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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4767 matches for " Maryline Laurent-Maknavicius "
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Experimental Measurements of Host Identity Protocol for Mobile Nodes' Networks
Maher Ben Jemaa,Nahla Abid,Maryline Laurent-Maknavicius,Hakima Chaouchi
Journal of Computer Networks and Communications , 2009, DOI: 10.1155/2009/383517
Abstract: The role of Internet Protocol (IP) is becoming more and more problematic especially with the new requirements of mobility and multihoming. Host Identity protocol (HIP) defines a new protocol between the network and transport layers in order to provide a better management to those requirements. The protocol defines a new namespace based on cryptographic identifiers which enable the IP address roles dissociation. Those new identifiers identify hosts rather than IP addresses. Because HIP is a quite recent protocol, we propose to present an experimental evaluation of its basic characteristics.
Magnetic fields in O-, B- and A-type stars on the main sequence
Maryline Briquet
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1051/epjconf/201510105001
Abstract: In this review, the latest observational results on magnetic fields in main-sequence stars with radiative envelopes are summarised together with the theoretical works aimed at explaining them.
Why Did Bluetongue Spread the Way It Did? Environmental Factors Influencing the Velocity of Bluetongue Virus Serotype 8 Epizootic Wave in France
Maryline Pioz,Hélène Guis,Laurent Crespin,Emilie Gay,Didier Calavas,Beno?t Durand,David Abrial,Christian Ducrot
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0043360
Abstract: Understanding where and how fast an infectious disease will spread during an epidemic is critical for its control. However, the task is a challenging one as numerous factors may interact and drive the spread of a disease, specifically when vector-borne diseases are involved. We advocate the use of simultaneous autoregressive models to identify environmental features that significantly impact the velocity of disease spread. We illustrate this approach by exploring several environmental factors influencing the velocity of bluetongue (BT) spread in France during the 2007–2008 epizootic wave to determine which ones were the most important drivers. We used velocities of BT spread estimated in 4,495 municipalities and tested sixteen covariates defining five thematic groups of related variables: elevation, meteorological-related variables, landscape-related variables, host availability, and vaccination. We found that ecological factors associated with vector abundance and activity (elevation and meteorological-related variables), as well as with host availability, were important drivers of the spread of the disease. Specifically, the disease spread more slowly in areas with high elevation and when heavy rainfall associated with extreme temperature events occurred one or two months prior to the first clinical case. Moreover, the density of dairy cattle was correlated negatively with the velocity of BT spread. These findings add substantially to our understanding of BT spread in a temperate climate. Finally, the approach presented in this paper can be used with other infectious diseases, and provides a powerful tool to identify environmental features driving the velocity of disease spread.
Unexpected Novel Relational Links Uncovered by Extensive Developmental Profiling of Nuclear Receptor Expression
Stéphanie Bertrand equal contributor,Bernard Thisse equal contributor,Raquel Tavares,Laurent Sachs,Arnaud Chaumot,Pierre-Luc Bardet,Héctor Escrivà,Maryline Duffraisse,Oriane Marchand,Rachid Safi,Christine Thisse,Vincent Laudet
PLOS Genetics , 2007, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.0030188
Abstract: Nuclear receptors (NRs) are transcription factors that are implicated in several biological processes such as embryonic development, homeostasis, and metabolic diseases. To study the role of NRs in development, it is critically important to know when and where individual genes are expressed. Although systematic expression studies using reverse transcriptase PCR and/or DNA microarrays have been performed in classical model systems such as Drosophila and mouse, no systematic atlas describing NR involvement during embryonic development on a global scale has been assembled. Adopting a systems biology approach, we conducted a systematic analysis of the dynamic spatiotemporal expression of all NR genes as well as their main transcriptional coregulators during zebrafish development (101 genes) using whole-mount in situ hybridization. This extensive dataset establishes overlapping expression patterns among NRs and coregulators, indicating hierarchical transcriptional networks. This complete developmental profiling provides an unprecedented examination of expression of NRs during embryogenesis, uncovering their potential function during central nervous system and retina formation. Moreover, our study reveals that tissue specificity of hormone action is conferred more by the receptors than by their coregulators. Finally, further evolutionary analyses of this global resource led us to propose that neofunctionalization of duplicated genes occurs at the levels of both protein sequence and RNA expression patterns. Altogether, this expression database of NRs provides novel routes for leading investigation into the biological function of each individual NR as well as for the study of their combinatorial regulatory circuitry within the superfamily.
Marine Biology: A Sub-Sample of a Vast Topic  [PDF]
Laurent Seuront
Open Journal of Marine Science (OJMS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojms.2013.32A001

