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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 200821 matches for " Marita P. McCabe "
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The role of partners in shaping the body image and body change strategies of adult men ——Partners and male body image  [PDF]
Marita P. McCabe, Shauna McGreevy
Health (Health) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/health.2010.29148
Abstract: The current study examined the relationship between perceived messages about the bodies of adult men from their sexual partners and the actual body image of these men. Interviews were conducted among 38 middle-aged men. Feedback from partners was generally complimentary, and the men were generally positive about their body image. Partners were seen to be more focused on a healthy body rather than a physically attractive body. The implications of these findings for better understanding the social influence on adult men to obtain a healthy body weight are discussed.
A longitudinal study of quality of life among people living with a progressive neurological illness  [PDF]
Marita P. McCabe, Elodie J. O’Connor
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.56A2004

This study investigated predictors of quality of life (QOL) of people with progressive neurological illnesses. Participants were 257 people with motor neurone disease (MND), Huntington’s disease (HD), multiple sclerosis (MS), or Parkinson’s. Participants completed questionnaires on two occasions, 12 months apart. There was an increase in severity of symptoms for people withMND, negative mood for people with HD and Parkinson’s, and social support satisfaction for people with MS. Regression analyses were conducted to determine predictors of QOL for each group. Predictor variables were length of illness, symptoms (physical symptoms, control over body, cognitive symptoms and psychological symptoms), mood, relationship satisfaction and social support. Predictors of QOL were severity of symptoms for people withMND, HD and MS; negative mood for people withMNDand Parkinson’s; and social support satisfaction for people with MS. These results demonstrate the importance of illness severity and mood in predicting QOL, but also indicate differences between illness groups. The limited role played by social support and relationship is a surprising finding from the current study.

Mood and quality of life among people with progressive neurological illnesses
Marita P. McCabe,Lucy Firth,Elodie O′Connor
International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology , 2009,
Abstract: El presente estudio ex post facto fue dise ado para examinar el estado de ánimo y la calidad de vida (QQL) entre 423 personas con enfermedad neurológica progresiva. En particular, se ha investigado la relación entre las variables de la enfermedad y el estado de ánimo y calidad de vida de 120 personas con enfermedad de la neuronales motoras (MND), 48 con enfermedad de Huntington (HD), 143 con Parkinson y 112 con esclerosis múltiple (MS). Los resultados demostraron que las personas con HD comparadas con los grupos con otras enfermedades experimentaban los síntomas más severos de enfermedad, el estado de ánimo más pobre y la más baja calidad de vida. Los síntomas psicológicos fueron predictores más fuertes del estado de ánimo y calidad de vida para todos los grupos, aunque hubo algunas diferencias entre los grupos de enfermedades. Los resultados de este estudio subrayan la importancia de desarrollar programas de información y tratamientos específicos en cuanto a la enfermedad junto con la incorporación de estrategias generalas para que las personas con enfermedades neurológicas progresivas puedan hacer frente a los síntomas de estos trastornos.
Intervention for depression among palliative care patients and their families: A study protocol for evaluation of a training program for professional care staff
David J Hallford, Marita P McCabe, David Mellor, Tanya E Davison, Denisa L Goldhammer, Kuruvilla George, Shane Storer
BMC Palliative Care , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1472-684x-10-11
Abstract: A randomised controlled trial will be implemented across two palliative care services to evaluate the "Training program for professional carers to recognise and manage depression in palliative care settings". Pre-, post- and three-month follow-up data will be collected to assess: the impact of the training on the knowledge, attitudes, self-efficacy and perceived barriers of palliative care staff when working with depression; referral rates for depression; and changes to staff practices. Quantitative and qualitative methods, in the form of self-report questionnaires and interviews with staff and family members, will be used to evaluate the effectiveness of the intervention.This study will determine the effectiveness of an intervention that aims to respond to the urgent need for innovative programs to target depression in the palliative care setting. The expected outcome of this study is the validation of an evidence-based training program to improve staff recognition and appropriate referrals for depression, as well as improve psychosocial support for depressed patients and their family members.Australia and New Zealand Clinical Trials Register (ANZCTR): ACTRN12610000183088Depression is a significant problem amongst patients receiving palliative care. Studies indicate the prevalence of clinically diagnosable depression in palliative care settings, as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV [1] or International Classification of Diseases-10 [2], is approximately 25 per cent, with up to 50 per cent of patients in this setting reporting high levels of depressive symptomology [3,4]. Factors associated with depression in this population include increased frequency and intensity of physical symptoms, lower general well-being, increased mortality and a hastened desire to die [5-8]. While depression left unaddressed can seriously impact on patients' quality of life, recent evidence supports the efficacy of both pharmacological and psychologica
The Alcohol Intervention Training Program (AITP): A response to alcohol misuse in the farming community
Susan A Brumby, Alison J Kennedy, David Mellor, Marita P McCabe, Lina A Ricciardelli, Alexandra Head, Catherine Mercer-Grant
BMC Public Health , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-11-242
