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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 25314 matches for " Marina Ferreira; Cukier "
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Raz?es de desmame e de introdu??o da mamadeira: uma abordagem alternativa para seu estudo
Rea,Marina Ferreira; Cukier,Rosa;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1988, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89101988000300004
Abstract: reasons, alleged by mothers, for early weaning and for the introduction of breast-milk substitutes were studied, in 1985, in a public maternity hospital of s. paulo city. these mothers were part of an intervention project to support and promote breast-feeding through public health services. eight hundred and seventy-five women were followed up from delivery to the 4th month of the baby's life. reasons for weaning were collected immediately afterwards ("single interview") and were also again asked for when the mother returned to the health unit ("multiple interview"). all the reasons given were collected and classified according to "responsibility": of the mother (her own desire to wean), of her baby (attributed to the baby), of her body (the mother's physical reasons) and of other people (doctor, husband, neighbor, etc.). the most prevalent reasons for the introduction of breast-milk substitutes, according to "multiple interview", were: mother had to work out (20.5%), got agitated (12.5%) and convenience (11.0%). according to "single interview" they were: the baby's crying (23.0%), prior conceptions of infant feeding (12.5%), working out (11.0%). these differences were not so evident among the reasons for complete weaning; however, considering weaning as a long process in which the reasons for the introduction of breast-milk substitutes may be linked to reasons for the "sevrage", the advantages of utilizing all the answers of different contacts with the women ("multiple interview") over against just one answer given on one ocasion as a contribution to the clarification of the weaning process in each cultural site, is indicated. the reasons gathered and classified according to "responsibility" show that "multiple interview" beings to light more answers related to the desire to wean on the part of the mother herself than the baby, or the mother's body. it is argued that the health system has limits to its ability to intervene in the most prevalent reasons for early we
Avaliando a DPOC pela perspectiva do paciente Evaluating COPD from the perspective of the patient
Cláudia Adriana Sant'Anna Ferreira,Alberto Cukier
Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/s1806-37132006000200001
Abstract:
Reflex?es sobre a amamenta??o no Brasil: de como passamos a 10 meses de dura??o
Rea, Marina Ferreira;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2003000700005
Abstract: in 1975, one out of two brazilian women only breastfed until the second or third month; in a survey from 1999, one out of two breastfed for 10 months. this increase over the course of 25 years can be viewed as a success, but it also shows that many activities could be better organized, coordinated, and corrected when errors occur. various relevant decisions have been made by international health agencies during this period, in addition to studies on breastfeeding that have reoriented practice. we propose to review the history of the brazilian national program to promote breastfeeding, focusing on an analysis of the influence of international policies and analyzing them in four periods: 1975-1981 (when little was done), 1981-1986 (media campaigns), 1986-1996 (breastfeeding-friendly policies), and 1996-2002 (planning and human resources training activities backed by policies to protect breastfeeding). the challenge for the future is to continue to promote exclusive breastfeeding until the sixth month, taking specific population groups into account.
Avalia??o das práticas diferenciais de amamenta??o: a quest?o da etnia
Rea,Marina Ferreira;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1994, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89101994000500010
Abstract: breastfeeding practices in two brazilian metropolitan areas (s. paulo and recife) are described, as part of a study carried out in 1987. in a random sample of healthy 0-8 month old infants, selected from all health care units, higher breastfeeding rates were found in s. paulo (initiation, prevalence, median and average) than in recife. the mean duration of breastfeeding, mixed and full, was of 127.5 and 66.6 days, respectively, for s. paulo, and of 104.4 and 31.7 days for recife. when data are analysed according to ethnic group, white s. paulo women breastfeed more than white recife women. full breastfeeding rate is more prevalent among white and "mulato" s. paulo women. however, when the data were analyzed for each city separately, it was found, remarkably, that the non-whites breastfeed more than the whites. in recife, full breastfeeding is particularly low in whites (of 15.3 days median) and "mulatos" (of 16.7 days), but of 34.5 days in blacks. the study points out the need for greater in-depth investigation of the issue of ethnicity and infant feeding practices, still inadequately understood in world literature.
Substitutos do leite materno: passado e presente
Rea,Marina Ferreira;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1990, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89101990000300011
Abstract: the historical development of industrialized products used as breast-milk, substitutes a process begun in the 18th century, is studied. the marketing strategy currently adopted infant formula companies is stressed and the different commercial practices used in the search for new markets in third world countries are described. a warning is given as to the precise instructions giver for the use of the socalles breast-milk substitutes, and the attention of health professionals and consumer groups is called to the low level of awareness regarding this subject, a factor which led the world health organization and united nations children's fund to recommend the preparation of an appropriate marketing code and to its adoption by brazil.
