oalib

Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99

Submit

Any time

2019 ( 34 )

2018 ( 62 )

2017 ( 61 )

2016 ( 70 )

Custom range...

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 10067 matches for " Marie-Louise; "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /10067
Display every page Item
Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV: challenges for the current decade
Newell,Marie-Louise;
Bulletin of the World Health Organization , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0042-96862001001200010
Abstract: in june 2001 the united nations special assembly on hiv/aids set reduction targets of 20% and 50% for the numbers of children newly infected with hiv by 2005 and 2010 respectively. are these targets achievable? antiretroviral monotherapy during pregnancy, delivery, and the neonatal period can reduce the rate of mother-to-child transmission of hiv-1 by two-thirds in non-breastfeeding populations. shorter and simpler regimens of monotherapy have been associated with a reduction of 50% in such transmission among non-breastfeeding populations and of up to 40% in breastfeeding populations. delivery by elective caesarean section is associated with a halving of the risk of mother-to-child transmission. however, breastfeeding poses a substantial additional risk of acquisition of hiv, and if prolonged it more than doubles the overall rate of transmission. rates below 2% are being reported from settings where combination therapy is applied during pregnancy and delivery, delivery is by elective caesarean section, and breastfeeding does not take place. in breastfeeding populations where elective caesarean delivery is not an option but peripartum antiretroviral therapy is used, rates at six weeks are about 10% but can be 25% or more after 18 months of breastfeeding. more widely applicable interventions are being developed, such as cleansing of the birth canal and antiretroviral therapy during the breastfeeding period.
Phonétique et Cadre Commun: propositions pour un cours de FLE
Marie-Louise Parizet
Synergies Espagne , 2008,
Abstract: Pour dédramariser la phonétique en classe de FLE, il convient demener une réflexion sur les raisons d’être de la compétence phonologique etsur son importance pour la communication. En amont, des bases théoriquesthéoriques et méthodologiques doivent être acquises pour une meilleure misesen oeuvres des activités. Celles-ci, ludiques le plus souvent, constituent unappel à l’imagination de l’enseignant, une invitation au plaisir d’enseignerla phonétique.
Company mobility within the EU, fifty years on From a non-issue to a hot topic
Marie-Louise Lennarts
Utrecht Law Review , 2008,
Abstract:
Esquisse du peuplement préhistorique au Yémen
Marie-Louise Inizan
Chroniques Yéménites , 1997,
Abstract: Le Yémen situé à l'extrême sud de l'Arabie est tout proche de l'Afrique orientale, berceau originel de l'humanité. Cette proximité confère donc au Yémen une place privilégiée pour la connaissance du cheminement de l'homme de l'Afrique vers l'Europe et l'Asie, les autres continents ayant été conquis par les seuls Hommes modernes. Puisque il est désormais admis qu' Homo Habilis de la famille des hominidés, a quitté l'Afrique il y a près de deux millions d'années, il reste à explorer les chemins...
Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV: challenges for the current decade
Newell Marie-Louise
Bulletin of the World Health Organization , 2001,
Abstract: In June 2001 the United Nations Special Assembly on HIV/AIDS set reduction targets of 20% and 50% for the numbers of children newly infected with HIV by 2005 and 2010 respectively. Are these targets achievable? Antiretroviral monotherapy during pregnancy, delivery, and the neonatal period can reduce the rate of mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1 by two-thirds in non-breastfeeding populations. Shorter and simpler regimens of monotherapy have been associated with a reduction of 50% in such transmission among non-breastfeeding populations and of up to 40% in breastfeeding populations. Delivery by elective caesarean section is associated with a halving of the risk of mother-to-child transmission. However, breastfeeding poses a substantial additional risk of acquisition of HIV, and if prolonged it more than doubles the overall rate of transmission. Rates below 2% are being reported from settings where combination therapy is applied during pregnancy and delivery, delivery is by elective caesarean section, and breastfeeding does not take place. In breastfeeding populations where elective caesarean delivery is not an option but peripartum antiretroviral therapy is used, rates at six weeks are about 10% but can be 25% or more after 18 months of breastfeeding. More widely applicable interventions are being developed, such as cleansing of the birth canal and antiretroviral therapy during the breastfeeding period.
A short note on the Stanley-Wilf Conjecture for permutations on multisets
Marie-Louise Bruner
Mathematics , 2011,
Abstract: The concept of pattern avoidance respectively containment in permutations can be extended to permutations on multisets in a straightforward way. In this note we present a direct proof of the already known fact that the well-known Stanley-Wilf Conjecture, stating that the number of permutations avoiding a given pattern does not grow faster than exponentially, also holds for permutations on multisets.
On restricted permutations on regular multisets
Marie-Louise Bruner
Mathematics , 2013,
Abstract: The extension of pattern avoidance from ordinary permutations to those on multisets gave birth to several interesting enumerative results. We study permutations on regular multisets, i.e., multisets in which each element occurs the same number of times. For this case, we close a gap in the work of Heubach and Mansour (2006) and complete the study of permutations avoiding a pair of patterns of length three. In all studied cases, closed enumeration formulae are given and well-known sequences appear. We conclude this paper by some remarks on a generalization of the Stanley-Wilf conjecture to permutations on multisets and words.
Central binomial coefficients also count (2431,4231,1432,4132)-avoiders
Marie-Louise Bruner
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: This short paper is concerned with the enumeration of permutations avoiding the following four patterns: $2431$, $4231$, $1432$ and $4132$. Using a bijective construction, we prove that these permutations are counted by the central binomial coefficients.
Maintien d'un allèle délétère de stérilité male dans certaines populations naturelles du crustacé marin Jaera albifrons
P Lécher, Marie-Louise Cariou
Genetics Selection Evolution , 1988, DOI: 10.1186/1297-9686-20-3-315
Abstract:
Effect of Lactobacilli on Paracellular Permeability in the Gut
Siv Ahrne,Marie-Louise Johansson Hagslatt
Nutrients , 2011, DOI: 10.3390/nu3010104
Abstract: Paracellular permeability is determined by the complex structures of junctions that are located between the epithelial cells. Already in 1996, it was shown that the human?probiotic strain Lactobacillus plantarum 299v and the rat-originating strain Lactobacillus reuteri R2LC could reduce this permeability in a methotrexate-induced colitis model in the rat. Subsequently, many animal models and cell culture systems have shown indications that lactobacilli are able to counteract increased paracellular permeability evoked by cytokines, chemicals, infections, or stress. There have been few human studies focusing on the effect of lactobacilli on intestinal paracellular permeability but recently it has been shown that they could influence the tight junctions. More precisely, short-term administration of L. plantarum WCSF1 to healthy volunteers increased the relocation of occludin and ZO-1 into the tight junction area between duodenal epithelial?cells.
Page 1 /10067
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.