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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 72113 matches for " Maria Schmid "
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Lifestyles and Their Impact on Energy-Related Investment Decisions  [PDF]
Maria Gr?ger, Victoria Schmid, Thomas Bruckner
Low Carbon Economy (LCE) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/lce.2011.22014
Abstract: This paper presents an empirical survey of energy-related investment decisions made by private households in Germany. The investment behaviour is segmented and discussed by applying the milieu approach. The decision makers are clustered in certain lifestyles, as represented by the Sinus-Milieus® from the Sinus Institute. To analyse the relationship between the lifestyles of house owners and their energy-related investment decisions, telephone interviews were conducted in order to acquire data on currently installed heating systems and preferences for future heating systems in private residential buildings. The results of the survey support the hypothesis of a link between lifestyles and the energy-related investment behaviour. Based on the observed relationship between lifestyles and decisions on energy technologies, predictions of energy trends in private residential buildings can be improved. In addition, the knowledge about specific development paths allows the utilisation of the information for information campaigns and the promotion of energy supply technologies which lead to lower CO2-emissions.
Development of a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and characterization of the food pattern consumption for low - income workers in the city of Goiania, Goiás State, Brazil = Desenvolvimento de um questionário de freqüência alimentar e caracteriza o do padr o de consumo dos trabalhadores de baixo nível sócio-econ mico da cidade de Goiania, Estado de Goiás, Brasil
Nélida Schmid Fornés,Maria Luiza Ferreira Stringhini
Acta Scientiarum : Health Sciences , 2005,
Abstract: A food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was designed to assess the average consumption frequency of food items and to characterize the food pattern among workers. A list of consumed food and usual serving sizes was compiled from previous local survey, using single 24 hours dietary recalls and frequency questionnaires. The list was composed of 127 items and the nutrient composition was calculated by the computer program DietPro version 3.0. The FFQ was administered to each subject twice in a period of six months. To characterize food pattern consumption, the most frequently mentioned foods were identified. One hundred and four (104) workers were studied, randomly selected. Items consumed at least once a day by 50% of the workers were: white bread, margarine, black coffee, white sugar, red beans and white rice. Variety of daily consumed foods was small. The top 30 foods on a daily basis ranged from less than 1.5 to 92%. This FFQ is easy to administer when studying the dietary intake of low-income populations. Um questionário de freqüência de consumo alimentar (QFA) foi planejado para avaliar a freqüência média de consumo de alguns alimentos e caracterizar o padr o alimentar entre os trabalhadores. Uma lista de alimentos consumidos e as por es servidas, usualmente, foram obtidas através de prévias entrevistas locais, usando-se orecordatório de 24 horas e o questionário de freqüência. Uma lista foi elaborada com 127 alimentos e a composi o nutricional foi calculada utilizando-se o programa DietPro vers o 3.0. O QFA foiaplicado, por duas vezes, em cada indivíduo num período de seis meses. Para caracterizar o padr o de consumo alimentar, os alimentos mais freqüentemente mencionados foram identificados. Foram estudados 104 trabalhadores selecionados ao acaso. Os itens consumidos, no mínimo uma vez ao dia, por 50% dos trabalhadores foram o p o branco, margarina, café preto, a úcar branco, feij o roxinho e arroz branco. A variedade dos alimentos diariamente consumidos foi pequena. Os 30principais alimentos básicos diários variaram de menos que 1,5 a 92%. Este questionário é um instrumento de fácil aplica o para estudar o consumo alimentar de popula o semelhante ao do presente trabalho.
Fatores socioecon?micos, demográficos, nutricionais e de atividade física no controle glicêmico de adolescentes portadores de diabetes melito tipo 1
Marques, Rosana de Morais Borges;Fornés, Nélida Schmid;Stringhini, Maria Luiza Ferreira;
Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia & Metabologia , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-27302011000300004
Abstract: objective: to identify the association of socioeconomic, demographic, nutritional and of physical activity factors in the glycemic control of adolescents with t1dm. subjects and methods: sectional study of 71 adolescents with type 1 diabetes. socioeconomic, demographic and anthropometric data were obtained. the glycemic control was classified by the index of glycated hemoglobin (a1c). four 24-hours recalls of food consumption and physical activity were applied. results: the a1c was inadequate for the majority of the adolescents. the low educational level of the caregivers influenced the inadequate glycemic control. patients with lower insulin dose presented better glycemic control. the food consumption was high of fat and poor of carbohydrate. most of the patients were sedentary. conclusion: factors related to education, insulin and food consumption influenced the glycemic control.