Avalia o das práticas diferenciais de amamenta o: a quest o da etnia
Rea Marina Ferreira
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1994,
Abstract: Descreve-se a situa o da prática de amamentar em duas áreas metropolitanas brasileiras: S o Paulo e Recife, Brasil, em estudos conduzidos em 1987. Em amostras representativas da popula o de crian as saudáveis de 0-8 meses atendidas pelo sistema de saúde, nota-se que é maior em S o Paulo a propor o das m es que iniciam a amamenta o e a prevalência de amamentados. A dura o média do aleitamento materno total (AM) e quase exclusivo (AE) é respectivamente de 127,5 e 66,6 dias em S o Paulo. Em Recife, 104,4 e 31,7 dias, respectivamente, para AM e AE. Estudaram-se também os dados de amamenta o conforme a cor da pele da m e, concluindo que se amamenta mais em S o Paulo do que em Recife, significativamente entre brancas. O aleitamento materno quase exclusivo é praticado mais em S o Paulo do que em Recife, por brancas e pardas. Observando-se os grupos étnicos em cada uma das cidades, notou-se que s o as mulheres n o-brancas (pretas e pardas) aquelas que amamentam mais, sendo particularmente baixo o aleitamento quase exclusivo em Recife, maior entre as pretas (34,5 dias de mediana de AE) comparado a 15,3 dias entre brancas e 16,7 entre pardas. O estudo aponta para a necessidade de se elaborar desenhos de pesquisa que levem em conta a quest o da etnia e a amamenta o, quest o n o respondida pela literatura em nível mundial.
Reflex es sobre a amamenta o no Brasil: de como passamos a 10 meses de dura o
Rea Marina Ferreira
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2003,
Abstract: Se em 1975 uma em cada duas mulheres amamentava apenas até o segundo ou terceiro mês no Brasil, no último inquérito de 1999, uma em cada duas mulheres amamenta até cerca de dez meses. Esse aumento em 25 anos pode tanto ser pensado como um sucesso, como pode ser visto como algo que poderia estar muito melhor se todas as atividades que se realizaram no país tivessem sido mantidas, avaliadas, corrigidas, bem coordenadas, melhoradas. Diversas foram as decis es de organismos internacionais de saúde no período, assim como estudos sobre aleitamento que reorientaram a es. Propomo-nos a tentar rever a trajetória do programa nacional, privilegiando a análise da influência das políticas internacionais e analisando-o em quatro períodos: de 1975 a 1981 (quando pouco era feito), de 1981 a 1986 (as campanhas na mídia), de 1986 a 1996 (políticas em prol da amamenta o) e de 1996 a 2002 (planejamento e a es de capacita o de recursos humanos com o respaldo das políticas de prote o). O desafio que se coloca para o futuro é a necessidade de continuar a promover a amamenta o exclusiva até o sexto mês, levando em conta grupos particulares da popula o.
Didactopatogenia (Enfermedades generadas por la mala ense anza)
José Cukier
Revista de Psicología , 1996,
Abstract: Se plantea el desarrollo de enfermedades generadas por la mala ense anza. Se cuestiona el papel que cumplen las instituciones educativas al avalar a educadores con personalidad narcisista que inducen a estas enfermedades. Se describen las características de estos educadores, sus principales defensas y las interacciones didactopatogénicas que se establecen entre el educador y el educando, generando transformación pasivo/activo, tabú del pensamiento, saber enciclopédico, recuerdos póstumos, trastornos de conducta, distracción, y agresividad marcada. Se discute, también, el concepto del educador y sus dobles.
Percep o de sintomas na asma Perception of asthma symptoms
Alberto Cukier
Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/s1806-37132010000500001
Abstract:
Problemas de las pymes en el nivel 2 de madurez. Una muestra sesgada
Juan José Cukier
Revista Espa?ola de Innovación, Calidad e Ingeniería del Software , 2008,
Abstract: Este estudio cuantifica la experiencia recogida en 27 evaluaciones SCAMPI clases A, B y C del Nivel 2 de Madurez de CMMI en el período junio 2006-junio 2008, realizadas sobre peque as y medianas empresas (pymes). Se identifican componentes del modelo CMMI donde se concentran debilidades que más frecuentemente pueden poner en riesgo la implantación exitosa del modelo y la obtención de una acreditación oficial. Estos componentes requieren atención especial durante el proyecto de mejora de procesos.
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