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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 77836 matches for " Maria Vilani Soares "
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REPRESENTA ES SOCIAIS DA ESCRITA E DO ENSINO DA ESCRITA E SUAS IMPLICA ES NA PRáTICA DOCENTE
Maria Vilani Soares
Fólio : Revista de Letras , 2010,
Abstract: Proposes a reflection of the representations that the teacher has the writing and its teaching, noting the extent to which these representations influence teachers' instructional guidelines for teaching writing in the classroom. Methodology uses as the life stories of nine professors of Portuguese in the 7th year in public schools, the city of Teresina, Piauí. Considers theoretical support the concept of social representation of researcher Moscovici and his collaborators, as well as theories of language and different concepts of language and text produced within the Linguistics. Displays the data analysis that while the reports of the teachers surveyed have revealed the reproduction of old practices of teaching, they also show acts of those teachers who demonstrate the concern and attempt to introduce themselves to other practices which indicate the direction of another representation of the act of writing and teaching writing.
Natureza, classifica??o e interven??es de enfermagem para pacientes com mediastinite
Almeida, Amélia Rodrigues de;Guedes, Maria Vilani Cavalcante;
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71672008000400012
Abstract: this is a descriptive and retrospective study that aimed at analyzing the nature and classification of nursing interventions for patients with mediastinitis following cardiac surgery. the results obtained from the surgical wards show an incidence of mediastinitis of 3%. the subjects studies were primarily male, all of whom suffer from diabetes. the nursing problems were categorized according to horta and the interventions according to the nic. among the problems found, 76.5% were of psychobiological needs and 23.5% were psychosocial. fifty-three (53) nursing interventions were implemented: 84.9% were physiological in nature, 11.3% behavioral and 3.8% family related. the relationship between the problems identified and the interventions developed were adjusted principally to address the psychobiological needs. educational interventions were used frequently to attend to the psychosocial needs of the patients.
Nursing process as a strategy in the development of competence for self-care El proceso de enfermería como estrategia en el desarrollo de la competencia para el autocuidado Processo de enfermagem como estratégia no desenvolvimento de competência para o autocuidado
Cynthia de Freitas Sampaio,Maria Vilani Cavalcante Guedes
Acta Paulista de Enfermagem , 2012,
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To investigate the contribution of clinical care and education of nursing in a hospital context, in the development of competence for self-care for people with chronic renal failure. METHODS: A case study conducted with a patient during hospitalization in Fortaleza, through the nursing process proposed by Orem determining deficiencies and enabling self-care demands satisfaction from him. RESULTS: The requisites of therapeutic self-care d.emands of health deviation sef-care requisites enabled the identification of three nursing diagnoses based on the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association - NANDA for which interventions were defined based on NIC and results according to NOC. CONCLUSION: In the hospital context, clinical and educational nursing care based on the nursing process proposed by Orem contributes as a facilitator for the development of competence for self-care in people with chronic disease. OBJETIVO: Investigar la contribución de los cuidados clínicos y educativos de enfermería en un contexto hospitalario, en el desarrollo de la competencia para el autocuidado en persona con insuficiencia renal crónica. MéTODOS: Se trata de un estudio de caso realizado con el paciente durante el período de internamiento hospitalario en Fortaleza-CE, mediante el proceso de enfermería propuesto por Orem que determina las deficiencias y exigencias de autocuidado posibilitando la satisfacción de las mismas. RESULTADOS: Los requisitos de demanda terapéutica de autocuidado en la alteración de la salud permitieron la identificación de tres diagnósticos de enfermería fundamentados en la North American Nursing Diagnosis Association - NANDA para los cuales se definieron intervenciones con base en el NIC y resultados obtenidos de acuerdo con el NOC. CONCLUSIóN: Se recomienda la implementación de habilidades de autocuidado en individuos con padecimiento crónico como estrategia permanente y continua. Como instrumento metodológico, el proceso de enfermería permite a la enfermería el desarrollo de actividades clínico-educativas que, juntamente con el paciente, fomentan la competencia para el autocuidado. OBJETIVO: Investigar a contribui o dos cuidados clínicos e educativos de enfermagem em um contexto hospitalar, no desenvolvimento de competência para o autocuidado em pessoa com insuficiência renal cr nica. MéTODOS: Estudo de caso realizado com paciente durante período de interna o hospitalar em Fortaleza-CE, mediante o processo de enfermagem proposto por Orem que determina as deficiências e exigências de autocuidado possibilitando a satisfa o das mesmas.
