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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2665 matches for " Maryam REHMAN "
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Management & Marketing , 2012,
Abstract: This study explores relationships among Corporate Image, Intangible Perceived Quality, Choosing, Habit and Customer Loyalty and investigates the pivotal role these variables play in establishing and maintaining healthy base of loyal customers. Data were collected from Pakistani bank account holders and the empirical findings showed that corporate image plays the most important role in establishing and maintaining customer loyalty in the markets. Organizations always look forward to long lasting success. In order to be successful in the long run, they need to keep abreast with all of their stakeholders. Out of the stakeholders, customers are considered to be the most important one. Customer Loyalty is a psychological motive which today’s managers are considerate about. This study concludes that long-term success and sustainable reputation of an organization depends on customer loyalty.
The Effects of Collective Leadership on Student Achievement and Teacher Instruction  [PDF]
Maryam Awadh
Open Journal of Leadership (OJL) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojl.2018.74015
Abstract: In the past, the leadership position primarily involved how leaders handled their role. The notion of collective leadership is significant for constructing the educational community and sustaining inclusive collective participation. This paper shows the framework of the leadership, and comprehensively addresses the ways in which leaders have a direct impact on classroom instruction and student learning outcomes. The study outlines how leadership abilities are linked to student achievement and illustrates how principals and instructional leaders are the central figures of this leadership. The study found the ways in which leaders indirectly influence student achievement through their impact on teacher motivation and work conditions, and whether teachers’ knowledge and skills have an effect on student achievement in the educational system. The influences of collective leadership on classroom instruction were examined, including ways in which changes in instruction could influence both teachers and students.
Jovian Problem: Performance of Some High-Order Numerical Integrators  [PDF]
Shafiq Ur Rehman
American Journal of Computational Mathematics (AJCM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ajcm.2013.33028

N-body simulations of the Sun, the planets, and small celestial bodies are frequently used to model the evolution of the Solar System. Large numbers of numerical integrators for performing such simulations have been developed and used; see, for example, [1,2]. The primary objective of this paper is to analyse and compare the efficiency and the error growth for different numerical integrators. Throughout the paper, the error growth is examined in terms of the global errors in the positions and velocities, and the relative errors in the energy and angular momentum of the system. We performed numerical experiments for the different integrators applied to the Jovian problem over a long interval of duration, as long as one million years, with the local error tolerance ranging from 10-16 to 10-18.

Accuracy and Computational Cost of Interpolation Schemes While Performing N-Body Simulations  [PDF]
Shafiq Ur Rehman
American Journal of Computational Mathematics (AJCM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajcm.2014.45037
Abstract: The continuous approximations play a vital role in N-body simulations. We constructed three different types, namely, one-step (cubic and quintic Hermite), two-step, and three-step Hermite interpolation schemes. The continuous approximations obtained by Hermite interpolation schemes and interpolants for ODEX2 and ERKN integrators are discussed in this paper. The primary focus of this paper is to measure the accuracy and computational cost of different types of interpolation schemes for a variety of gravitational problems. The gravitational problems consist of Kepler’s two-body problem and the more realistic problem involving the Sun and four gas-giants—Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. The numerical experiments are performed for the different integrators together with one-step, two-step, and three-step Hermite interpolation schemes, as well as the interpolants.
Application of quartz crystal nanobalance in conjunction with a net analyte signal based method for simultaneous determination of leucine, isoleucine and valine  [PDF]
Maryam Shojaei, Abdolreza Mirmohseni, Maryam Farbodi
Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering (JBiSE) , 2009, DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2009.27077
Abstract: The aim of the present investigation was to develop a biosensor for the detection of amino acids, Leucine, Isoleucine and Valine based on a quartz crystal nanobalance. leucine (Leu), isoleucine (Ile), and valine (Val) were selectively determined by quartz crystal nanobalance (QCN) sensor in conjunction with net analyte signal (NAS)-based method called HLA/GO. An orthogonal design was applied for the formation of calibration and prediction sets including Leu, Ile and Val compounds. The selection of the optimal time range involved the calculation of the net analyte sig-nal regression plot in any considered time window for each test sample. The searching of a region with maximum linearity of NAS regression plot (minimum error indicator) and minimum of PRESS value was carried out by applying a moving window strategy. On the base of obtained results, the differences on the adsorption profiles in the time range between 1 and 300 s were used to determine mixtures of compounds by HLA/GO method. The results showed that the method was successfully applied for the determina-tion of Leu, Ile and Val.
