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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 24590 matches for " Marina Gabriela Sim?es "
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Estudo investigativo sobre o conhecimento da dislexia em educadores da rede pública e privada dos municípios de Belo Horizonte e de Nova Lima
Letícia Viana Pereira,Marina Gabriela Simes,Cláudia Machado Siqueira,Luciana Mendon?a Alves
Revista Tecer , 2011,
Abstract: Resumo Objetivo: investigar o conhecimento prático-teórico sobre a dislexia do desenvolvimento em educadores das redes pública e privada. Métodos: foi aplicado um questionário a 103 professores de 14 institui es públicas e privadas. Resultados/discuss o: 97% dos entrevistados eram do sexo feminino, 39% lecionavam para séries iniciais, 64% responderam que cursaram disciplina relacionada com o tema, 59% relataram procurarem informa o quando necessário, 50% souberam conceituar a dislexia, 98% identificaram corretamente suas causas. Os resultados apontaram que a maior parte apresenta conhecimento sobre a dislexia, o que lhes permite a identifica o correta do conceito, suas principais características, suas causas e capacidade de reconhecimento dos profissionais envolvidos em todo processo. Conclus o: os educadores entrevistados possuem conhecimento formativo sobre a dislexia do desenvolvimento, n o obstante, buscam frequentemente aprimorar esses conhecimentos, por meio de fontes diversificadas de informa es. Estes resultados refor am a necessidade da continuidade dos programas de orienta es nas escolas, incentivos a forma o continuada de professores.
Cuidadores de crian as e adolescentes com leucemia: análise de estratégias de enfrentamento
Marinna Simes Mensori,Marina Kohlsdorf,áderson L. Costa Junior
Psicologia em Revista , 2009,
Abstract: Este estudo teve como objetivo principal investigar mudan as nas estratégias de enfrentamento adotadas por 30 cuidadores ao longo do semestre inicial de tratamento de leucemia de crian as e adolescentes. A escala de modos de enfrentamento de problemas (EMEP) foi aplicada ao diagnóstico depois de dois a três meses, desde o início do tratamento, e após cinco a seis meses de tratamento. Em aplica es correspondentes, foi usado o inventário Beck de ansiedade (BAI). Observou-se uma redu o dos níveis de ansiedade no decorrer do tratamento, bem como o predomínio de estratégias de enfrentamento focadas em práticas religiosas, problema e busca por suporte social. Sugere-se um maior cuidado das equipes de oncologia pediátrica para a identifica o das necessidades de interven o psicossocial que envolvem os pacientes e seus cuidadores. Os dados permitem planejar interven es preventivas que aumentem a probabilidade da aquisi o e manuten o de estratégias de enfrentamento mais eficientes por parte dos cuidadores.
Where is the chromospheric response to conductive energy input from a hot pre-flare coronal loop?
Marina Battaglia,Lyndsay Fletcher,Paulo J. A. Simes
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/789/1/47
Abstract: Before the onset of a flare is observed in hard X-rays there is often a prolonged pre-flare or pre-heating phase with no detectable hard X-ray emission but pronounced soft X-ray emission suggesting that energy is being released and deposited into the corona and chromosphere already at this stage. This work analyses the temporal evolution of coronal source heating and the chromospheric response during this pre-heating phase to investigate the origin and nature of early energy release and transport during a solar flare. Simultaneous X-ray, EUV, and microwave observations of a well observed flare with a prolonged pre-heating phase are analysed to study the time evolution of the thermal emission and to determine the onset of particle acceleration. During the 20 minutes duration of the pre-heating phase we find no hint of accelerated electrons, neither in hard X-rays nor in microwave emission. However, the total energy budget during the pre-heating phase suggests that energy must be supplied to the flaring loop to sustain the observed temperature and emission measure. Under the assumption of this energy being transported toward the chromosphere via thermal conduction, significant energy deposition at the chromosphere is expected. However, no detectable increase of the emission in the AIA wavelength channels sensitive to chromospheric temperatures is observed. The observations suggest energy release and deposition in the flaring loop before the onset of particle acceleration, yet a model in which energy is conducted to the chromosphere and subsequent heating of the chromosphere is not supported by the observations.
