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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2335 matches for " Mat Noor Mat Zain "
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Aql and Noble Character: A Review from A Scholarly Perspective
Noor Shakirah Mat Akhir
The Social Sciences , 2013, DOI: 10.3923/sscience.2012.717.724
Abstract: The academic discussion on aql from the Islamic perspective, refers to the spiritual aql and not the mainstream understanding of what we know as the brain. The aql is the ability to think that is innately found in man. It is spiritual in character and is related to the other spiritual elements of man such as ruh (spirit), qalb (heart) and nafs (desires). The discussion on aql is inevitably correlated to the debate on character (akhlaq). This, therefore, means that the discussion on aql is difficult to comprehend. Nonetheless classical Islamic scholars have initiated numerous discussions and have formed more than a few pathways which provided the foundation to the following generations of Islamic scholars to deliberate further and gain better understanding on aql.
Some Methods of Preponderance in Resolving Issues of Modern Biotechnology
Abdul Basir Mohamad,Anwar Fakhri Omar,Shofian Ahmad,Amir Husin Mohd Noor,Zaini Nasohah,Zuliza Mohd Kusrin,Ibnor Azli Ibrahim,Ahmad Muhammad Husni,Hayatullah Laluddin,Muhammad Adib Samsudin,Abdel Wadoud Moustafa Moursi,Mohd Al-Adib Samuri,Salmy Edawati Yaacob,Mat Noor Mat Zain,Zamzuri Zakaria,Muhammad Nazir Alias,Md Yazid Ahmad,Mohd Zamro Muda,Mohd Nasran Mohamad,Siti Fairuz Binti Sujak
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/javaa.2012.4086.4093
Abstract: The development of modern biotechnological plants through genetic engineering techniques is a method to improve the quality of crops in terms of quality and quantity. However, the debate among scientists and Muslim scholars in regarding with public interest and public corruption as to plant products that produced by modern biotechnology which is well-known now a days as Genetically Modified (GM) food is never stop. Thus, in the Islamic law there are a few methods of preponderance or predominance which could be used in order to find out the best way out of confusion in certain cases for legal rulings, especially in the cases relating to GM food. The objectives of this study are to examine the considerations of maslahah and mafsadah in purposes of Islamic law in relating to issues of modern biotechnology and to elucidate the methods of preponderance as well. It is important to understand here is everything that existed on this earth whether it occurs naturally or is present through the efforts of research and human expertise, all have benefits or advantages and risks or disadvantages. In the view of Islamic law if a biotechnological product is produced by hybrid efforts of using unlawful genes it is certainly clear can be categorized as illegal to be consumed then it becomes forbidden. But however, there are many products that are produced through biotechnological processes are unclearly able to decide easily whether they are lawful or unlawful for consumption by consumers. As such, a few methods laid down in this study are the first attempt to give a way out of difficulties for easily making legal rulings in this issue. So, it is hoped that the substance of this study will give an initial guidance for Muslim scholars to make legal judgment if they are facing the issues of GM food.
Domestic violence management in Malaysia: A survey on the primary health care providers
Sajaratulnisah Othman, Noor Azmi Mat Adenan
Asia Pacific Family Medicine , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1447-056x-7-2
Abstract: A survey of all clinicians and nursing staff of the outpatient, casualty and antenatal clinics in University Malaya Medical Centre using a self-administered questionnaire.Hundred and eight out of 188 available staff participated. Sixty-two percent of the clinicians and 66.9% of the nursing staff perceived the prevalence of domestic violence within their patients to be very rare or rare. Majority of the clinicians (68.9%) reported asking their patients regarding domestic violence 'at times' but 26.2% had never asked at all. Time factor, concern about offending the patient and unsure of how to ask were reported as barriers in asking for domestic violence by 66%, 52.5% and 32.8% of the clinicians respectively. Clinicians have different practices and levels of confidence within the management of domestic violence. Victim-blaming attitude exists in 28% of the clinicians and 51.1% of the nursing staff. Less than a third of the participants reported knowing of any written protocol for domestic violence management. Only 20% of the clinicians and 6.8% of the nursing staff had ever attended any educational program related to domestic violence.Lack of positive attitude and positive practices among the staff towards domestic violence identification and management might be related to inadequate knowledge and inappropriate personal values regarding domestic violence.Domestic violence is a major social and medical problem. It occurs in all countries irrespective of social, economic, cultural or religious values. The World Health Organization (WHO) has reported that population studies around the world have found 10 to 69% of women reported being physically assaulted by an intimate partner at some point in their lives [1]. In Malaysia, 39% of women above 15 years of age were estimated to have been physically beaten by their partner [2]. A study in the outpatient clinic of the University Malaya Medical Centre (UMMC) revealed that one in seven female patients attending the clinic had
In Vitro Micropropagation of a Valuable Medicinal Plant, Plectranthus amboinicus  [PDF]
Zuraida Ab Rahman, Erny Sabrina Mohd Noor, Mohd Shukri Mat Ali, Razali Mirad, Ayu Nazreena Othman
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2015.68113
Abstract: The effect of the plant growth regulators benzyl amino purine (BAP), 1-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) and kinetin (KIN) on in vitro shoot induction and proliferation of Plectranthus amboinicus was examined. Explants obtained from lateral shoots and apical shoots of P. amboinicus were inoculated on Murashige and Skoog (MS) culture medium supplemented with different concentrations of BAP, NAA and KIN. When the effect of each growth regulator was considered singly, the highest rate of shoot induction (80% of explants producing shoots) and highest number of shoots produced (2.4 shoots per explant) were obtained from lateral shoot explants cultured on MS media supplemented with 3.0 mg/L BAP within 6 - 7 weeks. Better results were obtained using MS medium supplemented with 1 mg/L BAP + 5 mg/L NAA. Shoot proliferation rose to 85%, while 5.7 shoots per explants were recorded. Among the different media tested for rooting, MS medium supplemented with 1.0 mg/L IBA was the most effective for root induction. The quality of the roots obtained was better than that obtained using MS media supplemented with NAA or IAA.
