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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 162783 matches for " Marisa Torres H "
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Sanguijuelas, parásitos presentes ayer y hoy
Vera K.,Cristián; Blu F.,Antonieta; Torres H.,Marisa;
Revista chilena de infectología , 2005, DOI: 10.4067/S0716-10182005000100004
Abstract: leeches are flattened annelids or segmented worms that live in still, warm waters of the pond or in land. they feed of blood or body fluids. medicinal leeches (hirudo medicinalis) have been used in medicine for thousands of years to treat a wide range of ailments. nowadays, leeches are used successfully for only a few conditions, notably in the field of reconstructive or microsurgery, to salvage tissue flaps and skin grafts whose viability is threatened by venous congestion. however, it is also important to keep it in mind as a differential diagnosis in some circumstances. this review pretends to give an actualize view of a subject that is a part of medical history
Sanguijuelas, parásitos presentes ayer y hoy Leeches, today and yesterday present parasites
Cristián Vera K.,Antonieta Blu F.,Marisa Torres H.
Revista chilena de infectología , 2005,
Abstract: Las sanguijuelas son anélidos planos o gusanos segmentados que viven en aguas tibias y estancadas o en la tierra. Se alimentan de sangre o fluidos corporales. Las sanguijuelas en la medicina (Hirudo medicinalis) han sido utilizadas por miles de a os para tratar un gran número de patologías. Hoy en día, son utilizadas exitosamente en medicina en el área de la microcirugía y la cirugía reconstructiva, específicamente para salvar injertos y colgajos cuya viabilidad se ve amenazada por la congestión venosa. Sin embargo; este anélido, ectoparásito temporal del hombre, también debe considerarse en el diagnóstico clínico en ciertas circunstancias. Este trabajo desea entregar información actualizada sobre un tema que es parte de la historia de la medicina Leeches are flattened annelids or segmented worms that live in still, warm waters of the pond or in land. They feed of blood or body fluids. Medicinal leeches (Hirudo medicinalis) have been used in medicine for thousands of years to treat a wide range of ailments. Nowadays, leeches are used successfully for only a few conditions, notably in the field of reconstructive or microsurgery, to salvage tissue flaps and skin grafts whose viability is threatened by venous congestion. However, it is also important to keep it in mind as a differential diagnosis in some circumstances. This review pretends to give an actualize view of a subject that is a part of medical history
Triquinosis: Entre el temor y el deber de informar la fuente de infección
VALENCIA V.,CLAUDIO; MU?OZ A.,HéCTOR; TORRES H.,MARISA;
Revista chilena de infectología , 2003, DOI: 10.4067/S0716-10182003000200003
Abstract: we present an epidemic of trichinosis in a family group, acquired by the ingestion of brochettes. although two patients had to be hospitalized because of the severity of symptoms of trichinosis, other family members also presented symptoms but it was not feasible to obtain information about the source of the infection. the fear of punishment in addition to the lack of conscience of the importance of providing information of the origin of the infected meat, lead to these situations. we present this epidemic with the idea of encouraging the education on trichinosis in the population.
Cambio en las redes sociales de adultos mayores beneficiarios de programas de vivienda social en Chile
Rioseco H.,Reinaldo; Quezada V.,Margarita; Ducci V.,María Elena; Torres H.,Marisa;
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1020-49892008000300001
Abstract: objectives: to identify, compare, and analyze the social networks of two groups of poor, older adults in two types of public housing projects in chile, in terms of the types of relationships and the frequency and purpose of their interactions, before and after moving to their new homes. methods: a descriptive study was conducted of public housing beneficiaries in apartment buildings versus condominiums. the study pool was the group of people assigned to housing in buildings (n = 152) and condominiums (n = 124) from 1998 to 2001. a questionnaire was administered in their homes. results: most study participants indicated that the move to public housing meant leaving their old neighborhood for a new one, a change that, among other consequences, produced changes in their social networks. in general, both groups have similar social networks, with their children being the strongest source of support, both before and after the move. after the move, social interaction generally decreased, except among the adults living in apartment buildings, for whom it increased slightly with family members, and in a superficial manner, with others who had weak connections and were neither friends nor family. interactions with establishments also decreased, although interactions with senior services increased for the condo residents from 28% to 65% and for apartment residents from 31% to 45%. conclusions: it is recommended that similar programs strive to preserve and strengthen the social networks in place prior to moving and encourage the formation of relationships in the new residences.