Curso de enfermagem da Universidade Estadual do Ceará: a história e o projeto político-pedagógico atual
Freitas, Maria Célia de;Guedes, Maria Vilani Cavalcante;Silva, Lúcia de Fatima da;
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71672003000400015
Abstract: this paper describes important moments along the route of the nursing program at state university of ceará and their influences on their current process of professional education. it outlines their program, their professors and students, as well as their political-pedagogical project. finally, it highlights the importance of this instrument to warrant professional qualification.
Modulation of macrophage cytokine profiles during solid tumor progression: susceptibility to Candida albicans infection
Marcela R Camargo, James Venturini, Fátima R Vilani-Moreno, Maria Arruda
BMC Infectious Diseases , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2334-9-98
Abstract: Groups of eight animals were inoculated intraperitoneally with 5 × 106 C. albicans 7, 14 or 21 days after tumor implantation. After 24 or 72 hours, the animals were euthanized and intraperitoneal lavage fluid was collected. Peritoneal macrophages were cultivated and the levels of IFN-γ, TNF-α, IL-12, IL-10 and IL-4 released into the supernatants were measured by ELISA. Kidney, liver and spleen samples were evaluated for fungal dissemination. Tumor-free animals and animals that had only been subjected to C. albicans infection were used as control groups.Our results demonstrated that the mice produced more IFN-γ and TNF-α and less IL-10, and also exhibited fungal clearance, at the beginning of tumor evolution. With the tumor progression, this picture changed: IL-10 production increased and IFN-γ and TNF-α release decreased; furthermore, there was extensive fungal dissemination.Our results indicate that solid tumors can affect the production of macrophage cytokines and, in consequence, affect host resistance to opportunistic infections.Systemic Candida albicans infections have a marked impact on the clinical course and outcome of cancer patients [1,2]; they are responsible for prolonged hospital stays, high healthcare costs and significant mortality [3-6]. Although a compromised immune response has been invoked as a cause of susceptibility to major infections in tumor-bearing patients, some authors disagree, arguing that the tumoral condition may, inter alia, result in active protection against opportunist pathogens [7]. As most knowledge about Candida infections in cancer patients has been obtained from patients with hematological malignancies [8], and since candidemia is an important complication in patients with solid tumors, we decided to study this premise using peritoneal macrophages in mice bearing solid Ehrlich tumors and infected with C. albicans. Previous studies have suggested an important role for macrophages in the control of candidiasis [9,10]. Those cell
Experimental dermatophytosis in hamsters inoculated with Trichophyton mentagrophytes in the cheek pouch
ARRUDA, Maria Sueli Parreira de;GILIOLI, Silvia;VILANI-MORENO, Fátima Regina;
Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de S?o Paulo , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-46652001000100006
Abstract: this study presents the results of t. mentagrophytes inoculation in the cheek pouch of the hamster, an immunologically privileged site. forty two animals were used: 21 inoculated with 106 fungi in the cheek pouch (group 1) and 21 inoculated initially with 106 fungi in the foot pad and 15 days later in the cheek pouch, with the same amount of fungi (group 2). animals were sacrificed at 20 hours, 3, 7, 14, 30, 60, and 120 days; samples from inoculated cheek pouch, and foot pads submitted to the foot pad test (fpt), were collected. independent of group and time of evolution of infection, animals did not develop delayed hypersensitivity evaluated through the fpt. the pre-inoculation of fungi in the foot pad did not change the morphology of lesions induced in the cheek pouch. therefore, in animals of group 1 and 2, the introduction of the fungus in the cheek pouch resulted in focal lesion composed of a sterile acute inflammatory infiltrate, with abscess formation that evolved to a macrophagic reaction, and later to resolution even in the absence of immune response detectable by fpt. our results indicate that in spite of the important role of the immune response in the spontaneous regression of dermatophytosis, other factors are also an integral part in the defense against this fungal infection.