The likely impact of genetically modified soybeans in the Brazilian collective feeding service  [PDF]
Silvia Magalh?es Couto, Gabriela Morgado de Oliveira Coelho, Marina de Figueiredo Ferreira, Victor Augustus Marin, Regina Serr?o Lanzillotti, Haydée Serr?o Lanzillotti
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/as.2013.412098
Abstract:

Objective: To expose the likely impact of genetically modified foods in Collective Feeding. Methods: This was a case study conducted on a steel company (SC) in Rio de Janeiro State. The likely impact recognition began with the preparation of a soy food products’ list. Then, we verified these products’ frequency on the Food and Nutrition Unit (FNU) menu from the SC, outlining the offer profile. We calculated odds ratios and binomial distribution probability for assessing exposure to soy that may be transgenic. Food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) regarding soy products was applied. The convergence of daily products’ relative frequency of this population and the population from a reference study about FFQ validation in Rio de Janeiro was verified. Confrontation took place between the classification of foods by the consumers’ likely exposure to soy and the percentage deviation between observed relative frequency of products’ intake offered on the FNU and on the reference study. Results: A list of 51 products were created and 16 of them integrated the menu, e.g. flour, chicken, sausage, maize, instant pudding, bologna, hot dogs and peanuts. Food usually consumed by FNU users and concomitantly consumed in reference study were cookies, flour, spaghetti, bread, cake, instant pudding, sausage and hot dogs. By the classification and percentage deviations results, cookies, breads and pasta were the “villains” of soy’s susceptibility. Coclusion: It was possible to show the likely impact of genetically modified foods in Collective Feeding, confirming that these consumers were exposed to soybeans that may be transgenic.

View of the Public Health System users regarding proctology
Simes, Alessandro Andrade;Schlindwein, Rafael Felix;Ferreira, Maria Gabriela Lazcano Alves;Genovez, Alynne;Koerich, Elisa;
Journal of Coloproctology (Rio de Janeiro) , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S2237-93632012000200003
Abstract: proctology is a specialty of extreme importance due to the high prevalence of anorectal diseases in the population. despite this fact and its history from the origin of humanity, it is marked by insufficient knowledge, prejudice and teasing. objective: evaluate the degree of knowledge about proctology, obtaining data, which may guide and emphasize the need for campaigns to disseminate the specialty. method: an ecological study was conducted on the people's degree of knowledge about the specialty of proctology. we interviewed 200 patients from august 2008 to january 2009, who came to the outpatient clinic of the unified health system, in five different medical specialties in the city of itajaí (sc). results: among the interviewees, 86% did not know what proctology was. of the 28 (14%) respondents that said they knew it, only 21 (10.5%) answered correctly when they were asked what the specialty was about. conclusion: despite the high prevalence of anorectal diseases, a great percentage of the population is unaware of the specialty. this fact could be due to the social prejudice and the lack of information provided by health professionals.
Morphology of the hyoid apparatus of some species of odontocetes from southern Brazil.
Dan Jacobs Pretto,Gabriela Oliveira,Maurício Eduardo Graipel,Paulo César Simes-Lopes
Biotemas , 2009,
Abstract: The hyoid apparatus of odontocetes serves as a major attachment point for the muscles and ligaments that subserve breathing, sound production and swallowing. However, most of the literature on anatomy does not consider the bones of this region, presenting general osteological descriptions without considering the comparative aspects. This study sought to determine the intra and interspecific variations of the ossified hyoid apparatus elements from six species of odontocetus. We studied 96 hyoid apparatuses from the following species: Phocoena spinipinnis (n = 1), Pontoporia blainvillei (n = 20), Sotalia guianensis (n = 37), Stenella frontalis (n = 13), Steno bredanensis (n = 6) and Tursiops truncatus (n = 19). Among the six species analyzed, P. spinipinnis, P. blainvillei and S. guianenses presented a diagnostic feature of this apparatus, while the others were best described morphometrically when considering all the hyoid apparatus bones. Intraspecific variation was registered with greater amplitude in T. truncatus, while S. guianensis showed sexual dimorphism. The morphology of the hyoid apparatus proved to be important in the differentiation and characterization of all studied species.
