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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 52 matches for " Martim; Amborski "
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Recuperación de plusvalías para el desarrollo urbano: una comparación inter-americana
Smolka,Martim; Amborski,David;
EURE (Santiago) , 2003, DOI: 10.4067/S0250-71612003008800003
Abstract: local governments design a broad range of fiscal or regulatory policies that have been inspired by the idea that land value increment may be mobilized to the benefit of the community -that is of land value capture. this paper compares the experiences of north america (us and canada) and latin america with value capture tools and discusses the reasons why different policies have been favored and different results and degrees of success obtained in their implementation. focusing on broad categories of value capture policies, the first part of the paper compares the overall performance and/or experience of the two regions with the capturing of land value increment through conventional taxes, fees and regulatory urban policy instruments. the second part of the paper shows that the same "value capture principle" to address similar problems (to deepen land value taxation; to finance urban infrastructure; to control land use) result in different outcomes (sometimes even opposite) in different contexts, most notably those presented in north america and latin america, respectively. the paper?s concluding section provides some evaluative comments regarding the apparent lag between the intentions and outcomes of value capture policies as experienced by the two regions
Recuperación de plusvalías para el desarrollo urbano: una comparación inter-americana
Martim Smolka,David Amborski
EURE (Santiago) , 2003,
Abstract: Los gobiernos locales desarrollan una amplia gama de políticas fiscales o regulatorias inspiradas en la idea de que el incremento en el valor de la tierra puede ser utilizado en beneficio de la comunidad, esto es, en la recuperación de plusvalías inmobiliarias. Este trabajo compara las experiencias de recuperación de plusvalías en América del Norte (Estados Unidos y Canadá) y América Latina, discutiendo las razones que han llevado a la utilización de distintas herramientas y los diferentes resultados y grados de éxito obtenidos en su implementación. En primer término, el texto identifica categorías amplias de políticas de recuperación de plusvalías y compara los resultados y/o la experiencia de las dos regiones en la recuperación de los incrementos en el valor de la tierra por medio de impuestos convencionales, contribuciones fiscales e instrumentos urbanísticos. La segunda parte del texto muestra que el mismo principio de recuperación de plusvalías utilizado para abordar problemas similares (profundizar la tributación sobre el valor de la tierra, financiar infraestructura urbana, controlar el uso del suelo) tiene resultados diferentes -e incluso contradictorios- en diversos contextos, principalmente en los de América del Norte y América Latina. La sección final contiene algunos comentarios evaluatorios relativos a la aparente brecha entre las intenciones y los resultados de las políticas de recuperación de plusvalía observadas en ambas Américas Local governments design a broad range of fiscal or regulatory policies that have been inspired by the idea that land value increment may be mobilized to the benefit of the community -that is of land value capture. This paper compares the experiences of North America (US and Canada) and Latin America with value capture tools and discusses the reasons why different policies have been favored and different results and degrees of success obtained in their implementation. Focusing on broad categories of value capture policies, the first part of the paper compares the overall performance and/or experience of the two regions with the capturing of land value increment through conventional taxes, fees and regulatory urban policy instruments. The second part of the paper shows that the same "value capture principle" to address similar problems (to deepen land value taxation; to finance urban infrastructure; to control land use) result in different outcomes (sometimes even opposite) in different contexts, most notably those presented in North America and Latin America, respectively. The paper’s concluding section provides
Access to serviced land for the urban poor: the regularization paradox in Mexico
Alfonso Iracheta Cenecorta,Martim O. Smolka
Economía, sociedad y territorio , 2000,
Abstract: La insuficiente oferta de suelo con servicios públicos para los pobres de la ciudad, y la necesidad de regularización de las consecuentes ocupaciones ilegales de las áreas urbanas son dos de los más importantes aspectos de la agenda de políticas de suelo en América Latina. Considerando una visión estructural/integrada acerca del funcionamiento del mercado de suelo urbano en América Latina, este trabajo discute la relación entre los mercados de suelo formales e informales. Se exponen los perversos efectos de retroalimentación que las políticas curativas de regularización pueden tener sobre el proceso por el cual la irregularización es producida en primera instancia. El trabajo sugiere que un enfoque más efectivo para la provisión de suelo a pobres no puede ser resuelta con los actuales programas (curativos) de regularización. Estos programas deberían tener la capacidad de movilizar los recursos existentes hacia un programa que vincule regularización y política fiscal, incluyendo la exploración de mecanismos de captación de plusvalía.
