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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 477 matches for " Matoschi Oana "
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AGRICULTURE IN ROMANIA IN THE PROCESS OF INTEGRATION INTO EUROPEAN STRUCTURES DURING POST - ACCESSION
Paun Georgeta,Matoschi Oana,Paun Mihaela Cristina
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2011,
Abstract: European Union and its Member States shall adjust some provisions of the development strategies aimed at increasing food production in sustainable ways, protecting natural resources and increase competitiveness of European agriculture on the world market. Romania faces imbalances in market conditions is not rationally use land particularly favorable to obtain a competitive agricultural supplies. Large annual variations in crop conditions in which the yields per hectare and per animal is about half the EU15 average does not provide the power necessary at affordable prices, especially for vulnerable population groups. Addressing structural and operational problems of the institutional system of agriculture in Romania's European integration process is an important way of overcoming the situations to which the elimination of disparities in economic development and social peace disturbed by high and rising prices of food, produced in quantities increasing imports. In the current international situation in which Romania difficulties in structural adjustment in agriculture and reduction of disparities compared to EU Member States, a national policy of granting real priorities for the sector is badly needed. These priorities cover both ways of achieving the overall objectives which fall within the strategic guidelines of the European Union and European integration meets the needs and solving specific national targets.
THE IMPORTANCE OF IMPLEMENTING THE ICT NETWORK IN ACHIEVING KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER IN THE RURAL AREAS
Miron Andreea,Ciobanu Laura,Menda Teodora - Adriana,Matoschi (Cimpan) Oana
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2011,
Abstract: Currently in Romania, the information sources available to farmers are limited and belong mostly to the public sector. The knowledge provided is relevant but insufficient in order to meet the needs of the Romanian farmers, especially since they are not oriented towards the market, as the main segment of interest. This paper has the intention to emphasize the need to introduce ICT as the main tool in supporting the decision making process and in resolving the specific issues faced by this sector In analyzing the current situation regarding this matter, in order to propose ways to resolve the problems encountered in achieving knowledge transfer, until now, were addressed issues such as: the evolution of the knowledge transfer concept, development milestones and actions that marked the RDI sector as the main producer of information, the main supporters of the farmers in their information actions (World Bank, IFAD), means, procedures and techniques used for transmitting knowledge (extension; consultancy). But what is most important is making all this resulted information available for the farmers, fact which can only be accomplished, in our opinion, by introducing and implementing ICT in the rural areas. The main method of research is the statistical data analysis of the data regarding the components involved in the knowledge transfer process and the current status of implementation of ICT in the rural areas. Among the expected results are included identifying the main restrictive factors in achieving knowledge transfer in rural and the main implications that implementing ICT would have on farmers' market position. Introducing ICT in the rural area is, in our opinion the best way to transform information, as a research result, into knowledge, becoming this way a real input for the farmer In practice, this will lead to lower production costs, lower prices for inputs, increased revenues by increasing the production’s prices and, not least, increased level of the European funding resources attracted for supporting investments.
INTEGRATION OF SEMI-SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURAL FARMS
Matoschi ( Cimpan) Oana,Paun Georgeta,Paun (Ciobanu) Mihaela,Pruteanu Elena Mihaela
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2011,
Abstract: Intensive agriculture, industrial type, contributed to environmental degradation and pollution. Thus, on the one hand, makes intensive use of chemicals has led to neglect of duty to maintain the natural fertility of the soil organic matter through proper fattening. On the other hand, organizing specialized industrial environments, high animal breeders, considered the only marketable livestock production, neglecting the production of manure, thus representing a break with the brutal nature of biological circuits Following the experience accumulated over two centuries, mankind has drawn valuable education obligation to safeguard the habitat of nature as a collaborator. In this respect, the main task of our times is to develop appropriate technologies humanist ideal, so that man can become a being as fully integrated into the social and cosmic environment. In the present period as a peasant household current form, is typical of developing countries. It is generated by the result of families who received income from farming and increase farm animalelor.Gospodaria organizational structure is the basic economic and agricultural economy. On the basis of the idea that organic production is the main cause of degradation of the biological quality of products is inadequate human intervention at various structural levels of the biosphere, and the most severe effects on humans resulting from the cumulation of errors relating to soil, plants and animals. Organic farming places emphasis on quality natural products, the quantity and productivity issues as a peripheral level. A balanced rural development policy for the future is not an option but a necessity, especially considering the fact that the issue of agriculture and rural development has important national connotations and is a very complex and timely in Romania Regional development is a concept that aims at stimulating and diversifying economic activities, encouraging private sector investment, helping to reduce unemployment and ultimately lead to improved living standards, according to the regions of the country's development
Application of Genetic Algorithm for Computing a Global 3D Scene Exploration  [PDF]
Oana Livia Apostu, Karim Tamine
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2011.44028
Abstract: This paper is dedicated to virtual world exploration techniques, which have to help a human being to understand a 3D scene. A new method to compute a global view of a scene is presented in the paper. The global view of a scene is determined by a “good” set off points of view. This method is based on a genetic algorithm. The “good” set of points of view is used to compute a camera path around the scene.
