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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 11967 matches for " Mariana Calesso-Moreira "
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Estratégias de enfrentamento utilizadas pela equipe de enfermagem de um CTI adulto perante situa es de estresse Coping strategies used by the nursing staff of an adult ICU in stress situations
Emanuelle Graziottin Colossi,Mariana Calesso-Moreira,Adolfo Pizzinato
Ciência & Saúde , 2011,
Abstract: Introdu o: Para os profissionais da saúde lidar com situa es de estresse, como por exemplo, a eminência da morte dos pacientes, parece ser uma das maiores dificuldades vividas em sue ambiente de trabalho. Frente a este contexto, cada pessoa lan a m o de estratégias próprias para o enfrentamento de situa es estressantes (coping), as quais s o determinadas pelo ambiente e por características de personalidade. Objetivo: Identificar as estratégias de enfrentamento (coping) dos profissionais de enfermagem de um CTI adulto diante de situa es estressantes inerentes a sua profiss o. Materiais e Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo descritivo transversal, no qual foi aplicado o Inventário COPE, em trinta e oito técnicos de enfermagem e/ou enfermeiros. Os dados do inventário foram analisados em termos descritivos. Resultados: As estratégias de enfrentamento mais utilizadas foram as relacionadas à capacidade pró-ativa do sujeito (reinterpreta o positiva, coping ativo e busca por suporte social) e as menos utilizadas foram as relacionadas às emo es (foco nas emo es e humor). Conclus o: Na amostra estudada, os profissionais buscam estratégias que antecedam as dificuldades inerentes a sua prática diária, isolando os aspectos mais irrelevantes dos estressores e focalizando a aten o no resultado de suas a es, o que permite uma melhor percep o de seu trabalho e o sentimento de realiza o profissional. Introduction: For health professionals, to deal with stressful situations, such as the imminence of death of their patients, seems to be one of the greatest difficulties experienced in the workplace. In these situations, each person makes use of their own strategies in order to cope with stressful situations, which are determined by the environment and the personality traits. Objective: To identify the coping strategies used by nursing professionals of an adult ICU while facing stressful situations inherent to their profession. Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study in which the COPE Inventory was applied in thirty-eight nursing technicians and/or nurses. The data were analyzed using descriptive techniques. Results: The coping strategies most frequently used were those related to the proactive capacity of the subject (positive reinterpretation, active coping and seeking for social support) and the less used were those related to emotions (focus on emotions and mood). Conclusion: Considering the sample studied, the professionals used strategies that precede the difficulties inherent to their daily practice, isolating the most irrelevant aspec
Maternidad adolescente en inmigrantes en el contexto catalán
Calesso-Moreira,Mariana; Mitjavila,Mercè; Pizzinato,Adolfo; Barcinski,Mariana; Strey,Marlene Neves;
Ex aequo , 2011,
Abstract: studies on motherhood and adolescence are related to contextualized analyses of lifestyles and to discourses regarding these life experiences, which influence sexuality and its ways of expression. the ten participants in the study are primarily spanish americans. the method used to analyze the biographical interviews was content analysis. the results have shown five categories: family maladjustment, separations, losses, physical violence, and sexual violence. the personal change experience’s narratives have shown to be strictly connected. in the same way, the migratory event seems to be a transversal and paradigmatic axis in all narratives about the stress experienced by these young mothers.
Preditores de saúde e bem-estar psicológico em adolescentes gestantes
Moreira, Mariana Calesso;Sarriera, Jorge Castellá;
Psico-USF , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-82712006000100002
Abstract: the purpose of this research has been to evaluate the health and well-being predictors of pregnant adolescents. the work has been developed over a quantitative study of a pattern of 100 adolescents between 3rd and 9th month of pregnancy, who went in for prenatal examination on publics hospitals in porto alegre, brazil. data was colleted with a questionnaire for biodemographical data and the general health questionnaire by golberg, that was apply individuadly, in the waiting room, before the gynacological consult. the examination of data gained was done from descriptive analysis, bivariate analysis and multiple regression analysis. the results showed that the health was strongly related to others variables as age, occupation of partner, and religiousness. therefore it was possible to note that the phase of gestation and the fact of kipping pregnancy instead of having an abortion were expressive predic-tor related to the general health of the pregnant. thus it is imperative to stress the importance of more researches in this area in order to give support to the improvement of programs of intervention and contraception among teenagers.
