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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1084 matches for " Masato "
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The Effect of the Pressure for the Formation of YBa2Cu3O7–d Bulk Ceramics with Domestic Microwave Oven  [PDF]
Masato Ohmukai
Engineering (ENG) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2011.311136
Abstract: We fabricated YBa2Cu3O7–d bulk ceramics with a domestic microwave oven and investigated the effect of pressure at the press procedure. If the pressure was not high enough, the ratio of BaCuO2 phase became large, estimated from x-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements. We found that the pressure should be 700 kgf/cm2 at least in order to suppress the BaCuO2 phase.
Electrodeposition of Bi-Sb alloy using Cu electrodes  [PDF]
Masato Ohmukai, Akira Tsuyoshi
Materials Sciences and Applications (MSA) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/msa.2012.37069
Abstract: Bi-Sb alloys were grown by means of an electrodeposition method using Cu electrodes. The alloys were studied with the help of an x-ray diffractometer and an electron probe microanalysis. The both investigations have shown no trace of Cu in the obtained alloys. It can be concluded that Cu electrodes can be used for the deposition of Bi-Sb alloys; which results in an advantage of availability of the electrode.
Possibility of the Benzoic Acids Formation by Oxidation of Benzyl Chlorides in the Sand  [PDF]
Masakazu Yamashita, Masato Hata
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2013.41014

Seeking the possibility of the formation of benzoic acids from benzyl halides in natural soil, a model oxidation reaction of the halides was carried out in the presence of water and soil in an open air under UV light irradiation. Addition of TiO2 to soil raised the yield of the acid, implying such a metal oxide plays a real catalytic role in this oxidation. By these supplementary experiments, one of the possibilities for the formation of benzoic acids in natural soil from benzyl chlorides was supported.

Pt Deposition on Anode Enhances the Performance of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell with Non-Cross-Linked Gel Electrolyte  [PDF]
Masato Ohmukai, Jun Kyokane
Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering (MSCE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/msce.2013.16003

We fabricated dye-sensitized solar cells with non-cross-linked fluorinated gel electrolyte. The application of fluorinated gel to electrolyte is a challenging issue at present. The gelation of the electrolyte is of importance in order to solve the problem in the durability of the cell. We investigated, in this article, the effect of Pt deposition on the anode of the cell. The Pt was deposited by means of a DC sputtering technique. The studies showed that the deposition time strongly affected both open voltage and short-circuit current of the cell. The adaptive thickness of the Pt layer was determined to be 10 nm for the non-cross-linked fluorinated gel electrolyte cells.

Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell with Fluorinated Gel Electrolyte: Effect of TiO2 Particle Size on Performance  [PDF]
Jun Kyokane, Masato Ohmukai
Advances in Nanoparticles (ANP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/anp.2013.24043

We fabricated dye-sensitized solar cells including fluorinated gel electrolyte and studied about the relationship between the performance of the solar cells and the aggregation state of TiO2 nano-particles on electrodes. As for the performance of the cell, the I-V characteristics were measured under irradiation. The combination of TiO2 nanoparticles with different size plays an important role in bringing unevenness to realize a large surface area, which is critical for the high performance of the cells.

Addition of Pyridine to Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell Including Fluorinated Oligomer Gel Electrolyte  [PDF]
Masato Ohmukai, Jun Kyokane
Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering (MSCE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/msce.2014.211002

Fluorinated oligomer gel is suitable to the electrolyte of dye-sensitized solar cell for low cost production. In this article, addition of pyridine was investigated for the purpose of enhancing the short current density. Two kinds of ionic liquids were tested: imidazolium and pyrazolium systems. The two different stages of adding pyridine to the electrolyte were considered and the amount of pyridine was studied. It was found that the electrolyte including pyrazolium ionic liquids to which pyridine was added before the mixing with fluorinated oligomer showed the highest electric conductivity, short current density and open voltage. This resulted in the highest conversion efficiency of 4%. As the amount of pyridine increased, the fill factor and the open voltage were improved at first, and then the short current density increased. If the pyridine was added more, the short current density conversely decreased.

A Sputtering Deposition of Al Enhances the Output Reproducibility in a Conducting Rubber Force Sensor  [PDF]
Masato Ohmukai, Yasushi Kami
Journal of Sensor Technology (JST) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jst.2016.63004
Abstract: Compressive force sensors or pressure sensors are indispensable to tactile sensors in humanoid robots. It is investigated that low-cost electro-conducting rubber sheets are applied to the force sensor, of which the biggest problem is its poor reproducibility. It was found that the aluminum deposition by a vacuum evaporation method shows excellent characteristics but suffers deterioration by a radiation heating effect. The aluminum electrode was deposited by a sputtering method, known to have an advantage of a low-temperature method, and the reproducibility of the output was improved.
Comparison between Amorphous and Tandem Silicon Solar Cells in Practical Use  [PDF]
Masato Ohmukai, Akira Tsuyoshi
Journal of Power and Energy Engineering (JPEE) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jpee.2017.54002
Abstract: Solar cells are now widely used as a clean method for electric energy generation. Among various type of solar cells, we compared the ability between amorphous and tandem (amorphous and polycrystalline) silicon solar cells by means of simultaneous running test. This kind of comparison is of importance practically, because the comparison of only inherent characteristics cannot include environmental parameters such as temperature totally. It was concluded that both types of solar cells provided almost the same energy for one year. The amorphous silicon solar cell provided more energy in summer while the tandem solar cell was advantageous in winter. It is due to the fact that the decrease in energy conversion at the higher cell temperature is more noticeable in tandem solar cells.
Simulation Suggests Origin of Potential Induced Degradation of Solar Cell  [PDF]
Masato Ohmukai, Akira Tsuyoshi
Journal of Power and Energy Engineering (JPEE) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jpee.2017.56004
Abstract: Solar cells are well known as devices for sustainable electric energy generation. Nowadays the potential induced degradation has been brought up as an obstacle problem for practical use. In order to determine the cause of this kind of degradation, numerical simulation by a finite difference time domain method has been performed for computational electromagnetics in the case that the thunder attacks the solar modules. The results show that the dielectric breakdown in the glass covered over the solar cells triggered by the thunderstroke is critical. So it is helpful to protect the dielectric breakdown in the glass from the thunderstroke.
Effect of Parameters on Potential Induced Degradation of Solar Cell  [PDF]
Masato Ohmukai, Akira Tsuyoshi
Journal of Power and Energy Engineering (JPEE) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jpee.2017.56003
Abstract: Solar cells are widely used to generate electric energy even at homes. It surely has a great advantage of sustainability. However, the potential induced degradation has been found to be an obstacle problem for practical use. It was reported that the main cause is the dielectric breakdown in the glass covered over the solar cells triggered by the thunderstroke. In this paper, the effects of the parameters such as the position of thunderstroke, the wave form, the peak value and the front duration of the lightning current, were examined by means of numerical calculation. For the lightning current, a step-like waveform and an impulse waveform were examined. The effect of the induced voltage was found to be independent of the waveform. The peak value, the front duration of the lightning current greatly affects the induced voltage.
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