Calidad de vida de adultos mayores pobres de viviendas básicas: Estudio comparativo mediante uso de WHOQoL-BREF
Torres H,Marisa; Quezada V,Margarita; Rioseco H,Reinaldo; Ducci V,María Elena;
Revista médica de Chile , 2008, DOI: 10.4067/S0034-98872008000300007
Abstract: background: in chile, the government is providing basic dwellings to poor elderly subjects that do not have a place to live. these dwellings may be located in buildings or in codominiums. aim: to assess the quality of life perception of elderly subjects whose dwellings are located in buildings or in condominiums. material and methods: the brief version of the quality of life questionnaire designed for the elderly by the world health organization (whoqol-bref) was applied to elderly subjects of seven poor communities of metropolitan santiago, that lived in basic dwellings located in buildings or condominiums. the questionnaire includes questions about physical, psychological, social relations and environment domains. results: the questionnaire was answered by 124 elderly subjects aged 60 to 90 years, living in condominiums and 152 subjects aged 62 to 94 years, living in buildings. satisfaction was of moderate or high level for physical, psychological and social relations domains. those living in condominiums had a better satisfaction level in this last domain. the level of satisfaction of the environment domain was moderate and better for those living in condominiums. the perception of quality of life deteriorated along with age. conclusions: elderly subjects living in basic dwellings located in condominiums have a better quality of life perception than those living in buildings
Triquinosis: Entre el temor y el deber de informar la fuente de infección Triquinosis: between the fear and the necessity of informing the source of infection
CLAUDIO VALENCIA V.,HéCTOR MU?OZ A.,MARISA TORRES H.
Revista chilena de infectología , 2003,
Abstract: Se presenta un brote de triquinosis en un grupo familiar adquirido por la ingestión de "anticuchos". Aunque dos pacientes debieron ser hospitalizados por la gravedad del cuadro de triquinosis y otros miembros de la familia también presentaron sintomatología, no fue posible obtener información sobre la fuente infectante. El temor a recibir alguna sanción, sumado a la falta de conciencia de la importancia de entregar información sobre el origen de la carne infectada, genera estas situaciones. Se presenta el brote con el objetivo de fomentar la educación sobre triquinosis en la población. We present an epidemic of Trichinosis in a family group, acquired by the ingestion of brochettes. Although two patients had to be hospitalized because of the severity of symptoms of Trichinosis, other family members also presented symptoms but it was not feasible to obtain information about the source of the infection. The fear of punishment in addition to the lack of conscience of the importance of providing information of the origin of the infected meat, lead to these situations. We present this epidemic with the idea of encouraging the education on Trichinosis in the population.
Calidad de vida de adultos mayores pobres de viviendas básicas: Estudio comparativo mediante uso de WHOQoL-BREF Quality of life of elderly subjects living in basic social dwellings
Marisa Torres H,Margarita Quezada V,Reinaldo Rioseco H,María Elena Ducci V
Revista médica de Chile , 2008,
Abstract: Background: In Chile, the government is providing basic dwellings to poor elderly subjects that do not have a place to live. These dwellings may be located in buildings or in codominiums. Aim: To assess the quality of life perception of elderly subjects whose dwellings are located in buildings or in condominiums. Material and methods: The brief version of the quality of life questionnaire designed for the elderly by the World Health Organization (WHOQoL-BREF) was applied to elderly subjects of seven poor communities of Metropolitan Santiago, that lived in basic dwellings located in buildings or condominiums. The questionnaire includes questions about physical, psychological, social relations and environment domains. Results: The questionnaire was answered by 124 elderly subjects aged 60 to 90 years, living in condominiums and 152 subjects aged 62 to 94 years, living in buildings. Satisfaction was of moderate or high level for physical, psychological and social relations domains. Those living in condominiums had a better satisfaction level in this last domain. The level of satisfaction of the environment domain was moderate and better for those living in condominiums. The perception of quality of life deteriorated along with age. Conclusions: Elderly subjects living in basic dwellings located in condominiums have a better quality of life perception than those living in buildings
Pediculus capitis: Terapias disponibles
ROSSO A,ROBERTO P; RAMíREZ G,M. SOLEDAD; TORRES H,MARISA;
Revista chilena de infectología , 2003, DOI: 10.4067/S0716-10182003000200005
Abstract: head lice infestation is very common. it is one of most frequent diseases in the childhood. in 1996, 15% of the people in the world and 30% of infant were infected. the drugs used at the moment are very effective but the people get reinfested after two months, so to avoid it, it is important to treat all contacts. there are different active compounds like lindane, pyrethins, crotamiton, thiabendazole, malathion, carbaryl and sulpha/trimethoprim. for each of these, we discuss their action, pharmacology characteristics, effectiveness and adverse effects.