Application of Threshold Techniques for Readability Improvement of Jawi Historical Manuscript Images
Hafizan Mat Som,Jasni Mohamad Zain,Amzari Jihadi Ghazali
Advanced Computing : an International Journal , 2011,
Abstract: Problem statement: Historical documents such as old books and manuscripts have a highesthetic value and highly appreciated. Unfortunately, there are some documents cannot be read due toquality problems like faded paper, ink expand, uneven color tone, torn paper and other elementsdisruption such as the existence of small spots. The study aims to produce a copy of manuscript thatshows clear wordings so they can easily be read and the copy can also be displayed for visitors.Approach: 16 samples of Jawi historical manuscript with different quality problems were obtained fromThe Royal Museum of Pahang, Malaysia. We applied three binarization techniques; Otsu’s methodrepresents global threshold technique; Sauvola and Niblack method which are categorized as localthreshold techniques. There are also a pre processing step involving histogram equalization process,morphology functions and filtering technique. Finally, we compare the binarized images with theoriginal manuscript to be visually inspected by the museum’s curator. The unclear features were markedand analyzed. Results: Most of the examined images show that with optimal parameters and effective preprocessing technique, local thresholding methods are work well compare with the other one. Even theglobal thresholding method give less cost in computational time, the results were not yet satisfied.Niblack’s and Sauvola’s techniques seem to be the suitable approaches for these types of images. Most ofbinarized images with these two methods show improvement for readability and character recognition.For this research, even the differences of image result were hard to be distinguished by humancapabilities, after comparing the time cost and overall achievement rate of recognized symbols,Niblack’s method is performing better than Sauvola’s. Conclusion: There is no single algorithm thatworks well for all types of images but some work well than others for particular types of imagessuggesting that improved performance can be obtained by automatic selection or combination ofappropriate algorithms for the type of document image under investigation. We could improve the postprocessing step by adding edge detection techniques and further enhanced by an innovative imagerefinement technique and a formulation of a class proper method.
Application of Threshold Techniques for Readability Improvement of Jawi Historical Manuscript Images
Hafizan Mat Som,Jasni Mohamad Zain,Amzari Jihadi Ghazali
Computer Science , 2011, DOI: 10.5121/acij.2011.2206
Abstract: Historical documents such as old books and manuscripts have a high aesthetic value and highly appreciated. Unfortunately, there are some documents cannot be read due to quality problems like faded paper, ink expand, uneven colour tone, torn paper and other elements disruption such as the existence of small spots. The study aims to produce a copy of manuscript that shows clear wordings so they can easily be read and the copy can also be displayed for visitors. 16 samples of Jawi historical manuscript with different quality problems were obtained from The Royal Museum of Pahang, Malaysia. We applied three binarization techniques; Otsu's method represents global threshold technique; Sauvola and Niblack method which are categorized as local threshold techniques. We compared the binarized images with the original manuscript to be visually inspected by the museum's curator. The unclear features were marked and analyzed. Most of the examined images show that with optimal parameters and effective pre processing technique, local thresholding methods are work well compare with the other one. Niblack's and Sauvola's techniques seem to be the suitable approaches for these types of images. Most of binarized images with these two methods show improvement for readability and character recognition. For this research, even the differences of image result were hard to be distinguished by human capabilities, after comparing the time cost and overall achievement rate of recognized symbols, Niblack's method is performing better than Sauvola's. We could improve the post processing step by adding edge detection techniques and further enhanced by an innovative image refinement technique and a formulation of a class proper method.