INFLUêNCIA DA FLEXIBILIDADE MUSCULOTENDíNEA NAS LES ES DE ATLETAS DO VOLEIBOL
José Martim Marques Simas,Claus Gon?alves
Fisioterapia & Saúde Funcional , 2012,
Abstract: Introdu o: O voleibol caracteriza-se como um jogo complexo, de habilidades simples e movimentos constantes que exigem for a, flexibilidade, potência, agilidade e condicionamento aeróbico. Objetivo: Revisar sobre flexibilidade na prática do voleibol, evidenciando principalmente seus efeitos fisiológicos e benefícios, tendo em vista as inadequa es no preparo do gesto esportivo e as constantes dúvidas de atletas, preparadores físicos e profissionais da saúde quanto ao seu favorecimento na melhoria dessa prática esportiva, no desempenho do atleta e na preven o de les es. Metodologia: Foi realizada uma pesquisa sistemática da literatura em bases eletr nicas de dados confiáveis: Pubmed, Lilacs, Medline e Scielo. Resultados: Foram selecionados 34 artigos de maior relevancia para o assunto. Desse total, seis estavam em português (17,35%) e vinte e oito em inglês (82,35%). Considera es Finais: Mediante essa revis o, denota-se que a flexibilidade pode ser considerada um fator fundamental na prática do voleibol, para um melhor rendimento e desempenho dos atletas de voleibol e das demais modalidades, além de auxiliar na preven o de altera es posturais, disfun es osteomioarticulares e les es esportivas. Palavras-Chave: Amplitude de movimento articular. Exercícios de alongamento muscular. Voleibol.
Energy Planning Considering the Policy Dimension Seeking for Sustainable Development  [PDF]
Martim Debs Galv?o, Luis Natal Rossi, Andre Luiz Veiga Gimenes, Miguel Edgar Morales Udaeta
Energy and Power Engineering (EPE) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/epe.2018.106017
Abstract: The objective of this work is to analyze the intrinsic aspects for policy dimension inside the energy planning and energy long term sustainability. In that sense, the methodology intends to take the Brazilian example as a case study and offer a somewhat unorthodox perspective on the subject of State energy planning. This matter is, beyond a purely technical question or a problem for the field of exact sciences, a point of primary interest to the field of social and human sciences. More the backbone methodology in this research is the Integrated Energy-Resources Planning (IRP), chosen for its ability to integrate both the supply and demand perspectives in the discussions about energy planning [1] [2]. A historical perspective is a guideline to approach issue: starting at the early Twentieth century, this study covers the major landmarks of the country energy concern to the present day; particularly noteworthy are the implications of the realpolitik—that is, the elements in politics that are developed within the institutional frameworks, such as governmental plans and decisions. As a result, it presents a complex picture, which we try to understand from the perspective of supply and demand integration. The originality of the study lies in the refusal to accept fallacious technical statements, as we consider the issue primarily a human and social problem, but considering the validity of technical statements that are correct.
Classes de comprimento e propor??o sexual em Diplodon expansus (Mollusca, Bivalvia, Hyriidae) no rio Piraquara, Paraná, Brasil
Meyer, Ana A. N.;Oliveira, Edinalva;Martim, Jessica;
Iheringia. Série Zoologia , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0073-47212010000400007
Abstract: this study aimed to analyze the distribution of size classes and sex ratio to broaden the knowledge on the reproductive behavior of diplodon expansus (küster, 1856) and the biodiversity of the water bodies of the área de prote??o ambiental piraquara, paraná, brazil. the study area is a section of the piraquara river, characterized by lotic water and relatively well preserved riparian vegetation. four samplings were carried out from march 2006 to december 2006. in the piraquara river, d. expansus occurs in sections of the river with sandy and slimy substrate. the length of specimens ranged from 17 mm to 65 mm, and the highest frequencies of length classes were found for intermediate sizes. histological analysis of gonads revealed a 1:1 sex ratio. no hermaphrodite specimens were found, characterizing a dioecious population. qualitative and quantitative analysis showed a continuous gametogenesis, with peaks of larval release in the summer.