Circulating CD36 Is Reduced in HNF1A-MODY Carriers
Siobhan Bacon, Ma P. Kyithar, Jasmin Schmid, Andre Costa Pozza, Aase Handberg, Maria M. Byrne
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0074577
Abstract: Introduction Premature atherosclerosis is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY) accounts for approximately 2% of all diabetes, with mutations in the transcription factor; hepatocyte nuclear factor 1 alpha (HNF1A) accounting for the majority of MODY cases. There is somewhat limited data available on the prevalence of macrovascular disease in HNF1A-MODY carriers with diabetes. Marked insulin resistance and the associated dyslipidaemia are not clinical features of HNF1A-MODY carriers. The scavenger protein CD36 has been shown to play a substantial role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, largely through its interaction with oxidised LDL. Higher levels of monocyte CD36 and plasma CD36(sCD36) are seen to cluster with insulin resistance and diabetes. The aim of this study was to determine levels of sCD36 in participants with HNF1A-MODY diabetes and to compare them with unaffected normoglycaemic family members and participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods We recruited 37 participants with HNF1A-MODY diabetes and compared levels of sCD36 with BMI-matched participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus and normoglycaemic HNF1A-MODY negative family controls. Levels of sCD36 were correlated with phenotypic and biochemical parameters. Results HNF1A-MODY participants were lean, normotensive, with higher HDL and lower triglyceride levels when compared to controls and participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus. sCD36 was also significantly lower in HNF1A-MODY participants when compared to both the normoglycaemic family controls and to lean participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Conclusion In conclusion, sCD36 is significantly lower in lean participants with HNF1A-MODY diabetes when compared to weight-matched normoglycaemic familial HNF1A-MODY negative controls and to lean participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Lower levels of this pro-atherogenic marker may result from the higher HDL component in the lipid profile of HNF1A-MODY participants.
Infinite-Dimensional Lie Groups and Algebras in Mathematical Physics
Rudolf Schmid
Advances in Mathematical Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1155/2010/280362
Abstract: We give a review of infinite-dimensional Lie groups and algebras and show some applications and examples in mathematical physics. This includes diffeomorphism groups and their natural subgroups like volume-preserving and symplectic transformations, as well as gauge groups and loop groups. Applications include fluid dynamics, Maxwell's equations, and plasma physics. We discuss applications in quantum field theory and relativity (gravity) including BRST and supersymmetries. 1. Introduction Lie groups play an important role in physical systems both as phase spaces and as symmetry groups. Infinite-dimensional Lie groups occur in the study of dynamical systems with an infinite number of degrees of freedom such as PDEs and in field theories. For such infinite-dimensional dynamical systems, diffeomorphism groups and various extensions and variations thereof, such as gauge groups, loop groups, and groups of Fourier integral operators, occur as symmetry groups and phase spaces. Symmetries are fundamental for Hamiltonian systems. They provide conservation laws (Noether currents) and reduce the number of degrees of freedom, that is, the dimension of the phase space. The topics selected for review aim to illustrate some of the ways infinite-dimensional geometry and global analysis can be used in mathematical problems of physical interest. The topics selected are the following.(1)Infinite-Dimensional Lie Groups.(2)Lie Groups as Symmetry Groups of Hamiltonian Systems.(3)Applications.(4)Gauge Theories, the Standard Model, and Gravity.(5)SUSY (supersymmetry). 2. Infinite-Dimensional Lie Groups 2.1. Basic Definitions A general theory of infinite-dimensional Lie groups is hardly developed. Even Bourbaki [1] only develops a theory of infinite-dimensional manifolds, but all of the important theorems about Lie groups are stated for finite-dimensional ones. An infinite-dimensional Lie group is a group and an infinite-dimensional manifold with smooth group operations Such a Lie group is locally diffeomorphic to an infinite-dimensional vector space. This can be a Banach space whose topology is given by a norm , a Hilbert space whose topology is given by an inner product , or a Frechet space whose topology is given by a metric but not by a norm. Depending on the choice of the topology on , we talk about Banach, Hilbert, or Frechet Lie groups, respectively. The Lie algebra?? of a Lie group is defined as left invariant vector fields on (tangent space at the identity ). The isomorphism is given (as in finite dimensions) by and the Lie bracket on is induced by the Lie bracket of
Novas op??es na terapia insulínica
Schmid, Helena;
Jornal de Pediatria , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0021-75572007000700005
Abstract: objective:to review the new options in insulin therapy for controlling diabetes mellitus in children and adolescents. sources: articles indexed in pubmed were located using the search terms insulin analogs in children and adolescents and reviewed. information was also obtained from american diabetes association and sociedade brasileira de diabetes consensus documents. summary of the findings: information is presented on new analogs of insulin and, for purposes of comparison, the other insulin modalities currently available are also reviewed, focusing on insulin therapies which attempt to approximate basal-bolus treatment strategies to physiology. with the objective of obtaining improved metabolic control, more and more children are being put on multiple daily injection regimes or using continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion. it is difficult to achieve optimum glycemic control in children due to the increased risk of hypoglycemia resulting from the great variability in dietary intake habits and in physical activity levels. with diabetes type 1, if rapid-acting analogs are given subcutaneously in bolus, they generally reduce hypoglycemia episodes and postprandial glycemia levels, compared with regular human insulin, while basal analogs tend to reduce particularly the number of episodes of nocturnal hypoglycemia. conclusions: although the benefits to individual metabolic and clinical outcomes appear modest, the majority of studies demonstrate benefits when insulin analogs are used in the treatment of diabetes type 1 or 2.