Islamic Forward Exchange Contracts as a Hedging Mechanism: An Analysis of wacd Principle
Azlin Alisa Ahmad,Shofian Ahmad,Hailani Muji Tahir,Shahidah Shahimi,Saadiah Mohamad,Mat Moor Mat Zain
International Business Management , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/ibm.2012.47.54
Abstract: Although, FX forward contract is required for hedging purposes, the issue arises of whether FX forward fulfill al-sarf ruling. The question is how to ensure that this contract is free from prohibited elements in Islam as it is needed in the context of the global economy? As FX forward involves the exchange of currency in the future, it violates the sarf requirement of spot exchange thus, incurring riba al-nasi ah. This study therefore, seeks to examine Islamic forward exchange contracts that are structured by applying wacd binding only to one party. This study has found that in order to make forward exchange contracts meet the condition of spot exchange of currencies, the majority of banks have adopted the principles wacd mulzim at an early stage and the actual contract takes place or is executed on the delivery date. However, the practice of wacd mulzim has its drawbacks as it only protects the right of banks while customers who are commonly the promissor in the contract are exposed to the risk of default. To overcome this problem, the principle of wacdan should be explored to study its suitability and potentiality as a basis in structuring Islamic hedging products.
Employers Perception on the Quality of Graduates from the School of Biosciences and Biotechnology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
Kalaivani Nadarajah,Mahanem Mat Noor,Ainon Hamzah,Arina Anis Azlan
The Social Sciences , 2013, DOI: 10.3923/sscience.2012.478.485
Abstract: The employers perception on the quality was derived from evaluation of the knowledge, skills and generics skills that the graduating class of 2011 possessed after undergoing a 120 credit hours of education and training in the seven different programmes offered at the School of Biosciences and Biotechnology. The evaluation was conducted while the students were undergoing their industrial attachment at various organisations which is a mandatory requirement for graduation. The pool of employers demographic in this study was clustered into 13 groups with the largest number of respondents from Research Institutes/Facilities (38.4%) followed by hospitals (26.7%). The study found that the language proficiency of the students in written and oral Malay and written English language was good with an overall average score of 4.00 on a scale of 5. The survey identified the students strengths in generic skills in commitment to work, work ethics and time management and punctuality (Likert scores ranging from 4.2-4.6). They received excellent ratings with regards to their interpersonal (team-work, respect of others views, racial tolerance and conflict resolution) and their mastery of IT skills (database analysis, internet search and computer proficiency) with an average score ranging from 4.3 and 4.6, respectively in the descriptive factors analysed. As for the quantitative and research skills of the students; the overall analysis showed that the employers were satisfied with the students ability and exposure in both areas (average score range of 3.6-4.1 for the descriptive factors). The results showed that the weakest link for these students was in the area of quantitative analysis which involved critical thinking (3.6), problem solving (3.7) and statistical analysis (3.6). They however, scored higher (scores ranging from 3.9-4.1) with regards to their ability to plan and conduct research.
Strengthening Of Concrete Prisms with Polymer Fiber/Polymer Matrix Composite: Side Bonded
Noorsuhada Md Nor,Soffian Noor Mat Saliah,Azmi Ibrahim
Jurnal Nanosains & Nanoteknologi , 2010,
Abstract: The aim of this study is to examine, investigate and compare the strength performance between plane concrete prism and Fibre Reinforced Plastic (FRP) wrapped concrete prism. The load-deformation characteristic has also been studied. A series of experiments were conducted to determine the flexural strength between plane concrete prism and FRP wrapped concrete prism. In this research, eight concrete prisms were built with size of 100 100 500 mm, five of them were wrapped with FRP or polyester reinforced woven polypropylene fibre sheets and three specimens were made without FRP sheets. Both specimens type were tested until failure. The woven polypropylene fibre sheets (WPFS) were made from high strength polypropylene fibre placed in an epoxy matrix. It was found that the flexural strength of the strengthened prisms was higher than that of plain concrete prisms.
Electronic Student Academic System (E-SAS) For Secondary School
Junaida Sulaiman,Roziatul Hasmat Mat Yamin,Noorhuzaimi Karimah Mohd Noor
Communications of the IBIMA , 2008,
Abstract: Nowadays computers are used to manage daily works. School management uses computer to process academic assessments. For example, teachers store students mark and grades in computer software such as Microsoft Office. However computers are merely used to store students assessments and there are no systematic place for analyzing and turning that data into information and knowledge. Therefore, Electronic Student Academic System (E-SAS) is developed to facilitate teachers and administration staffs in managing students’ profile and academic assessments. Two types of assessments are included in E-SAS which are mid-term test and final year test. E-SAS which follows Rational Unified Process is implemented using Hypertext Pre-Processor (PHP) and MySQL software. As a result, users find that E-SAS is capable of displaying and searching student information. It also can calculate and produce assessments reports for each type of tests.
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