Necesidades de salud desde la perspectiva de los usuarios
Bedregal G,Paula; Quezada V,Margarita; Torres H,Marisa; Scharager G,Judith; García O,José;
Revista médica de Chile , 2002, DOI: 10.4067/S0034-98872002001100013
Abstract: background: the perception of the population about their needs must be considered in health care planning. aim: to describe health care needs from the perspective of potential clients of public health services. material and methods: an enquiry to a representative sample of 202 dwellings, ascribed to a family health service, was done. subjects were asked about the health problems in their family and neighborhood. twelve families from this sample were randomly chosen and interviewed about their health conception, needs and demands. results: the mean age of subjects, per dwelling, was 31 years. fifty percent were nuclear families and 6% were mono parental. perceived problems were economical in 60% and health related in 12%. eighty percent of health problems were related to addictions and violence. interviewed subjects associated health with lack of services, with their experience with illness and pain and with a risk of social isolation and incommunication. health care demands were referred to a better medical care. people declared needs in environmental hygiene, physical and mental health self care, food and jobs. conclusions: using this information, simple strategies could be implemented to cope with health care demands of the population (rev méd chile 2002; 130: 1287-94).
Enteroparasitosis en lactantes de un centro universitario privado de salud en Santiago de Chile Infants parasitic infection in a private health center in Santiago of Chile
Ximena Trivi?o B,Patricia Valenzuela C,Marisa Torres H,Marlene Aglony I
Revista chilena de pediatría , 2000,
Abstract: Objetivos: Determinar la frecuencia y tipo de enteroparásitos en exámenes coproparasitológicos tomados a lactantes. Comparar en un subgrupo de lactantes con y sin enteroparásitos, variables clínico-epidemiológicas. Pacientes y métodos: estudio retrospectivo descriptivo realizado en el total de 3 127 exámenes coproparasitológicos procesados en la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (1994-1998), determinándose la frecuencia y especies parasitarias. Comparación de resultados entre grupos de lactantes con exámenes coproparasitológicos positivos y negativos respecto a motivo de solicitud del examen y diagnóstico nutricional. Resultados: Ciento sesenta y siete (5,3%) de los exámenes fueron positivos, encontrándose solo protozoos, principalmente G. lamblia. En lactantes con examen coproparasitológico positivo el motivo de solicitud más frecuente fue síndrome diarreico agudo y disentérico, de los cuales el 84,1% eran eutróficos y 4,5% desnutridos. En lactantes con examen coproparasitológico negativo la solicitud de examen se debió a mal incremento ponderal y desnutrición, encontrándose el 68,9% eutróficos y 24,4% desnutridos. Conclusiones: Se encontró presencia de enteroparásitos en los exámenes coproparasitológicos realizados a lactantes (en estos, destaca la ausencia de helmintos). La presencia de protozoos patógenos se asoció con deposiciones diarreicas y no se observó asociación con desnutrición o mal incremento ponderal Objectives: To evaluate the intestinal parasitic infection frequency in coproparasitological samples in infants. To compare clinical-epidemiological variables among infants with/without parasitic infection. Subjects and Methods: a descriptive retrospective study was performed in 3,127 coproparasitological samples processed at Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (1994-1998) determining frequency and parasitic species. Results: 167 (5.3%) showed parasitic infection, only protozoan, mainly G. lamblia. The most frequent reason for requesting the coproparasitological exam in infants with parasitic infection was diarrhea. Also 84.1% of the infected children were well-nourished and 4.5% with malnutrition. The most frequent reason for requesting the exam in infants without intestinal parasitic infection was failure to thrive and malnutrition. In this group, 68.9% were well-nourished and 24.4% with malnutrition. Conclusions: Presence of enteric protozoan was found in the coproparasitological exams performed in infants (absence of helminths highlights as an important finding). The presence of pathogens protozoan was mainly associated with d
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