Treinamento isocinético de curto prazo promove aumento da for?a muscular em indivíduos jovens
Cunha, Rafael;Martorelli, Andre Santos;Carregaro, Rodrigo Luiz;Bottaro, Martim;
Motriz: Revista de Educa??o Física , 2011, DOI: 10.5016/1980-6574.2011v17n1p138
Abstract: the aim was to investigate the effects of short-term isokinetic training on muscle performance in young individuals. eleven healthy males subjects underwent to short-term training, consisting of 3 sessions (4 sets, 10 repetitions of concentric isokinetic exercise at 120o.s-1; 2-minute interval between sets). data reproducibility from two sessions was evaluated by intraclass correlation coefficient (icc) and bland and altman test. training assessments were made pre and post the 2nd and 3rd sessions (1 set, 3 repetitions of concentric knee extension at 60o.s-1, 120o.s-1 and 180o.s-1). an anova for repeated measures and tukey post-hoc test was applied to determine differences between tests. the icc ranged from 0.97 to 0.98 for all velocities. there was an increase in peak torque at 60o.s-1 (p=0,03) and 120o.s-1 (p=0,01) after 2 training sessions. two sessions of isokinetic exercise were sufficient to induce strength increases at the training velocity (120o.s-1) and the slower contraction velocity (60o.s-1) in young individuals.
A new occurrence of Limnoperna fortunei (Dunker 1856) (Bivalvia, Mytilidae) in the State of S?o Paulo, Brazil
Avelar, W. E. P.;Martim, S. L.;Vianna, M. P.;
Brazilian Journal of Biology , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-69842004000500002
Abstract: the freshwater mussel limnoperna fortunei (dunker 1856) (bivalvia, mytilidae) has been found in the paraná river, near rosana, s?o paulo. this is the first record of this specie in s?o paulo state. this population of limnoperna fortunei seems to be young and in a colonization process.
Cálculo das variáveis na desidrata??o osmótica de manga cv. Tommy Atkins
Martim, Nelisa Sita Pires Picolotto;Waszczynskyj, Nina;Masson, Maria Lucia;
Ciência e Agrotecnologia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-70542007000600023
Abstract: the osmotic dehydration is used for water removal from immersed fruits in watery solution. the quality of the osmotic dehydration depends on different factors as concentration, dehydrating agent, temperature, time of immersion, nature of fruits and the surface displayed to the osmotic exchange. the cellular wall and the type of used sugar as osmotic agent can influence in the phenomenon of mass transference. the efficiency of the process of osmotic dehydration can be quantified by the values of loss of weight and solid incorporation. the mangoes had been cut in cubes of 1cm of side and taken for the treatments with 50% sucrose (sac), 50% sorbitol (sor) and 50% commercial estévia (stv) increased of 1% of calcium chloride and ph corrected in 4,0 with the acid use of citric, for two hours in 50oc. the ratio fruit:solution used in all the treatments was of 1:3. the treatment using composed solution with estévia did not show to be efficient due to the low solid profit and reduced loss of water a bigger loss of water and a bigger loss of weight of the mango during the osmotic dehydration had been observed for the treatment with sorbitol, while the biggest solid profit was gotten in the treatment with sucrose.
Aspectos do Meio Físico a serem observados para Implanta o de Cemitérios Horizontais. = Environmental aspects to be observed for the Implantation of Horizontal Cemeteries.
Aline G. Martim,Frederico F. da Silva,Acir Bac?n
Agro@mbiente On-line , 2008,
Abstract: Em virtude de três legisla es referentes a licenciamento ambiental de cemitérios e prote o ao meio ambiente e aos recursos hídricos, neste artigo primou-se por elucidar a pesquisadores e estudiosos de cemitérios horizontais, bem como a sociedade civil em geral e interessada, os aspectos geotécnicos a serem executados quanto à implanta o de cemitérios horizontais, optando–se para isso, pela explana o geológica, geotécnica, hidrogeológica e climatológica do “passo a passo” a se realizar, quanto à análise do local destinado à implanta o desse tipo de empreendimento. = Due to the three legislations referred to the environmental licensing for the cemeteries, protection of the environment and water resources, the focus of this article is to make clear to researchers and studious of horizontal cemeteries, as well as the society as a whole, the step by step to be done in geotechnical aspects to be executed in the implantation of horizontal cemeteries, opting for the geological, geotechnical, hydro-geological and climatic expansion, concerning the analysis of the place to be implanted this business.
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