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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 35526 matches for " Marisela Hernández "
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Cocinas y cocineras o el alma de la casa: una aproximación fenomenológica
Hernández,Marisela;
Argos , 2008,
Abstract: this article departs from an intuition that whispers affinities between spaces and persons, objects and chores. such intuition is found in phenomenologists such as bachelard as well as in social scientists like augé and fernández-chrislieb. those affinities are interesting here insofar as they take place in kitchens, while are voiced by their cooks. we briefly refer to some memories that reprove, others that vindicate and one that cherishes theimage of a-woman-that-cooks. the article finally portrays some forms in which the souls of the cooks and their kitchens are mutually spiced, prepared and decorated. we have listened and given meaning to those forms, as well as named them in couples
DELEITES Y SINSABORES DE LA COMIDA Y EL COMER: SITUANDO EL TEMA
HERNáNDEZ H,MARISELA;
Atenea (Concepción) , 2007, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-04622007000200003
Abstract: we propose interests and reflective perspectives in relation to food as a symbolic world, that is to say, as a set of forms and meanings. a plate of food is conceptualized as a trinity in which food item, cook and diner are indispensable. we propose a social aesthetic psychology treatment of this topic, which is concerned with the complex relationships between subjects and between subjects and objects, thanks to the combination of sensation, emotion, and feeling and the links with thought and the word. such a perspective is desdisciplined and presupposes the participation of art, literature and history since eating is a topic that has been narrated for a long time and in different ways, among which the everyday is what particularly interests us
La comida como huésped efímero: Elementos para una aproximación psicosocial a lugares comunes
Hernández H,Marisela;
Opción , 2008,
Abstract: from the viewpoint of aesthetic social psychology, that is, focused on perceptual and emotional processes, the following pages attempt to call attention to a dimension of daily life that is highly meaningful: food and eating, proposing some brief spatial and sensory notions to initiate roads toward its understanding and interpretation. the study takes the metaphor of a promenade through some (common) places through which foodstuffs pass from the moment they reach the hands of the cook; that is, from the moment they begin to be transformed into food, into a meal. once it is ready to eat, food travels on plates or trays to the table where a diner, with the help of cutlery and his own hands, incorporates it, brings it into his (her) body and soul in a type of sensual event. we will try to show that these rich and complex walks along with people, in their spaces and with their objects, involve aesthetic appreciations as well as ethical commitments. our reflexions are seasoned with the relationships that we suppose exist between wisdom and flavour, words that in spanish (sabor y saber) share their latin etymology: brief and luminous knowledge, traits implied in the ephemeral character of food.
Die Wiederentdeckung der Objekte: Für eine "sensitive" Forschung Recovering the Objects: Towards a "Tasty" Research Reivindicando los objetos: Por una investigación con sabor
Marisela Hernández
Forum : Qualitative Social Research , 2003,
Abstract: In diesem Beitrag wird für eine Forschungsorientierung pl diert, die die herk mmliche Subjekt-/Objekttrennung hinter sich l sst, da beide – Subjekt und Objekt – einander notwendig bedürfen. Allerdings wird in dem vorliegenden Beitrag die Seite des Objekts betont, um sich auf dessen Wert zu besinnen, der durch die Hypertrophie des Subjekts in den Hintergrund getreten ist. Es wird gezeigt, wie weitreichend die Untersch tzung des Objekts durch "offizielle Weltinterpretationen" mittlerweile ist, obwohl zeitgleich mit dieser Untersch tzung eine enorme "Verführungskraft" der Objekte wirksam war. Epistemologische, methodologische und ethische Implikationen, die mit der "Wiederentdeckung der Objekte" einhergehen, werden diskutiert. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0302194 This paper defends a research attitude based on sensitivity, trying to overcome the secular opposition between object and subject by assuming that they need each other in order to exist. Nevertheless and as a rhetorical resource, objects are emphasized, while trying to recover the room, strength and dignity diminished by the hypertrophy of the subject. It is shown how extended this underestimation has been in hands of official interpretations of the world, even though this situation has coexisted with an enormous "seduction" by the objects. Epistemological, methodological and ethical implications from this recovery are suggested for social research. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0302194 Las páginas que siguen sustentan y defienden una actitud ante la investigación fundamentada en la sensibilidad, bajo el supuesto de que sujeto y objeto se necesitan mutuamente para existir, ya que están hechos de la misma sustancia. Sin embargo, y como mero recurso retórico, se hace énfasis en la sustancia objetual de la relación, buscando recobrar para ella el espacio, la fuerza y la dignidad disminuidas por la hipertrofia de la sustancia subjetual. Se muestra cuán larga ha sido la desvalorización de los objetos por parte de interpretaciones oficiales del mundo, aunque dicha desvalorización ( temor?) haya coexistido con una gran seducción por parte de los mismos. Se plantean las implicaciones epistemológicas, metodológicas y éticas de esta reivindicación, para la investigación en ciencias sociales. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0302194
La comida como huésped efímero: elementos para una aproximación psicosocial a lugares comunes
Marisela Hernández H.