Formal Integrability for the Nonautonomous Case of the Inverse Problem of the Calculus of Variations
Oana Constantinescu
Symmetry, Integrability and Geometry : Methods and Applications , 2012,
Abstract: We address the integrability conditions of the inverse problem of the calculus of variations for time-dependent SODE using the Spencer version of the Cartan-K hler theorem. We consider a linear partial differential operator P given by the two Helmholtz conditions expressed in terms of semi-basic 1-forms and study its formal integrability. We prove that P is involutive and there is only one obstruction for the formal integrability of this operator. The obstruction is expressed in terms of the curvature tensor R of the induced nonlinear connection. We recover some of the classes of Lagrangian semisprays: flat semisprays, isotropic semisprays and arbitrary semisprays on 2-dimensional manifolds.
DONAUREGIONEN: The Spatial Development Concept of Interregional Cooperation in the Danube Space
OANA POPESCU
Romanian Review of Regional Studies , 2008,
Abstract: Between 2006 and 2008, the National Research and Development Institute for Urban and Regional Planning URBANPROIECT Bucharest participated - within the framework of EU programme INTERREG IIIB - at the DONAUREGIONEN Project: The Spatial Development Concept of Interregional Cooperation in the Danube Space. The aim of the project was to create a complex assemblage of knowledge about the potential possibilities of development in the Danube regions and the related interregional relations, to initiate common steps when choosing the regional development centres and to encourage cross-border cooperation. This action should help to overcome the existing information barriers and also the local authorities in the stage of planning the regional and city development. The project was structured by a summary evaluation of the development potential on the Danube area – analyses of problems, interests, and conflicts. The elaboration of the summary documents was based on the general answers to the four thematic fields representing the basic functional complex:1. Natural resources, environmental protection, and creation;2. Human resources, urban structure, and quality of life;3. Transport and technical infrastructure;4. Economic structure.On the basis of this summary evaluation, a concept of development and arrangement of the territory of the Danube area and a typology of regions will be developed and, finally, proposals and recommendations will be elaborated for regional and local authorities dealing with the regional and city development planning. The result of the project will be mainly to outline: - the conditions for the optimization of technical, territorial, socio-economic, and environmental relations in the Danube river corridor; - the existence of mutually linked and balanced urban and economic development centres, which will have positive influence on the development of their regions, and - the conditions for the constitution of a development corridor that will act as a stabilization agent balancing the regional disparities in the different member countries.The Geographical information system supporting the elaboration of the Donauregionen project system was conceived as a working GIS storing all the geographical data necessary for the processing of project outputs. All the geographical data were distributed in the WGS-84 system of coordinates. The project area of interest includes a territory within 5 countries of the Danube region (Slovakia, Hungary, Serbia, Bulgaria, and Romania).
