Abstract:
It is shown that if A generates a bounded cosine operator function on a UMD space X, then i(-A)^{1/2} generates a bounded C_0-group. The proof uses a transference principle for cosine functions.

Abstract:
A general approach to transference principles for discrete and continuous operator (semi)groups is described. This allows to recover the classical transference results of Calder\'on, Coifman and Weiss and of Berkson, Gillespie and Muhly and the more recent one of the author. The method is applied to derive a new transference principle for (discrete and continuous) operator semigroups that need not be groups. As an application, functional calculus estimates for bounded operators with at most polynomially growing powers are derived, culminating in a new proof of classical results by Peller from 1982. The method allows a generalization of his results away from Hilbert spaces to $\Ell{p}$-spaces and --- involving the concept of $\gamma$-boundedness --- to general Banach spaces. Analogous results for strongly-continuous one-parameter (semi)groups are presented as well. Finally, an application is given to singular integrals for one-parameter semigroups.

Abstract:
We prove a transference principle for general (i.e., not necessarily bounded) strongly continuous groups on Banach spaces. If the Banach space has the UMD property, the transference principle leads to estimates for the functional calculus of the group generator. In the Hilbert space case, the results cover classical theorems of McIntosh and Boyadzhiev-de Laubenfels; in the UMD case they are analogues of classical results by Hieber and Pruess. By using functional calculus methods, consequences for sectorial operators are derived. For instance it is proved, that every generator of a cosine function on a UMD space has bounded H-infinity calculus on sectors.

Abstract:
Consider --- for the generator \({-}A\) of a symmetric contraction semigroup over some measure space $\mathrm{X}$, $1\le p < \infty$, $q$ the dual exponent and given measurable functions $F_j,\: G_j : \mathbb{C}^d \to \mathbb{C}$ --- the statement: $$ \mathrm{Re}\, \sum_{j=1}^m \int_{\mathrm{X}} A F_j(\mathbf{f}) \cdot G_j(\mathbf{f}) \,\,\ge \,\,0 $$ {\em for all $\mathbb{C}^d$-valued measurable functions $\mathbf{f}$ on $\mathrm{X}$ such that $F_j(\mathbf{f}) \in \mathrm{dom}(A_p)$ and $G_j(\mathbf{f}) \in \mathrm{L}^q(\mathrm{X})$ for all $j$.} It is shown that this statement is valid in general if it is valid for $\mathrm{X}$ being a two-point Bernoulli $(\frac{1}{2}, \frac{1}{2})$-space and $A$ being of a special form. As a consequence we obtain a new proof for the optimal angle of $\mathrm{L}^{p}$-analyticity for such semigroups, which is essentially the same as in the well-known sub-Markovian case. The proof of the main theorem is a combination of well-known reduction techniques and some representation results about operators on $\mathrm{C}(K)$-spaces. One focus of the paper lies on presenting these auxiliary techniques and results in great detail.

Abstract:
In this article we apply a recently established transference principle in order to obtain the boundedness of certain functional calculi for semigroup generators. In particular, it is proved that if $-A$ generates a $C_0$-semigroup on a Hilbert space, then for each $\tau>0$ the operator $A$ has a bounded calculus for the closed ideal of bounded holomorphic functions on a (sufficiently large) right half-plane that satisfy $f(z)=O(e^{-\tau\textrm{Re}(z)})$ as $|z|\rightarrow \infty$. The bound of this calculus grows at most logarithmically as $\tau\searrow 0$. As a consequence, $f(A)$ is a bounded operator for each holomorphic function $f$ (on a right half-plane) with polynomial decay at $\infty$. Then we show that each semigroup generator has a so-called (strong) $m$-bounded calculus for all $m\in\mathbb{N}$, and that this property characterizes semigroup generators. Similar results are obtained if the underlying Banach space is a UMD space. Upon restriction to so-called $\gamma$-bounded semigroups, the Hilbert space results actually hold in general Banach spaces.

Abstract:
Classical results of Abramov and Hahn--Parry state that each totally ergodic/minimal measure-preserving/topological dynamical system with quasi-discrete spectrum is isomorphic to a certain affine automorphism system on some compact Abelian group. In this article we present a simple(r) proof of the Hahn-Parry theorem and show, by virtue of the Gelfand-Naimark theorem, that it implies Abramov's theorem as a straightforward corollary. Moreover, we present a shortened proof of the fact that each factor of a totally ergodic system with quasi-discrete spectrum has again quasi-discrete spectrum and that such systems have zero entropy. The latter results are independent of the former.

Abstract:
We study functional calculus properties of $C_{0}$-groups on real interpolation spaces, using transference principles. We obtain interpolation versions of the classical transference principle for bounded groups and of a recent transference principle for unbounded groups. Then we show that each group generator on a Banach space has a bounded $\mathrm{H}^{\infty}_{1}$-calculus on real interpolation spaces. Additional results are derived from this.

Abstract:
In this paper the notion of an abstract square function (estimate) is introduced as an operator X to gamma (H; Y), where X, Y are Banach spaces, H is a Hilbert space, and gamma(H; Y) is the space of gamma-radonifying operators. By the seminal work of Kalton and Weis, this definition is a coherent generalisation of the classical notion of square function appearing in the theory of singular integrals. Given an abstract functional calculus (E, F, Phi) on a Banach space X, where F (O) is an algebra of scalar-valued functions on a set O, we define a square function Phi_gamma(f) for certain H-valued functions f on O. The assignment f to Phi_gamma(f) then becomes a vectorial functional calculus, and a "square function estimate" for f simply means the boundedness of Phi_gamma(f). In this view, all results linking square function estimates with the boundedness of a certain (usually the H-infinity) functional calculus simply assert that certain square function estimates imply other square function estimates. In the present paper several results of this type are proved in an abstract setting, based on the principles of subordination, integral representation, and a new boundedness concept for subsets of Hilbert spaces, the so-called ell-1 -frame-boundedness. These abstract results are then applied to the H-infinity calculus for sectorial and strip type operators. For example, it is proved that any strip type operator with bounded scalar H-infinity calculus on a strip over a Banach space with finite cotype has a bounded vectorial H-infinity calculus on every larger strip.

Abstract:
We solve the ghost-gluon system of Yang-Mills theory using Graphics Processing Units (GPUs). Working in Landau gauge, we use the Dyson-Schwinger formalism for the mathematical description as this approach is well-suited to directly benefit from the computing power of the GPUs. With the help of a Chebyshev expansion for the dressing functions and a subsequent appliance of a Newton-Raphson method, the non-linear system of coupled integral equations is linearized. The resulting Newton matrix is generated in parallel using OpenMPI and CUDA(TM). Our results show, that it is possible to cut down the run time by two orders of magnitude as compared to a sequential version of the code. This makes the proposed techniques well-suited for Dyson-Schwinger calculations on more complicated systems where the Yang-Mills sector of QCD serves as a starting point. In addition, the computation of Schwinger functions using GPU devices is studied.

Abstract:
We present a functional calculus approach to the study of rates of decay in mean ergodic theorems for bounded strongly continuous operator semigroups. A central role is played by operators of the form $g(A)$, where $-A$ is the generator of the semigroup and $g$ is a Bernstein function. In addition, we obtain some new results on Bernstein functions that are of independent interest.