Evaluation of the effects of homeopathic medicines on the seed germination of Brassica oleracea L. var. italica
Marina das Neves Gomes,Isadora Sim???μes Barbosa,Tayn???? Sequeira Val????rio,Camila Monteiro Siqueira
International Journal of High Dilution Research , 2012,
Abstract: Background: Aiming to increase the productivity and achieve production levels that meet the market demands, agriculture makes use of pesticides and fertilizers. Fertilizers are natural or artificial substances that contain chemical elements and physical proprieties that enhance plant growth and productivity [1]. However, the addition of fertilizers has generated environmental impacts that jeopardize the sustainability of agricultural ecosystems in the medium and long term [2]. Fertilizers are associated with eutrophication of rivers and lakes [2], soil erosion [3], among others. The organic agriculture is an alternative for the use of additives, which aims to enhance the efficient use of nonrenewable natural resources, and utilization of renewable natural resources and biological processes aligned to biodiversity, the environment, economic development and quality of human life [4]. The use of homeopathy for the cultivation of plants is into the organic agriculture. Homeopathic medicines can lead to greater plant growth, the elimination of pests and soil enrichment, without presenting environmental impacts, or damage to the consumer or for the handler. Aim: The objective of this study is to find on the homeopathic medicine an alternative method for the use of fertilizers in order to increase the germination of broccoli (Brassica oleracea L. var. Italica. Methodology: Seeds of broccoli will be treated with homeopathic medicines for phosphorus and gibberelic acid in the following method and scale 6cH, 30cH and 200cH, according with the 3rd edition of the Brazilian Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia. These seeds will be cultured on Petri dishes in a MS medium. The dilution and the agitation water on the same high dilutions above, are used as a growth control, in the same way, gibberelic acid, a hormone, widely used commercially as a fertilizer, is also used as control. The applications will be made six days a week. It will be conducted a seedlings count since the first days of germination and also will be measured the germination velocity and the hypocotyl and primary roots lengths. Results: A quickly, regular and more complete germination is expected when used homeopathic drugs. Rather than use substances harmful to human health, such as fertilizers but gaining it ′s same efficiency with a less aggressive results for the plant and for who will eat it or work with agriculture [5-8]. Support: authors declare that this study received no funding Conflict of interest: authors declare there is no conflict of interest Correspondente author: Marina das Neves Gomes, marina
Avalia??o por imagem da paralisia de pregas vocais
Garcia, Marcelo de Mattos;Magalh?es, Fabiana Pizanni;Dadalto, Gabriela Bijos;Moura, Marina Vimieiro Timponi de;
Radiologia Brasileira , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-39842009000500012
Abstract: vocal cord paralysis is a common cause of hoarseness. it may be secondary to many types of lesions along the cranial nerve x pathway and its branches, particularly the laryngeal recurrent nerves. despite the idiopathic nature of a great number of cases, imaging methods play a very significant role in the investigation of etiologic factors, such as thyroid and esophagus neoplasias with secondary invasion of the laryngeal recurrent nerves. other conditions such as aortic and right subclavian artery aneurysms also may be found. the knowledge of local anatomy and related diseases is of great importance for the radiologist, so that he can tailor the examination properly to allow an appropriate diagnosis and therapy planning. additionally, considering that up to 35% of patients with vocal cord paralysis are asymptomatic, the recognition of radiological findings indicative of this condition is essential for the radiologist who must warn the referring physician on the imaging findings. in the present study, the authors review the anatomy and main diseases related to vocal cord paralysis, demonstrating them through typical cases evaluated by computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, besides describing radiological findings of laryngeal abnormalities indicative of this condition.