THE EASTERN PARTNERSHIP – A PREMISE FOR AN ENHANCED EU-EASTERN NEIGHBOURS COOPERATION RELATIONSHIP
Oana Mocanu
Romanian Journal of European Affairs (RJEA) , 2009,
Abstract: The enlargement of the European Union towards the Central and Eastern Europe has brought to attention the necessity to reshape the EU institutional framework and specific policies addressing its new neighbourhood. Repeatedly stating that the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) is not a preceding phase for membership, the European Union also embraced the Polish-Swedish initiative for an Eastern Partnership (EaP). Meant at first to counterbalance the Union for Mediterranean project, the EaP has developed into a distinct project, with specific and ambitious cooperation goals, a positive and constructive agenda meant to support six countries (Ukraine, Moldova, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia and Belarus) develop and harmonize with the European standards and, at the same, attempting to build and further develop an Eastern dimension of the ENP. The questions of the efficiency of the conditionality derived from the EaP and also the complementarity of this initiative with other regional projects in the area can also be important matters of concern.
Foreword — 10-year Anniversary of RJEA
Oana Mocanu
Romanian Journal of European Affairs (RJEA) , 2011,
Abstract: Issued on a quarterly basis, the Romanian Journal of European Affairs has focussed upon European integration debates, the areas of political and social sciences and European studies. The ten-year anniversary of RJEA represents not only a celebration, but also a time of reflection on the journal’s future and goal. The commitment to a permanent improvement of the publication has moved to a rebranding process in order to better respond to the readers’ needs and to increase the scientific stature and usefulness of the journal.
BRIEF OVERVIEW ON THE CONDITIONALITY IN THE EUROPEAN NEIGHBOURHOOD POLICY
Oana Mocanu
Romanian Journal of European Affairs (RJEA) , 2010,
Abstract: The European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) has become a top issue on the EU agenda after the EU enlargement wave of 2004, completed in 2007. The question of efficiently managing the new borders of EU, by facing the new-fangled challenges related to security, combating trafficking, ensuring economic prosperity and environment protection has driven new and restructured EU mechanisms in order to manage the relations with its new neighbourhood - rather diverse in terms of economic and social welfare. Conditionality from the part of EU towards the ENP partner states has been an intricate issue even from the start. How committed can these countries be on the path of rough economic, political and social reforms, in the absence of a perspective of EU accession? If conditionality, as we know it from the pre-accession process of the former candidate states for example, is going to be a success or a failure in the case of the ENP states is still a matter of perception. This paper attempts to give an overview of different opinions upon the potential effect of the conditionality mechanism within the ENP. The victory or breakdown of conditionality within the ENP depends both on the commitment of the ENP partner states to the goals, values, concrete projects promoted through this policy and its consolidated initiatives (Eastern Partnership, Union for Mediterranean), but most of all on the capacity of the European Union to replace the traditional incentive of accession with a proper alternative, mostly in economic, financial, social and security terms.
Pour une analyse décompositionnelle des noms propres toponymiques – modèle de représentation sémantique
Oana Draga
Synergies Roumanie , 2010,
Abstract: Résumé : Dans cet article nous défendons la pertinence d’une analyse sémantique des noms propres et plus particulièrement des noms toponymiques. A un niveau théorique, nous discutons discuter les principales approches existant en philosophie et en linguistique vis-à-vis de cette catégorie nominale. Une distinction a été ainsi faite entre les théories héritières de la tradition grammaticale qui postulent l’existence d’une valeur référentielle asémantique pour les NP et la vision descriptiviste qui soutient la double qualité de ce signe de représenter le monde et de le signifier en même temps. En nous pla ant sur le terrain descriptiviste et plus précisément à l’interface de la sémantique argumentative (Galatanu 2002), de la sémantique interprétative (Rastier 1987) et l’approche cognitive (Putnam 1988), nous faisons une proposition théorique qui va à l’encontre de l’idée généralement soutenue en philosophie du langage et en linguistique que les NP sont une classe d’objets linguistiques différents des autres, conceptuellement vides de sens et référant directement au monde.Abstract : This paper argues for a semantic analysis of Proper Names, especially of toponymic names. At a theoretical level, we discuss the main philosophical and linguistic approaches to this nominal category. We review the distinction between theories influenced by the grammatical tradition, positing a referential non-semantic value for PN, and the descriptivist approach, assuming a double role for PN, which is to represent and name the world at the same time. By placing our study at the interface of argumentative semantics (Galatanu 2002), interpretive semantics (Rastier 1987) and cognitive science (Putnam 1988), we make a theoretical proposition which goes against the widespread treatment of proper names as conceptually meaningless elements.
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