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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 341278 matches for " Mark S. Bailey "
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Activation of Astrocytes in Vitro by Macrophages Polarized with Keratin Biomaterial Treatment  [PDF]
Bailey V. Fearing, Mark E. Van Dyke
Open Journal of Regenerative Medicine (OJRM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojrm.2016.51001
Abstract: Reactive astrocytes contribute to glial scarring by rapid proliferation and up-regulation of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) expression and production of chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPGs). CSPGs play a crucial role in formation of the glial scar, which takes over the lesion site following spinal cord injury (SCI). This process corresponds to the inflammatory response of macrophages, which polarize toward a dominant pro-inflammatory M1 phenotype following SCI. The M1 phenotype is known to release various cytotoxic compounds that exacerbate the glial scar, which in turn impedes tissue regeneration. Recent studies have shown that anti-inflammatory M2 macrophages play a role in allowing neurite extensions to occur, even across inhibitory substrates, and can lessen the degree of secondary damage. Based on earlier results demonstrating that keratin biomaterials may polarize macrophages toward an anti-inflammatory M2 phenotype, we test the hypothesis that these polarized macrophages will have the potential to indirectly effect astrogliosis. Using an in vitro model of reactive astrogliosis, macrophage-conditioned media from cells that have been cultured with soluble keratin for 24 hours or 7 days appears to decrease reactivity and associates CSPG production. These results are statistically similar to the control M2 macrophage conditioned media. A comparable collagen-conditioned macrophage media does not resolve astrocyte reactivity, while control M1 macrophage conditioned media results in an increase in GFAP expression. These data suggest keratin-derived macrophages are more functionally similar to M2 macrophages and that keratin treatment may aid in limiting secondary inflammatory-mediated damage.
Abnormal Pulmonary Artery Stiffness in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: In Vivo Study with Intravascular Ultrasound
Edmund M. T. Lau,Nithin Iyer,Rahn Ilsar,Brian P. Bailey,Mark R. Adams,David S. Celermajer
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0033331
Abstract: There is increasing recognition that pulmonary artery stiffness is an important determinant of right ventricular (RV) afterload in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). We used intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) to evaluate the mechanical properties of the elastic pulmonary arteries (PA) in subjects with PAH, and assessed the effects of PAH-specific therapy on indices of arterial stiffness.
Should Physical Activity Recommendations Be Ethnicity-Specific? Evidence from a Cross-Sectional Study of South Asian and European Men
Carlos A. Celis-Morales, Nazim Ghouri, Mark E. S. Bailey, Naveed Sattar, Jason M. R. Gill
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0082568
Abstract: Background Expert bodies and health organisations recommend that adults undertake at least 150 min.week?1 of moderate-intensity physical activity (MPA). However, the underpinning data largely emanate from studies of populations of European descent. It is unclear whether this level of activity is appropriate for other ethnic groups, particularly South Asians, who have increased cardio-metabolic disease risk compared to Europeans. The aim of this study was to explore the level of MPA required in South Asians to confer a similar cardio-metabolic risk profile to that observed in Europeans undertaking the currently recommended MPA level of 150 min.week?1. Methods Seventy-five South Asian and 83 European men, aged 40–70, without cardiovascular disease or diabetes had fasted blood taken, blood pressure measured, physical activity assessed objectively (using accelerometry), and anthropometric measures made. Factor analysis was used to summarise measured risk biomarkers into underlying latent ‘factors’ for glycaemia, insulin resistance, lipid metabolism, blood pressure, and overall cardio-metabolic risk. Age-adjusted regression models were used to determine the equivalent level of MPA (in bouts of ≥10 minutes) in South Asians needed to elicit the same value in each factor as Europeans undertaking 150 min.week?1 MPA. Findings For all factors, except blood pressure, equivalent MPA values in South Asians were significantly higher than 150 min.week?1; the equivalent MPA value for the overall cardio-metabolic risk factor was 266 (95% CI 185-347) min.week?1. Conclusions South Asian men may need to undertake greater levels of MPA than Europeans to exhibit a similar cardio-metabolic risk profile, suggesting that a conceptual case can be made for ethnicity-specific physical activity guidance. Further study is needed to extend these findings to women and to replicate them prospectively in a larger cohort.
Charmonium and Bottomonium Production in p-pbar Collisions at CDF
Mark W. Bailey,for the CDF Collaboration
Physics , 1996,
Abstract: We present measurements of charmonium and bottomonium production using a data sample collected by CDF during the 1992-93 p-pbar collider run at the Fermilab Tevatron.
Insulin Resistance in Chileans of European and Indigenous Descent: Evidence for an Ethnicity x Environment Interaction
Carlos A. Celis-Morales, Francisco Perez-Bravo, Luis Iba?es, Ruth Sanzana, Edison Hormazabal, Natalia Ulloa, Carlos Calvo, Mark E. S. Bailey, Jason M. R. Gill
PLOS ONE , 2011, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0024690
Abstract: Background Effects of urbanisation on diabetes risk appear to be greater in indigenous populations worldwide than in populations of European origin, but the reasons are unclear. This cross-sectional study aimed to determine whether the effects of environment (Rural vs. Urban), adiposity, fitness and lifestyle variables on insulin resistance differed between individuals of indigenous Mapuche origin compared to those of European origin in Chile. Methodology/Principal Findings 123 Rural Mapuche, 124 Urban Mapuche, 91 Rural European and 134 Urban European Chilean adults had blood taken for determination of HOMA-estimated insulin resistance (HOMAIR) and underwent assessment of physical activity/sedentary behaviour (using accelerometry), cardiorespiratory fitness, dietary intake and body composition. General linear models were used to determine interactions with ethnicity for key variables. There was a significant “ethnicity x environment” interaction for HOMAIR (Mean±SD; Rural Mapuche: 1.65±2.03, Urban Mapuche: 4.90±3.05, Rural European: 0.82±0.61, Urban European: 1.55±1.34, p(interaction) = 0.0003), such that the effect of urbanisation on HOMAIR was greater in Mapuches than Europeans. In addition, there were significant interactions (all p<0.004) with ethnicity for effects of adiposity, sedentary time and physical activity on HOMAIR, with greater effects seen in Mapuches compared to Europeans, an observation that persisted after adjustment for potential confounders. Conclusions/Significance Urbanisation, adiposity, physical activity and sedentary behaviour influence insulin resistance to a greater extent in Chilean Mapuches than Chileans of European descent. These findings have implications for the design and implementation of lifestyle strategies to reduce metabolic risk in different ethnic groups, and for understanding of the mechanisms underpinning human insulin resistance.