Effect of Surface Roughness and Materials Composition  [PDF]
Maryam Gharechahi, Horieh Moosavi, Maryam Forghani
Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology (JBNB) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jbnb.2012.324056
Abstract: In the mouth, biofilm formation occurs on all soft and hard surfaces. Microbial colonization on such surfaces is always preceded by the formation of a pellicle. The physicochemical surface properties of a pellicle are largely dependent on the physical and chemical nature of the underlying surface. Thus, the surface structure and composition of the underlying surface will influence on the initial bacterial adhesion. The aim of this review is to evaluate the influence of the surface roughness and the restorative material composition on the adhesion process of oral bacteria. Both in vitro and in vivo studies underline the importance of both variables in dental plaque formation. Rough surfaces will promote plaque formation and maturation. Candida species are found on acrylic dentures, but dentures coating and soaking of dentures in disinfectant solutions may be an effective method to prevent biofilm formation. Biofilms on gold and amalgam are thick, but with low viability. Glass-ionomer cement collects a thin biofilm with a low viability. Biofilms on composites cause surface deterioration, which enhances biofilm formation. Biofilms on ceramics are thin and highly viable.
Safety Management in a Manufacturing Company: Six Sigma Approach  [PDF]
Lateef Ur Rehman Ateekh-ur-Rehman
Engineering (ENG) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2012.47053
Abstract: The manufacturing company under consideration recorded the high accident rates for last few years. These accidents cause the organization the heavy man-day loss, the production loss and heavy costs of insurance. The objective of health and safety department at the manufacturing company was to set and improve accidents prevention system. The paper presents how does the six-sigma technique will help to evaluate the safety and environmental hazards in performance of organizations? It is observed that the study helped the management to measure, analyze and improve overall safety plan to protect the life and health of the employees.
The embryonic blood–CSF barrier has molecular elements for specific glucose transport and for the general transport of molecules via transcellular routes  [PDF]
Maryam Parvas, David Bueno
Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology (ABB) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/abb.2010.14041
Abstract: In vertebrates, early brain development takes place at the expanded anterior end of the neural tube, which is filled with embryonic cerebrospinal fluid (E-CSF). We have recently identified a transient blood–CSF barrier that forms between embryonic days E3 and E4 in chick embryos and that is responsible for the transport of proteins and control of E-CSF homeostasis, including osmolarity. Here we examined the presence of glucose transporter GLUT-1 as well the presence of caveolae-structural protein Caveolin1 (CAV-1) in the embryonic blood-CSF barrier which may be involved in the transport of glucose and of proteins, water and ions respectively across the neuroectoderm. In this paper we demonstrate the presence of GLUT-1 and CAV-1 in endothelial cells of blood vessels as well as in adjacent neuroectodermal cells, located in the embryonic blood–CSF barrier. In blood vessels, these proteins were detected as early as E4 in chick embryos and E12.7 in rat embryos, i.e. the point at which the embryonic blood–CSF barrier acquires this function. In the neuroectoderm of the embryonic blood-CSF barrier, GLUT-1 was also detected at E4 and E12.7 respectively, and CAV-1 was detected shortly thereafter in both experimental models. These experiments contribute to delineating the extent to which the blood–CSF embryonic barrier controls E-CSF composition and homeostasis during early stages of brain development in avians and mammals. Our results suggest the regulation of glucose transport to the E-CSF by means of GLUT-1 and also suggest a mechanism by which proteins are transported via transcellular routes across the neuroectoderm, thus reinforcing the crucial role of E-CSF in brain development.
Training Based Channel Estimation in MIMO-OFDM Systems  [PDF]
Maryam Imani, Hamidreza Bakhshi
Communications and Network (CN) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/cn.2012.41008
Abstract: OFDM combined with the MIMO technique has become a core and attractive technology in future wireless communication systems and can be used to both improve capacity and quality of mobile wireless systems. Accurate and efficient channel estimation plays a key role in MIMO-OFDM communication systems, which is typically realized by using pilot or training sequences by virtue of low complexity and considerable performance. In this paper, we discuss some methods for channel estimation based training symbols in MIMO-OFDM systems. The results confirm the superiority of the represented methods over the existing ones in terms of bandwidth efficiency and estimation error.
The Tight Bound for the Number of Pilots in Channel Estimation for OFDM Systems  [PDF]
Maryam Imani, Hamidreza Bakhshi
Communications and Network (CN) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/cn.2012.42019
Abstract: Coherent detection in OFDM systems requires accurate channel state information (CSI) at the receiver. Channel estimation based on pilot-symbol-assisted transmissions provides a reliable way to obtain CSI. Use of pilot symbols for channel estimation, introduces overhead and it is desirable to keep the number of pilot symbols as minimum as possible. This paper introduces a new tight bound for the number of pilots in channel estimation using adaptive scheme in OFDM systems. We calculate the minimum number of necessary pilots using two approaches. The first approach for the number of pilots is obtained based on Doppler frequency shift estimation and the second approach is acquired based on channel length estimation using second order statistics of received signal. Finally we obtain the tight bound for the number of pilots using attained values.
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