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Marin ILIE
Journal of Defense Resources Management , 2010,
Abstract: We initiated our endeavor staring from an undisputed reality, that is, NATO changes its strategies and, implicitly, concepts, according to the developments occurred in the international security environment, in order to be able to respond to any challenge operatively and adequately. We would like to emphasize that regardless of the concepts formulation and application, the Organization’s fundamental values, and particularly its purely defensive character and the principle of collective defense do not alter.
Marin ILIE
Journal of Defense Resources Management , 2011,
Abstract: NATO (The North Atlantic Treaty Organization) – OTAN (Organisation du Traité de l’Atlantique Nord) has been, since its estabslishment, oustandingly receptive to the international security environment developments and has always altered its strategy and strategic concepts in order to meet the afferent challenges, with an emphasis on its purely defensive character. The most favorable moment of this kind have been its summits: Rome (1991), Washington (1999) and Lisbon (2010), on which our paper will focus. The greats mutations in the last decade have called for the creation of the new strategic concept NATO 2010, developed in the Lisbon summit declaration of 19-20 November 2010.
Marin ILIE,Gheorghe ION
Journal of Defense Resources Management , 2012,
Abstract: The unfolding of the NATO Military Committee Conference in Sibiu, September 14-16, 2012 marked an important event in the life of the Alliance. The Committee is the highest decision-making forum within NATO and its decisions critically impact the latter’s future. Romania hosted the conference based on a multiannual rotation schedule. Its designation as an organizer is actually an acknowledgment of its credibility as NATO member, as well as of its capacity to undertake such an endevor. The aim of this article is to highlight the role of the Military Committee, as well as the commitments made by Romania as an Alliance member. Thus, this material actually bridges the gap in the coverage of this event at national and international level.
Gheorghe ION,Marin ILIE,Ana Mona ILIE
Journal of Defense Resources Management , 2012,
Abstract: NATO has constantly focused on aligning its Strategy to the developments in the international security environment with a view to permanently being able to accomplish its missions in the fields of peace and democracy insurance and human rights protection all over the world. In this respect, one of the major concepts strongly advocated for by the present NATO Secretary General, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, and prone to changes in accordance with the current physiognomy of the military phenomenon is the one of “Smart Defense".
Ion GHEORGHE, Marin ILIE , Ana Mona ILIE
Journal of Defense Resources Management , 2011,
Abstract: All studies about globalization justly emphasize the unprecedented effects of this phenomenon at national and international level. In this respect ,it is common truth that politics, an essential element in the relationships between states, organizations and other establishments is greatly infl uenced by this complex process that defi nes contemporary society. Therefore, the aim of this article is to briefl y analyze some of the features of political developments in a globalized world.
Simplifying Stochastic Mathematical Models of Biochemical Systems  [PDF]
Silvana Ilie, Samaneh Gholami
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/am.2013.41A038

Stochastic modeling of biochemical reactions taking place at the cellular level has become the subject of intense research in recent years. Molecular interactions in a single cell exhibit random fluctuations. These fluctuations may be significant when small populations of some reacting species are present and then a stochastic description of the cellular dynamics is required. Often, the biochemically reacting systems encountered in applications consist of many species interacting through many reaction channels. Also, the dynamics of such systems is typically non-linear and presents multiple time-scales. Consequently, the stochastic mathematical models of biochemical systems can be quite complex and their analysis challenging. In this paper, we present a method to reduce a stochastic continuous model of well-stirred biochemical systems, the Chemical Langevin Equation, while preserving the overall behavior of the system. Several tests of our method on models of practical interest gave excellent results.

