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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 9429 matches for " Mary Ryan "
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Trivial or Commendable? : Women’s Writing, Popular Culture, and Chick Lit
Ryan, Mary
452o F : Revista de Teoría de la Literatura y Literatura Comparada , 2010,
Abstract: There are a number of similarities between popular culture and women's writing: both have been dismissed as trivial and worthless, have traditionally received little respect from critics, and have been scorned because of theis apparently "low-brow" appeal. Additionally, both were long excluded from the literary Canon. In contemporary culture, the intersection of popular culture and women's writing takes the form of chick lit, the contemporary genre of fiction starring female characters in their 20s and 30s as they make their way through their lives and tackle all the obstacles in their way. As well as outlining the characteristics and history of chick lit, this paper will discuss the negative reception that popular culture, women's writing, and chick lit has often been subjected to, and will show how studies are now emerging with the aim of demonstrating how such genres may have more worth and potential than is typically suggested.
Then and Now: Memories of a Patriarchal Ireland in the Work of Marian Keyes
Ryan, Mary
452o F : Revista de Teoría de la Literatura y Literatura Comparada , 2011,
Abstract: This paper will observe how the work of Irish author Marian Keyes is influenced by,and representative of, the place of women in Ireland in terms of historical issues, social values,and legal issues. It will discuss two primary areas that have affected women in Irish society: the family and the female body. In addressing how such issues were traditionally viewed in Irish society, this paper will demonstrate how Keyes’ novels present an awareness –a memory– of how Irish women’s lives were once repressed by patriarchal values, and how contemporary women still, to some extent, feel the effects –the restraints– of such attitudes.
Ending the Silence: Representing Women’s Reproductive Lives in Irish Chick Lit.
Mary Ryan
Nebula , 2011,
“Stepping Out from the Margins: Ireland, Morality, and Representing the Other in Irish Chick Lit.”
Mary Ryan.
Nebula , 2010,
Modelling Financially Optimal Afforestation and Forest Management Scenarios Using a Bio-Economic Model  [PDF]
Mary Ryan, Cathal O’Donoghue, Henry Phillips
Open Journal of Forestry (OJF) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojf.2016.61003
Abstract: The expansion of non-industrial private forests (NIPF) in Ireland is unique in the European context in which the almost doubling of forest cover within the last thirty years has taken place largely on farmland. This is not surprising as Ireland has some of the highest growth rates for conifers in Europe and also has a large proportion of land which is marginal for agriculture but highly productive under forests. However, in recent years, afforestation in Ireland as in many European countries has fallen well short of policy targets. As the farm afforestation decision essentially involves an inter-temporal land use change, farmers need comprehensive information on forest market returns under different environmental conditions and forest management regimes. This paper describes the systematic development of a cohort forest bio-economic model which examines financially optimal afforestation and management choices. Simulating a range of productivity and harvesting scenarios for Sitka spruce, we find that different objectives result in different outcomes. We see substantial differences between the biologically optimal rotation, the reduced rotation in common usage and the financially optimal rotation which maximises net present value and find that the results are particularly sensitive to the choice of management and methodological assumptions. Specifically, we find that better site productivity and thin versus no-thin options result in shorter rotations across all optimisations, reinforcing the usefulness of this type of financial modelling approach. This information is critical for future policy design to further incentivise afforestation of agricultural land.
Effect of Copper on Growth Characteristics and Disease Control of the Recently Introduced Guignardia citricarpa on Citrus in Florida  [PDF]
Katherine E. M. Hendricks, Ryan S. Donahoo, Pamela D. Roberts, Mary C. Christman
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2013.42037
Abstract: Guignardia citricarpa, the plant pathogenic fungus that causes citrus black spot, was recently introduced into the United States. The development of this disease in the presence of multiple applications of copper per year to manage citrus canker warrants an investigation into the effects of copper on growth of isolates of G. citricarpa from citrus in Florida. Guignardia citricarpa and G. mangiferae isolates, confirmed by internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequencing of ribosomal DNA and DNA homology, were inoculated on non-amended media and media amended with 50 and 500 μg·ml-1 copper sulfate. Radial colony growth was assessed over a 26 to 59 day period. Copper reduced the growth of G. citricarpa isolates in media amended with 500 μg·ml-1 copper but had variable effects on radial growth in media amended with 50 μg·ml-1 copper. There was little effect of copper on the in vitro growth of G. mangiferae isolates. Field application of copper with and without an adjuvant for the control of citrus black spot was undertaken in a commercial grove in Florida in 2011. Spray applications were made on a 23.3 ± 4.7 day interval and fruit accessed between December 2011 and March 2012 for black spot symptoms. Copper failed to reduce the proportion of fruit exhibiting symptoms compared to that of the controls.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection induces non-apoptotic cell death of human dendritic cells
Ruth CM Ryan, Mary P O'Sullivan, Joseph Keane
BMC Microbiology , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2180-11-237