Abstract: A mixed method design with multi-level evaluation will be implemented following the development and delivery of a training program (The Alcohol Intervention Training Program {AITP}) for Sustainable Farm Families health professionals. Pre-, post- and follow-up surveys will be used to assess both the impact of the training on the knowledge, confidence and skills of the health professionals to work with alcohol misuse and associated problems, and the impact of the training on the attitudes, behaviour and mental health of farm men and women who participate in the SFF project. Evaluations will take a range of forms including self-rated outcome measures and interviews.The success of this project will enhance the health and well-being of a critical population, the farm men and women of Australia, by producing an evidence-based strategy to assist them to adopt more positive alcohol-related behaviours that will lead to better physical and mental health.Compared to their urban counter-parts, members of Australian rural communities, particularly farm men and women, are more likely to experience a range of negative health outcomes [1,2]. One area identified as a major problem for farm communities is alcohol misuse and its associated problems - preliminary research suggests that 54 per cent of men and 22 per cent of women in the broad acre agriculture industry engage in high risk drinking at least monthly [3,4] based on the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) 2001 guidelines [5]. The Western District Health Service's (WDHS) Sustainable Farm Families (SFF) program works with farm men and women to educate them about health issues and to increase positive health behaviours. The program consists of a structured two-day workshop in year one and a one-day workshop in years two and three. While the SFF has produced gains in many domains, a preliminary (unpublished) survey that our research team conducted highlighted that SFF health professionals felt they lacked the kn
Depressive Symptoms and Psychosocial Functioning in Preadolescent Children
Marita McCabe,Lina Ricciardelli,Sophie Banfield
Depression Research and Treatment , 2011, DOI: 10.1155/2011/548034
Abstract: The current study was designed to determine the percentage of children “at-risk” of depression or evidencing clinical levels of depression. In addition, the study examined how the “at-risk” and the clinical groups differed from children who demonstrated no depressive symptoms on positive and negative affect, four aspects of self-concept, and peer ratings of popularity. Respondents were 510 children (270 boys 240 girls) who ranged in age from 7 to 13 years (mean?=?9.39). The results demonstrated that 23% of children were either in the “at-risk” or clinical range of depression. Children in both the clinical and the “at-risk” range demonstrated higher negative affect but lower positive affect and lower self-concepts than children in the normal range. However, children's peers only differentiated between the “clinical” and “normal” groups. It is harder for peers, and other informants such as teachers and parents, to detect the problems of children with elevated depressive symptoms but who do not meet the diagnostic criteria. It is important to implement intervention programs for children who evidence depression symptoms, as well as “at-risk” children. “At-risk” children with elevated levels of depressive symptoms may be more disadvantaged, as their problems are less likely to be detected and treated. 1. Introduction The clinical presentation of depressive symptoms in children largely parallels that of adults [1, 2]. However, as outlined below, there are some differences in the presentation of these symptoms across the life span [3]. The diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders [4] provides a summary of the most widely accepted constellation of depressive symptoms associated with each depressive disorder. The two most prevalent in childhood, and therefore most relevant to the current research, are major depressive disorder (mdd) and dysthymic disorder (DD) [4]. It is important to obtain a better understanding of the prevalence of depressive disorders in childhood, the prevalence of those at-risk of developing depression, and the factors in childhood that are associated with these depressive symptoms. Epidemiological studies of community samples have reported the prevalence of MDD in children to range from 0.4–2.5%, while the prevalence of DD has been reported to range from 0.6–1.7% (e.g., [5–7]). However, the number of children exceeding cutoff scores for clinically significant levels of depressive symptoms as assessed by the children’s depression inventory (CDI) has been shown to range from 20 to 24% [8, 9]. Symptoms associated with depression
Cervical Disc Replacement: A Systematic Review of Medline Indexed Literature  [PDF]
Sudarshan Munigangaiah, John P. McCabe
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2013.47A1006
Abstract: Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion (ACDF) currently remains as the gold standard treatment for cervical disc herniation and Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD) refractory to conservative management. Even though anterior cervical fusion provides excellent clinical results, it has been implicated in abnormal kinematic strain on adjacent disc level resulting in symptomatic adjacent segment disease. Anterior cervical disc replacement (ACDR) is an alternative procedure to anterior cervical discectomy and fusion. The aims of cervical disc replacement were to preserve the motion at the index level and to protect the adjacent levels from accelerated symptomatic degeneration. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the outcomes of cervical disc replacement published in MEDLINE indexed literature. A literature search was carried out in medical electronic database MEDLINE. Keywords used for the search were Cervical vertebrae, Cervical spine, Neck, Intervertebral disc, Total disc replacement, Arthroplasty, Replacement, Treatment outcome. Two authors reviewed titles and abstracts of all two hundred and thirty six hits. The articles that satisfied the inclusion criteria were critically appraised while remaining articles were discarded. Anterior cervical disc replacement is a relatively new technology in spinal surgery. There are several short and intermediate term follow-up studies to prove the safety and efficacy of ACDR with satisfactory clinical and radiological outcomes. More intermediate to long-term follow-up studies are needed to prove the safety and efficacy of ACDR.