Tinidazol versus cefazolina na antibioticoprofilaxia de histerectomia vaginal e abdominal
Simes, José Antonio;Discacciati, Michelle Garcia;Poletti, Giana Balestro;Brolazo, Eliane;Crema, Gabriela Daoud;Pereira, Cláudia Ferreira;
Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-72032008001100003
Abstract: purpose: to compare the efficacy of tinidazole and cephazolin on the febrile and infectious morbidity of post vaginal and abdominal hysterectomy antibiotic prophylaxis. methods: randomized clinical study, where women admitted to hospital for hysterectomy were randomly allocated in one of the following antibiotic prophylaxis groups: group c (2 g of iv cephazolin in the anesthetic induction); group t (2 g of tinidazole orally, 12 hours before the surgery); or group c+t (2 g of tinidazole orally 12 hours before the surgery and 2g of iv cephazolin in the anesthetic induction). cervicovaginal smears were collected for specific cultures and the diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis (bv) was based in amsel and nugent's criteria. the patients were reevaluated 7 and 30 days after the surgery for signs of febrile and/or infectious morbidity. the χ2 or the fisher's exact test was used to assess differences among the three groups, with a significance level of 5%. the sample power (1-β) was calculated through the sas program. results: seven days after the hysterectomy, infectious morbidity was diagnosed in 6.6% of the women, but with no significant difference among the three groups studied (p=0.12). there was no febrile or infectious morbidity at the immediate post-surgical period or after 30 days from the surgery. bv ratio at the pre-surgical period was significantly higher among the women submitted to vaginal hysterectomy, rather than among the ones submitted to abdominal hysterectomy (27 versus 7%, p=0.02). bv ratio was also higher after 30 days, among the women submitted to vaginal hysterectomy (20 versus 8%), though without statistical significance (p=0.19). conclusions: the use of tinidazole, isolated or associated with cephazolin has not presented higher efficacy, than the use of cephazolin, alone to prevent febrile or infectious morbidity post hysterectomy. the high ratio of bv at the immediate pre-surgery period among the women submitted to vaginal hysterectomy suggests that
Influência do conteúdo vaginal de gestantes sobre a recupera??o do estreptococo do grupo B nos meios de transporte Stuart e Amies
Simes, José Antonio;Poletti, Giana Balestro;Portugal, Priscilla Mendes;Brolazo, Eliane Melo;Discacciati, Michelle Garcia;Crema, Gabriela Daoud;
Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-72032005001100007
Abstract: purpose: to evaluate the influence of vaginal environment of pregnant women on group b streptococcus (gbs) survival after 8, 24 e 48 h in amies and stuart transport media. methods: three vaginal samples were collected from 30 pregnant women attending the prenatal care outpatient clinic of the centro de aten??o integral à saúde da mulher (caism), universidade estadual de campinas (unicamp). the first sample was placed directly onto todd-hewitt selective medium; the second was used to perform a gram-stained microscopy, and the third swab was placed in 2 ml physiological saline to which 200 μl of a suspension with 1-2 x 108 colony-forming units of gbs was added. after homogenization, six swabs were collected from this suspension (3 from amie medium and 3 from stuart medium). these six swabs were kept at room temperature for 8, 24 and 48 h and then incubated on blood agar. bacterial growth at 37oc was observed after a 24-h incubation period and it was semiquantitatively graded (0-3+) according to the number of colonies. statistical analysis was performed by the exact fisher test and the level of significance was set at 0.05. results: the recovery of gbs after 48-h storage in amie and stuart media was 97 e 87%, respectively. in one of the four cases where no gbs recovery was possible after 48 h of storage, vaginal ph was higher than 4.5, and in two of those cases cytolytic vaginosis was found. conclusions: both transport media showed to be appropriate for gbs recovery up to 48 h after sampling. characteristics of the vaginal enviroment did not influence gbs recovery as observed in this study.
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