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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 17843 matches for " Mark Warschauer "
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The Allures and Illusions of Modernity:Technology and Educational Reform in Egypt
Mark Warschauer
Education Policy Analysis Archives , 2003,
Abstract: Much of the research to date on educational technology has focused on its implementation in wealthy countries. Yet instructional technology has a special allure in the developing world, where it holds the promise not just of improving schools but also of hastening modernization. This article examines a national educational technology effort in Egypt, illuminating the contradictions between the rhetoric of reform and the reality of school practices. The analysis points to underlying political, cultural, and economic factors that constrain attempts to improve Egyptian schooling with technology.
Technology & School Reform: A View from Both Sides of the Tracks
Mark Warschauer
Education Policy Analysis Archives , 2000,
Abstract: A discourse of reform claims that schools must be transformed to take full advantage of computers, while a competing discourse of inequality warns that technology-enhanced reform is taking place only in wealthy schools, dooming poor and minority students to the wrong side of a digital divide. A qualitative study at an elite private school and an impoverished public school explored the relationship between technology, reform, and equality. The reforms introduced at the two schools appeared similar, but underlying differences in resources and expectations served to reinforce patterns by which the two schools channel students into different social futures.
Integrative versus Instrumental Orientation among Online Language Learners / Orienta o Integrativa versus Instrumental entre aprendizes on-line de língua
Chin-Hsi Lin,Mark Warschauer
Linguagens e Diálogos , 2011,
Abstract: Though a growing number of people are studying languages online, what motivates online language learners is not yet well understood. Drawing on data from an international survey conducted among users of a major online site, this study explored the motivational orientation of learners and its relationship to individual background. The results suggest instrumental and integrative orientation for English, Chinese, and Portuguese groups, and only instrumental orientation for Spanish respondents. In addition, the results suggest that learner orientation varies by age, gender, income, education, linguistic background, and target language. This study confirms that the distinctions between instrumental and integrative orientation are meaningful in online language learning and applicable to other cultural contexts as well.
Emerging Technologies for Autonomous Language Learning
Mark Warschauer,Meei-Ling Liaw
Studies in Self-Access Learning Journal , 2011,
Abstract: Drawing on a lengthier review completed for the US National Institute for Literacy, this paper examines emerging technologies that are applicable to self-access and autonomous learning in the areas of listening and speaking, collaborative writing, reading and language structure, and online interaction. Digital media reviewed include podcasts, blogs, wikis, online writing sites, text-scaffolding software, concordancers, multiuser virtual environments, multiplayer games, and chatbots. For each of these technologies, we summarize recent research and discuss possible uses for autonomous language learning.
Ambiência e forma??o de grupo em programas de caminhada
Warschauer, Marcos;D'Urso, Lourdes;
Saúde e Sociedade , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-12902009000600019
Abstract: the present report discusses the concepts of ambiance and group formation by means of two experiences with walking groups developed in primary care: the program "walking for health", in the city of santo andré, state of s?o paulo, and the group of the jardim seckler health unit, in the city of s?o paulo, state of s?o paulo. both experiences were developed using the body practice concept, which goes beyond the concept of physical activity, placing the person at the center of his/her own actions. the experiences' main focus is health promotion. ambiance and group formation are fundamental factors to adhere to the walking practice. the ambiance concept is formed by three axes: comfortability, space as a way to produce subjectivity and as an instrument that facilitates change in the work process. group activities promote citizenship actions, prioritizing solidarity, communication and personal relationships. these two concepts, ambiance and group formation, may be related and perhaps they enable other ways to implement and develop walking groups.
The Mind’s Irreducible Structure  [PDF]
Mark Simes
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2012.23033
Abstract: The human mind is one of our most compelling subjects of scientific inquiry—and perhaps our most elusive. Despite impressive biological advances, neuroscience has yet to produce a logical and empirical analysis of the mind that exhibits universal, objective explanatory power of human mental phenomena on both an individual and species level. This article first explores the limitations of the current neuroscientific approach to the human mind and then argues for a reconceptualization of the relationship between human mental phenomena and the brain. Here I introduce a new interpretation of neuroscientific data and argue that this framework has the capacity to causally explain the link between social, psychological and biological levels of analysis.
Why Asynchronous Computer-Mediated Communication (ACMC) Is a Powerful Tool for Language Learning  [PDF]
Mark Brooke
Open Journal of Modern Linguistics (OJML) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojml.2012.23016
Abstract: Tertiary institutions are increasingly using online virtual environments such as Blackboard to upload course content for students. However, there is still limited usage of the online blogging and discussion tools. This study describes the language used by tertiary students involved in blogging and discussions online. It also demonstrates learning processes observed through the interactions of participants over time. Findings suggest that this unique discourse mode is a potentially powerful tool for language learning.
Enhancing Pre-Service Teacher Training: The Construction and Application of a Model for Developing Teacher Reflective Practice Online  [PDF]
Mark Brooke
Open Journal of Modern Linguistics (OJML) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojml.2012.24023
Abstract: Reflective practice is an essential component of pre-service teacher training programs. It facilitates the linking of theory and practice and empowers trainees to seek reasons behind their practices and their beliefs. These help novices to evolve as they witness their own teaching philosophies emerging. This research took place over 18 months and comprised 3 case studies of eight weeks with 3rd year ESOL trainees on their first intensive block practice in Hong Kong state schools. The research suggests that an online environment is an effective one in supporting and developing reflective practice during these periods. This was facilitated by asking trainees to apply an online model to scaffold reflections. These reflections were then posted and discussed by all case study members. They were also explored further using online moderator asynchronous Socratic dialogue to prompt further reflection. Findings demonstrate that a deep level of reflection is attainable in this context, albeit relatively rare, using the online medium.
A Critical Analysis of Selected Policy Making Decisions in the US and the UK with Regard to the Implementation of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in National State Primary and Secondary School Education Systems  [PDF]
Mark Brooke
Open Journal of Modern Linguistics (OJML) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojml.2013.31012
Abstract: Information and Communication Technology has played an important and pervasive role in modern business and everyday living over the last decade and more. The industry accounts for trillions of annual revenue. Yet, it has proved hard for a similar role for Information and Communication Technology (ICT) to emerge in education. In this paper, I will argue that policy regarding ICT use at national state levels in the UK and the US has striven to create, and continues to perpetuate, a system of education with technological divisions of labour, and marginalized innovative and communicative practical uses of technology for enhancing education in schools.
Manuel Castells and Historical Materialism  [PDF]
Mark Cowling
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2014.41001

Considering the very large volume of work produced by Castells, the relative scarcity of secondary literature discussing his theories is somewhat surprising. Castells does not really try to situate his theories about the network society in relation to Marxism. The argument of this paper is that Castells provides a plausible account of some major features of the means of production in the contemporary phase of capitalism, and also of the effects of this on society more generally. His theories could form the basis of an academically respectable version of historical materialism. Some problems with his theories are discussed.

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