Satisfa??o e composi??o da rede de apoio social a gestantes adolescentes
Moreira, Mariana Calesso;Sarriera, Jorge Castellá;
Psicologia em Estudo , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-73722008000400016
Abstract: young pregnant women's perception on their satisfaction and on the composition of their social support network is provided. research involved a sample of 100 young females, between the 3rd and 9th month of pregnancy, who underwent prenatal examination in public hospitals of porto alegre, rs, brazil. an interview comprising bio-demographics data and the social support questionnaire were employed. results show that participants were highly satisfied with the received social support and indicate that the main support protagonists were the mother, the partner, friends and the father, in this order. adolescents who counted on the social support of parental figures were those who were most satisfied. above results indicate that the parents' social support during pregnancy is crucial for the feeling of well-being and satisfaction with the received social support.
Paradigmas em psicologia: compreens es acerca da saúde e dos estudos epidemiológicos
Sarriera Jorge Castellá,Moreira Mariana Calesso,Rocha Kátia Bones,Bonato Taís Nicoletti
Psicologia & Sociedade , 2003,
Abstract: O presente artigo tem como objetivo investigar de que forma a saúde é entendida pelos diferentes paradigmas em psicologia e como s o avaliados os estudos epidemiológicos. Para tanto, entrevistou-se sete pesquisadores e profissionais da área da psicologia do Brasil, Espanha e Argentina, que orientam suas práticas pelos seguintes referenciais teóricos e metodológicos: social-crítico, clínico (enfoque psicodinamico e cognitivo-comportamental), ecológico-contextual e comunitário. A partir dos dados obtidos na investiga o empírica observou-se que há uma diversidade de compreens es do conceito de saúde. O conceito de saúde apresentado pelos diferentes paradigmas está relacionados à elementos como a concep o de homem, mundo, realidade, influência do contexto social e possibilidade de mudan a. Em rela o aos estudos epidemiológicos nota-se que alguns participantes voltam-se a uma descri o superficial e ampla, vinculada à concep o médica do conceito de epidemiologia; outros ressaltam a relevancia de se considerar os contextos em que s o realizados estes estudos. Apenas no um participante mencionou o papel da epidemiologia especificamente para psicologia. Concluímos que é de fundamental importancia que o profissional da saúde tenha consciência do paradigma que orienta sua prática para poder avaliar as conseqüências de sua atua o como profissional e cidad o.
Terapia mediada por animais e saúde mental: um programa no Centro de Aten o Psicossocial da Infancia e Adolescência em Porto Alegre - TAA Parte III
Ceres Berger Faraco,Adolfo Pizzinato,Michele Casser Csordas,Mariana Calesso Moreira
Saúde Coletiva , 2009,
Abstract: El objetivo de este estudio fue examinar las repercusiones de un programa de Terapia asistida por animales junto a un grupo de pa- cientes del Centro de Atención Psicosocial de la Infancia e Adolescencia del Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre - RS, Brasil. Tuvo como objeto de estudio las repercusiones psicosociales deestas intervenciones sobre: el funcionamiento global, síntomas psiquiátri- cos y relacionamiento con los pares contemplados en los instrumentos CGAS (Children Global Assessment Scale) y SDQ (Streng-ths Difficulties Questionnaire). Participaron de la investigación veintiocho ni os y adolescentes con edad entre 7 y 16 a os y susresponsables. Los resultados demostraron que cuando las informaciones son analizadas en conjunto hay diferencias que tienden a resultados sobre el funcionamiento global compatibles con la categoría de normalidad.
Paradigmas em psicologia: compreens?es acerca da saúde e dos estudos epidemiológicos
Sarriera, Jorge Castellá;Moreira, Mariana Calesso;Rocha, Kátia Bones;Bonato, Taís Nicoletti;Duso, Rafaela;Prikladnicki, Sabrina;
Psicologia & Sociedade , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-71822003000200007
Abstract: this article aims is investigate how health is understood by differents paradigms in psychology and how they evaluated epidemiology studies. seven investigators and psychology health professional from brazil, spain and argentina were interviews, this professionals guide their practices by differents conceptual theories: social critique, clinical (psychodynamic and cognitive behavior), ecological contextual and community. after the evaluation of those interviews it was possible identify that exist a diversity of health compression. the health concepts are related with the human, world, reality, social context and possibility of change compression concepts. in relation to the epidemiology studies we realizes that some participations use a superficial and large description, related to the medical conception about the epidemiology; others emphasizes the relevance of to consider the contexts that the studies are achieves. only one participant mentioned the role of epidemiology specifically for psychology. we conclude that is of fundamental importance that the professional of health has conscience of the paradigm that directs your practice can to evaluate the consequences of your action like professional and citizen.