Polymer Supported Lipid Bilayers  [PDF]
Ian P. McCabe, Martin B. Forstner
Open Journal of Biophysics (OJBIPHY) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojbiphy.2013.31A008

Lipid bilayers are some of the most fascinating self-assembled structure in living nature. Not only do they serve as the protective boundary of cells and their internal organelles, they also organize and host major parts of the biochemical machinery for cellular communication and transmembrane transport. To study aspects of cellular membranes in a controlled manner, solid supported planar bilayers have served as reliable tools for many decades. They have been used in a large variety of studies ranging from fundamental investigations of membranes and their constituents to the dissection of cellular signaling mechanisms. However, there are limitations to these systems and recently a class of new systems in which the lipid bilayer is supported on a soft, polymer cushion has emerged. Here, we review the different polymer cushioned bilayer systems and discuss their manufacture and advantages.

Healthy eating and obesity prevention for preschoolers: a randomised controlled trial
Helen Skouteris, Marita McCabe, Boyd Swinburn, Briony Hill
BMC Public Health , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-10-220
Abstract: This randomised controlled trial will be conducted with 200 parents and their 2-4 year old children who attend the MEND 2-4 program in metropolitan and regional Victoria. Parent-child dyads will attend ten 90-minute group workshops. These workshops focus on general nutrition, as well as physical activity and behaviours. They are typically held at community or maternal and child health centres and run by a MEND 2-4 trained program leader. Child eating habits, physical activity levels and parental behaviours and cognitions pertaining to nutrition and physical activity will be assessed at baseline, the end of the intervention, and at 6 and 12 months post the intervention. Informed consent will be obtained from all parents, who will then be randomly allocated to the intervention or wait-list control group.Our study is the first RCT of a healthy eating and childhood obesity prevention intervention targeted specifically to Australian parents and their preschool children aged 2-4 years. It responds to the call by experts in the area of childhood obesity and child health that prevention of overweight in the formative preschool years should focus on parents, given that parental beliefs, attitudes, perceptions and behaviours appear to impact significantly on the development of early overweight. This is 'solution-oriented' rather than 'problem-oriented' research, with its focus being on prevention rather than intervention. If this is a positive trial, the MEND2-4 program can be implemented as a national program.Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry ACTRN12610000200088Epidemiological studies indicate that childhood overweight is a serious problem in Australia, with an estimated 1 in 4 Australian school aged children and adolescents either overweight or obese [1]. Alarmingly, obesity is seen in even younger children, with rates of overweight and obesity almost doubling in a sample of 114,669 Australian 4-year-olds over the period 1995-2002 [2]. More recently, data from
Fisherfolk’s Ways of Claiming Food Sovereignty Through Access and Control of Coastal Resources
Marita P. Rodriguez
Kasarinlan : Philippine Journal of Third World Studies , 2011,
Abstract: For the fisherfolk communities, food sovereignty can be asserted through direct involvement in identifying and implementing appropriate fishery management tools aimed at protecting the coastal and marine resources from destruction and overexploitation. This paper looks at the situation of fisherfolk in the Philippines and examines how the Center for Empowerment and Resource Development (CERD) implements community-led coastal resource management programs, which illustrate how food sovereignty can be achieved in the fishery sector.
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