Opción , 2008,
Abstract: Desde una psicología social estética, es decir, centrada en procesos perceptivo-afectivos, las próximas páginas intentan llamar la atención sobre una dimensión del mundo cotidiano de gran significación como el de la comida y el comer, proponiendo algunas breves nociones espaciales y sensoriales para iniciar caminos hacia su comprensión e interpretación. Se apela a la metáfora de un paseo a través de algunos lugares (comunes) por los que transitan los alimentos desde que llegan a las manos del cocinero(a), es decir, desde el momento cuando comienzan a ser transformados en comida. Una vez preparada, la comida viaja en platos y bandejas a la mesa, donde un comensal, con la ayuda de los cubiertos y de sus propias manos, la incorpora, la introduce en su cuerpo y su espíritu en un evento sensual. Trataremos de mostrar que estas ricas y complejas caminatas junto a la gente, en sus espacios y con sus objetos, involucran apreciaciones estéticas tanto como compromisos éticos. Nuestras reflexiones se condimentan con las relaciones que suponemos existen entre saber y sabor, palabras que comparten su etimología: conocimiento breve y luminoso, rasgos que están implicados en el carácter efímero de la comida.
Deleites y sinsabores de la comida y el comer: situando el tema
Marisela Hernández H.
Atenea , 2007,
Abstract: Se plantean intereses y perspectivas de reflexión relativos a la comida como mundo simbólico, es decir, como conjunto de formas y significados. Un plato de comida es concebido como una Trinidad en la cual alimento, cocinero y comensal son indispensables. El abordaje se propone desde una psicología social estética, ocupada en los complejos lazos entre los sujetos y entre éstos y los objetos, gracias al concurso de la sensación, la emoción y el sentimiento, y sus vínculos con el pensamiento y la palabra. Tal perspectiva es desdisciplinada y supone la participación del arte, la literatura y la historia, ya que el comer es un asunto narrado desde hace mucho tiempo y de variadas maneras, entre las cuales las cotidianas nos interesan particularmente.
DEUDAS Y RESABIOS DEL AMOR DE POR ESTOS DíAS
Marisela Hernández
Espacio Abierto , 2002,
Abstract: Partiendo del supuesto de que el amor es un asunto cultural en el que participan mucho más que dos personas, este escrito se detiene en algunas versiones del amor antiguo, medieval, barroco y romántico, intuyendo que hoy amamos con rastros de aquellas formas y sentidos de amar; con saberes y sabores de ayer, aderezados con los de hoy. El amor al que nos referimos es el de pareja, del cual forman parte el erotismo y la sexualidad.