Objective vs. Self-Reported Physical Activity and Sedentary Time: Effects of Measurement Method on Relationships with Risk Biomarkers
Carlos A. Celis-Morales, Francisco Perez-Bravo, Luis Iba?ez, Carlos Salas, Mark E. S. Bailey, Jason M. R. Gill
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0036345
Abstract: Purpose Imprecise measurement of physical activity variables might attenuate estimates of the beneficial effects of activity on health-related outcomes. We aimed to compare the cardiometabolic risk factor dose-response relationships for physical activity and sedentary behaviour between accelerometer- and questionnaire-based activity measures. Methods Physical activity and sedentary behaviour were assessed in 317 adults by 7-day accelerometry and International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Fasting blood was taken to determine insulin, glucose, triglyceride and total, LDL and HDL cholesterol concentrations and homeostasis model-estimated insulin resistance (HOMAIR). Waist circumference, BMI, body fat percentage and blood pressure were also measured. Results For both accelerometer-derived sedentary time (<100 counts.min?1) and IPAQ-reported sitting time significant positive (negative for HDL cholesterol) relationships were observed with all measured risk factors – i.e. increased sedentary behaviour was associated with increased risk (all p≤0.01). However, for HOMAIR and insulin the regression coefficients were >50% lower for the IPAQ-reported compared to the accelerometer-derived measure (p<0.0001 for both interactions). The relationships for moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and risk factors were less strong than those observed for sedentary behaviours, but significant negative relationships were observed for both accelerometer and IPAQ MVPA measures with glucose, and insulin and HOMAIR values (all p<0.05). For accelerometer-derived MVPA only, additional negative relationships were seen with triglyceride, total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol concentrations, BMI, waist circumference and percentage body fat, and a positive relationship was evident with HDL cholesterol (p = 0.0002). Regression coefficients for HOMAIR, insulin and triglyceride were 43–50% lower for the IPAQ-reported compared to the accelerometer-derived MVPA measure (all p≤0.01). Conclusion Using the IPAQ to determine sitting time and MVPA reveals some, but not all, relationships between these activity measures and metabolic and vascular disease risk factors. Using this self-report method to quantify activity can therefore underestimate the strength of some relationships with risk factors.
Targeted Inactivation of Dipeptidyl Peptidase 9 Enzymatic Activity Causes Mouse Neonate Lethality
Margaret G. Gall, Yiqian Chen, Ana Julia Vieira de Ribeiro, Hui Zhang, Charles G. Bailey, Derek S. Spielman, Denise M. T. Yu, Mark D. Gorrell
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0078378
Abstract: Dipeptidyl Peptidase (DPP) 4 and related dipeptidyl peptidases are emerging as current and potential therapeutic targets. DPP9 is an intracellular protease that is regulated by redox status and by SUMO1. DPP9 can influence antigen processing, epidermal growth factor (EGF)-mediated signaling and tumor biology. We made the first gene knock-in (gki) mouse with a serine to alanine point mutation at the DPP9 active site (S729A). Weaned heterozygote DPP9wt/S729A pups from 110 intercrosses were indistinguishable from wild-type littermates. No homozygote DPP9S729A/S729A weaned mice were detected. DPP9S729A/S729A homozygote embryos, which were morphologically indistinguishable from their wild-type littermate embryos at embryonic day (ED) 12.5 to ED 17.5, were born live but these neonates died within 8 to 24 hours of birth. All neonates suckled and contained milk spots and were of similar body weight. No gender differences were seen. No histological or DPP9 immunostaining pattern differences were seen between genotypes in embryos and neonates. Mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) from DPP9S729A/S729A ED13.5 embryos and neonate DPP9S729A/S729A mouse livers collected within 6 hours after birth had levels of DPP9 protein and DPP9-related proteases that were similar to wild-type but had less DPP9/DPP8-derived activity. These data confirmed the absence of DPP9 enzymatic activity due to the presence of the serine to alanine mutation and no compensation from related proteases. These novel findings suggest that DPP9 enzymatic activity is essential for early neonatal survival in mice.
An Asiatic Tingid New to North America (Heteroptera)
Norman S. Bailey
Psyche , 1950, DOI: 10.1155/1950/85276
Abstract:
Further Studies of the Bioecology of the New England Tingidae (Heteroptera)
Norman S. Bailey
Psyche , 1964, DOI: 10.1155/1964/56752
Abstract:
Further Studies of the Bioecology of the New England Tingidae (Heteroptera)
Norman S. Bailey
Psyche , 1963, DOI: 10.1155/1963/97305
Abstract:
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