Impacto cardiovascular da neuropatia auton?mica do diabetes mellitus
Schmid, Helena;
Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia & Metabologia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-27302007000200012
Abstract: the neuropathic complications related to diabetes may affect the somatic, sympathethic and parasympathethic nervous system. as a result, there are several clinical manifestations of diabetic neuropathy. they can be related to nervous system lesions of the genital, urinary, gastro-intestinal, skin and cardiovascular tissues. the results of these alterations are loss in the quality of life as well as increase of mortality indexes related to sudden death with cardiac arrhythmias and other causes. the cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy probably contributes to the bad prognosis of the coronary heart disease and of the heart failure in type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients. for diabetologists, the nervous complications of diabetes are the result of an increase influx of glucose to the neuronal and endothelial cells. evidences show that, with the aim of preventing these complications, the diabetic patients should receive a precocious diagnosis and be instructed for having a good metabolic and blood pressure control. use of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors and beta adrenergic blockers are probably of impact in the prevention of the cardiac autonomic complications of diabetes.
Economic and programmatic aspects of congenital syphilis prevention
Schmid,George;
Bulletin of the World Health Organization , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0042-96862004000600004
Abstract: a review of the economic and programmatic aspects of congenital syphilis was conducted and recommendations made for improvement of its prevention. congenital syphilis is a preventable disease and the tools to prevent it have been available for decades. in both industrialized and developing countries, but particularly the latter, the prevention of congenital syphilis by antenatal screening is cost-effective and may be cost-saving. yet, globally, there are probably >500 000 fetal deaths a year from congenital syphilis, a figure rivalling that from mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (hiv), which receives far greater attention. the reasons that congenital syphilis persists vary, with international and national under-appreciation of the burden of congenital syphilis and insufficient political will to provide effective antenatal screening programmes probably being the main reasons. all causes are amenable to effective intervention programmes. the prevention of congenital syphilis should be a global priority; international agencies and national programmes should be committed to improving antenatal care (anc) services including syphilis detection and prevention.
Introductory Editorial (Cell Communication Insights)
Tobias Schmid
Cell Communication Insights , 2012,
Abstract:
The Right to a Fair Trial in Times of Terrorism: A Method to Identify the Non-Derogable Aspects of Article 14 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
Evelyne Schmid
G?ttingen Journal of International Law , 2009,
Abstract: Contrary to what is often asserted in debates on the “war on terror”, international law provides specific rules on what is allowed in bringing suspected terrorists to trial. This article suggests a method to identify the minimum fair trial rights which have to be provided to every accused, irrespective of his or her status in international law and irrespective of whether the situation amounts to an armed conflict or not. This essay proceeds from the assertion that human rights law applies in peacetime as well as in times of emergency, including in armed conflict. Because the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights prohibits any derogation measures inconsistent with the State’s other obligations under international law, the so-called principle of consistency lends itself as the tool to identify which aspects of Article 14 of the Covenant must be considered non-derogable. The article concludes that those aspects of fair trial which are common to the legal regimes dealing with both types of armed conflict – international and non-international – are also part of customary international law and provide the minimum yardstick from which no reduction is permissible.
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