Automatic Simulation of the Chemical Langevin Equation  [PDF]
Silvana Ilie, Monjur Morshed
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/am.2013.41A036

Biochemical systems have important practical applications, in particular to understanding critical intra-cellular processes. Often biochemical kinetic models represent cellular processes as systems of chemical reactions, traditionally modeled by the deterministic reaction rate equations. In the cellular environment, many biological processes are inherently stochastic. The stochastic fluctuations due to the presence of some low molecular populations may have a great impact on the biochemical system behavior. Then, stochastic models are required for an accurate description of the system dynamics. An important stochastic model of biochemical kinetics is the Chemical Langevin Equation. In this work, we provide a numerical method for approximating the solution of the Chemical Langevin Equation, namely the derivative-free Milstein scheme. The method is compared with the widely used strategy for this class of problems, the Milstein method. As opposed to the Milstein scheme, the proposed strategy has the advantage that it does not require the calculation of exact derivatives, while having the same strong order of accuracy as the Milstein scheme. Therefore it may be used for an automatic simulation of the numerical solution of the Chemical Langevin Equation. The tests on several models of practical interest show that our method performs very well.

Efficient computation of spaced seeds
Silvana Ilie
BMC Research Notes , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1756-0500-5-123
Abstract: SpEED uses a hill climbing method based on the overlap complexity heuristic. We propose a new algorithm for this heuristic that improves its speed by over one order of magnitude. We use the new implementation to compute improved seeds for several software programs. We compute as well multiple seeds of the same weight as MegaBLAST, that greatly improve its sensitivity.Multiple spaced seeds are being successfully used in bioinformatics software programs. Enabling researchers to compute very fast high quality seeds will help expanding the range of their applications.The most frequently used tools in bioinformatics are those searching for similarities, or local alignments, between biological sequences. This problem can be solved exactly using the dynamic programming algorithm of Smith-Waterman in quadratic time. Many instances, including all database searches, are too large for this approach to be feasible and heuristic algorithms are used instead [1,2]. The most widely used program in bioinformatics, BLAST [2,3], is one such tool. It uses the so-called "hit and extend" approach: a hit consists of 11 consecutive matches between two sequences and represents a potential local alignment. The hit is then extended both ways in search for similarity.It is clear that not all local alignments have to include an identical stretch of length 11. It has been already noticed in [4] and then again in [5] that requiring that the matches are not consecutive increases the chances of finding alignments. The idea of optimizing the way the required matches are placed has been investigated in [6,7], the latter having used it in a similarity search software, PatternHunter. Much work has been dedicated to spaced seeds. For a survey of earlier work, we refer the reader to [8].The 11 consecutive matches of BLAST are called a contiguous seed, denoted 11111111111 (for 11 consecutive matches), whereas the one of PatternHunter is a spaced seed, 111*1**1*1**11*111; a 1 represents a match and * a don
The inheritance rights of the surviving spouse provided by the romanian law
Revista de derecho (Valparaíso) , 2009, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-68512009000100005
Abstract: in the old romanian law succession, the transmission was governed by legislation that was under the influence of roman law. the surviving spouse was quite at a disadvantage compared to the blood relatives of the defunct. the unfair succession situation of the surviving spouse was the object of vehement criticism in the romanian doctrine. nowadays, the inheritance rights of the surviving spouse are regulated by law nr. 319 of 10th june 1944 for the inheritance right of the surviving spouse that implicitly abrogated the dispositions of article 679, 681-684 of the romanian civil code. thus, according to law nr. 319 of 10th june 1944, the surviving spouse has three distinctive succession rights: i) a general inheritance right, in competition with any of the classes of heirs i-iv; ii) a special inheritance right over the movable goods and objects belonging to the household and over the wedding gifts; iii) a temporary right of occupancy of the house.
The Sale with Repurchase Clause
Revista de derecho (Valparaíso) , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-68512010000200002
Abstract: the sale with repurchase clause was regulated in 1864 by the civil code, within the meaning of articles 1371-1387, as a variety of sale affected by a cancellation condition. the sale with repurchase clause was frequently used in practice in order to breach the public provisions of article 1689 of the romanian civil code, on mortgage matters. taking into consideration that the sale with repurchase clause was actually a way to breach the provisions of article 1689 of the romanian civil code, giving birth to a lot of abuses on the part of the creditors, the romanian legislator decided to prohibit this type of sale. we also consider that, de lege ferenda, the implementation of a new prohibition law of the sale with repurchase clause is both necessary and useful.
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