Marine Biology: A Sub-Sample of a Vast Topic

Generalized Powers of Substitution with Pre-Function Operators  [PDF]
Laurent Poinsot
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/am.2013.47A004

An operator on formal power series of the form S \"\" μS , where μ is an invertible power series, and σ is a series of the form t+\"\"(t2) is called a unipotent substitution with pre-function. Such operators, denoted by a pair (μ σ )  , form a group. The objective of this contribution is to show that it is possible to define a generalized powers for such operators, as for instance fractional powers \"\"σ for every\"\" .

The Mediating Role of the Sense of Relatedness and Task Cohesion in the Relation between Psychological Power Distance and Efficicency of a Working Team  [PDF]
Laurent Auzoult
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2013.410105

Understanding of the effectiveness of work-teams is a major issue in the business world, where they are expected to facilitate developing individual skills and increasing organizations’ efficiency. Eighty-three engineers working in teams have responded to a questionnaire devised to measure perceptual power distances, the sense of relatedness, cohesion measured by integration around the task, and teams’ effectiveness. Results reveal that “task cohesion” and sense of relatedness mediate the relationship between power distance and perceived effectiveness. These results are related with those observed in the context of the self-determination theory and presented in order to highlight their practical implications.

Green Extraction of Natural Products: Concept and Principles
Farid Chemat,Maryline Abert Vian,Giancarlo Cravotto
International Journal of Molecular Sciences , 2012, DOI: 10.3390/ijms13078615
Abstract: The design of green and sustainable extraction methods of natural products is currently a hot research topic in the multidisciplinary area of applied chemistry, biology and technology. Herein we aimed to introduce the six principles of green-extraction, describing a multifaceted strategy to apply this concept at research and industrial level. The mainstay of this working protocol are new and innovative technologies, process intensification, agro-solvents and energy saving. The concept, principles and examples of green extraction here discussed, offer an updated glimpse of the huge technological effort that is being made and the diverse applications that are being developed.
A Flexible Strain Sensor Based on a Conductive Polymer Composite for in situ Measurement of Parachute Canopy Deformation
Cédric Cochrane,Maryline Lewandowski,Vladan Koncar
Sensors , 2010, DOI: 10.3390/s100908291
Abstract: A sensor based on a Conductive Polymer Composite (CPC), fully compatible with a textile substrate and its general properties, has been developed in our laboratory, and its electromechanical characterization is presented herein. In particular the effects of strain rate (from 10 to 1,000 mm/min) and of repeated elongation cycles on the sensor behaviour are investigated. The results show that strain rate seems to have little influence on sensor response. When submitted to repeated tensile cycles, the CPC sensor is able to detect accurately fabric deformations over each whole cycle, taking into account the mechanical behaviour of the textile substrate. Complementary information is given concerning the non-effect of aging on the global resistivity of the CPC sensor. Finally, our sensor was tested on a parachute canopy during a real drop test: the canopy fabric deformation during the critical inflation phase was successfully measured, and was found to be less than 9%.
Dynamic Scheduling of Skippable Periodic Tasks: Issues and Proposals
Maryline Silly-Chetto,Audrey Marchand
Journal of Software , 2007, DOI: 10.4304/jsw.2.5.44-51
Abstract: This paper deals with dynamic scheduling in realtime systems that have Quality of Service requirements. We assume that tasks are periodic and may miss their deadlines, occasionally, as defined by the so-called Skip-Over model. In this paper, we present a dynamic scheduling algorithm, called RLP (Red as Late as possible, a variant of Earliest Deadline to make slack stealing and to get better performance in terms of ratio of periodic task instances which complete before their deadline). Simulation results show that RLP outperforms the two conventional skip-over algorithms, namely RTO and BWP, introduced about ten years ago. Then, we investigate a second criteria called fairness, aiming to balance individual success ratios of tasks. We present variants of RLP to improve fairness and report comparative simulation results. Finally, we present the integration of these QoS scheduling services into CLEOPATRE1, a free open-source library which offers selectable real-time facilities on shelves.
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