Contribui??o ao estudo da rea??o á tricofitina nas dermatofitoses
Vilani-Moreno, Fátima Regina;Arruda, Maria Sueli Parreira de;
Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de S?o Paulo , 1992, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-46651992000600003
Abstract: the authors investigated the specific immunological competence of 31 patients with dermatophytosis using tricophytin antigen. among them, 54.8% showed reaction to the delay phase (48 h) in the following proportions: tinea inguinale, 75%; tinea pedis, 61.5%; tinea unguium, 50% and tinea corporis, 20%. other 62.5% showed positive result to the early phase (30 m). the association between these reactions revealed that, although the majority of cases with early positive reaction showed negativity to the delayed reaction, 20.8% presented positivity to both phases of the reaction. out of the non-reactive patients to the delayed phase, 8 were submitted to the other cutaneous tests such as ppd, streptokinase, candidin, vaccinia and dncb and showed preserved cellular immunity in 75%. these results suggest that, while using this reaction for immunological evaluation of patients with dermatophytosis, one should consider the overall immune status of the patient, the presence of early hypersensibility and the localization of the infection.
Avalia o da Qualidade de Vida em idosos institucionalizados no município de Natal, Estado do Rio Grande do Norte = Evaluation of the quality of life of elderly institutionalized in Natal, Rio Grande do Norte State
Vilani Medeiros de Araújo Nunes,Rejane Maria Paiva de Menezes,Jo?o Carlos Alchieri
Acta Scientiarum : Health Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: O envelhecimento populacional brasileiro tem sido acompanhado portransforma es na estrutura familiar, aumentando a demanda por institui es de longa permanência como uma alternativa de suporte social à pessoa idosa. Trata-se de estudo descritivo e exploratório que objetiva analisar a Qualidade de Vida (QV) em idosos institucionalizados no município de Natal, Estado do Rio Grande do Norte. Para coleta de dados foi realizada entrevista com 43 idosos, utilizando-se o WHOQOL-OLD, específico para avaliar a QV em idosos. Os resultados indicaram um escore médio total de 52,9%. A faceta sensorial obteve a maior média dos escores (68,1%), revelando satisfa o na situa o em que se encontram. Entretanto, a faceta autonomia obteve a menor média (40,7%), demonstrando insatisfa o quanto à capacidade de tomar decis es. Conclui-se que os idososavaliaram sua QV como nem insatisfatória, nem satisfatória. Faz-se necessária a implementa o de políticas públicas voltadas para a promo o à aten o ao idoso institucionalizado na perspectiva de melhor qualidade de vida. The aging of the Brazilian population has been followed by changes in family structure, increasing demand for long-stay institutions as an alternative to social support to the elderly. It is a descriptive study, which aims to analyze the Quality of Life (QOL) in institutionalized elderly in Natal, Rio Grande do Norte State. For data collection, interviews were carried out with 43 elderly people using the WHOQOL-OLD, specifically to evaluate QOL among the elderly. The results indicated an overall average score of 52.9%. The sensory aspect achieved the highest average score (68.1%), showingsatisfaction with the situation they are in. However, the autonomy aspect obtained the lowest average (40.7%), showing dissatisfaction about their ability to make decisions. It was concluded that the elderly rated their QOL as neither unsatisfactory nor satisfactory. It is necessary to implement public policies aimed at promoting the attention to the institutionalized elderly in anticipation of a better quality of life.