En torno a un plato de comida: Aproximaciones al mundo de la comida y el comer
Marisela Hernández
Espacio Abierto , 2007,
Abstract: Las páginas que siguen constituyen un intento por detenerse ante un rico objeto cotidiano: un plato de comida, para dar cuenta de las formas y significados que irradian hacia y desde él. Es decir, un intento por interpretar las atmósferas que contienen y trascienden al plato en sí: alimentos, cubiertos y manteles; manos y rostros; colores, texturas y sonidos; fríos y calores; cocinas, mesas y sillas; sabores y aromas; recuerdos, agrados y náuseas; modas y modales. Se pretende reivindicar el gusto como esfera donde tienen lugar tanto reflexiones como apreciaciones estéticas y actuaciones éticas, de acuerdo con la etimología compartida de saber y sabor: conocimiento breve y luminoso; y de la noción ética y estética de buen gusto
Differential Effect of Acute Stress on Visuospatial Working Memory and Sexual Motivation in Male Rats  [PDF]
Marisela Hernández-González, Enrique Hernández-Arteaga, Mayra Linné Almanza-Sepúlveda, Miguel ángel Guevara
Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science (JBBS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jbbs.2015.57023
Abstract: Working memory is an executive function that is highly dependent on the functioning of the prefrontal cortex. Several studies using food or drink as rewards have demonstrated that rats are capable of performing tasks that involve working memory. Sexual behavior is another highly-rewarding, motivated behavior that has proven to be an efficient incentive in classical operant tasks. Considering that both sexual behavior and working memory are sensitive to the effects of stress, the aim of this study was to determine the effect of acute stress on visuospatial working memory during a sexually-motivated task (a nonmatching-to-sample task in a T-maze) in male rats. Thirty-two male Wistar rats were trained in the T-maze using sexual interaction (intromission and ejaculation) as a reinforcer during a 4-day training period (training sessions held every 4th day). On the basis of their performance, the rats were classified as good-learners (n = 12) and bad-learners (n = 20), and on the fifth day, 6 good-learners and 10 bad-learners were subjected to stress using the cold water immersion model (CWI, 15°C) for 15 minutes before they were evaluated in the T-maze. The remaining rats made up the control group (i.e., they performed the task without previous stress). Results showed that acute stress by CWI improved working memory in the bad-learners but did not affect the performance of the good-learners, although in both groups (good- and bad-learners) stress decreased the sexual motivation to perform the task. It is probable that the increased levels of corticosterone in the stress situation could activate glutamatergic transmission in the prefrontal cortex, thus facilitating working memory and, simultaneously, decreasing testosterone levels, which exerts a negative effect on sexual motivation in these male rats.
EEGcorco: a computer program to simultaneously calculate and statistically analyze EEG coherence and correlation  [PDF]
Miguel Angel Guevara, Marisela Hernández-González, Araceli Sanz-Martin, Claudia Amezcua
Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering (JBiSE) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2011.412096
Abstract: EEGcorco is a computer program designed to analyze the degree of synchronization between two electroencephalographic signals (EEG) by mean the analysis of correlation and coherence index. The correlation and coherence values permit the quantitative determination of the similarity among EEG signals from homologous areas of the cerebral hemispheres (interhemispheric), and among localized areas within one cerebral hemisphere (intrahemispheric). EEG coherence is a function of frequency; thus it is commonly presented in a spectral manner (coherence values in every frequency of the spectrum), in contrast, the correlation function has been employed mainly to search periodic components of bioelectrical signals, and normally appears as punctual values defined in time, hence it is not common calculate correlation spectra. EEGcorco offers an easy and novel way to calculate correlation spectra by mean the application of the Fast Fourier Transformation (FFT) to digitized EEG signals. Both, correlation and coherence spectra are obtained in both independent frequencies and frequencies grouped in wide bands. Moreover, the program applies parametric statistical analyses to those coherence and correlation spectra also, for each individual frequency and for the frequencies grouped in bands. The program functions on any PC-compatible computer equipped with a Pentium or superior processor and a minimum of 512 Mb of RAM memory (though the higher the capacity the better). The space required on the hard disk depends on the signals to be analyzed, as the output takes the form of files in text format that occupy very little space. The program has been elaborated completely in the Delphi environment for the Windows operating system. The efficacy and versatility of EEGcorco allow it to be easily adapted to different experimental and clinical needs.
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