Perfil dos usuários de implante coclear da cidade de Manaus
Pedrett, Mariana dos Santos;Moreira, Sandra Costa;
International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology , 2012, DOI: 10.7162/S1809-97772012000400005
Abstract: introduction: the cochlear implant is a device that is intended to substitute for the function of cochlear hair cells, electrically stimulate auditory nerve fibers, and contribute to the perception of speech sounds. however, the surgical procedure alone is not enough for the user to achieve favorable results in habilitation/rehabilitation. objective: to characterize the patients from manaus who have received cochlear implants based on the criteria for surgery. methods: we conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study of 15 cases and recorded etiological aspects of deafness, age, gender, duration of implant use, use of hearing aids, and participation in individual therapy. data were recorded in a protocol designed specifically for this purpose. all patients were natives of manaus. results: the leading etiological aspect was ototoxicity associated with prematurity in newborns undergoing treatment in the neonatal intensive care unit. the age at surgery is carefully observed in the evaluation of implant centers, as well as if the candidate is pre-or post-lingual. in this study, 73% of patients were pre-lingual and did not benefit from hearing aids. as to the degree and type of hearing loss, 93% had audiological reports indicating profound bilateral sensorineural hearing loss and 7% had severe bilateral sensorineural hearing loss. this latter finding confirmed one of the basic principles of implant placement. conclusion: this study allowed us to verify that there are reduced number of cochlear implant recipients in manaus, but they have met the criteria required by implant centers located in other states of brazil.
Profile of cochlear implant users of the city of Manaus
Pedrett, Mariana dos Santos,Moreira, Sandra Costa
International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology , 2012,
Abstract: Introduction: The cochlear implant is a device that is intended to substitute for the function of cochlear hair cells, electrically stimulate auditory nerve fibers, and contribute to the perception of speech sounds. However, the surgical procedure alone is not enough for the user to achieve favorable results in habilitation/rehabilitation. Objective: To characterize the patients from Manaus who have received cochlear implants based on the criteria for surgery. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study of 15 cases and recorded etiological aspects of deafness, age, gender, duration of implant use, use of hearing aids, and participation in individual therapy. Data were recorded in a protocol designed specifically for this purpose. All patients were natives of Manaus. Results: The leading etiological aspect was ototoxicity associated with prematurity in newborns undergoing treatment in the neonatal intensive care unit. The age at surgery is carefully observed in the evaluation of implant centers, as well as if the candidate is pre-or post-lingual. In this study, 73% of patients were pre-lingual and did not benefit from hearing aids. As to the degree and type of hearing loss, 93% had audiological reports indicating profound bilateral sensorineural hearing loss and 7% had severe bilateral sensorineural hearing loss. This latter finding confirmed one of the basic principles of implant placement. Conclusion: This study allowed us to verify that there are reduced number of cochlear implant recipients in Manaus, but they have met the criteria required by implant centers located in other states of Brazil.
Contraceptive Continuation, Pregnancy and Abortion Rate Two Years after Post Abortion Counselling  [PDF]
Ana Laura Carneiro Gomes Ferreira, Mariana Moreira Boa-Viagem, Ariani Impieri Souza
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2015.53018
Abstract:

Objectives: To estimate the contraceptive use rate, pregnancy and abortion rate two years after post abortion counselling. Methods: In this current paper we conducted a cross-sectional study from September to December 2011 among women who participated of original randomized trial. In this study 118 women who had been allocated in the group that received the personalized contraceptive counselling and 103 women who had been allocated in the group that received standard counselling service were contacted by phone. The analyzed variables were the use of contraceptive methods, reasons for not using them, satisfaction in used method, and occurrence of pregnancy and abortion. Results: The pregnancy rate was lower in the personalized counselling group (p = 0.022), whereas abortion (p = 0.543) and contraceptive use rate (p = 0.270) had no difference between groups. The overall contraceptive use rate was high in both groups and the injectable method use rate was higher in personalized counselling group (p= 0.004). Conclusions: Two years after the intervention the pregnancy rate was lower in personalized counselling group. The contraceptive use rate had no difference between the groups, except for the injectable which the use rate was higher in the personalized counselling group. These results could be encouraging because the intervention improved the uptake of one of the long-acting methods of contraception.

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