre-Díaz Jesús,Mata-Miranda Ma. del Pilar,Hernándezvila Mauricio
Salud Pública de México , 2002,
Abstract: Objetivo. Estudiar la asociación entre defunciones registradas en la delegación Coyoacán y consumo de tabaco y alcohol. Material y métodos. Estudio de mortalidad proporcional y determinación de fracción atribuible en una cohorte de sujetos de la ciudad de México, D.F., México. Se reunió información de todas las defunciones de 1998 captadas a través del Sistema Estadístico y Epidemiológico de las Defunciones (SEED) en la delegación Coyoacán, clasificándolas por diagnóstico en enfermedades del sistema circulatorio (ESC), sistema respiratorio (EPOC), neoplasias (NEO). Se encuestó a familiares de los fallecidos sobre consumo de tabaco y alcohol. Resultados. Fumar los últimos 10 a os de vida fue significativo para ESC en hombres de 70 a os y más (RM: 2.06, IC 95%=1.18-3.58); y continuar fumando el último a o de vida fue significativo para NEO y para EPOC en mujeres de 70 a os y más (NEO= RM: 7.24, IC 95%=1.71-30.53; ESR= RM: 4.82, IC 95%=1.41-16.50). En el modelo de regresión para ESC, las personas con tabaquismo intenso tuvieron una posibilidad 0.83 veces mayor de fallecer por ESC, y el RA de esta variable para las ESC en la población general fue 45%. (RM=1.83; IC 95% = 1.1-2.8 p<0.01). Conclusiones. La exposición a tabaco es responsible de la elevada incidencia y mortalidad de enfermedades del sistema circulatorio y respiratorio, así como de neoplasias, en una muestra poblacional de sujetos de la ciudad de México.
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