Abstract: Infection of DCs with live Mtb (H37Ra or H37Rv) led to cell death. This cell death proceeded in a caspase-independent manner, and without nuclear fragmentation. In fact, substrate assays demonstrated that Mtb H37Ra-induced cell death progressed without the activation of the executioner caspases, 3/7. Although the death pathway was triggered after infection, the DCs successfully underwent maturation and produced a host-protective cytokine profile. Finally, dying infected DCs were permissive for Mtb H37Ra growth.Human DCs undergo cell death after infection with live Mtb, in a manner that does not involve executioner caspases, and results in no mycobactericidal effect. Nonetheless, the DC maturation and cytokine profile observed suggests that the infected cells can still contribute to TB immunity.Tuberculosis is responsible for 1.7 million deaths annually, and Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infects up to one third of the world's population [1,2]. Yet the human host response to Mtb infection in 90% of cases is an immune success story; where infection is followed, not by disease, but by lifelong latent infection [1].The key role played by dendritic cells (DCs) in this successful host response has been well studied [3]. After inhalation, Mtb bacilli are phagocytosed by alveolar macrophages and DCs resident in the alveolar space. It falls to the DCs to efficiently travel to local lymph nodes and successfully present antigen to T cells, which generates effective cell-mediated immunity [4,5]. Dissemination of mycobacteria to the lymph node, which occurs in part via infected DCs, is an important precursor to T cell activation [6,7]. A deficiency of DCs, monocytes, B and NK cells (DCML deficiency), with an as yet unknown genetic basis, has recently been defined in four subjects. Two of these subjects succumbed to mycobacterial infection: one developed disseminated BCG-osis and the other was diagnosed with spontaneous Mycobacterium kansasii infection [8]. Similarly, mutations
Learning Management System Migration: An Analysis of Stakeholder Perspectives
Tom G Ryan,Mary Toye,Kyle Charron,Gavin Park
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning , 2012,
Abstract: In this mixed methods study the authors describe the institution-level perceptions of stakeholders transitioning to a new learning management system (LMS). We address issues related to change, the institution’s administration of the transition process, problems encountered, and realized learning via online survey data collection, analysis, and interpretation. We further detail results of a faculty survey, which sought to illuminate the LMS transition experience. The summation includes suggestions for institutions as they prepare for, and move through, foreseeable LMS change and transition.
Inquiring Informationists: A Qualitative Exploration of Our Role
Rex R. Robison,Mary E. Ryan,I. Diane Cooper
Evidence Based Library and Information Practice , 2009,
Abstract: Objective – The goal of this study is to explore the impact of an informationist program at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Library and to provide a basis for further program assessment. In 2001 the NIH Library began its informationist program, where librarians with training in both biomedicine and information science work alongside researchers. The goal of the program is to facilitate researchers’ access to and usage of information resources. Methods – The researchers used qualitative interviews with key informants to characterize the current informationist services of user groups. Subjects were selected to capture a variety of activities that would show patterns of how the program assists the researchers of various NIH groups. Following the interviews the authors extracted recurring and significant themes from the subjects’comments. Results – Interview subjects provided their views on the informationists’ skills,impact, and team participation. Research results documented that informationists helped find resources, provided instruction, and worked as part of the research team. The NIH groups currently using this service value their informationists’ knowledge of library resources and their ability to access information needs quickly. The informationists’ skills in finding information save the researchers time, increase the efficiency of the research team, and complement the contributions of other team members. Training by informationists was found useful. Informationist services led to increased self-reported library use, albeit in some cases this use was entirely via the informationist. Conclusions – Informationists saved researchers time by obtaining requested information, finding esoteric or unfamiliar resources, and providing related training. These activities appeared to be facilitated by the acceptance of the informationist as part of the research team. This exploratory study provides background that should be useful in future, more extensive evaluations.
Localizing Brain Regions Associated with Female Mate Preference Behavior in a Swordtail
Ryan Y. Wong, Mary E. Ramsey, Molly E. Cummings
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0050355
Abstract: Female mate choice behavior is a critical component of sexual selection, yet identifying the neural basis of this behavior is largely unresolved. Previous studies have implicated sensory processing and hypothalamic brain regions during female mate choice and there is a conserved network of brain regions (Social Behavior Network, SBN) that underlies sexual behaviors. However, we are only beginning to understand the role this network has in pre-copulatory female mate choice. Using in situ hybridization, we identify brain regions associated with mate preference in female Xiphophorus nigrensis, a swordtail species with a female choice mating system. We measure gene expression in 10 brain regions (linked to sexual behavior, reward, sensory integration or other processes) and find significant correlations between female preference behavior and gene expression in two telencephalic areas associated with reward, learning and multi-sensory processing (medial and lateral zones of the dorsal telencephalon) as well as an SBN region traditionally associated with sexual response (preoptic area). Network analysis shows that these brain regions may also be important in mate preference and that correlated patterns of neuroserpin expression between regions co-vary with differential compositions of the mate choice environment. Our results expand the emerging network for female preference from one that focused on sensory processing and midbrain sexual response centers to a more complex coordination involving forebrain areas that integrate primary sensory processing and reward.
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