Experimental dermatophytosis in hamsters inoculated with Trichophyton mentagrophytes in the cheek pouch
ARRUDA Maria Sueli Parreira de,GILIOLI Silvia,VILANI-MORENO Fátima Regina
Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de S?o Paulo , 2001,
Abstract: This study presents the results of T. mentagrophytes inoculation in the cheek pouch of the hamster, an immunologically privileged site. Forty two animals were used: 21 inoculated with 10(6) fungi in the cheek pouch (group 1) and 21 inoculated initially with 10(6) fungi in the foot pad and 15 days later in the cheek pouch, with the same amount of fungi (group 2). Animals were sacrificed at 20 hours, 3, 7, 14, 30, 60, and 120 days; samples from inoculated cheek pouch, and foot pads submitted to the foot pad test (FPT), were collected. Independent of group and time of evolution of infection, animals did not develop delayed hypersensitivity evaluated through the FPT. The pre-inoculation of fungi in the foot pad did not change the morphology of lesions induced in the cheek pouch. Therefore, in animals of group 1 and 2, the introduction of the fungus in the cheek pouch resulted in focal lesion composed of a sterile acute inflammatory infiltrate, with abscess formation that evolved to a macrophagic reaction, and later to resolution even in the absence of immune response detectable by FPT. Our results indicate that in spite of the important role of the immune response in the spontaneous regression of dermatophytosis, other factors are also an integral part in the defense against this fungal infection.
Acolhimento em um servi o de emergência: percep o dos usuários Acogimiento en un servicio de emergencia: percepciones de los usuarios Embracement in an emergency service: users' perception
Maria Vilani Cavalcante Guedes,Ana Ciléia Pinto Teixeira Henriques,Morgama Mara Nogueira Lima
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2013,
Abstract: Objetivou-se compreender como os usuários de um servi o de emergência percebiam a atua o da enfermagem na realiza o do acolhimento. Foram realizadas entrevistas com 382 usuários do servi o, de outubro de 2008 a mar o de 2009. Abordaram-se, de maneira aleatória, sujeitos que haviam sido avaliados no acolhimento e encaminhados ao setor de emergência. Verificou-se que a maioria dos usuários (34,5%) referiu ter sido atendida pela equipe de enfermagem, porém menos da metade (49,2%) disse ter sido orientada por algum profissional da equipe no acolhimento. As maiores dificuldades sentidas pelos usuários referiram-se à carência de informa es e de respeito no atendimento. Ressalta-se a importancia de maior atua o da enfermagem no acolhimento, entendido como uma atividade n o restrita à porta de entrada do servi o. El objetivo fue comprender como los usuarios de un servicio de emergencia percibían las actividades en el acogimiento. Se llevaron a cabo entrevistas con 382 usuarios del servicio, de octubre de 2008 a marzo de 2009. Se acercó a los sujetos de azar que fueron evaluados en la recepción y se habían dirigido al departamento de emergencia. Se encontró que la mayoría de los usuarios (34,5%) declarou que había sido recibido por el equipo en el acogimiento, algunos dijeron haber sido guiados por un profesional del equipo en el acogimiento (49,2%). Las principales dificultades que experimentan los usuarios fueron la falta de información y respeto en la atención. Se destaca la importancia de mayor actuación de la enfermería en el acogimiento, para comprenderse que esta actividad no se limita a la puerta de enlace del servicio. The objective was to understand how users of an emergency service see the nursing action in the user embracement. Interviews were carried out with 382 service users from October 2008 to March 2009. We randomly approached subjects that were assessed in the embracement and they directed to the emergency ward. It was verified that even though most users (34.5%) reported having being assisted by the nursing team, few reported having been guided by some professional of the embracement team (49.2%). The major difficulties experienced by users referred to the lack of information on care and respect in the assistance. We emphasize the importance of more nursing activities in user embracement, understanding it as an activity not restricted to a service entrance.
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